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Greek American EXIN companions acquire Emblematic Greek Insurer Ethniki Asfalistiki | true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

EXIN companions, a group consisting through John Calamos and John Koudounis of Calamos Investments, assurance professional Matthew Fairfield, and Pavlos Kanellopoulos along side Nicholaos Adamantiades of AIG possess gained the bid to purchase “Ethniki Asfalistiki,” Greece’s biggest insurer.

The Greek American’s of EXIN together with assurance skilled Matthew Fairfield outbid China’s Fosun, Gongbao and Wintime. The acquisition of Ethniki through EXIN is the primary most essential investment in Greece by means of a group such as Greek-americans.

“We understand the assurance market and they recognize Greece. they are long-time era traders and they are able to foster to Greece to reside,” Calamos CEO John Koudounis had eminent previous.

Kanellopoulos – Adamantiades are the companions of EXIN in Athens, an established partnership which has ended in the buy of AIG group with EXIN companions, whereas Matt Fairfield, the most efficacious non-Greek accomplice, has 26 years of journey in the insurance market.

Ethniki Asfalistiki was established in 1891 and possess become a cornerstone of the Greek economic climate, and society in frequent. It gives lifestyles and non-life coverage products. The enterprise had a sixteen.6 percent participate of the market ultimate 12 months and 2015 web earnings of ninety eight million euros. NBG is bought it as a way to focal point on core banking. Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs possess been the NBG advisors for the concession.

Aquino entreated to correspond with reduce tax charges | true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Pres. Benigno Aquino III. AFP FILE PHOTO

Pres. Benigno Aquino III. AFP FILE image

Tax managers on Saturday advised President Benigno Aquino III to rethink his opposition to reduced profits tax quotes among wage earners, and mentioned that his fears that lower taxes would result in a budgetary deficit and penniless credit scores from international corporations had been “unfounded.”

In a press release, the Tax administration affiliation of the Philippines (TMAP) eminent that “(l)ower revenue taxes extend disposable profits by transferring funds from govt arms again to the consumption price purview of Filipino households, who will workable expend more on items and features. This further spending, in flip, fuels the economic system and attracts greater taxes.”

Quoting economists, the TMAP mentioned the “the True hardship (was) the govt’s perennial underspending.”

“The dwindle deficit is not because of expanded collection efficiency, however is because of underspending which is ill-timed for a country desperately trying to generate jobs, construct world-category infrastructure and enrich the day-to-day lives of its individuals, majority of (whom are) mired in poverty,” the neighborhood of company tax practitioners and tax consultants referred to.

TMAP cited that the department of Finance (DOF) itself past referred to that “for each peso of extra income, as a minimum 60 centavos (or 60 p.c) may subsist spent by means of consumption for items and capabilities.”

“So if the executive will underspend anyway, why now not hold the occasion to leave the spending to Filipino households?” TMAP president Terence Conrad H. Bello stated.

last week, the Joint exotic Chambers of the Philippines as neatly as the basis for economic license talked about they assist pending measures in the legislative branch aimed toward slashing very own particular person tax costs.

Tax reform equipment

The group of tax managers eminent the DOF should silent no longer view earnings tax reform “as mere tax cuts to subsist able to simplest undermine the tax hold of the government.”

It cited that the DOF’s projection of P30 billion in foregone revenues from decreased tax costs is reminiscent of a mere 1 percent of the proposed 2016 country wide funds of P3.002 trillion.

“The affect of the supposed profits requisite of P30 billion from lessen profits taxes is very minimal from a budgetary standpoint, however will vastly affect and uplift the lives of tens of millions of salaried worker's and their families,” the TMAP pointed out.

aside from the pending expenses in Congress and the Senate looking to reduce the income tax rates, the DOF has been pushing for a finished tax reform package that might greatly ease the burden of salary tax payers while slapping original or greater taxes on consumption.

among the proposals in the DOF tax reform package is increasing the tax-exempt cap on incomes of individuals and petite corporations, whereas reducing to about 25 p.c the corporate revenue tax ceiling from the latest 30 p.c.

To obtain amends for the estimated loss of P150 billion in profits if profits earners of as much as P1 million were exempt from paying taxes, the price-brought tax (VAT) cost may subsist multiplied to 14 or 15 p.c from the existing 12 p.c, the DOF stated. VAT coverage might even subsist expanded or the excise tax on oil products jacked up, the agency delivered.

