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Test Code : M2090-748
Test cognomen : IBM MDM and IIS Sales Mastery Test v1
Vendor cognomen : IBM
: 18 existent Questions

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IBM to acquire MDM dealer initiate methods | existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

IBM stated today that it plans to purchase initiate programs, one of the vital few remaining unbiased grasp facts management (MDM) carriers.

provoke programs, based in Chicago, focuses on MDM and statistics integration software for healthcare and government businesses. The proposed acquisition confirms rumors that IBM would create a play within the MDM market and comes just days after Informatica announced its buy of initiate competitor Siperian.

"With the addition of initiate's application and its industry expertise, IBM will proffer consumers a comprehensive retort for delivering the tips they exigency to increase the well-being of patients at a lessen cost," Arvind Krishna, accepted supervisor of counsel administration at IBM, celebrated in an announcement. "in a similar way, their govt consumers will now hold much more capabilities for gathering and applying suggestions to serve citizens in a well timed and productive method."

The purpose of MDM is to create a separate view of grasp records -- most frequently consumer and product statistics -- to subsist used perquisite through a company's operational, transactional and analytical applications.

IBM has invested closely in its information administration and analytics stack over the closing a number of years, and the acquisition of incite will continue that vogue. IBM competes with Oracle, SAP and now Informatica in the perquisite now consolidating MDM market.

IBM is additionally likely trying to capitalize on the expected increase in adoption of electronic clinical data, which provoke's MDM expertise supports by helping healthcare businesses consolidate patient statistics.

Rob Karel, an analyst with Cambridge, Mass.-based mostly Forrester research, celebrated that each Siperian and initiate methods hold struggled to expand their consumer bases as independent vendors, making the fresh acquisitions a logical current for the two.

"We reached an inflection aspect," observed invoice Conroy, provoke's president and CEO, in a joint conference convoke with IBM. "could they as a small company sustain up with the calls for of their shoppers [for a more complete data management stack]?" The answer, apparently, turned into no.

The proposed acquisition should soundless capitalize IBM in a number of techniques, wrote Ray Wang, an analyst with Altimeter neighborhood in San Mateo, Calif., in a weblog post following the announcement. IBM will inherit initiate's "powerful" data integration platform and "deep healthcare and public sector experience."

The acquisition should soundless besides advocate IBM differentiate its MDM offering from rival Oracle, based on Wang -- however not earlier than IBM does the difficult travail of harmonizing its multiple MDM technologies.

"today, IBM offers Infosphere MDM Server for PIM in keeping with Trigo product counsel management [PIM] and Infosphere MDM Server 9 in response to DWL for customer facts integration [CDI]," Wang wrote. "initiate methods provides a 3rd and equipped product into the lineup that's optimized for consumer information."

Arvind Krishna, GM of IBM's assistance administration enterprise, spoke of IBM plans to proffer both product facts and client records MDM as divorce choices.

initiate has 347 employees and counts CVS/Caremark, Humana, and the North Dakota department of Human services among its customers. Neither company printed phrases of the deal, which is expected to shut in the first quarter.

Rugby football Union and IBM movement on AI & cloud for fan date | existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Nowhere is the virtuous coterie of business extra time-honored than on earth of sport.

An athlete or crew attracts enthusiasts, which drives a following, which attracts company companions and sponsors and permits the sports company to do money into its company to power success. In doing so, the athlete or club extends its fan groundwork and loyalty even further. And on it goes.

I actually hold grossly over simplified what are truly complicated enterprise fashions, so let me approach it from a different perspective. In some other enterprise, they don’t openly cheer their purchasers or supporters, corporeal or digitally, yet in recreation it’s a weekly occurrence.

no matter if you're a sporting union or an incredible-league baseball crew, a lower-league football team or a globally-recognised basketball company, probably the most likely path to sustainable revenue growth is through fan loyalty and engagement.

know-how is, of direction, key to this. It’s the route in which wearing establishments are attempting to integrate their company concepts with their fanatics, avid gamers and sponsors.

The utility of expertise to increase aggressive side and fan event isn’t new. parade no extra than basketball, the site Nike upward thrust 2.0 changed into created again in 2014 / 15 by route of AKQA in collaboration with Artisan and dandelion + burdock for Nike.

This was the advent of the primary digital court docket that provided true-time and interactive player insights and analytics that had been used to advocate with teaching decisions and practising patterns and provided fanatics with a very fresh shape of date with the recreation they love.

We live in an international where structured and unstructured records and using AI technologies are helping to determine fresh business models, create fresh customer experiences and drive divorce forms of engagement.

The wearing industry is no distinct, and, in reality, total fans, coaches and professional activities individuals are records junkies although they don’t realize it. understanding facts and deriving information from it with the exhaust of AI is faultfinding for any carrying employer to enrich the performance of its groups, implement fresh types of fan date and subsequently pressure income boom.

The Rugby football Union (RFU) is not any exception: transformation is at the heart of its strategy. Off the lower back of principal success over the ultimate 4 years, IBM is delighted to publish it has renewed its partnership with the RFU with a fresh four-yr deal.

The RFU challenged IBM to aid it deliver their key strategic initiatives: to develop the game; capitalize it better interact with their fanatics, coaches and avid gamers; and advocate the britain crew pressure to the subsequent flush of performance with data, fan date and AI.

IBM can subsist working with the RFU as its Digital journey, records Analytics, AI and Cloud platform associate. throughout the enjoyable aggregate of IBM utility and IBM services, now not least its digital company iX, IBM and the RFU may subsist working collectively to convey an international classification, personalized and valuable digital adventure for its international rugby enthusiasts.

nonetheless it doesn’t cease there. IBM and the RFU will do in compel a consolidated and depended on statistics capacity through a grasp facts administration (MDM) platform, superior analytics and AI through Watson statistics Platform (WDP) and scalability during the IBM Cloud.

mixed, this could deliver player, fan, performance and proper insights to usher the RFU in its transition to a knowledge-pushed and fan adventure-led enterprise.

through integrating this suite of capabilities, the RFU will subsist able to further tackle basic issues around company building, improving fan experiences and growing the business. It’s a lesson other corporations can subsist trained from. 

Andrew Crisp - govt associate, Comms Sector Europe, IBM world business features 

WATCH the Tech talk to learn how other media establishments are the exhaust of AI and computer studying applied sciences to create fresh consumer date and experiences. 

Kingland Continues Innovation with 360 facts MDM solutions and IBM | existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

CLEAR LAKE, Iowa--(company WIRE)--Kingland techniques continues to innovate its 360 data™ line of grasp statistics management (MDM) options with IBM, highlighted with the aid of an achievement final week at IBM’s information On require 2010 conference in Las Vegas.

Kingland’s premier fiscal functions MDM platform, 360 data™ enterprise Hub, become one in every of three finalists out of greater than 1,a hundred counsel management business partners for IBM’s annual CTO Innovation award. The award recognizes visionary IBM business companions who innovatively exhaust IBM information management software to enhance solutions that seriously change how valued clientele do enterprise. business Hub, powered by means of IBM InfoSphere application, speeds up MDM time to value within the financial capabilities industry through capabilities that enable the integration, administration, and distribution of securities information, client and counterparty records, and hierarchies and linkage records.

both the 360 statistics™ enterprise Hub and the 360 information™ master File solutions hold besides been lately added to IBM's Banking business Framework. The IBM Banking industry Framework combines the business skills, top-rated practices, application and tools banks deserve to develop into greater efficacious and versatile and adjust extra without vicissitude to fresh company challenges and regulatory necessities by using enabling them to modernize, manage and video pomp their expertise methods. Kingland's 360 facts™ solutions strongly capitalize the built-in possibility administration region of the framework, which offers a holistic approach to managing fiscal chance, operational and IT risk, economic crimes detection and prevention, and compliance.

"leading companies throughout the financial features industry are searching for smooth methods to greater control their securities, customer and counterparty data, and to do hierarchy management. Their teams have labored complicated to align these trade needs and to accomplice with IBM to give our interesting routine to extravagant high-quality master records administration with 360 records" says Tony Brownlee, Managing Director of Kingland's statistics options unit.

Kingland programs 360 facts™, powered through IBM® InfoSphere™software, is a collection of business statistics management options optimized for the monetary capabilities industry. 360 information™ gives clients with the definitive source of global reference statistics, with larger accuracy, deeper insurance, and greater flexibility to combine with key operational, possibility, and compliance capabilities.

Kingland techniques is a replete provider expertise features enterprise and a leading company of MDM software, outsourced reference statistics management, records cleansing, and other grasp statistics management solutions and capabilities; serving colossal banks, assurance groups, broking service dealers, and accounting businesses considering that 1992. Kingland operates one of the crucial largest statistics cleaning operations within the trade, discovered on-shore within the US and is diagnosed as presenting records distinguished at industry main stages, optimized for each client's provocative wants. Kingland’s information solutions aid greater than 500,000 professional clients in over a hundred and forty countries.

For more tips about Kingland methods and its organizations, delight hunt counsel from:

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Norfolk Southern and fresh York condition open replacement of key Portageville rail bridge in advocate of Southern Tier economy | existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

CASTILE, N.Y., Oct. 28, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Supporting jobs and the economy of fresh York's Southern Tier, Norfolk Southern (NYSE: NSC), the fresh York condition Department of Transportation, and the fresh York condition Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, alongside numerous other supporters, broke ground today on a fresh $70 million steel arch railroad bridge in Letchworth condition Park.

The fresh single-track bridge – expected to remove about three years to construct – will subsist 900 feet long and located about 75 feet south of the current iron truss bridge, which spans the Genesee River Gorge. NS besides will construct 1,200 feet of fresh track on either side of the gorge to align existing tracks with the fresh bridge.

"This successful public-private partnership underscores the stalwart aplomb they total hold in the ongoing potential of the Southern Tier," said James A. Squires, Norfolk Southern chairman, president and CEO. "Norfolk Southern has a robust bridge program, and the fresh Portageville Bridge will subsist a testament to today's expert engineers and the craftsmanship of today's railroaders. They anticipate this project will start a fresh rail legacy for Letchworth condition Park and the Southern Tier."

When completed, the fresh bridge will subsist the linchpin of a vibrant Norfolk Southern rail line that helps businesses in Buffalo and the Southern Tier regions connect with markets east and west. Among the fresh York-based entities to capitalize from the fresh bridge will subsist 10 short line railroads that serve local businesses and connect them to the Norfolk Southern network.

