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Microsoft workplace. Microsoft Excel. each productiveness tools are so embedded in the cloth of world commerce that in spite of the fact that innovative original apps blew Microsoft’s proverbial doors off day after today, it will doubtless nonetheless engage years for that upstart to fully overtake and usurp the entrenched common.
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Microsoft has published an update roundup weblog post for users of Microsoft 365. The company particulars outright of the changes made to the subscription service throughout February. added to the kit during the month had been a brace of original protection features, groups integrations, and plenty extra.
in terms of safety, Microsoft 365 has received Microsoft threat specialists this week. The function is designed to “proactively hunt and prioritize threats”. somewhere else, Microsoft has delivered an “Ask a hazard knowledgeable” button to the windows Defender ATP.
groups is a gargantuan fraction of the Microsoft 365 bundle this present day, and in February some healthcare integrations were introduced. above all, cozy messaging and precedence notifications are now supported. FHIR-enabled electronic fitness facts are actually supported in teams.
Over at the Microsoft Authenticator, which no offers safety notifications to users on Microsoft 365.
In its weblog, Microsoft likewise recapped its launch of a original office software. The revolutionary internet software (PWA) acts as a alternative for the My workplace app.
At its core the brand original PWA is workplace.com in app kind. This means the individual workplace apps like observe, PowerPoint, surpass don't seem to live here. besides the fact that children, those apps may likewise live launched from inside the hub.
in its place, the app works as a vital hub for workplace apps. here that you can note issues like contacts, recent files, and more across observe, Excel, PowerPoint, OneDrive, Outlook, groups, Yammer and different apps.
“businesses can additionally engage potential of the capacity to integrate third-birthday celebration apps, enable clients to search for files and people across the corporation, and customize the event with their own branding.”
identify: Octavio Avila-Cardet
homeland: Guantanamo, Cuba
what's your principal? desktop science
where did you intern? What did you attain there? I interned for Microsoft as a application engineer. I worked in the core features branch the position interior tools and software that could live used by using other Microsoft employees are developed. My team became accountable for constructing a data reporting software to allow teams to function information reporting on surpass using their records. The application is used with the aid of about half of the enterprise (a bit more than 50,000 clients).
How did you net your internship? I got my internship by attending a profession impartial at FIU in descend 2017, hosted by passage of FIU’s profession and skill construction office. a friend of mine informed me concerning the profession reasonable, so I went online and applied to a number of corporations that had been attending the career reasonable, including Microsoft, facebook and Amazon. Some days later, I bought an e mail to attain an in-grownup interview at FIU’s Engineering core. Then i was invited to interview at the desirable Microsoft campus in Redmond, Washington, for a set of interviews. A month later, I received the present to intern at Microsoft. i used to live shocked, however excited!
What counsel attain you possess got for those nascence the internship method? net any internship event that you could net even if it’s not your dream enterprise. youngsters, attain are trying to net an internship proximate to what you are looking to work on after college. Having an internship in your resume really offers you an facet over folks that don’t. The summer earlier than Microsoft, I had a different internship at SAIC (Science applications international industry enterprise), which is a armed forces contractor it truly is akin to Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin.
What tasks did you work on? i was assigned to boost a web-based mostly consumer interface to enable original teams to onboard quicker since the usher technique of onboarding every now and then would engage months. With my interface, it might only engage 20 minutes. It turned into a really great challenge and although I finished most of it, it is silent under additional progress by means of my crew. I’m excited to note how it has stepped forward on account that I completed my internship.
How did your internship associate again to your coursework? Some foundational concepts I realized in my information structures classification possess been essential, specifically learning a passage to assay how productive your algorithm is. This allowed me to identify areas of my code that mandatory optimizing. The basic programming expertise you live trained in school helps you learn original programming languages and tools quicker seeing that the core concepts are familiar. What school offers you is the self-discipline to live taught original and tough ideas hasty and basic abilities of programming to net you going. although, it’s crucial to attain a lot of self-teaching perquisite through faculty to live updated and attain internships every time which you can.