Ease pecuniary institution secrecy legal guidelines

additionally fragment of the DOF package are introducing bills to ease restrictions in the pecuniary institution secrecy legislations for tax purposes and making tax evasion a predicate crime.

in keeping with DOF estimates, best 400,000 of the 1.8 million self-employed within the country pay the proper taxes.

In a missive to Senate President Franklin Drilon closing November, a replica of which was acquired by using the Inquirer, Finance Secretary Cesar V. Purisima advised Congress to believe its proposed complete tax reform kit for legislation on the soonest workable time this 12 months.

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New Coalition to bring twenty first-Century potential for Employability to twenty Million individuals across Europe with the aid of 2010 | true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

LISBON, Portugal — Jan. 31, 2006 — today as a fragment of its endured commitment to helping promote digital literacy and helping classes that give IT expertise practicing and the benefits of expertise, Microsoft Corp. introduced original choices for underserved communities in Europe as fragment of it twenty first Century handicap for Employability initiative. The bulletins had been made throughout the keynote address via Jean-Philippe Courtois, president of Microsoft international, on the Microsoft executive Leaders forum (GLF) Europe 2006 in Lisbon, Portugal. The GLF is a two-day adventure that brings collectively more than 300 high-degree government officials and industry leaders from throughout Europe with the purpose of driving dialogue about the opportunities and challenges that leaders countenance within the original global economic system.

“probably the most essential aspect of the eu Union’s boom and jobs strategy is underway, and the highlight is firmly on providing consequences. Partnerships between the Member States and the deepest sector can moreover obtain a huge contribution to Europe’s competitiveness as a vicinity and for its residents,” spoke of Vladimir Spidla, eu Commissioner for Employment, gregarious Affairs and Equal alternatives. “I welcome the advent of the eu Alliance on skills for Employability. The alliance is a number one illustration of how imaginitive company-to-enterprise collaborations, working with distinct stakeholders, can supply alternatives to the european unemployed. entry to talents working towards, content provision and certification can aid older employees, individuals with disabilities and the puerile to countenance the challenges of unemployment and the changing set of work, and so obtain a contribution to Europe’s prosperity. I commend this initiative as it represents some of the most efficient practices during this container.”

information and communication expertise (ICT) competencies practising is a key vehicle for employability and job introduction in a competitive and inclusive Europe. it's on the heart of the dreams of the european fee (EC) document “Working together for extend and Jobs” and of the targets lately mentioned on the World acme on the advice Society (WSIS) in Tunisia. In aid of those goals, Microsoft, along with other participants of the european e-potential Certification Consortium (eSCC) together with Cisco systems Inc., the european computer using Licence basis Ltd. (ECDL-F) and the Examination Institute for assistance Science (EXIN), and with the sheperd of state highway Corp. and Randstad maintaining nv, announced the formation of the eu Alliance on skills for Employability. The alliance is being created to assist more advantageous coordinate trade and neighborhood efforts to ameliorate the employability potentialities of puerile unemployed individuals, individuals with disabilities and older employees. The alliance will toil to give technology access and ICT working towards to twenty million americans in the next 5 years.

“raising employment is essentially the most valuable strategy to generate extend and promote gregarious inclusion. The challenges posed by an ageing inhabitants obtain the modernization of gregarious protection techniques and the promotion of a lifestyles-cycle approach to toil indecent the extra critical,” referred to Günter Verheugen, vp of the ecu fee in cost of enterprise and business. “To boost access to employment for people of indecent a while and to rear productiveness, the eu wants bigger and extra-beneficial investment in human capital and lifelong getting to know. tremendously skilled individuals are the strongest exotic money of the twenty first century. Partnership between corporations and stakeholders for the mediocre aim of raising employability handicap is vital to success. I welcome the advent of the european Alliance on potential for Employability as a automobile to power employability, competitiveness and growth for the people of Europe.”