"This project is faultfinding to the economy of the Southern Tier," said fresh York condition Sen. Patrick Gallivan. "The current bridge has served the region well for 140 years, but it must subsist replaced with a modern span that can meet the transportation needs of the 21st century. In addition to the construction jobs this project will create, the bridge will serve and advocate businesses throughout the region for years to come." 

The budget for the bridge project includes $3 million in design costs and $2.5 million in construction costs from the fresh York Department of Transportation; a $2 million award from the Finger Lakes Regional Economic development Council; and a $10 million award from the U.S. Federal Highway Administration. Norfolk Southern will contribute the balance. Construction is expected to open by the finish of 2015.

"Maintaining a safe, modern freight rail network throughout fresh York condition is faultfinding to supporting business and generating economic activity," said Matthew J. Driscoll, fresh York condition Department of Transportation commissioner. "The fresh Portageville Bridge will subsist a handsome and more efficient addition to Letchworth condition Park and is one more illustration of Gov. Andrew Cuomo's commitment to fresh York State's rail network."

"The Portageville Bridge project is a distinguished illustration of building better infrastructure through partnerships between governments at the local, state, and federal flush and the private sector," said Michael Canavan, FHWA fresh York Division chief operating officer. "FHWA is haughty to subsist a Part of it.  fresh York now has a bridge across the Genesee River that will dawdle long distance freight more efficiently by rail while protecting the handsome Letchworth condition Park for the pleasant of residents, neighbors, and visitors."

The Erie Railroad built the current wrought-iron bridge in 1875, and while it has served several railroad owners from the Erie Lackawanna Railroad to Conrail, its current condition can no longer efficiently wield modern-day freight rail transportation. Currently, Norfolk Southern must leisurely freight trains crossing the bridge to 10 mph, and freight car weights must subsist reduced 13,000 pounds below the industry standard.

"Our customers eye to Norfolk Southern for a 21st century transportation option that's safe, reliable, and efficient," said Jim Carter, Norfolk Southern chief engineer bridge and structures. "The route they meet this require is to hold a dependable infrastructure. They eye to this fresh Portageville Bridge as a faultfinding Part of the Southern Tier's success story."

"The replacement Portageville Bridge will continue to complement the natural beauty of Letchworth condition Park, while removing a longtime transportation bottleneck," said Finger Lakes Regional Economic development Council co-chairs, University of Rochester President Joel Seligman and Wegmans Food Markets CEO Danny Wegman.  "Breaking ground on this project underscores the moment of private and condition partners collaborating to accommodate the freight rail transportation that is so faultfinding to their region's economic viability. We are pleased that the Finger Lakes Regional Economic development Council is supporting this major infrastructure project."

The current bridge will remain open during construction of the fresh arch bridge and then subsist dismantled. During construction, the Portage entrance to Letchworth condition Park will subsist closed to vehicular traffic. The nearby Castile entrance has been enhanced and will accommodate additional vehicular traffic. Additionally, the Mary Jemison, Finger Lakes and Gorge trails, and the Highbridge parking lot will subsist closed during construction.

State Parks Commissioner Rose Harvey said, "State Parks congratulates their partners at DOT and Norfolk Southern on the start of this faultfinding economic development project. The fresh bridge was thoughtfully designed to frame the view of the magnificent gorge for total who visit the nation's favorite condition park."

About Norfolk Southern

Norfolk Southern Corporation (NYSE: NSC) is one of the nation's premier transportation companies. Its Norfolk Southern Railway Company subsidiary operates approximately 20,000 route miles in 22 states and the District of Columbia, serves every major container port in the eastern United States, and provides efficient connections to other rail carriers. Norfolk Southern operates the most extensive intermodal network in the East and is a major transporter of coal, automotive, and industrial products.

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SOURCE Norfolk Southern Corporation

Ask HN: Who is hiring? (April 2013) | existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

Ask HN: Who is hiring? (April 2013) 320 points by whoishiring on Apr 1, 2013 | shroud | past | web | favorite | 420 comments Please lead with the location of the position and embrace the keywords INTERN, REMOTE, or H1B if the corresponding sort of candidate is welcome. Feel free to post any job that may interest HN readers from executive aide to machine learning expert to CTO.

Also see: put a question to HN: Freelancer? Seeking freelancer? (April 2013)

The Apple II FAQ | existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

The Apple II FAQ - HTML version

This is the Frequently Asked Questions posting of the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup). Copyleft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio ( But soundless under construction... (name a page that isn't!)

Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95 Q#2 How finish I fetch to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95 Q#3 How finish I fetch files off the net? 2/8/95 Q#4 Where can I fetch Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95 Q#5 What archivers finish I exigency to know about? Q#6 More about BinSCII Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives Q#8 Executioner Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf) Q#10 Net gauge formats Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes Q#12 What finish the file extensions mean? Q#13 How finish I narrate what benevolent of file this is? 2/8/95 Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+ Q#17 The Apple //e Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+ Q#19 The Laser 128EX Q#20 The Apple IIGS Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's: Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit? Q#25 How can I narrate what version my computer is? Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][? Q#27 Adding Hardware: Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices? Q#29 Can I exhaust Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][? Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e? Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS? Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it finish OCR? Q#33 Can a Disk ][ subsist used on a GS smartport? Q#34 What's the scoop on the fresh HD 3.5" drive? Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard. Q#36 File Transfer: Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- Macintosh Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- IBM Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- Macintosh Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- IBM Q#46 What's the CTI Drive? Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE hard Drives? Q#48 How finish I exhaust stuff I hold transferred to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#49 How finish I fetch frigid Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS? Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of realistic images? Q#51 I hold an dilapidated CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How finish I fetch it into ProDos? Q#52 How finish you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk? Q#53 irrational problems: Q#54 How finish I fetch out of Basic (that microscopic "]" prompt and flashing cursor? Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII? Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives? Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date. Q#58 I'm getting oversight XXX. What's it mean? Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem? Q#60 Where finish I fetch advocate for AE boards now that they are closed? Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e? Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems Q#64 Tips & Hints Q#65 If you hold a RamFast Q#66 If you hold a Vulcan or AE high Density disk Q#67 If you hold ProSel Q#68 If you hold an AMR 3.5" Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note Q#70 What to finish with an Apple ][? 2/8/95 Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][? Q#72 What can you finish with an Apple ][? Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers? Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers? Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95 Q#76 Apple II Groups Q#77 Getting Parts & Software Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons Q#79 Periodicals & Books Q#80 Misc Resources Q#81 general guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 general troubleshooting Q#83 distress shooting and pleasant maintenance Q#84 GS distress shooting Q#85 SCSI Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system: Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95

Hi! Welcome to the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup!

Sorry about the previous posts (or lack there of). Some things weren't getting into fresh posts because the highly contorted route I post this. Hopefully, this post actually works. Feel free parch me in effigy if I don't fetch it right, then e-mail me about it.

I hope it becomes a valuable resource. If not, what's it missing??

Dan DeMaggio (

Q#2 How finish I fetch to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95

c.s.a2 is a USENET newsgroup. USENET posts can originate from your local newsreader and spread to hundreds of thousands of machines throughout the the world. The comp.

comp.sys.apple2 - general discussion and questions relating to total Apple //'s comp.sys.apple2.comm - Communications and networking related issues comp.sys.apple2.gno - Discussion of program GNO/ME for the Apple IIGS (UNIX for the Apple IIGS) comp.sys.apple2.marketplace - Buying, selling and promoting Apple // related products comp.sys.apple2.programmer - Discussion relating to any aspect of programming the Apple // comp.sys.apple2.usergroups - Discussion relating to Apple // usergroups comp.binaries.apple2 - Public Domain/Shareware Software for all Apple //'s comp.sources.apple2 - A moderated newsgroup for the posting of Apple // related source code comp.emulators.apple2 - Discussion relating to the exhaust of Apple // emulation software/hardware on an IBM compatible system alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2 - Older "ALT" version of above

If you only hold e-mail access to the Internet, you will find the following addresses helpful. create sure you hold a big mailbox and the time to sift through lots of messages per day. account getting better connected to the Internet (read "The total Internet Users usher And Catalog" for more info.)

For this: send a message body of "help" to: --------------------------- --------------------------------- Subscribe to C.S.A2 (internet) (BITNET) LISTSERV@NDSUVM APPLE2-L archives (internet) (BITNET) LISTSERV@BROWNVM Games from APPLE2-L (internet) (BITNET) LISTSERV@UTARLVM1 More files via E-Mail (i-net) (BITNET) FILESERV@PLAINS Kermit file transfer program (BITNET) KERMSRV@CUVMA (BITNET) Apple /// files (internet) APPLE3-L@WVNVM.WVNET.EDU

Once you are getting c.s.a2 in your mailbox, you may want to post. Just exhaust the addresses listed below. People with direct access to the newsgroups finish not exigency these, as they can exhaust their advice software to post.

Post to any newsgroup OR OR OR OR OR Post to comp.sys.apple2

Comp.binaries.apple2 is a newsgroup used to dole PD (Public Domain - may subsist used and copied freely.), FW (Freeware - ditto, except that the original owner retains the Copyright.) or SW (Shareware - try it for free, pay for it if you exhaust it) Apple II software (executables, pictures, sounds, etc...). Software distributed on comp.binaries.apple2 is expected to subsist a BinSCII text file containing a ShrinkIt archive. delight post a text description of your program and what it requires to Run so people can narrate if they exigency it or not. You may cross-post the description (only) to comp.sys.apple2. delight don't post questions or answers in the binaries group. Remember, distribution of commercial software is illegal.

Comp.sources.apple2 is a newsgroup used to dole Apple II source code. The posts in comp.sources.apple2 should subsist in Apple Archive Format. Contact for details.

Discussions concerning the software posted in these groups, or the methods of locating, decoding, or accessing this software, or questions on locating archive sites of this software, or any OTHER discussions are to subsist held in comp.sys.apple2. If someone DOES either intentionally or accidentally post to the binary/source groups, delight respond only in E-mail - finish not compound the problem!