What became the best issue about your internship or that came about perquisite through your internship? The Intern Signature event! outright the company’s 2,000 interns accumulate in a huge park to play video games, consume and watch a reside concert. The artist had been kept a furtive outright over the internship, so this is where they at eventual net to ascertain who it became. every person had their personal guesses, but no person knew for inevitable who it changed into going to be. Moments earlier than the leading artist regarded, one intern standing at the back of me turned into joking that Pitbull changed into going to live the singer. I laughed and didn’t engage it seriously. i used to live like, “There is no manner. Pitbull? Out of outright people…”. well, which you can imagine my flabbergast when Mr. worldwide himself came out singing “Don’t stop the birthday party”.
What did you like most about your event? The americans that I met. That’s basically what made it brilliant. I made loads of friends and loads of us would at outright times exit collectively to explore the city, to party, and to head climbing as well. additionally, the manner i used to live challenged on diverse fronts. i was challenged on my talent to live trained and bring quickly and on my skill to meet original individuals. I favored that i used to live pushed outside of my solace zone each day.
What did you learn about your self? The internship exposed lots of my weaknesses and barriers as a developer. I realized that I requisite to disburse greater time within the planning and design section before affecting on with the implementation. I likewise realized that I’m a brief learner. I needed to gain scholarship of loads of original tools and utilize them reform away and that i became capable of manage that.
How did you expand your professional community? Microsoft offers a program called the Intern Networking application that you can rule to opt-in as an intern. the style it really works is that a week you obtain an electronic mail introducing you to a full-time worker from Microsoft working in a special team within the business. Then, you contact mentioned worker and you organize to possess lunch with them. There, you can net to grasp them, query them about what they do, and query them for suggestions. I did that program and talked to more than a dozen full-time personnel from groups reminiscent of windows, office, and Azure and even other interns from faculties akin to MIT.
How did it back you prove your self within the “precise-world?” speaking with authorities, demonstrating application for my team each two weeks, and difficult myself possess outright made me a far better professional in normal. I proved to myself, and to the realm, that i can dangle my ground even when i am absolutely outdoor my consolation zone, which i was at Microsoft. One instant the position I definitely felt validated changed into at the very cessation where I had to demo my closing product to the better usathat possess been my supervisor, my supervisor’s boss and his colleague. They appreciated the product and that they were already discussing how lots money and resources they had been going to set money into it usurp in entrance of me. one in outright them observed to me, “The proven fact that they are even having this discussion at outright is a apt mark that you just did a superb job.”
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This chapter from Professional surpass Development: The Definitive usher to Developing Applications Using Microsoft Excel, VBA, and .NET, 2nd Edition<</em> introduces VB.NET along with the .NET Framework, shows how you can automate surpass with VB.NET, and finally covers ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources.This chapter is from the book
In 2002, Microsoft released the first version of its progress suite Visual Studio.NET (VS.NET) together with the .NET Framework. Since then, Microsoft has released original versions of the Framework and progress suite in quick succession. Microsoft has strongly indicated that .NET is the flagship progress platform now and for the foreseeable future.
Visual Basic.NET (VB.NET) is fraction of VS.NET, and despite its similarity in the cognomen with Classic VB (VB6), the two possess itsy-bitsy in common. VB.NET is the successor to Classic VB and as such it provides the talent to create more technically modern solutions, a great group of original and updated controls, and a original advanced IDE. affecting from Classic VB to VB.NET is a non-trivial process, primarily because VB.NET is based on a original and completely different technology platform.
Excel developers likewise puss the situation where applications created with the original .NET technology requisite to communicate with applications based on the older COM technology, for example, VB.NET applications communicating with Excel. Because surpass is a COM-based application it cannot communicate directly with code written in .NET.All .NET code that communicates with surpass must cross the .NET COM boundary. This is distinguished to keep in intelligence because it is a challenge to manage and can possess significant performance implications.
In the first fraction of this chapter, VB.NET is introduced along with the .NET Framework. The second fraction of this chapter focuses on how they can automate surpass with VB.NET. Finally they cover ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources. ADO.NET is the successor to classic ADO on the .NET platform.
To provide a better understanding of VB.NET, they develop a practical solution, the PETRAS Report Tool.NET. This solution is a fully functional Windows Forms based reporting tool. It retrieves data from the PETRAS SQL Server database and uses surpass templates to present the reports.
VB.NET, ADO.NET, and the .NET Framework are book-length topics in their own right; what they examine here and in the two following chapters merely scratches the surface. At the cessation of this chapter you find some recommended books and online resources that provide additional detail on these subjects.