In aid of its twenty first Century talents for Employability initiative, Microsoft these days launched a original digital literacy curriculum so that you can supplement the existing Microsoft® unlimited expertise curriculum utilized in group centers across Europe. The digital literacy curriculum can subsist made accessible free to governments, academia and other nongovernmental businesses, and will subsist obtainable on-line. The curriculum includes e-gaining erudition of and online personal assessments of 5 modules, and presents a basis-degree practising software as a way to stimulate interest in higher-level skilled skills.

additionally, Microsoft announced that it will extend the variety of Microsoft IT Academies from 1,900 to greater than 8,000 by 2010, with the goal of providing aboriginal entry to technology erudition practicing for greater than 6 million adults. more than 2 million residents should subsist able to consume the IT Academies to comfy certifications that are diagnosed via employers indecent through Europe.

“the ecu Alliance on skills for Employability could subsist censorious in enabling European citizens to profit entry to practicing to foster 21st-century talents. they are proud to subsist working with such a number one neighborhood of industry companions to achieve this intention,” Courtois spoke of before his keynote address nowadays. “The expansion of the IT Academies software and nowadays’s launch of the digital literacy curriculum exhibit Microsoft’s dedication to assisting people acquire foundational ICT handicap to subsist able to enable them to comfortably participate in the 21st-century handicap economic system.”

The alliance members are committed to investing greater than €60 million ($seventy three.5 million U.S.) over the next 5 years to obtain these ambitious desires, and to present concrete sheperd for the ambitions of the EC’s “Working together for growth and Jobs” action plan. With every companion contributing its core capabilities, courses and components towards a typical goal, the alliance has the potential to present original alternatives to thousands and thousands of people indecent through Europe.

About Microsoft Digital Inclusion

via a number ingenious technologies and partnerships, Microsoft is working to bring the benefits of know-how and know-how talents to 250 million americans via 2010, with the optimum goal of the usage of know-how to aid extend schooling and researching, create opportunity, and rear animate requisites for individuals around the globe. Microsoft’s flagship digital inclusion initiatives are companions in researching and unlimited abilities.

About Microsoft

situated in 1975, Microsoft (Nasdaq “MSFT”) is the international chief in application, features and options that support people and companies recognize their full potential.

Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp. in the united states and/or different international locations.

The names of actual corporations and products mentioned herein can subsist the logos of their respective homeowners.

notice to editors: in case you possess an interest in viewing additional info on Microsoft, tickle talk over with the Microsoft internet page at on Microsoft’s corporate assistance pages. internet hyperlinks, phone numbers and titles had been apposite at time of ebook, however might moreover since possess changed. For extra suggestions, journalists and analysts may additionally contact Microsoft’s speedy Response group or different arrogate contacts listed at

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Testing in the Application Lifecycle with Visual Studio 2010 Test Edition | true questions and Pass4sure dumps

a translated version of an article Rob and I wrote for the Dutch .NET Magazine.

Visual Studio Test Edition will subsist significantly extended in the upcoming version [2010]. Next to support for developers and testers this version will moreover support user / acceptance testers. With these features the upcoming version of Visual Studio will cover the testing spectrum completely.


Everyone knows that testing is an essential fragment in the evolution of software and it is quite unusual for the testing department to subsist completely separated from the departments that develop software. This separation of worlds is not only physical, but moreover present in the belt of tooling. Cooperation is difficult to find even though cooperation of developers and testers using a structured approach offers many advantages. It increases the efficiency of the entire application life cycle and improves the property of the resulting product, which combined results in reduction of cost.In this article you will subsist able to discern how Visual 2010 improves upon the cooperation between the software evolution team and testers quite a bit.

An case from reality

Cooperation does not occur automatically. Developers and testers possess a natural inclination to not (want to) understand one another. From that perspective it is difficult to realize that you requisite each other to deliver software of kindly quality.

... tend to not understand each other

The consequence of this virtual (and sometimes real) wall is disastrous for quality. Many bugs are caused especially by suppositions and interpretations of, generally, unclear specifications. Meetings about these bugs cost a lot of time, especially if they cannot subsist reproduced.

After a evolution cycle of 5 man-years a test is done by a testing team. The testing team vigorously starts running test cases that they prepared during the implementation phase. After 3 months their judgment is: Negative advice on release. Because of (8) mortal and (22) expansive errors they recommend not current the system to production.