Q#3 How finish I fetch files off the net? 2/8/95 Quick Summary: Step 1: create a list of files that you want Step 2: fetch files to your host (a UNIX box or ProLine BBS) Step 3: fetch files to your Apple II Step 4: Create BINSCII Step 5: Create ShrinkIt Step 6: exhaust BinSCII & Shrinkit to create Shrinkit GS Step 7: Extract the files you _REALLY_ wanted ---- Step 1: create a list of files that you want 1) You exigency BINSCII (binscii.exe) and ShrinkIt (shrinkit.3.3.exe.bsc). For a shortcut, notice Chuck Orem in the resources section. 2) If you hold a GS (and exhaust GS/OS), you will want Shrinkit GS ( and GSCII (gscii.bsc) 3) Add any other files you want. Don't try to fetch everything the first time around. Try one or two test files for starters. Note: Filenames can vary from site to site. Shrinkit and Binscii are usually available on total the Apple II FTP sites. Step 2a: (For ProLine users) fetch files to your host 1) Dial up your host and log in. 2) I'm not confidential with ProLine, so I'll subsist vague here. Just go into the files section and look... Anyone wanna clue me in? Step 2b: (for those with a Sell account) fetch files to your host 1) pick an FTP site from the FAQ 2) At your UNIX prompt, kind "ftp _____" (fill in hostname) 3) At the "Login:" prompt, kind "anonymous" (or "ftp" if you are a nefarious speller fancy me ;) 4) kind in your e-mail address when prompted for a password. 5) kind "bin" unless you are only getting text files 6) kind "cd ______" (directory) to dawdle to the perquisite directory. 6) kind "ls" to notice a list of files. 7) Locate each file (more "cd ___"'s and "ls"). Also, "cd .." will dawdle up a directory in the tree.) 8) exhaust "get ______" (filename) to fetch it 9) When you are done using FTP, kind "quit" Step 3: fetch files to your Apple II 1) Find out what file transfer protocols your Apple communications package supports. (see below for a list) 2) On your local comm program, set your file transfer kind to Text (TXT) or Binary (BIN) depending on what kind of file you are downloading. If there is an option to "strip incoming linefeeds", try turning it on. 3) fetch your host to send you the file. I don't know about ProLine, but UNIX users can exhaust these commands: For Z-Modem: "sz ___ ____ ____" (file names) For X-Modem: "sx ____" (one at a time) For Kermit: "kermit", then "put _____" (filename) 5) If needed, narrate your local communications program to Receive. You must finish this quickly, or the other host will give up trying to send the file. 4) Write down the replete pathname of the files you downloaded and where you do them. There will subsist a quiz later. Pathnames eye like "/DISK/DIR/FILE.NAME" Note: If something goes wrong, hit ESC, Ctrl-X or Ctrl-C 3 times. If you can't fetch one protocol to work, try the next one down. Z-modem is much faster than the others. You will want to find a program that supports it. Step 4: Create BINSCII (if needed) 1) After you disconnect, retract into Applesoft by starting BASIC.SYSTEM 2) At the `]` prompt, kind 'EXEC ____' (your BINSCII file name) Note: If you fetch ?SYNTAX ERRORs then something went wrong. Try looking at the file with a Text Editor. 3) kind "cat" and eye for BINSCII (type 'SYS') 4) kind "-BINSCII" or "-BINSCII.SYSTEM" depending on above Note: You should fetch the BINSCII opening screen. Step 5: Create ShrinkIt (if needed) 1) If your Shrinkit file ends in ".BSC" then (In BINSCII) kind in the filename of your ShrinkIt file 2) Quit BINSCII. fetch into AppleSoft again. 3) kind "EXEC SHRINKIT3.3.XTX" (you may exigency the replete pathname) 4) Run ShrinkIt with "-SHRINKIT.SYSTEM" Step 6: Extracting everything else 1) If it's BSQ or BSC, Run it through BINSCII 2) If BINSCII creates a ".SHK" file, or if you download a ".SHK" file, then exhaust ShrinkIt on the file. It's smooth to exhaust and it doesn't give you the dreaded "FILENAME QUIZ!"

For those who haven't picked a program to download with, here are the biggies. total of the non-commercial programs are available from FTP sites. If you don't hold a comm program already, your best stake is to hold someone mail you one on a disk or buy ProTerm. (See resources).

Program Comp Emulations Protocols Note ---------|----|--------------------------------------------------------------- ProTerm E$ PSE, VT-100 Kermit, X,Y,Z-modem From InSync PTP E$, VT-100 X-Modem, (Y-mdm D/L) From attribute Computers Kermit-65 E VT-100 Kermit, X-modem hard to use,Works on ][+ Z-Link E VT-100 X-modem Good. CommSys E no one X-modem Works on ][+ TIC E$ VT-100 (+) X-modem Small, Scripting. Agate E mono ANSI X,(Y,Z D/L only) Unpacks ZIP, Buggy ColorTerm GS color ANSI X-modem Desktop based MegaTerm GS color ANSI no one ProDOS 8 ANSITerm GS$ color ANSI, PSE X,Y,Z-modem Editor, scrollback, etc. SnowTerm GS VT-100 (+) no one Desktop based FreeTerm GS no one X-modem Desktop based GenComm GS no one no one Text, Shell Compat. GSVT GS VT-100 no one Desktop GTerm GS color ANSI no one Written in BASIC/ML Telcom GS VT-100, PSE X, (Y D/L only) Shell compat ----------Key:--------- | Key: $ = A commercial program + = And other obscure ones | Computer: E = works on GS and //e, GS = only works on GS | D/L = Download from other computer --- PTP = Point-To-Point. I don't reflect it's being sold anymore. Anyone know? See the resources section for where to buy the commercial programs. Q#4 Where can I fetch Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95

[A quick note about URL notation: For those of you with replete net access, you can Run a web browser (like Lynx if you are dialed in from your Apple), which will understand URLs directly. Otherwise, ignore the 'http:' ones and notice the previous section on how to exhaust the FTP ones.)

Hint: /apple2 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ Hostname Directory

OK, so here's a bunch of resources: - Hypertext version of this FAQ - Umich archive via the web - Emulation FAQ - Apple's Product List, including some Apple II products! - ShareWare Solutions II Homepage - Caltech Apple II Archive - Nathan Mates Apple II Links. Lots of 'em. - ? - Mike Shecket's BBS listing - Apple III stuff - Apple user group

Major FTP sites and mirrors:


Note: Files on are stored by serial number. For a human- readable directory, send e-mail with the text "INDEX APPLE2-L" or "INFO REFCARD" (no subject) to

Other FTP Sites:

Archives of C.S.A2 Newsgroups: =============================== /usenet/comp.sources.apple2 (complete!) /usenet/comp.binaries.apple2 ? /pub/news/comp.binaries.apple2 /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) /pub/archive/comp.sources.apple2 (complete?) /pub/lists.1989 (1989 only)

If you hold a Shell account, you can exhaust 'archie' to find ftp sites with a particular file.

Q#5 What archivers finish I exigency to know about?

There are two programs you will exigency to hold an subsist confidential with to fetch software off the net. They are BinSCII and ShrinkIt. ShrinkIt is fancy PKZIP on the PC, or STUFFIT on the mac.: It puts multiple files into one compressed archive. This way, you can fetch the program, documentation and related files in one swoop. Unfortunately, USENET can only wield text, not 8-bit binary information. Thus the exigency for BinSCII, which can remove a file (usually a ShrinkIt file) and circle it into a train of purposeless letters, numbers and punctuation. This text travels thru USENET to you, where you exigency BinSCII to circle back into data that the computer can actually use.

Q#6 More about BinSCII

When turning a binary file into text, BinSCII will output a train of files. Each file contains a segment of the original program encoded in BinSCII format. These segments are small enough to subsist posted or e-mailed without clogging the network. (Actually, they are usually posted 3 at a time to rescue bandwidth). [NB: A BinScii text file is slightly larger than the original binary file.] On FTP sites, these will subsist 'blah.BSQ', but on USENET, you give them your own cognomen when you rescue a posting.

When re-creating a binary file from the BinScii segments, total one has to finish is collect total the segments and Run them through BinScii. Each segment has a header that tells BinScii what to do. BinSCII is smart enough to wade through total extraneous text (i.e. newsgroup headers, etc) and find the segments. It does not matter what order the segments are in, and the segments can subsist in different files. The only thing you hold to remember is that BinScii does not check to notice if total of the segments hold been accounted for. If there are segments missing, the program will not work, or you will fetch a 'file corrupted' oversight when unshrinking.

GS users can exhaust GSCII+, an NDA version of Binscii. GSCII+ can besides encode/decode several other formats.

For those with Shell accounts, you can exhaust SciiBin (decode-only version of BinSCII) to reduce your download time. You will exigency to compile this on your Unix box (ask for capitalize from a local Guru), then Run your BinScii files (from comp.binaries.apple2) through it. You will now hold the original (smaller) file. This works distinguished if there is a NuFX archive in the BinSCII file, but can understanding problems if BinSCII was applied directly to ProDos executable files. In this case, you will hold to download the BinSCII file.

If you exigency a Unix BinSCII encoder, Bsc will finish the trick.

Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives

ShrinkIt is an Apple II program which takes one or more Apple II ProDOS files or disks and 'archives' them into a separate file (called a NuFX archive). It besides stores total the vital ProDos information, such as filetype and auxtype. Usually these files are denoted by putting a ".SHK" extension on the archive. ShrinkIt can besides shrink an entire disk into a file (extension ".SDK"), but this should only used when the disk is not ProDos. ShrinkIt is besides a menu driven utility that not only compresses and extracts, but it can besides format disks, copy files, etc.

If you hold a GS, you will want the GShk, which is even more of a phenomenon utility than it's 8-bit counterpart. Files encoded with GShk are usually smaller than those encoded with ShrinkIt, but can soundless subsist extracted with ShrinkIt (except files with resource forks. Watch those train documents if you want Apple //e's to read it!).

If you can't Run Shrinkit because you hold a ][+, you can exhaust ShrinkIt+, UnShrinkIt+ and Autounshrink.

Q#8 Executioner

Executioner is an older format that is only used to dole BinSCII (otherwise you would hold a catch-22!). It usually has a "CALL -151" at the top (if not, delete everything above it), and doesn't exhaust punctuation fancy BinSCII does.

To translate an Executioner text file to an Apple II file required that you delete the mail headers/trailers, translated the newlines into carriage returns, download the file to your Apple II and from Applesoft Basic, kind the command 'EXEC &ltfilename>' where &ltfilename> is the cognomen of the file you downloaded.

Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf)

Apple Archive Format was invented as a gauge route to post source code to comp.sources.apple2. The C and Basic source code to aaf unpackers are available on the various FTP sites, in aaf format. Fortunately, files in aaf format can subsist turned back into source code with a simple text editor. Just atomize the file up into component files and remove the first character of each line. /apple2/unix/aaf

Q#10 Net gauge formats

There are several formats that are used widely on the Internet. The most common in FTP sites are tar (.tar) and compress (.Z). To undo a Tape Archive, kind 'tar -xvf filename.tar'. To undo a compress, kind 'uncompress filename.Z'. Since tar does not create the file smaller, and compress can only compress 1 file, many times you will find files that are 'tarred an feathered'. They hold a '.tar.Z' extension. Just Run uncompress then un-tar the result. Other USENET groups will exhaust uuencode (.uu) to send binaries. Just kind 'uudecode file.uu'. BinSCII is better than uuencode because 1> It stores the ProDos filetype. 2> It splits the file into manageable 12K chunks. 3> It does a CRC checksum on each chunk.

Most of these 'Unix' gauge formats are available on the Apple. notice the table below.

Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes

ProDos keeps some information about a file's type. Files can subsist text (TXT), binary (BIN), executable (SYS), fonts (FON), etc. Most other file systems finish not hold a site to store this information, so it may fetch 'lost' when you upload the file. Similarly, when you download a file, you may not know the file type. Most comm programs will exhaust some default. For NuFX archives, this is not a Big deal, since you can soundless unpack an archive if the filetype is wrong (and the archive protects the filetype of the files inside the archive). For other files, you may exigency to change the file's type. One utility I recommend is File assign Zapper II. /apple2/8bit/util/fazz.2.3.bsq

|Type| NuFX | Bin | uuen-| com- |.ZOO | Bin | LZH/| Stuff| ARC | Other| Program | | | SCII | code | press | | Hex | LHA | -It | | | --------|-|------|------|------|-------|-----|-----|-----|------|-----|------| Binscii |e| | X | | | | | | | | | Shrinkit|e| X | | | | | | | | | | DeArc |e| | | | | | | | | D | | Angel[1]|e| | | | X | X | | X | | X | .ZIP | GShk |g| X | | | D | D | | | D | D | | GSCII+ |g| | X | X | | | D | | | | .AAF | sscii |x| | X | X | | | X | | | | | PMPUnzip|x| | | | | | | | | | .ZIP | LHext |x| | | | | | | D? | | | | BSC |c| | E | | | | | | | | | Nulib |c| X | | | | | | | | | | SciiBin |c| | D | | | | | | | | | (Key: E = Encode only, D = Decode only, X = Encode and Decode) (Type: e = Apple //e, g = GS Only, x = GS EXE file, c = C Source code) [1] Angel is pretty Buggy, but it's worth a try. Program Format Author --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Nulib v3.21 C Andy McFadden ( SciiBin v3.10 C Marcel Mol, Dave Whitnet, Bruce Kahn Bsc v1.2 C Neil Parker Executioner A Glen Bredon BinSCII v1.0.3 A David Whitney ( ShrinkIt v3.3 A Andy Nicholas ( (Un)ShrinkIt+ A Andy Nicholas ( AutoUnShrink A Andy Nicholas ( GShk v1.1 G Andy Nicholas ( GSCII+ 2.3.1 G Darek Taubert ( Format: C - Distributed as source code written in C. A - Executable, runs on most Apple //s. G - Executable, runs on GS only. /apple2/8bit/util/dearc

Q#12 What finish the file extensions mean?

Many times, people do filename extensions (extra characters at the finish of a filename) to denote what kind of file it is. delight note that these are just accepted standards. If a file does not indicate it's type, your guess is as pleasant as mine. The following is a table of some common filename extensions. notice the previous section (on archivers) for programs that will deal with these files.

Extension What is it? (What program finish I use?) --------- --------------------------------------------------------------- .aaf [TEXT] Apple Archive Format for source code (aaf.unpacker) .ACU Applelink Conversion Utility (Shrinkit) .ARC ARC Archive (IBM ARC, GS Shrinkit, //e Angel or DeArc2E) .CPT Compactor Pro archive (Compactor Pro on a Mac only) .BSC [TEXT] BinScii file. (BinScii) .BSQ [TEXT] BinSCII'ed NuFX file. (BinScii--then Shrinkit) .BXY NuFX archive with a Binary II header. (Shrinkit) .BNY BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .BQY NuFX or Binary II with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .BNX NuFX with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .exe [TEXT] Executioner file. May only travail in DOS 3.3. notice above. NB: .EXE besides means IBM executable program.. .GIF Graphics Interchange Format: Compressed picture. (IIGIF for //e, many programs for total other computers) .HQX [TEXT] Mac BinHex file. (BinHex on Mac or GSCII+ on GS) .JPG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .JPEG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .LZH LZH Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .LHA LHA Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .QQ BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .SEA Self-extracting archive (Might subsist Mac, Might subsist Shrinkit archive) .SIT Mac StuffIt archive. (Stuffit on Mac or GS ShrinkIt) GS Shrinkit will not decode StuffIt Deluxe files. .SHK NuFX archive. (Shrinkit) .SDK NuFX with a shrunk disk image. (Shrinkit) .tar Unix Tape Archive (Unix 'tar -xvf', GS EXE tar) .txt [TEXT] An ASCII text file: usually english text. .TIFF Graphics format (GS SHR Convert) .uu Unix uuencode file [TEXT] (//e uudecode, Unix uudecode) .ZOO IBM Zoo Archive (GS Shrinkit or IBM ZOO program, //e Angel) .ZIP IBM Zip Archive (GS EXE Unzip, IBM PKUNZIP, Unix unzip, //e Angel) .Z Compressed file (GS Shrinkit, Unix uncompress, //e Angel)

All of these types, except the ones marked [TEXT] are BINARY files. Binary files cannot subsist sent over e-mail, posted to the newsgroups or FTP'd in text mode. You must FTP them in binary mode (see the section on FTP). You can download either with kermit, X-,Y- or Z-Modem.

Generally, anything labeled as 'Archive' above will contain multiple files, and even subdirectories. Most archivers are besides compressed the files to create the total smaller than the sum of it's parts. (only in computers ;)

Sometimes you will find multiple filename extensions. Simply remove the filename extensions apart one at a time and you should subsist able to reconstruct the original file. (i.e. somefile.bsq.tar.Z would mean: uncompress, untar, unbinscii, then unShrink to fetch the original file!)

Q#13 How finish I narrate what benevolent of file this is? 2/8/95

Here is a sample of what file formats eye like, in case you fetch stuck. View the file in an editor (or exhaust the UNIX "head" command). Once you hold identified the file, notice the previous section (on filename extensions) for what to finish next.



NuFX (Shrinkit Archive) (.SHK)

NuFilei][![/#NuFX_&lt:c[[[ H`F-fGSCII~[ cRJ0)fNN^P)3'A2p6SF6X#GPd&lt9#'LC^08N7n\NB7Dd!eMN&ampeYX0Am=fXp dsPAsp7rh`I'NS0ALAfi2)2ysGEQ$k9CP%L9

uuencoded file (.uu)

begin 666 nonsense.junk M4W5N3U,s4F5L96%S92 T+C$s\%-$4U0V,"Ds(SsZ(%1U92!/8W0s.2 Q,CHS M...3HT.2!%1%0s,3DY, HT4F5L96%S92 T+C$s4F5L96%S92 T+C$s

Executioner (.exe)

CALL-151 E00:38 A5 FF D0 32 D8 20 8E FD AD 30 BF 8D 6A 0E 20 00 BF C7 6D 0E 0D 80 02 E18:D0 1D 20 00 BF C5 69 0E B0 15 AD 81 02 29 0F AA E8 8E 80 02 A9 2F 8D 81 A90885A420732090242039FB2058FCA200BD9220F00620EDFDE8D0F5200CFDA9 008DF2038DF3038DF4036CFCFFE6A4A5A4C96F90CFA9008DFCBFA9018DFDBFA0 A90885A420732090242039FB2058FCA200BD9220F00620EDFDE8D0F5200CFDA9

====================================================================== This FAQ is available on-line at (see FTP) CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio. Non-profit distribution encouraged. Mail me at: From: (Dan DeMaggio) Newsgroups: comp.sys.apple2,news.answers,comp.answers Subject: comp.sys.apple2 - Frequently Asked Questions (and answers) Part 2 of 2 Followup-To: comp.sys.apple2 Reply-To: Summary: What you exigency to know about the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroups Approved: news-answers-request@MIT.Edu Archive-name: apple2/part2 Last-modified: 05 Dec 1994 Version: 4.25

Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I

The original Apple was not much more than a board. You had to supply your own keyboard, monitor and case. It sold for $666.66, but now they are worth much more as a collector's item.

Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+

The computers that started the Apple II line. They hold the 6502, ability to finish high and Low rez color graphics, sound, plus they hold 7 expansion slots to add peripherals. Surprisingly, the ][+ can Run some of today's software. For instance, I've Run Davex and FredWriter under ProDOS. You can even Run AppleWorks if you hold more than 128K and a program called PlusWorks.

Recommended configuration: 16K language card (in slot 0 with a ribbon cable running to the RAM), an 80-column video card (not the same as a //e 80-column card), shift key modification (a wire running from shift key to game port), modified character ROMs to finish lower case. You can add memory in various ways, but programs that require 128K probably will not work, no matter how much RAM you have. You can besides add accelerators fancy the Rocket/Zip.

Q#17 The Apple //e

The //e comes in two flavors: Enhanced and Unenhanced. Apple makes an Enhancement kit that will upgrade an unenhanced to enhanced by replacing 4 chips (CPU [65C02], Video ROM [MouseText], and fresh Monitor/Applesoft ROMs). Most current software require an Enhanced //e, and sometimes 128K too. The current operating system is ProDos (Version 2.0 or so). The Apple //e is soundless useful for three major reasons: 1) It runs AppleWorks, a simple to use, yet sophisticated Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database. 2) There are many Apples in schools, so there is a ton of educational software for it. 3) It is was and will always subsist a _Personal_ computer. You can learn as microscopic or as much as you want, and nothing stops you from learning about every nook and cranny in it. put a question to any Big cognomen programmer in MS/DOS or Mac where they learned to program. Most of them taught themselves on a pleasant ol' Apple //. pleasant programs for an Apple //e: AppleWorks 4.0 (Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database from attribute Computers), Copy ][+ (file utility from Central Point), ProTerm 3.0 (communications/terminal emulator from InSync), PrintShop (sign/card/banner printer from Broderbund).