The .NET Framework is the core of .NET. Before they can develop or dash any .NET-based solutions, the Framework must live installed and available. The Framework provides the foundation for outright .NET software development. The .NET Framework is likewise accountable for interoperability between .NET solutions and COM servers and components. This topic is covered later in the chapter. For the purposes of their discussion, they can think of the .NET Framework architecture as consisting of two major parts:
The rapid evolution of the .NET Framework is reflected in the great number of versions available. Different Framework versions can coexist on one computer, and multiple versions of the Framework can live dash side-by-side simultaneously on the selfsame computer. However, an application can only utilize one version of the .NET Framework at any one time. The Framework version that becomes lively is determined by which version is required by the .NET-based program that is loaded first. A common recommendation is to only possess one version of the Framework installed on a target computer.
Because there are several different Framework versions in common utilize and they may not live able to control the version available on the computers they target, they requisite to apply the selfsame strategy to the .NET Framework as they attain when targeting multiple surpass versions: Develop against the lowest Framework version they draw to target. Of course there will likewise live situations that ordain the Framework version they requisite to target, such as corporate clients who possess standardized on a specific version.
As of this writing, the two most common Framework versions are 2.0 and 3.0. Both versions can live used on Windows XP, and version 3.0 is included with Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. Visual Studio 2008 (VS 2008) includes both of these Framework versions as well as version 3.5. By providing outright current Framework versions, VS 2008 makes it light to select the most usurp version to utilize when pile their solutions. Versions 3.0 and 3.5 of the .NET Framework are backward compatible in a similar manner as the latest versions of the surpass object libraries.
The .NET Framework can dash on outright versions of Windows from Windows 98 forward, but to develop .NET-based solutions they requisite to possess Windows 2000 or later. If they draw to target Windows XP or earlier they requisite to accomplish confident the desired version of the .NET Framework is installed on the target computer, because these Windows versions attain not comprehend the Framework preinstalled. outright versions of the Framework are available for download from the Microsoft Web site and can live redistributed easily. To avoid confusion, they only utilize version 2.0 of the .NET Framework in this chapter and the next.
Last time, I described how Apple turned its failure to develop a modern OS into a worthy success. The purchase of NeXT gave Apple a buzzword-compliant OS with a well ecosystem of high-quality third-party applications. Meanwhile, Microsoft was lumbering along with Windows XP. Although technically sound, it was shot through with the decisions made more than a decade earlier for 16-bit Windows.
In 2001, when XP was released, this was not such a gargantuan deal. The first two or three versions of Mac OS X were troublesome, to yelp the least. Performance was weak, there were stability issues, and version 10.0 arguably wasn't even feature complete. It wasn't until early 2002 that Apple even made Mac OS X the default OS on original Macs; for the first few months of its life, XP was up against "Classic" Mac OS 9.Further Reading From Win32 to Cocoa: A Windows user’s would-be conversion to Mac OS X
But OS X didn't stand still. Apple released a sequence of updates in quick succession, strengthening the platform with original features like Core Audio, Core Image, Core Data, and Quartz Extreme, and providing high-quality applications that exploited these abilities. outright this time, XP itself stood still. The core Windows platform didn't change between 2001 and late 2006.
Although XP itself was essentially unchanged, Microsoft did try to bear a modern, appealing platform for future development. That platform was, of course, .NET, and observant readers will possess noticed that I didn't mention it in fraction one. This was no accident, as the whole .NET memoir deserved a more thorough examination.Microsoft attempts modernity
In 2002, Microsoft released the .NET Framework. The .NET Framework was brand spanking new. It was designed and implemented from the ground up. It could possess been clean and consistent and orthogonal and with a limpid design and powerful concepts. It could possess been a passage out of the quagmire that is Win32. It could possess provided salvation—an environment free of 16-bit legacy decisions, with powerful APIs on a par with what Apple had developed.Enlarge / The .NET Framework stack Wikimedia Commons
It was certainly promoted as such. .NET was pushed as the future, the passage outright Windows progress would occur in the future. The plans became quite aggressive; in the OS that was to succeed Windows XP, original functionality would live accessed not through Win32 but through .NET, acceptation that any developer wanting to exploit the latest and greatest OS features would possess to venture into this daring original world.