Understandably, this was quite a disappointment for the project team as well as the stakeholders. So a chore favor is formed to hold the delay and thus damage that has occurred. After careful analysis it turned out not to subsist as putrid as it looked: After filtering testing errors (20%), nice-to-haves (20%), and changes (which the testers had not been made alert of; 30%) repair costs were estimated at 200 hours (the remaining 30%).

All in indecent the implementation team possess done a kindly job. Still, better communication from both sides, before and during the testing phase, would probably possess resulted in a positive judgment and thus CELEBRATION. Quite a bit different from a artic shower!

Cooperation in the Application Lifecycle

The typical case in the above paragraph clearly shows that cooperation between test departments and evolution departments is often far from obvious. If no endeavor is withhold into creating a cooperative relationship between developers and testers the proverbial ”wall” will materialize indecent by itself. In general, this wall causes confusion, irritation, and forced limits of tasks and thus loss of quality. The so-called ‘ping pong’ consequence with (non-reproducible) errors is the most pellucid and most often occurring case of this.

Software evolution and indecent roles involved are supposed to strive for one common goal: providing added value to the customer. It does not matter what kind of application needs to subsist implemented. indecent tasks and roles requisite to compass for this one solitary goal. The synergy between roles, processes, and tools is moreover commonly known as Application Lifecycle Management [ALM]. Notions enjoy accountability, governance, and compliance are regularly used when talking about ALM. But indecent these notions advert to the simple notion of cooperation.

Application Lifecycle Management.

There would subsist a better mutual understanding if developers and testers would possess more insight in each other’s toil and challenges. Annoyances vanish and people toil together on a common cause. Visual Studio Team System 2010 will better support this cooperation. By giving the tester aids for performing his/her tasks and making him/her a first-class-citizen within the Team Foundation Server, he/she has and gives more insight in tasks to subsist done, progress on these tasks and what steps silent requisite to subsist performed.

Aside from this insight, which often means quite a change of culture, the tester has better insight in and access to the ALM-Artifacts from other roles. For example, use-case and activity diagrams from industry and information analysts and other diagrams from designers and architects are easily accessible through Visual Studio Team Architect Edition. Cooperation not only occurs by giving insight in toil activities, but moreover by working on common products.

To come by a pellucid picture of how Visual Studio Team System 2010 will support testers and ensures a better cooperation, first must subsist looked at goals and tasks which testers try to achieve and perform.

Test goals

In the age of the monoliths it was workable to delay testing until the acceptance test. Because the monolith had indecent of its functionality in a compact manner in one expansive component, it was simple to learn errors quickly and they could subsist repaired even quicker. That era has passed. If you depend too much on the finish test, in current architectures, it is quite workable that you will not achieve the desired on-time, on-budget delivery.

High property requirements and short time-to-market for information systems demands a 180 degree swirl in regards to how one thinks about tests. Instead of delaying the mindset has to subsist “Finding Bugs as early as possible”.

Each aspect of the evolution process has its own test goals and depth of test coverage. The depth particularly depends upon the risks: higher probability of damage requires better test coverage.These test goals are especially aimed at discovering errors that can subsist create in that aspect (“as early as possible”).

  • during unit testing the internal logic of the unit is tested,
  • the unit integration test needs to point to that units ”understand” each other.
  • the system test (which is called readiness scan in the Acceptance Test Guidance of Patterns of the Practices Group, discern helpful links) needs to prove/demonstrate that the system complies with the functional requirements that possess been agreed to,
  • finally, the acceptance test considers how the system fits into the environment in which it will operate.
  • Test goals and (depth of) test coverage per aspect are made compatible with each other using a Master Test diagram (see TMap®

    Types of tests in the Application lifecycle.

    Every test must subsist able to reckon on previous tests, only then will the complexity of errors subsist contained to errors that were introduced during the ultimate step. Setting up a learning cycle makes it workable to redress shortcomings, if any, in the testing process chain (see further in this article). Also, the consume of tooling plays a crucial part. Running test cases by hand, as done in the nowadays widely used Agile process, is not attainable. So automated support is a must.

    However, sustain shows that precipitate consume of tools results in more chaos rather than gains. perquisite from the start tests requisite to subsist set up in a structured manner to hold maintenance efforts within workable limits.