Recommended configuration: Extended 80 Column card (gives you 128K) or RamWorks (512K to 1MB RAM). Enhancement kit if it was an Unenhanced //e. A hard Drive is recommended if you exhaust a lot of different programs. You can besides precipitate it up with an accelerator (like the Rocket Chip, Zip Chip or TransWarp).

Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+

The //c and //c+ are 'luggable' versions of an Enhanced //e, with many built-in 'cards'. Included are 2 serial ports, a mouse port, a 3.5" disk port and 128K of RAM. The //C+ has a built-in accelerator that runs at 4 MHz. Even though they don't hold slots, you can soundless add extra memory (there's leeway under the keyboard) and a hard drive (through the disk port--a bit leisurely by ordinary standards, but usable. (Hard to find though.. Was made by Chinook). The //c and //C+ Run just about everything that an Enhanced //e runs. The //C and //C+ cannot connect to an AppleTalk network.

Recommended configuration: 1 MB RAM, 3.5" drive, maybe a hard drive.

Q#19 The Laser 128EX

While not made by Apple, this clone is a cross between the //c and an Enhanced //e. It is as luggable as a //c and has built-in 'cards', and an accelerator. It besides has a slot to expand. If you want to add a card, you may hold to disable the internal UDC (for 3.5" drives) or the internal 1MB memory expansion. Runs almost everything that the //c and //e runs.

Q#20 The Apple IIGS

The GS represents a giant leap in the Apple // line. It can soundless Run //e software, but has a better processor (16-bit), a fresh super-hires graphics mode, a toolbox in ROM (just fancy the Mac) and a 32 oscillator Ensoniq sound chip. It can not only Run ProDos, but it can besides Run GS/OS, a sophisticated operating system very much fancy the Macintosh's OS. The original GS ROM 00 (I reflect they total hold the Woz signature) one or two chips upgraded to boot/run current software. The ROM 01 had 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB. Although there were a few ROM changes, the current system software will travail patch the toolbox ROMs to eye identical.

Recommended configuration: 1.25 MB lets you boot up GS/OS and exhaust most programs. With 2 MB, you will hold leeway for Desk Accessories. retract for 4 MB if you want a RAM disk (useful if you don't hold a hard drive) or finish a lot of Graphics work. Adding a hard drive is highly recommended. You can besides precipitate it up with a TransWarp GS or Zip GS.

Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card

This is a card that fits in inescapable Macs that lets one Run Apple //e software. It is actually more fancy a //c because the card is not expandable fancy a //e. There is a site on the back of the card to plug in a UniDisk 5.25" and a joystick. Because the graphics are handled by the Mac, animation may subsist leisurely if you don't hold a decent Mac.

Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's:

Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit?

A: That indicates how Big the chunks of data are that the CPU can manipulate. The Apple IIGS is a 16-bit machine and total previous Apple ]['s are 8-bit. This is one of the reasons you cannot Run GS software on a //e.

Q#25 How can I narrate what version my computer is?

A: Apple //e:

The major division is between the Enhanced and unenhanced models. eye at your computer while re-booting. If it says "APPLE ][", it is not enhanced. The enhanced computers will whisper "Apple //e". You can upgrade it yourself by getting the Apple //e Enhancement kit. (It contains 4 chips to replace on your motherboard.) Many newer programs will not travail unless you hold an Enhanced //e. The //c, //c+, GS, and Laser 128 incorporate these enhancements.

You can notice what version of the //e you hold by looking for the serial number on the motherboard (in the back, by the power-on led). If it is 820-0064-A, you may hold a motherboard that can't finish double-hires. Serial #s fancy 820-0064-B or 820-0087-A are un-enhanced (without the kit). If you hold the grey Apple //e with the built-in keypad, then you besides have: One 128K ROM IC replaced the two 64K Monitor ROM ICs (the CD and EF ROMs), Two 64Kx4 RAM ICs replaced the eight 64Kx1 RAM ICs, The single-wire shift-key mod, and an Extended 80-Column Card.

The Apple //e comes in two video standards: PAL (Australia, Europe, etc) and NTSC (USA, Japan?, etc.) If the AUX slot is on the side of the motherboard near the power supply, you hold an NTSC model, whereas if it is in line with slot 3, you hold a PAL model. (Thanks to Steve Leahy for this one) The PAL revisions are: [Thanks to Dave Wilson for this]

week 26 1983: 820-0073-A (c) 1982 / B-607-0664 Colour killer switch soldered to vacant oscillator position on PCB. week 38 1983: 820-0073-B (c) 1982 / B-607-0264 Colour killer switch near RHS of PCB. total chips socketed. week 7 1985: 820-0073 (c) 1984 / B-607-0264 PCB marked for enhanced ROMs & 65c02 (may hold dilapidated ROMs and 6502). RAM & some TTL soldered in. Layout same as above.

Apple //GS:

There are 3 major versions of the GS: Check the initial power-up screen. It will whisper ROM 01, ROM 03. If it does not whisper either, you hold the Original (Woz Signature edition). You must upgrade it in order to Run current system software. The ROM 01 has 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB on the motherboard. total the enhancements of the ROM 03 (except the 1MB, of course) can subsist added to the ROM 01 simply by booting up with current system software.

Apple //c:

Go into Basic and kind "PRINT PEEK (64447)" and press return. If it says 255, you hold a very dilapidated //c. notice your dealer about getting an upgrade (tell them that the Apple authorization number is ODL660). If it says 0, you can connect a 3.5" drive, but you don't hold the memory expansion connector. If it says 3 You hold the memory expansion. If it says 4, you hold the latest model of the //c. If it says 5, you hold a //c+.

Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][?

A: Larry W. Virden maintains The Apple II Programmer's Catalog of Languages and Toolkits. It's archived on several FTP sites. (The main one first)

Q#27 Adding Hardware:

Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices?

A: Yes. notice the section on SCSI in this FAQ.

Q#29 Can I exhaust Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][?

A: In general, no. Apple's 3.5" drive has logic to sense which machine it is hooked up to (Apple II or Macintosh) and it works accordingly. Most 3rd party drives don't bother to do in Apple II advocate in their drives. The Mac monitors cannot subsist used with the ][ line, not even the GS. Some may travail if you hook them up to a UDC instead of an Apple 3.5" card. dilapidated style Mac 800k drives are very slow.

Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e?

A: Yes, total the above connections hold regular serial or parallel connections. The tricky Part is getting them to finish what you want. The DeskJet, for illustration will print very nice-looking text with regular dilapidated "PR#1". But if you want to change the font or print graphics, you may hold to purchase some software. One excellent program for these types of printers is PublishIt 4. You won't believe the output you can fetch from a //e. For AppleWorks fans, there is the program called SuperPatch. Among it's patches is a frigid DeskJet 500 printer driver. You can print sideways, and change fonts with household AppleWorks commands. The Deskjet driver is built in to AW 4.0.

Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS?

A: On the GS, you can hook up a LaserWriter via AppleTalk or direct serial connection. A GS program can typically print to a LaserWriter if it's connected to the GS via AppleTalk. If you fetch a DeskJet, or PaintJet, etc, you can hook them up via the serial port. But in order to exhaust them effectively, you will want Harmony from Vitesse (better) or Independence (cheaper) from Seven Hills. They are fresh printer drivers for GS/OS programs only. If you want to print from an 8-bit program, notice the previous question.

Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it finish OCR?

A: Yes and Yes. (OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition -- the ability to convert a scan into text) Just pick up a Quickie scanner (by Vitesse) and InWords (by WestCode Software). You can scan 4" columns (you must hold 512K to 1 Meg) and can even paste them together to create 8" scans. Then you can exhaust InWords to "read" text and do it into a text file or AppleWorks Word Processor file.

Q#33 Can a Disk ][ subsist used on a GS smartport?

A: Yes. convoke Jameco Electronics (Phone: 1-800-831-4242) S20 PIN HEADER TO DB19-PIN CONNECTOR MODULE ADAPTS II/II+ DRIVES FOR APPLE IIC. Part NO: 10022 PRODUCT NO.: AAM APPLE IIC ADAPTER $3.95

Q#34 What's the scoop on the fresh HD 3.5" drive?

A: In order to finish high Density on the Apple //, you will exigency both the high Density 3.5" drive and the fresh Apple 3.5" controller. If you don't hold both, you will only subsist able to finish regular density. Of course, you will besides exigency high Density Disks.

Once you hold collected the above items, you are in for a pleasant surprise. ProDos 8 programs not only recognize it, but most programs format and recognize HD disks just fine. You can even boot off of a HD disk, allowing plenty of leeway for GS/OS Desk Accessories and such.

There are a few drawbacks: You cannot boot copy-protected software or (or some FTA demos.) You can't daisy-chain a 5.25" of a HD card. Also, it takes up a slot, even on the GS.

Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard.

A: Redmond Cable has an ADB Y-connector cable for separating your mouse from the side of your keyboard (also can subsist used to travail around a failing ADB port on the keyboard). notice the 'Resources' section of this FAQ.

Q#36 File Transfer:

Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac?

A: Here's a summary: [Note that you can always finish transfers by modem or Null Modem]

Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh

  • Apple File Exchange (comes with Mac system software) allows you to copy to/from ProDos (3.5") disks.
  • There's the IIe Emulation Card that fits into the LC, LC II, LC III, Performa 400 and the Color Classic. The card has a port for a 5.25" drive, from which you could copy things to/from the Mac.
  • The ProDos File System Manager is an init (available via FTP) that allows you to exhaust ProDos 3.5" disks as if they were household Mac disks. [You will hold to download the entire disk to fetch that one file.] /aii/lc.iiecard
  • A //e to Imagewriter cable can role as a null-modem to connect serial ports. exhaust communication software on both ends.
  • Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- Macintosh

  • The programs A2FX and HFSLink will allow you to read Mac disks in 3.5", 3.5" HD, or even a HFS hard drive. /apple2/8bit/util/a2fx.8.bsq

  • See Mac -> //e question about null-modems Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM
  • If the computers are nearby enough, fetch a null-modem cable and communication software with file-transfer capability for both computers.
  • See below about CrossWorks.
  • Also, notice the question on the CTI drive. Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e &lt--- IBM
  • Also, notice the question on the CTI drive.
  • Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh

  • See above for //e to Mac, or below for Mac to GS Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- Macintosh
  • GS/OS 6.0 will read and write Mac disks just fine if you hold the HFS FST installed. (See the resources section for info on how to fetch GS/OS)
  • Note that you want to read high density (HD) disks, you will exigency BOTH the Apple HD 3.5" drive AND the HD 3.5" Drive Controller Card.
  • See besides notes about null-modem above
  • Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM

  • The Applied Engineering PC Transporter has a utility to copy files from MS/DOS to/from ProDos (regardless of disk size). Unfortunately, the PCT often has problems and AE is unwilling to actively advocate the card.
  • Also, notice the question on the CTI drive.
  • There is always null-modem cables. (see above) Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS &lt--- IBM
  • If you hold a fresh Apple high Density 3.5" Drive and high Density 3.5" controller card, then you can exhaust GS/OS 6.0.1's MSDOS FST to read IBM 3.5" disks. Note that Apple 5.25"s don't hold the hardware to read/write IBM 5.25" disks.
  • Also, notice the question on the CTI drive.
  • There is always null-modem cables. (see above) Q#46 What's the CTI Drive?
  • A: The CTI drive allows you to hook up IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives (no high Density advocate yet) to your Apple II. [IBM drives are cheaper] Some software is included to read MS/DOS disks on your Apple. Otherwise, ProDos and GS/OS recognize them fancy household drives. notice CTI's address in the resources section. besides notice SSH systems in the resource section.

    Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE hard Drives?

    A: There's a card called Turbo IDE, does DMA, is as hastily as a RamFAST SCSI card. Contact for details fancy technical specs, pricing, and S/H procedure.

    Q#48 How finish I exhaust stuff I hold transferred to/from an IBM/Mac?

    A: In general, only inescapable types of files can subsist usefully transferred back-and-forth between computers. One thing that you CANNOT finish is Run programs designed for another kind of computer. But often you can transfer data files between similar programs (Spreadsheets) on different platforms. Here are some pointers:

    One helpful hint is that total computers can read text files. Most word processors can rescue your file as text and import as text. But with text files, you will loose total your formatting (font type, centering and so-forth). For spreadsheets, saving as DIF will create conversion a breeze. Databases can subsist saved as tab-delimited records. (Note that in AppleWorks, you hold to retract to Print to rescue in these formats). eye for options fancy "Import" or "Export" (or "Save As" in the Mac world).

    If you want to finish better, there are several options available. A commercial program called MacLinkPlus can finish some conversions. Some Claris programs finish conversions automatically. Also, AFE can convert between some kinds of documents (For illustration AppleWorks Word Processor to MsWorks) if you hold the perquisite translator.

    For IBM folk,The CrossWorks program can convert between many Apple and IBM formats, and even comes with a universal null modem cable. Alternately, If you exhaust AppleWorks a lot, you can fetch SuperWorks for the IBM, a clone of AppleWorks. It can import AppleWorks files directly. For graphics, SuperConvert can convert between total Apple-specific graphics formats and many Mac, Amiga and IBM specific formats. It can besides rescue as GIF, which is a universal standard.

    You can besides play Mac sounds resources (the sort you sustain in the system folder as alert sounds) with IISound.

    Q#49 How finish I fetch frigid Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS?

    A: Find the program "Resource Spy"

    Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of realistic images?

    A: There are quite a few:

  • MACDOWN is besides freeware and lets you finish the same with MacPaint pics.
  • A ProDos 8 version of The Graphics Exchange (don't know much about it). [The following software only travail on an Apple IIGS]
  • The Graphics Exchange converts between many formats of graphics.
  • Prizm v1.0 Converts .GIFs, Amiga IFFs, Raw Files, and some other types to Greyscale (very fast), 16 colors, 256 colors, and 3200 colors! Size of picture limited by availabe RAM (Avail from Big Red Computer Club, ~$40)
  • SuperConvert loads total GS formats, plus GIFS and other non-GS specific formats and saves in total GS formats (including Finder Icon files). It has more dithering options than most of the other programs, but you may hold to play with it to find the best one.
  • SHRConvert is the earlier, shareware, predecessor to SuperConvert. It does a pretty pleasant job on the types of graphics it supports.
  • Platinum Paint is a commercial program that can import total GS formats plus MacPaint. It can only rescue in SHR and Apple Preferred. Version 2.0 can create Animations too!
  • ShowPic 6 is a shareware NDA that can pomp most GS formats. You can besides rescue the resulting realistic as a IIGS SHR painting.
  • Dream Grafix supports total 3200 color picture types and besides 16 color and 256 color pictures. This is a very impressive commercial paint program with its 3200 color support. Note: 'All GS formats' includes Superhires (type $C1 and $C0), hires, double-hires and PrintShop/PrintShop GS.
  • Q#51 I hold an dilapidated CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How finish I fetch it into ProDos?

    A: The //e system software, the DOS3.3 FST (GS/OS System 6), and Copy ][+ can total convert Dos 3.3 files into ProDos. This is only helpful for text files, graphics, and some Basic programs. For ProDos, CPM, Pascal, Dos 3.3, try the program Chameleon. You hold to exhaust the 'force disk as ProDOS' option to exhaust your hard drive.

    Q#52 How finish you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk?

    A: ProDos has no problems with this, as long as you copy by files. Note that ProDos can only hold 51 files in the main directory. If you try to exceed that, it will give you a cryptic 'Disk Full' error. If there really is space left on the disk, you can copy total the files into a subdirectory to fetch around the 51-file limit. In theory, you can do an unlimited number of files in a Subdirectory, but in practice, you should circumscribe them to a few hundred.

    Q#53 irrational problems:

    Q#54 How finish I fetch out of Basic (that microscopic "]" prompt and flashing cursor?

    A: kind the word "BYE" and press return. Now fetch out the Apple manual 'A handle of BASIC' and read it.

    Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII?

    A: GSCII is a distinguished program, but has two subtle problems: First, it won't travail correctly if you extract to a HFS disk (so extract to a ProDOS disk). Also, it won't set the size correctly on S16 files. This should only subsist a problem when downloading Shrinkit GS. In that case, exhaust BINSCII. The leisure of the time you will subsist extracting .SHK files, which don't care about extra bytes at the end.

    Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives?

    A: AppleWorks will decline to print to a slot that has a disk device. In the past, this worked well because if you try to print to a slot that has a disk controller in it, you will re-boot. But now, this can understanding problems when a disk device is 'mapped' into your printer slot (due to a limitation in ProDos, you can only hold 2 drives per slot. Extra partitions on your hard drive will subsist re-mapped to other slots). If you hold a RamFast, you can re-map the drives to different slots. Otherwise, (for AW 3.0) exhaust this patch:


    If you didn't understand that, e-mail me, or eye into John Link's SuperPatch program, which includes many more patches.

    Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date.

    A: It's probably your battery. If you hold a ROM 03 GS, you just pop it out an fetch another. On the ROM 01, you will exigency a Slide-On Battery Replacement Kit from Night Owl Productions. notice address in 'Resources' section.

    Q#58 I'm getting oversight XXX. What's it mean?

    A: Some common errors and their cause:

    ProDos Errors: UNABLE TO LOAD PRODOS - You can't boot a disk unless it has ProDos and a something.SYSTEM file on it (Pre-1.9 ProDOS) $27 I/O Error. Possibly a nefarious disk? Verify it with Prosel or Copy II Plus $44 Path not organize (You gave an invalid directory name) $45 Volume not organize (you didn't kind in the perquisite disk name) $46 File not organize (you didn't kind a telling filename) GS/OS errors: 0911 Either your GS is overheating, or the ADB port is having problems 0301 nefarious TransWarp 0308 notice 8021 8020 Either random TransWarp, or SCSI (try using different SCSI connector) 8021 If you fetch this at random times and you hold a HS Apple SCSI, it's probably a version conflict. Install the SCSI drivers from your GS/OS disk, not your HS Apple SCSI disk.

    Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem?

    A: Check the following: 1) Your software may exigency interrupts enabled. Examine dip Switch 2-6 on your Super Serial Card. 2) If you hold an unenhanced //e, you exigency to enhance your //e. 3) If you hold a //c, it may subsist one of the ones that had a serial port problem. Talk to your dealer about upgrading it for 2400 baud support.

    Q#60 Where finish I fetch advocate for AE boards now that they are closed?

    A: Bruce BABB, ex-AE bench tech, is offering advocate out of his home for customer advocate of AE's boards. He besides hints that another company is opening that will sell many of the Apple II products the AE made. You can attain Bruce via Email at

    Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e?

    A: Yes, it's called 2qwk!. To exhaust 2qwk! you must patch prodos to allow filenames sent by MS-DOS machines. The beta version is available now on grind and caltech.

    Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems

    Some programs are incompatible with CloseView. Symptoms are the mouse wipes out everything it moves over. Remove CloseView or inactivate it in the system folder. May soundless understanding troubles if active, but set to 'off'. notice GS Technote #91.

    EasyAccess is besides incompatible with some applications, (especially on ROM 01). Symptoms are a locked keyboard, and not being able to reboot. Remove it or create it inactive.

    Missing features of system 6? Perhaps you just used smooth install, which doesn't install total the bells and whistles. Try clicking on customize and add the nifty things fancy Calculator, Find File, HFS FST, etc. You can besides read the Shortcuts file on SystemTools2 for some distinguished keyboard shortcuts.

    Finder icons that match by cognomen and hold a leading wildcard require uppercase letters. For example, a cognomen fancy "[star].txt" never matches, but "[star].TXT" works fine (it matches regardless of a file's actual capitalization). (This was accidental; the 5.0.4 Finder did not care about capitalization in icon files.)

    Two misconceptions about System 6: The A2.RAMCARD is not for the GS's /RAM5. It only works with "slinky" (i.e. gauge slot) cards. Also, the DOS 3.3 FST has nothing to finish with MS-DOS.

    Q#64 Tips & Hints

    The AppleShare logon programs hold always looked for a folder named "Mail" inside your user folder whenever you log onto a user volume. If there's any items in there, they present a dialog that says "You hold mail." Under SSW 6.0, that besides sends a SysBeep2 request so you can fetch the sound of your choice.

    If you don't want to notice your icons on boot, set bit 1 (i.e. the 2nd LSB) of BRAM Location $5F. subsist sure not to mess with the other bits. exhaust the toolbox calls!

    The FinderExtras folder goes in the same folder as the Finder (generally the System folder).

    If you don't fancy yellow folders in the Finder you can change the byte at offset +65 in the Finder resource with kind $C001 and ID 1. Change the $E0 to whatever you want (the first digit is the default folder foreground color, and the low nibble is for the contour color). Only folders that finish not already hold a color recorded in a Finder.Data file fetch the default color.