So .NET could possess been a step into the 21st century. It could possess been, but it wasn't. Technically, .NET was fine. The virtual machine infrastructure was pretty sound, the performance was reasonable, and C# was an adequate (if not exactly ground-breaking) language. But the library—the .NET "API" used for such diverse tasks as writing files, reading data from databases, sending information over a network, parsing XML, or creating a GUI—the library is another memoir altogether.
The library is extremely bad. It is simplistic and adamant and in many ways quite limited. See, .NET has a gargantuan problem: its target audience. .NET was meant to live a unified platform that outright developers would use—after all, if original OS features required .NET, a broad cross-section of developers would utilize it. The problem is that not outright developers are created equal. By looking at the different kinds of developers out there, they can understand why .NET is the passage it is. What follows is not an exhaustive taxonomy of outright the weird and wonderful breeds of programmer, but rather a rugged taxonomy of some of the key species.Our favorite kind of stale crusade swag. A developer taxonomy
At one level, you possess people who are basically industry analysts; they're using Access or surpass or VB6 to write data analyzing/number crunching applications. These things are hugely distinguished in the industry world, totally unexciting to anyone else, and the people writing them aren't really "programmers." I mean, they are, in the sense that they're writing programs, but they're not especially interested in programming or anything like that. They don't really confidence about the trait of the libraries and tools they're using; they just want something simple enough that they can pick it up without too much difficulty. They'll never write the best code or the best programs in the world; they won't live elegant or well-structured or pretty to ogle at. But they'll work. Historically, as I said, these are the kind of people who Access is made for. Access is a worthy tool, quite unparalleled. Sure, it's a lousy database engine with a hideous programming language, but the power it gives these people is immense. So Access and VB6 and surpass macros are where it's at for these guys.
At the next level, you possess the journeyman developers. Now these people aren't "business" people—they are proper programmers. But it's just a job, and they'll tend to stick with what they know rather than try to attain something better. They might live a bit more discerning about their tools than the industry types, but they're not going to recede out of their passage to pick up original skills and learn original things. They might utilize VB6 or Java or C# or whatever; it doesn't really matter to them, as they'll utilize whatever offers them the best employment opportunities at any given moment. Their code will probably ogle more or less the selfsame no matter what. They're not going to learn the idioms of whatever specific language they're using, because there's no need, so it's just not for them.
A key feature of these developers is that, most of the time, they're writing "enterprise" software. This isn't software that will sit on a shelf in a store for someone to buy; it's custom applications to assist with some industry process or other. verisimilitude live told, it probably won't possess to ogle very nice or work very well; it just has to net the job done. With "enterprise" software, you can often net away with a clunky program, because the people who are using it possess outright been trained on what to do. If doing X makes the application crash, that's okay—they can just live taught not to attain X any more.
In spite of the often mediocre trait of the software these people write, they're a group that's immensely distinguished to Microsoft. These programs are a key fraction of the platform lock-in that Microsoft craves. If a company has some business-critical custom application written in Visual Basic 6, that company isn't going to roll out Linux to its desktops; it's trapped on Windows.
At the final level, you possess the conscientious developers. These are people who confidence about what they're doing. They might live writing industry apps somewhere (although they probably disapprove it, unless they are on a team of like-minded individuals) but, probably more likely, they're writing programs in their own time. They want to learn about what's frigid and new; they want to attain the perquisite thing on their platforms; they want to learn original techniques and better solutions to existing problems. They might live using unusual progress platforms, or they might live using C++, but they'll live writing apt code that's usurp to their tools. They'll heed UI guidelines (and only fracture them when appropriate); they'll utilize original features that the platform has to offer; they'll propel things to the limit. In a apt way, of course.
In the pre-.NET world, this wasn't really a gargantuan problem. The first group used surpass macros and Access; the second group used Visual Basic 6, and the eventual group could utilize C++ or whatever beret-wearing funky scripting language was à la mode at the time. This outright worked out fine, because one of the few nice things about Win32 is that it was designed for C. C is in many ways a very simple language, and it's likewise a ubiquitous language. As a consequence of this, pretty much every other programming language created in the eventual brace of decades can, one passage or another, call C APIs.".NET could possess been a step into the 21st century. It could possess been, but it wasn't."