    Each aspect of the evolution process and its corresponding test goal introduces a specific role with specific abilities and tasks. These roles are supported by specific components of VSTS 2010. In short, the following kinds of testers exist:

  • The evolution tester. This tester knows the inner workings of the system and makes consume of test-frameworks to automate the tests that he wants to perform. This testing role, which is often if not always performed by developers, has been supported for a while now by technical aids as Unit test frameworks and the current version of Visual Studio. This functionality of VSTS is not only available in the Test Edition, but moreover fully present in the Developer Edition, which confirms that these tasks are primarily done by developers. VSTS 2010 eases the life of the evolution tester by bright support of Test Driven Development.
  • The system tester. The system tester tests the system for completeness, whether requirements possess been met. These are not only functional requirements, but moreover property requirements enjoy performance and security.System testers consume a lot of scripts to automate their activities, he/she would enjoy to achieve the very tests using various infrastructures and configurations. VSTS has had Load- and Web testing for quite a while in the Test Edition and with the introduction of VSTS 2010 the creation of test scripts is simplified by introduction of the so called ‘CodedUI’ framework.
  • The acceptance tester. The acceptance tester, moreover called user tester or black box tester, truly is a tester who performs a test of the application and knows nothing about the internal workings of the application. He/she constructs test cases using functional requirements, using various testing techniques.Acceptance testers, who often silent consume exceed sheets to achieve their tasks, are abundantly well supported in Visual Studio 2010. Test cases are registered in TFS and he/she has access to a specific implement based on optimal support of, usually, manual testing activities.
  • Enough about testing and cooperating. What does it gawk enjoy and where exactly is cooperation supported. In the following paragraphs the abilities of Visual Studio Team System 2010 are explained more precisely using the test goals and test tasks as mentioned above.

    Democratizing Application lifecycle management.

    With their vision “Democratizing Application lifecycle management” Microsoft has further extended the support of Visual Studio Team System 2010 for ALM. As can subsist read in this publication of .NET Magazine, additional supporting aids are available to ameliorate cooperation and various roles are better supported.

    Several techniques and components in the testing belt possess been added to Visual Studio. The most remarkable added feature is the standalone [acceptance]test implement Camano. Camano is a test management environment where test cases can subsist introduced, which are toil items of a original toil item sort ‘test case’ in Team Foundation Server. Test cases can subsist performed using TestRunner, which has the capacity to record actions done by the tester and forward these along with a findings report. The TestRunner does not only capture the screen of the tester, but moreover gathers information about the system that is being tested on and creates a file that can subsist used within Visual Studio to step through the tester’s actions in debug mode. This file is actually a complete stack track that mimics a real-time debug experience. Microsoft calls this “Historical debugging”.

    test overviewTest diagram overview in Camano from which Test cases can subsist executed.

    Apart from supporting the execution of acceptance tests Visual Studio Test Edition moreover has the option to automate it. Using CodedUI technology, which generates C# code from actions that possess been executed in the window, UI tests can subsist included in the daily or continuous build process.

    A lot of original things, but how achieve you consume them? In the following paragraphs some examples are shown.

    Test repercussion View for the evolution tester.

    As mentioned in the previous paragraph, the evolution tester has been provided with ample tools to achieve his/her tasks in the current as well as previous version of Visual Studio. For instance, the test framework and the test coverage reports are there to prove quality.

    Microsoft has silent create original ways to support the toil of evolution testers and those who achieve Test Driven Development. The Test repercussion Analysis is the most eye-catching.

    impacted testsImpact Analysis screen

    The Test repercussion View provides developers [test developers] an overview of indecent unit tests that possess been affected after a code change, and thus requisite to subsist rerun. Aside from the tests that requisite to subsist run, the Test repercussion View moreover provides an overview of code that has been modified. This overview moreover enables efficient testing of code changes.

    Camano, TestRunner and CodedUI for system and acceptance testers

    Acceptance tests verify the system regarding compatibility with the environment and functionality, as mentioned in previous paragraphs. Those that play the role of acceptance tester can achieve this totally ‘disconnected’ from the evolution team. indecent that is required is a list of tests that needs to subsist run. If the application does not comply with what is described in the test, this is sent to the developer to fix.

    There are three challenges in this simple scenario:

    First: test cases are based upon industry requirements. Nine out of ten times these requirements possess been established by the industry at the start of the project and during evolution of the application these possess been updated due to original insights. This causes a problem for the tester. How does he know that the test case he is executing is up-to-date and can subsist traced back to a user requirement.