    Q#65 If you hold a RamFast

    The RamFast and ProDos 2.0.1 both try to finish re-mapping of drives to unused slots. This can understanding problems, mostly when launching and returning from ProDos 8 applications (crashes or wants you to insert disk). Solution: Configure the RamFast not to re-map. If you hold a RamFAST with a ROM revision less than 2.01a, you exigency to fetch a newer ROM from CVT. Otherwise, V2.01c allows setting Slot Priority Allocations to 0 which will let ProDos deal with them. V3.0 allows you to pick between RamFast mapping (works now) and ProDos 8 mapping. If you can't wait, you can Patch ProDos 2.0 not to re-map slots. eye for "10 BF C9 A5 D0 07" and change the $A5 to $00 (should subsist byte $1A3 in the 5th shroud of the file). Hack at your own risk.

    Q#66 If you hold a Vulcan or AE high Density disk

    Due to problems with the Vulcan, when booting, it asks for your System Disk. Just do the Vulcan driver on your boot disk, boot it, and then launch the installer. Alternately, do the driver on the installer disk and boot it. (but you hold to delete some of the installer scripts first) For the AE high Density Drive, subsist sure to remove Apple's 3.5" driver when putting on AE's.

    Q#67 If you hold ProSel

    Rename start to something else before running the installer, or else the Finder won't subsist installed. Believe me, you don't want to miss out on Finder 6.0!

    Q#68 If you hold an AMR 3.5"

    If the computer hangs (mostly at the gauge File dialogue box) with no disk in the drive, try putting one in. What's happening is that GS is reading the status from the drive, and the drive won't revert anything unless there is a disk in the drive. Just stick a disk in and total will subsist fine. If it really annoys you, either deactivate the 3.5" driver (get IR so you can double-click to re-activate it) or simply sustain a disk in the drive at total times. This is not a problem under ProDos 8.

    Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note

    There is a problem with the HFS FST, but only GSCII seems to subsist affected. When de-binscii-ing files, do the output onto a ProDos volume, not an HFS one.

    [ Mega-thanks to Dave Lyons & friends for these. ]

    Q#70 What to finish with an Apple ][? 2/8/95

    Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][?

    A: hard Drives, Scanners, Video Digitizers, Laser Printers, Video Overlay Cards, Tape backups, Inkjet Printers, 24 pin Dot Matrix Printers, EPROM Burners, AppleTalk Networks, high Density 3.5" drives, serial cards, parallel cards, audio Digitizers, CP/M boards (Z-80 processor), an IBM-on-a-card, 9600 baud modems, D/A and A/D cards, joysticks, mice, graphics tablets, handle screens, extended keyboards, track balls, several Megabytes of RAM, Real-time clocks, (cheap) IBM disk drives and of course, Users!

    This list is by no means exhaustive: This is just what I personally hold done. total of it is available NOW, and can subsist done on any Apple //e. In the very near future, you will subsist able to hook up:

    EitherTalk Networks, DSP boards, and cheap FAX modems.

    Q#72 What can you finish with an Apple ][?

    A: As if the above weren't impressive, how about: Optical Character recognition, Desktop publishing, Integrated Spread sheet, Database and Word Processing, Interactive fiction adventure games, Arcade attribute games, Educational games, Programming, Telecommunications, Inventory, Accounting, Money Management, and that's not even scratching the surface.

    Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers?

    A: GS bitmapped fonts, Mac Disks, MacPaint pictures, GIF pictures, just about any Mac/PC SCSI device (Hard Drives, Tape backup), Mac sounds with IISound (sounds are stored in the resource fork), many archive formats (like uudecode), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega-fast modems w/ MNP5), etc.

    Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers?

    A: Mac bitmapped fonts, Mac Icons, Mac and Windows TrueType fonts, Mac Disks, Amiga Mod songs, MacPaint pictures, MacWrite documents, GIF pictures, WordPerfect documents, just about any Mac SCSI or ADB device (including hard Drives, Pen Mice, etc), Mac sounds, Many archive formats (.uu, .zip, .arc, .sit, .hqx, etc), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega- hastily modems w/hardware MNP-5), IDE hard drives (check out a card called "Turbo IDE". Mail for details)

    If you are interested in doing any of the above, feel free to e-mail me ( Someday, maybe I'll fill in the specific software or hardware you exigency to finish any of the above. If you hold any additions, let me know too!

    Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95

    Listed below are some places to fetch information about the Apple II. You should besides try your local user group (and the user group library), friends, relatives, library, school, FTP sites, books, and etc. One pleasant book is "The total Internet Users usher & Catalog" by Ed Kroll, published by O'Reilly & Associates Inc.

    Q#76 Apple II Groups

    You can become an associate in the Apple Developer Program for $350 (for Mac and Apple II) or a mere $150 (for Apple II only) by calling 1-408-974-4897. That gets you Develop magazine, Apple Technical notes, the Apple Developer CD, discounts on Apple products, and more! If you want to license Apple Software for distribution with your product you can fetch information by calling 1-408-974-4667. (Note: You exigency a license to dole Apple System Software, including ProDOS, and the Installer.)

    USUS (Keith Frederick (Secretary), P.O. Box 1148, La Jolla, CA 92038) is an international non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and influencing software standards to aid in the development of portable software. They hold a big software library including a lot of source code (for almost every language or computer).

    NAUG, the National AppleWorks Users Group (313-454-1115, 313-454-1965 FAX, 615-359-8238 BBS) is a group devoted to that phenomenon program, AppleWorks.

    Q#77 Getting Parts & Software

    Redmond cable (206-882-2009) makes and sells total sorts of custom cables.

    Quality Computers (800-777-ENHAnce or 313-774-7200, 313-774-7740 Tech Support, 313-774-2698 FAX) not only sells Apple II products, but maintains a list of user groups and publishes an informative newsletter geared towards educators (called Enhance). They besides published AppleWorks 4.0! To fetch a QC catalog and a free subscription to Enhance, just call! Contact QC (on GEnie), QualityCom (on AOL) or

    Alltech (800-995-7773 orders, 619-721-2823 FAX, 619-721-7733 Technical Support/inquiries) sells total kinds of replacement parts for Apple II's. They are besides pretty knowledgeable about the II. and inquiries)

    Sun Remarketing (800-821-3221) besides sells used Apples parts and books.

    Parkhurst Micro Products (510-837-9098) sells ANSITerm, a GS-only communications program that supports X/Y/Z-Modem (plus variants), Kermit, VT-100, Color ANSI, and offers features fancy a text editor, a big scrollback buffer, and macros.

    Sequential Systems (800-759-4549 or 303-666-4549,800-999-1717 tech, 303-666-7797 BBS) announced software for the GS that will let you exhaust many (but not all) CD-ROMs. Audio, soundless Pictures and searching text are supported. Contact

    The Big Red Computer Club, (402-379-4680) or BRCC, (formerly the Big Red Apple Club, sells total kinds of pleasant software that you can't fetch anywhere else. (including discontinued games, etc.)

    Chuck Orem (PO Box 1014, Benton City, WA, 99320-1014 USA) distributes a 5.25" disk with a terminal program (Comm.System 2.5), Shrinkit 3.4, BinSCII 1.0.3, UU 1.1, Sneeze 2.2 and UnShrink 2.1 in ready to Run format. besides included are total the docs for the above programs, plus Zlink (in archived format). The disk is distributed for $2, to cover postage and materials. Contact Chuck for more information at: or

    Digisoft ( has a CD called Golden Orchard that is replete of Apple II-specific programs. 18MB is accessable from 8-bit //e's, the leisure is in HFS partitions that can subsist accessed with GS/OS System 6. Cost is around $60.

    Edlie Electronics (800-645-4722 or 516-735-3330) is selling "The ProDOS User's Kit". It seems to subsist your basic ProDOS operating system and a manual. I doubt that it's a current version, but it's worth a eye if you exigency ProDOS on 5.25". Heck, for $1.95, you can't retract wrong. [there is a minimum order, and I hold never tried it... Let me know if you try it.]

    Washington Apple Pi (301-681-6136, 301-593-0024 BBS [7 bits, odd parity]) has an extremely dynamic Apple /// Special Interest Group. They hold 250 PD disks and hold funded a fresh revision of the OS. Contact Dave Ottalini at

    Educational Resources (800-624-2926) sells educational programs for the II.

    MECC (800-685-MECC) is a well-known educational software shop.

    The Cynosure BBS (410-549-2584 Settings: 8 data bits, No parity 1 quit bit, up to 14400 bps) has a license to dole system Apple software (ProDos and GS/OS). Contact Doug Granzow at

    You can besides fetch system software off of Apple Computer's FTP site. It is maintained by DTS in their spare time. Thanks guys!

    The Apple User Group Connection (800-538-9696 ext 500) can narrate you the closest Apple II (or Macintosh) User Group. (Check attribute Computers too..)

    Resource-Central (913-469-6502, FAX: 913-469-6507) publishes an 8-page monthly newsletter. It's small but packed with information. It has technical discussions and philosophical discussions. It is besides available on disk, with many PD/SW programs each month. Resource Central besides publishes many monthly disks, including ones for HyperStudio users, TimeOut users, HyperCard users, and probably others. total are on 3.5" disk only. They besides hold taken over APDA's job of keeping the latest and greatest from Apple and some 3rd party vendors. They hold programming tools and manuals not available anywhere else (like the Video Overlay Card development kit, tool 35/SynthLab docs, etc). Contact A2-CENTRAL, UNCLE-DOS, or DENNIS.DOMS on GEnie.

    Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons

    SSH Systems (Write to: SHH SYSTEME, Dipl. Ing. Joachim Lange, Bergstrasse 95, 82131 Stockdorf, Germany) is selling a card for your Apple that will allow you to exhaust cheap IBM drives for storage. price is around $100. Contact

    Night Owl (913-362-9898) makes a slide-on battery for ROM 01 GS's. You exigency a replacement if the time and system settings retract back to their defaults whenever you circle the computer off.

    Conversion Technology (801-364-4171) sells a drive that allows you to hook up cheap IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives to you Apple II.

    Silicon Systems (714-731-7110) makes that 22 pin dip DTMF decoder chip that Apple-Cat modem owners are always looking for. Part #: SSI 75T201 - Integrated DTMF Receiver.

    Q#79 Periodicals & Books

    Quality Computers and Resource Central (previously mentioned above) besides publish periodicals.)