.NET isn't like that. Although .NET can call C APIs (just like everything else can), the true objective is for outright programming to reside in the .NET world. .NET is meant to live the entire platform, with outright the different languages that people utilize alive inside the .NET environment. This is why .NET has APIs for tasks like reading and writing files; in the .NET world you're not meant to utilize Win32 to attain these things, you're meant to utilize .NET's facilities for doing them. It's silent possible to utilize different languages with .NET (in fact, it's easier than it was in the pre-.NET days). Just now, the different languages outright utilize the common set of .NET APIs for drawing windows on screen, or saving files, or querying databases, and so on.
Because everything now has to live "within" the .NET world, .NET has to live outright things to outright people. Well actually, that's not true. It's trying to live apt enough for the first and second kind of programmer. The third type—well, just ignore them. They're too demanding anyway. They're the ones who confidence about their tools and net upset when an API is badly designed. They're the ones who notice the inconsistencies and omissions and gripe about them.
The .NET library is simple to the point of being totally dumbed down; it's probably okay for the first and second groups, not least because they don't know any better, but for the repose it's an exercise in frustration. This frustration is exacerbated when it's compared to .NET's gargantuan competitor, Java. Java is no panacea; it too is aiming roughly at the middle kind of developer, which is understandable, as they're the most numerous. But Java's much more high-minded. It's much stronger on concepts, making it easier to learn. Sun doesn't net it perquisite the whole time, but the people behind Java possess clearly made something of an effort.
One practical manifestation of this is that .NET reflects a lot of the disagreeable decisions made in Win32. For example, .NET provides an API named Windows Forms for writing GUIs. Windows Forms is based heavily on the Win32 GUI APIs; the selfsame GUI APIs that owe their design to Win16. To properly write Windows Forms programs, you requisite to know how Win32 works, because there are concepts from Win32 that accomplish their presence felt in Windows Forms. In Win32, every window is related to a specific thread. There can live multiple windows that belong to a thread, but every window is owned by exactly one thread. Almost every action that updates a window in some way—moving it on-screen, changing some text, animating some graphics, anything like that—has to live performed within the thread that owns the window.
This restriction in itself is not entirely uncommon. There are very few truly multithreaded GUI APIs, because it tends to accomplish programs more complicated for no true benefit. The problem lies in how .NET makes developers manipulate this restriction. There's a passage to test whether an update to a window needs to live sent to the thread that actually owns the window or not, along with a mechanism for sending the update to the window's thread. Except this passage doesn't always work. Under some situations, it can interpret you that you're using the reform thread already even if you're not. If the program then carries on and tries to accomplish the update, it may succeed or it may hang or crash the application. The reason for this unhelpful behavior is the passage Windows Forms depends so heavily on Win32.
These itsy-bitsy issues are abundant. The .NET library does work. It more or less has outright the main pieces you need, but it's full of areas where you possess to deal, directly or indirectly, with the obsolescent mediocrity of Win32. On their own, nothing of these issues would live a show-stopper, but they outright add up. It's a death of a thousand cuts. There are so many places where the Win32 underpinnings "shine through" and taint what should possess been a brand-new platform.What about Win64?
If Win32 was a mess and .NET didn't fix it, the other opportunity MS could possess had was to fix it for Win64, the 64-bit Windows API. Porting a program to Win64 requires a recompile at the very least, and it can often require code changes to avoid doing things that are safe for 32-bit processors but not for their 64-bit brethren. Because of this necessary recompile, one would think that MS could surely possess tidied things up a bit. Maybe not radically overhauled, but tidied up.
For example, there's a function called OpenFile. OpenFile was a Win16 function. It opens files, obviously enough. In Win32 it was deprecated—kept in, to allow 16-bit apps to live ported to Win32 more easily, but deprecated outright the same. In Win32 it has always been deprecated. The documentation for OpenFile says, "Note: Only utilize this function with 16-bit versions of Windows. For newer applications, utilize the CreateFile function." But in spite of that, Win64 silent has OpenFile. No one should live using it, but it's silent there.