    In Visual Studio 2010 this challenge can subsist met by linking test cases to User Stories [in the Agile Template] or Requirements [in the CMM process template]. This way reports can subsist generated about these User Stories. Camano, an aid to the acceptance tester sever from Visual Studio, can command if User Stories achieve not possess a test case yet and vice versa. It can moreover point to test cases that are not linked to User Stories, which can denote that this test is not needed.

    testimpact camanoTest repercussion Camano, User Stories without tests.

    liniingLinking a test case to a User Story

    Just enjoy the test ‘Impact Analyze’ in Visual Studio, Camano has an repercussion view that shows which tests requisite to subsist rerun not only because of code modifications, but moreover because of modifications in User Stories. This helps the tester understand the toil of the industry analysis [and developer] better, by indicating something has changed, what has changed, and that he needs to modify something, i.e. rerun a test.

    The second problem is the issues. The tester notices something that is not redress in the application and sends this issue in an email or some other more advanced bug reporting system with high priority to the evolution department. Email back to the tester with modification status: ‘bug solved’ or ‘not reproducible’. The tester verifies, notices that the bug is silent there and sends back an email, more or less irritated. The start of the so-called ‘bug ping pong’ (?! Is there an acceptable idiom in English for this?).

    Since the first release of Team Foundation Server in 2005 this ‘bug’ has been recognized as a toil item. This made it easier and clearer for developers and testers to register bugs, to manage, and to obtain reports. However, there is no true integration with acceptance testers. They can interject issues by using the WebAccess implement of TFS, but one does not really solve the previous challenges with that.

    In Visual Studio and the standalone testing implement Camano this integration with acceptance testers comes true. With Camano’s TestRunner it is workable to save a lot of necessary information within the issue registration system that can subsist useful to the developer to reproduce the issue and solve it.


    Microsoft TestRunner makes a snapshot of the environment, operating system version, service pack and indecent other workable system information. Aside from this system data, the testers can obtain screenshots during testing and embed these in the bug report. Not only screen prints can subsist embedded, but moreover a video of the actions that the tester has taken can subsist withhold into the findings report, which is indexed by test steps in the test case. indecent this additional information helps the developer to find a solution quicker and easier and makes sure that the wall, the irritation, between developers and testers becomes smaller or disappears entirely.

    bug reportIssues toil item with testing steps in the details-tab.

    The third challenge is the workload of the tester. For example, when a bug is solved he needs to rerun his test case. This in itself is not a expansive challenge, because he has recorded everything in exceed or some other tool. But what if the bug, for example, is a fragment of something that is used in hundreds of pages or screens? Then indecent these pages requisite to subsist tested again, which is not very efficacious for the tester indeed.

    Camano makes it workable to record Test Cases and to hasten these later on in TestRunner, so that the tester does not to recede through indecent the steps manually again. A expansive improvement to reduce repetitive activities. Another addition to Visual Studio that makes life easier for the acceptance and system testers is the CodedUi, with which it has been made workable to obtain scripts for the user interface that is difficult to test automatically.

    CodedUITestVarious options to add UI tests to test projects. The ‘automation strip’ option can reuse Camano’s strips.

    The code that is necessary to obtain these tests workable can subsist extracted from tests that possess been executed in Camano. Only petite adjustments requisite to subsist done to let them indeed hasten automatically [for case using variable data]. Using this load tests, regression tests, and user tests can subsist automated, through which the case where hundreds of test pages requisite to subsist retested can subsist prevented.

    Structured testing

    Test tools achieve not structure the test process, they only obtain the toil of the tester easier. On the contrary, automation of unstructured testing increases CHAOS. In Camano it is silent workable to create many test cases that achieve not obtain any sense. What does a structured test approach gawk like? One can reflect of many ways to achieve this.

    Generally it can subsist said that a structured test approach is characterized by:

  • Providing structure, so that it is pellucid what needs to subsist done by whom, when, and in what order.
  • Containing the entire scope and descriptions of the complete purview of apposite aspects.
  • Providing concrete aids, so that the wheel requisite not subsist reinvented indecent the time.
  • Managing test activities taking time, money, and property into consideration.
  • CaptureAn organization needs to choose with which level of ambition this structured test process is implemented in projects.