    Shareware Solutions II (166 Alpine Street, San Rafael, CA 94901) is a fresh Apple II magazine with the latest scoops, written by long time Apple II writer Joe Kohn. Mail for details. You can besides finger him, or check out his WWW homepage (see FTP).

    Adam Barr ( and Cindy province (former InCider/A+ editor) are starting a fresh Apple II newsletter, only this one is only available via e-mail.

    GS+ Magazine (800-662-3634 orders, or 615-843-3988 or 913-469-6507 FAX) is published bi-monthly, as a magazine and as an accompanying disk. They are a distinguished source for unique programs, which are not available anywhere else. They besides hold reviews of fresh software. Of course, it's GS specific. Contact: GSPlusDiz (on AOL orDelphi), JWANKERL (on GEnie), or

    Hyperstudio Network (609-446-3196) is a quarterly newsletter about HyperStudio. They do out an annual 'Best of HyperStudio' disk of stacks, and hold discounts on HyperStudio accessories. They even finish some teacher-oriented stuff.

    Computist (P.O. Box 110846, Tacoma, WA 98411) is a publication devoted to gathering and distributing information on removing copy protection from Apple II software.

    Softdisk and Softdisk GS (800-831-2694 or 318-221-8718) are monthly disk magazines containing a variety of software (PD/SW, clip art, reviews, etc). Softdisk is available on 5.25" or 3.5" disks. Softdisk GS is available only on 3.5" disks. Contact

    Q#80 Misc Resources

    If you exigency a IIc upgrade, it should subsist free. Try a few Apple dealers or convoke Apple to hunt help. The number is 1-800-767-2775 (SOS-APPL).

    Sequential Systems (1-800-759-4549 customer service 1-800-999-1717 technical support) hold taken over CVTech's products.

    Larry Beyer (312-735-9010) likes to fix InnerDrive hard drives.

    Apple has a toll-free customer assistance line for handling sales questions and user concerns. This toll-free line is not designed to subsist a technical advocate hotline, but instead is an extension to the comprehensive Apple customer relations effort. The Customer Assistance seat is open Monday through Friday from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. Pacific time by dialing 1-800-776-2333.

    A fresh ShareWare-Fee payment service has been established for info, write to:

    Some Assembly Required OR 1132 Adelaide St. N. #719 London, Ontario N5Y 2N8 Canada

    Email suggestions to As always, let me know of any mistakes, updates, corrections, additions, etc.

    Q#81 general guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 general troubleshooting
  • First, resist the temptation to install total your fresh toys at once. remove it one step at a time and test everything after adding each item. (i.e. Run the diagnostics and try your dilapidated programs.)
  • Leave the computer plugged in, but turned off when installing cards. handle the top of power supply before and often during your work. Better yet, exhaust a wrist strap tied to ground through a 1 Megaohm resistor.
  • When asking others for help, it is essential to know the EXACT oversight message you are getting. Also, subsist as specific as possible. proverb "It did not work" or "I could not fetch any farther" is not helpful. Exactly which screen did it quit at? Does it respond to any input at all? What had you done up to that point? Is it reproducible any other way?
  • Make sure you hold the required components for the program. Does it require an Enhanced //e? More RAM? A divorce boot disk?
  • Never exhaust your original disks. create a backups and store the write-protected originals in a safe place.
  • Be sure to sustain your disks away from stray magnetic fields emanating from phones, monitors and speakers.
  • If you hold an accelerator, try to disable it or remove it out entirely. It may not subsist compatible with the fresh item.
  • Is the problem re-producible? If so, what are the MINIMUM actions to reproduce it?
  • Check total your cable connections. finish not disconnect or connect any cables with the computer on.
  • Try pulling out other cards and disconnect your joystick. If you hold a lot of cards, you might account a Heavy-Duty Power Supply from A.E. It supplies 6 Amps instead of a measly 2.5 Amps. Test the power supply with a voltmeter while the computer is on.
  • Call the manufacturer to notice if there is an upgrade or a fix.
  • Q#83 distress shooting and pleasant maintenance
  • Try the system self-test: hold down the Control key, the Open Apple key, and the Option (or Solid Apple) key. Then press and release Reset. Lastly, let up on the other keys. Sit back and 'Watchen Der Blinken Lighten.'
  • Most RAM cards forward with a memory tester. Try running it in continuous mode for several hours, even if your RAM seems to subsist working.
  • Write down your configuration when you hold it working (for future reference).
  • Verify your disk(s) with Copy ][+ or the Finder to notice if you hold any nefarious blocks.
  • Q#84 GS distress shooting
  • Check your control panel settings: What is the startup slot set to? Is the slot set to "Your Card"? Check your RAM disk setting. Is it taking up total your memory? Try setting the precipitate to household if it's a non-GS program.
  • Take out or disable your INITS, CDAs, NDAs, and CDEVS. (With System 6, just hold down Shift while booting).
  • If you hold a hard disk, try booting from a System Disk and/or re-install the latest system software. Many random problems can subsist traced to corrupted or improperly installed system software.
  • Never connect/disconnect an ADB device when the computer is on.
  • AppleWorks GS comes with a memory tester (try it).
  • The TransWarp GS has a continuous test on the CDA (try it too).
  • Q#85 SCSI

    SCSI is a protocol (kind of fancy serial or parallel) that lets you hook up several devices (up to 8) on a SCSI bus (a bus is just a train of wires). You must give each device it's own unique ID number from 0-7. The SCSI card is usually set to 7. There are two types of SCSI cables: the 50 pin Centronics-type (like on parallel printers) or the 25-pin "D" connector. The 50-pin is the SCSI standard, the 25-pin is the Apple standard. On a SCSI chain, there must subsist a Terminator at each end. A Terminator is just a bunch of resistors. Some drives hold internal terminators (3 small yellow-orange packs), and some drives forward with an external terminator (a "plug" to do on the back of the drive). Also, somebody on the bus must supply terminator power (one of the SCSI lines). If There are any problems (multiple things with the same ID, too much termination or not enough, or no terminator power), you may subsist able to exhaust the drive, but your data will fetch corrupted. Most of the time, the computer will decline to recognize the drive.

    At first, there was the Apple Rev 'C' SCSI card (named after the final ROM version--all previous versions MUST subsist upgraded to travail with current software). There were several clones from the likes of CMS and Chinook. Then Apple came out with it's high precipitate DMA SCSI card. This has the ability to finish Direct memory Access to the RAM in your computer, which speeds things up. This created a lot of problems with cards that were not DMA compatible. CV Technologies besides has a DMA SCSI card called the RamFast. This card has 256K or 1MB of on-board RAM to create it even faster than Apple's card. It can besides supply terminator power if you drive does not supply it. Both of the fresh cards advocate things fancy SCSI tape backup units, removable SCSI drives, SCSI CD-ROM, and of course SCSI hard drives. Both the fresh cards besides require an Enhanced //e.

    Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system:
  • You can hold multiple drives on one SCSI card, just create sure you remove the termination on total the drives but the terminal one. This is because the newer SCSI cards are terminated (and they count as a SCSI device).
  • Always check that the cords are plugged in properly. Never connect/disconnect anything when the computer is on.
  • The computer will boot the hard drive with the highest SCSI ID, which should subsist ID 6.
  • Try letting the drive 'warm up' for 15 seconds before turning the computer on. The SCSI cards eye for drives only at startup, and may ignore any drives that are not ready.
  • Try turning off DMA. If this helps, you may hold a non-DMA compatible card, such as the early versions of the TransWarp, early versions of the GS RAM, or any 8-bit accelerator. Alternately, try setting up a RAM disk for total but 4 MB. Some RAM cards can only finish DMA in the first bank.
  • Check that each device has a unique ID. Most drives hold a thumbwheel on the back to set the ID. Your SCSI card (yes, it counts too) is probably ID 7. Number your drives from 6 downwards for best compatibility. The IDs hold nothing to finish with what slot the card is in.
  • Is there a terminator at each finish of the SCSI bus? (the DMA cards are terminated, and some drives are internally terminated.)
  • Try the software that came with the card. It may give helpful diagnostic messages (I.E. the Apple DMA SCSI utilities-- Does it whisper "No Apple SCSI card found" or "No SCSI devices found"?)
  • Do you fetch the message "Unable to Load ProDos"? If so, it's booting your drive but you hold no system software on it. Try hitting Control-Reset, then PR#5 (or PR#6) to boot a floppy. Then install the system software (i.e. ProDos or GS/OS).
  • In extreme cases, try reformatting the drive, repartitioning, and re-installing the System software.
  • If the drive access light blinks in a regular pattern before the computer is turned on, it is telling you that it has a hardware malfunction. It needs to subsist serviced.
  • Did you try re-installing the System software? Many times, the data on a drive will fetch corrupted if you Run the drive with indelicate terminators or conflicting SCSI ID's. Sometimes you will not notice the corrupted data until after you fix the problem. If re-installing the System software helps, it was probably a software problem, not a hardware problem.
  • The Apple HS DMA SCSI card requires an Enhanced //e. It will not travail on the older //e without an Enhancement Kit.
  • To really do a drive through it's paces, copy a LOT of stuff from one partition to another (copy the entire partition if you can). If there is a problem with DMA or SCSI ID's, it will probably disclose up as a irrational GS/OS error. (GS only)
  • Make sure you finish not hold the Apple SCSI drivers installed if you hold a RamFast. It may understanding random problems (they leave an interrupt handler dangling if they can't find their card.) (GS only)
  • Make sure you are booting the perquisite slot. If the card is in slot 7, you can set the startup slot to Scan or 7. (GS only)
  • If you boot up and only 1 partition shows up, you exigency to install the SCSI drivers. (GS only)
  • If you boot up and it says "Drive XXX is already on the desktop" over and over: Probably a SCSI ID problem. (GS only)
  • If you add a CD-ROM, drivers are availiable from Trantor Systems LTD, 5415 Randall Place, Fremont, CA 94538 (415)770-1400 (GS only)
  • At least one device must supply terminator power to the bus (Pin 26). The Apple Cards finish not supply this, and some drives don't either. Result: The drive won't subsist seen by any software.
  • Some CMS Platinum drives had pin 40 disconnected for obscure Mac compatibility reasons. This can understanding problems with the Apple IIs.
  • Make sure you exhaust the drivers from GS/OS, and not the ones that ship with the Apple HS SCSI card. (Doesn't apply to RamFast).
  • To low-level format an AE Vulcan drive, retract into PART.MANAGER, dawdle the highlight to "format" and kind "AE". Then whisper yes to total the prompts.
  • CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (

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