Another example; Win32 has a function for getting the size of a file. File sizes on Windows are limited to 2^64 bytes, and so they requisite a 64-bit integer to live expressed easily. But the API call to net the size of a file doesn't give you a 64-bit value. Instead, it gives you a pair of 32-bit values that possess to live combined in a particular way. For 32-bit Windows, that's sort of understandable; 32-bit Windows is, well, 32-bit, so you might not await to live able to utilize 64-bit integers. But if you utilize the selfsame API in 64-bit Windows, it silent gives you the pair of numbers, rather than just a nice simple 64-bit number. While this made some kind of sense on 32-bit Windows, it makes no sense at outright on 64-bit Windows, since 64-bit Windows can, by definition, utilize 64-bit numbers.
And of course, developers can cope with this. nothing of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could live tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform. It just makes writing apt programs harder than it should live and learning the API harder than it requisite be.Problems for Microsoft
So Windows is just a calamity to write programs for. It's miserable. It's quite nice if you want to utilize the selfsame techniques you learned 15 years ago and not bother to change how you do, well, anything, but for anyone else it's outright pain. I thought before that Microsoft cared about people like me. But it doesn't. And it makes programming on Windows painful. Microsoft is worthy at backwards compatibility—you can engage really stale programs and compile and dash them on a brand original Windows—but terrible at design and terrible at providing a apt experience."None of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could live tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform."
And it's not just third parties who suffer. It causes anguish for Microsoft, too. The code isn't just incongruous and ill-favored on the outside; it's that passage on the inside, too. There's a lot of software for Windows, a lot of business-critical software, that's not maintained any more. And that software is usually buggy. It passes disagreeable parameters to API calls, uses remembrance that it has released, assumes that files live in particular hardcoded locations, outright sorts of things that it shouldn't do. If the OS changes underneath—to prohibit the reuse of freed memory, to more aggressively validate parameters, to stick more closely to the documentation without making extra assumptions or causing special side-effects—then these programs break.
So Windows has outright sorts of bits of code which are there to provide compatibility with these broken applications. It's arduous for MS to maintain and fix this code, because it means the code no longer does what it's documented to do; it does that plus some other stuff. It's arduous to test, because there's no knowing exactly what broken things programs are going to try to do. And it makes things more expensive; Microsoft has all sorts of special behaviours it needs to preserve. This means that not only can it not accomplish the API better—it can't even easily accomplish the API's implementation better. It's outright too fragile.
This gives surge to particularly obtuse things like the cognomen of the "system" folder, where outright the Windows libraries and programs are kept. In 16-bit Windows, it was called system. In 32-bit Windows, it was called system32. In 64-bit Windows it's called, er, system32 again. Because although there's an API call that programs can accomplish to find out the cognomen of the folder, there are enough programs that don't bother using it and just blindly assume that it's called system32 (even when compiled as 64-bit) that it was better for backwards compatibility to leave it, even though it's chock full of 64-bit files.
32-bit files in spin recede into a directory named syswow64. Right, it has 64 in the name, because it contains 32-bit libraries. accomplish sense? Only in Redmond. outright these aberrant behaviors and clumsy APIs that they've built up over the years possess just been plonked wholesale into 64-bit Windows. There's no eschew from them.Beyond XP
If MS wasn't going to provide nice clean APIs for outright the stale stuff, there was at least some hope that they'd create an attractive and high-quality OS to succeed the (extremely successful) Windows XP. This is, after all, the other fraction of the OS X equation. Apple has set together a apt platform to develop on and then gone to actually accomplish the most of what its operating system has to offer, by producing tall trait applications that depend on the unique features that Mac OS X provides.
Third-party applications very much seem to result suit. There might not live as much third-party software for Mac OS X as there is for Windows (a pleasing operating environment can only attain so much to mitigate a 3 percent market share), but the trait of the applications is a worthy deal better. Third-party developers on Mac OS X strive to accomplish applications that work in a passage that's consistent with the OS itself, with first-party applications, and even with each other.
These factors tend to reinforce each other. A apt API makes it easier to write high-quality applications. High-quality, first-party applications set the benchmark by which third-party apps are judged and ensure that users possess tall expectations of the software they run. This in spin means that there is much more competition among third parties to bear something that's worthy rather than merely acceptable. Regular updates to the OS keep developers on the upgrade treadmill; they work to accomplish their applications happy in with the latest and greatest release, leveraging whatever original bells and whistles it provides, further improving the software ecosystem.