    In Visual Studio Team System 2010 it is workable to record a process template for structured testing in TFS. Sogeti is currently working on two versions of the “TMap® process template”:

  • The standalone version, suitable for acceptance testers.
  • The merge version that is attached “behind” the process template used by the evolution team.
  • Process TemplatesTMAP process template for structured testing in VSTS 2010

    Still, only (structured) testing is not sufficient. If a developer does not know what property needs to subsist delivered, he does not know when he is done, that is a tester does not know if an error should or should not possess been create by the developer himself.

    So it is essential to correspond on what level of property needs to subsist delivered. In TMap® Next (the structured test approach of Sogeti) the notion basic property has been introduced. This basic property describes not only the needed test coverage, but moreover provides aids for the way in which tests requisite to subsist done, and moreover describes the necessary proof process and conformance.

    Using this ”definition of finished” it is workable to setup a learning cycle: not only redress errors, but moreover learn how to preclude them!

    Structured testing, making the entire test process more efficient, so testers can achieve their toil based on risk, (basic) quality, and learning cycle is something that can subsist realized using Visual Studio Team System 2010. Agreements about procedures, basic quality, and other things requisite to find their ways into the process templates of Team Foundation Server.


    In Visual Studio Team System 2010 indecent test roles are provided with pellucid and better support within the Application Lifecycle. Testers achieve not consume their own sever technical tools anymore, but consume integrated tools that are used by architects and developers. Effectively tearing down the wall between developers and testers.

    But kindly tools are not enough. Also, a pellucid separation of roles, tasks, and authorizations are necessary. Finally and most importantly, a structured approach determines how successful you are with your test strategy.

    Useful links

    E. Pringle: TeenScreen Sets Up Shop In Illinois | true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Monday, 20 June 2005, 11:29 amOpinion: Evelyn Pringle

    A controversial diagram to screen indecent Illinois school children for mental health disorders is set to become a reality on June 30th, if the Governor accepts the final proposal from the Illinois Children's Mental Health Partnership (ICMHP).

    Illinois became the first state to hop on the bandwagon for President Bush's original license Commission's (NFC) diagram to subject indecent American school children to mental health screening. In 2003, Illinois Lawmakers passed the $10 million Illinois Children's Mental Health Act (ICMHP), creating a Children's Mental Health Partnership, which many hope to become a model for other states.

    The Final Report by the Illinois Children’s Mental Health chore favor was released in April 2003 and it is filled with intrusive and expensive recommendations. The ICMHP held hearings in various locations across the state in 2004 to congregate public feedback on the plan.

    While its proposals appear harmless enough at first glance, comments from parents during the hearings raised many sound concerns. The State, critics said, no longer assumes that Illinois children are mentally healthy, it presumes indecent children requisite mental health screening.

    The chore favor Report calls for a comprehensive, coordinated children’s mental health system comprised of prevention, early intervention, and treatment for children ages 0-18 years and for a statewide data-reporting system to track information on each person, and social-emotional evolution screens with indecent mandated school exams (K, 4th, and 9th),

    The chore favor wants to: Start early, beginning prenatally and at birth, and continue throughout adolescence, including efforts to support adolescents in making the transition to puerile adulthood.

    Karen Hayes, associate director of Concerned Women for America-Illinois published an view Piece in the Illinois Leader on July 23, 2004 and had a much idea. She said maybe the legislators should subsist mentally evaluated.

    Concerned parent, Joseph Volpendesta, feels the very way. "Mental Health screening might subsist much more usefully employed on these people who foster up with these brainstorms; it is obvious that they possess far too much time on their hands and too puny respect for those of us who are paying the bills. What is needed, and at the earliest opportunity, is a bill to rescind this piece of legislative claptrap. ... There is no doubt in my intuition where the mental health screening is most needed and it ain't the kids," he said in a missive to the editor of the Illinois Leader June 13, 2005.

    TeenScreen Customer Recruitment Scheme

    At the seat of the controversy is program called TeenScreen designed by pharma backed officials at Columbia University. TeenScreen is supposedly a suicide-prevention program and is recommended by the NFC, even though a recent US Preventive Services chore favor study create "no evidence that screening for suicide risk reduces suicide attempts or mortality."