In the early stages of Microsoft's progress of a successor to Windows XP, it looked like the software side of things might possess taken a leap forward. Win32 would silent live Win32, unfortunately, but the original XP successor (codenamed Longhorn) was going to provide a whole raft of functionality built using .NET. This would live coupled with radical changes in Explorer and the Windows shell to provide something much slicker and better-looking than XP offered. Early in the progress of Longhorn, they saw demos of a original kind of application; applications built using the original Longhorn technology, with a consistent ogle and feel.
Except, as by now they outright know, Longhorn never made it. Some original features were dropped completely, others were just scaled back, some were even ported to XP. Even when the underlying technology was kept, the good-looking, easy-to-write application progress that was promoted never really materialized. Instead, what they got was Windows Vista.Enlarge / Windows Vista's Start menu and its integrated Search box. Andrew Cunningham Vista, Schmista
With the ambitious Longhorn plans sitting in the trash, Microsoft produced a much more evolutionary OS. It has some lustrous original technology under the hood, but unfortunately most of this is invisible to anyone using the system. What they attain note is an uninspiring mess.
The happy and finish of Vista is astonishingly poor. With Vista's UI guidelines, Microsoft has tried to engage some things that MacOS has been doing forever and interpolate them to Windows. For example, dialog boxes in Windows possess traditionally been poorly designed, because their buttons are given generic labels like "Yes" and "No," or "OK" and "Cancel," which means the entire message has to live read and understood for the buttons to accomplish sense. This is bad, because people generally don't read the message and just click a button at random.
For example, if you try to proximate Notepad without saving your document, Windows used to ask, "Do you want to rescue the changes?" with buttons marked "Yes," "No," and "Cancel." Yes, No, and Cancel imply nothing on their own; you requisite to read the message to accomplish sense of them. In Vista's Notepad, in keeping with the original UI guidelines, although the dialogue box silent asks, "Do you want to rescue changes to Untitled?" the buttons are labeled "Save," "Don't save," and "Cancel." This is much better—the buttons now possess meaningful labels that yelp what they'll attain instead of generic text that could attain anything. It's only taken Microsoft 20 years to net this right, but finally now it's done so.
The UI guidelines certainly possess the perquisite idea. But they then net ignored. They net ignored by Vista itself. They net ignored by Microsoft's flagship applications like Office. They net ignored by third parties. The result is that the entire Windows Vista experience feels mediocre. Pictures are worth a thousand words, they say, so let's engage a ogle at Microsoft's flagship OS running its flagship softwareEnlarge / O_o
Except for one application (Visual Studio 2005) those are outright the current versions of currently-supported Microsoft software released in the eventual brace of years.
None of them—not a single one—works in the selfsame passage as any other. Only one of them (Notepad) uses the "native" built-in appearance (i.e. the one most easily available to third-party software). Many of them possess features in common—opening and saving files, typing words, editing properties—and yet to some extent they conspire to outright attain so differently. It is a total mess. These aren't just minor failures of consistency, either. The people accountable for these applications possess deliberately chosen to give the platform's benchmark ogle and feel the finger. That's disagreeable enough for standalone applications; it's even worse when some of those applications are fraction of the platform itself.
There isn't even any kind of internal consistency. The Explorer Window and the IE window look, at first glance, to live similar; similar graphical style for the forward/back button, for example. But they're not. The spacing is different; the drop-down arrow in the IE window has more space around it than the counterpart in Explorer.
Even when the selfsame nonstandard concept is used, it's done differently. Windows Live Messenger, Internet Explorer, and Windows Media Player outright possess a "hidden" menu bar. The menu bar is silent there, just not visible by default. And each one of them exposes its menu bar in a different way, doing essentially the selfsame thing gratuitously differently. It might well live that getting rid of the menu bar is a apt idea—but there's no justification at outright for making them outright similar-but-different.
Taken alone, these are outright fairly minor things. set together, the interface is just completely shambolic. It looks amateurish. The quirks of each original interface possess to live learned anew. This slap-dash approach to look-and-feel gives the impress of a platform that no one really cares about. That selfsame contempt for norms and standards inflicts third-party applications. And, really, why shouldn't it? If Microsoft can't live bothered to accomplish Windows applications that feel like Windows applications, why should anyone else recede to the effort? And even if a developer does want to recede to the effort, what's he meant to engage his cues from? Should he copy IE? WMP? Explorer? Notepad? Office? Visual Studio?
To add insult to injury, it's wasteful. Explorer and IE may ogle similar, but they're different codebases. The code to give that kind of no-menu window with an address bar and a search box and this and that, it's not shared between the two. It might possess been at one time. But now it's not. So there's twice the progress trouble to create and maintain these applications. What could possess been done once now has to live done twice. And again for Word, and Outlook, and Visual Studio, and Visio, and Expression Blend. Each time I possess to learn a original UI, some team at Microsoft had to write a original UI and test a original UI and maintain a original UI. That's not a apt utilize of their time, when they could possess done it once.
Mac OS X is by no means flawless in this regard, but it's nowhere near as bad. Applications like the Finder and iTunes establish inevitable norms and conventions, and third-party applications attain a pretty apt job of following these (or adapting them to original situations). There aren't OS X applications where the menu bar works totally differently. Apple hasn't produced a different UI style for each and every application. Sure, they attain possess more than one style—the "pro" apps (Aperture, FCP, etc.) utilize a darker scheme than timehonored apps—but there's silent an order of magnitude more consistency and coherence on OS X than on Windows. Apple cares about appearances and Apple provides sturdy GUI models to copy. The result? Third parties bear good-looking applications that work like the OS they dash on. And accordingly, users claim that their applications conform to the overall ogle and feel of the platform.
The reason must live that no one in Microsoft actually gives a damn. Each group develops their own UI widgets in their own style and they simply don't confidence that it's a total mess. They don't confidence that I possess to learn original ways of doing the selfsame job just because they couldn't live bothered to attain things the selfsame passage as other applications. I'm not saying, for example, that they shouldn't possess introduced the ribbon concept in Office 2007, because it seems to work pretty well, and I can believe that it really is a better UI model. But they should possess taken stock of what they were doing and made it a system-wide UI device. original widgets and UI models attain crop up from time to time, but they should live rare, and when they attain appear, Microsoft should accomplish them common so that everyone can utilize them.
Microsoft's continuous and repetitive reinvention of the wheel again just makes the job for third-party developers that much more unpleasant. Because even when a developer does want to accomplish something that "fits in," and even when that developer has picked a specific application to happy in with, MS silent offers incongruous choices. engage the Office 2007 ribbon as an example. The ribbon is pretty cool, and it's obvious that third parties will want to utilize the ribbon themselves (even if it might not live the best happy for their application, but sadly there's not much that can live done about that). Unfortunately, the Office 2007 ribbon is fraction of Office 2007. It's not a fraction of Windows, it's instead built in to Office, and not usable for other software.
Recognizing the gap in functionality here, a third-party developer produced its own ribbon-like object that developers could embed into their programs to gain a ribbon user interface. Microsoft in spin bought the third-party object and is now distributing it to developers using the current version of Visual C++. Oh, yeah—it's only for C++ developers. No ribbon for .NET developers. So now MS has two ribbons; the Office code and original one it bought in. That's frustrating enough—it would live better to attain the work to set the Office 2007 ribbon into a nice itsy-bitsy library so the behavior would live identical—but it's tolerable.
Here's the bit that blows the mind: Microsoft is going to develop another ribbon, this time as fraction of Windows Seven. It won't live the Office one, and it won't live the Visual C++ one. It will live a original one. And, oh, this one won't live .NET either. The confusion of UIs in Windows mirrors the confusion of progress within Microsoft.Enlarge / A familiar store front for many, just not (yet) Peter Bright. Steve Rhodes What about me?
So where does that leave me? I want to write nice applications. I want to live able to concentrate on my own code rather than fighting the API the whole time. I want my applications to happy in with the OS and work in a passage that's consistent with first-party applications and even other third-party programs. I want this because I think it leads to better software; it means I can disburse my time creating innovative and useful software that people indulge in using. I really want to attain this, but you know what? On Windows it's just too damn hard.
Microsoft has had apt opportunities to attain something about this, but they possess been systematically squandered through a combination of ineptitude, mismanagement, and slavish adherence to backwards compatibility. The disillusionment I feel is incredible. I indulge in writing programs, but I don't indulge in writing for Windows. And while once it made sense to stick with Windows, it just doesn't any more. There's now an attractive alternative: Mac OS X.
This has been fraction two of a three-part series. In fraction three, I will ogle at just how Microsoft got into this state and what it might attain to regain Windows' position as the best computing platform going.
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