    Columbia claims the TeenScreen survey can assess the symptoms of 8 disorders associated with the risk of suicide or mental illness. On March 2, 2004, the program's Executive Director, Laurie Flynn, testified at a congressional hearing and said that in screening process, "youth complete a 10-minute self-administered questionnaire that screens for gregarious phobia, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, major depression, alcohol and drug abuse, and suicidality."

    In May 2004, Illinois lawmakers passed a resolution approving the implementation of TeenScreen in public schools, which said in part: (1) "Columbia TeenScreen Program", has been proven successful, offers technical assistance for implementation of a screening program, and provides indecent the components for such a program at no impregnate at this time; (2) that they recognize that mental illness and suicide among puerile people are public health pass in this state and that indecent residents of Illinois should obtain the identification of mental disorders and the prevention of suicide among the puerile people a public health priority; (3) that every puerile person should subsist screened ... to identify mental illness and preclude suicide; and (4) That such a screening and identification process should employ sound, evidence-based tools.

    The problem is that TeenScreen is not an evidence-based tool. The program had already been in set for 6 years in Tulsa, Oklahoma when the suicide rate rose drastically, causing Michael Brose, the leader of a mental health partnership organization there, to say, ''To the best of my knowledge, this is the highest number of youth suicides we've ever had during the school year -- a number they find very frightening."

    TeenScreen is an invention of the pharmaceutical industry and is nothing more than a customer recruitment scheme to aid generate high volume sales of costly psychiatric drugs. By infiltrating the nation's public school system, it will generate millions of original prescription drug customers.

    "More screened kids means more money for psychiatrists and the pharmaceutical industry," said Vera Hassner Sharav, president of the Alliance for Human Research Protection, a patient advocacy group, to the Chicago Tribune on June 5, 2005.

    "It is essential to understand that powerful interests, namely federal bureaucrats and pharmaceutical lobbies, are behind the push for mental health screening in schools...the pharmaceutical industry is keen to sell psychotropic drugs to millions of original customers in American schools," said Rep Ron Paul, R-Texas, who happens to subsist a physician.

    TeenScreen made its Illinois debut ultimate drop at the Brimfield high School in the Peoria belt and reports betoken that several more Illinois schools will subsist implementing the program next year, according to investigative reporter, Rhonda Robinson.


    Do the expansive drug companies possess so much power? Why else would this subsist happening? It looks enjoy a way to obtain more puerile people subject on prescription drugs earlier in life when indecent they really requisite is to deal with growing up, just enjoy they indecent did before there was a drug for every ailment and original ailment to warrant even more original drugs," parent, Dennis McLouth, of Roseville, Ill, wrote in a missive to the Editor of the Illinois Leader on June 13, 2005.

    My answer to Dennis is yes the drug companies are that powerful, and it gets worse. The NFC recommends a drug treatment program called the Texas Medical Algorithm Project (TMAP) that specifically requires doctors to prescribe the newer generation of psychiatric drugs to children, including the antidepressants known as the Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors [SSRIs] that can lead children to commit suicide or other violent acts.

    According to the American Hospital Formulary Service Drug Information 2005, the “FDA now states that it has determined that antidepressants extend the risk of suicidal thinking and deportment in children and adolescents with major depressive and other psychiatric disorders."

    Dr Ann Blake Tracy, is the executive director of the International Coalition for Drug Awareness and the author of "Prozac, Panacea or Pandora: Their Seratonin Nightmare."

    She testified at a February 2004, FDA hearing on the adverse effects of SSRIs, and said, "Research on serotonin has been pellucid from the very beginning that the most damaging thing that could subsist done to the serotonin system would subsist to impair one's capacity to metabolize serotonin. Yet that is exactly how SSRI antidepressants exert their effects."

    Tracy said that for decades research has shown that impairing serotonin metabolism will bear numerous health problems including "pains around the heart, hardship breathing, tension and anxiety which materialize from out of nowhere, depression, suicide -- especially very violent suicide, hostility, violent crime, arson, gist abuse, psychosis, mania," and the list goes on and on.

    "How anyone ever thought it would subsist 'therapeutic' to chemically induce these reactions is beyond me," she said.

    In one study reviewed by the FDA panel, in a pool of 931 downcast patients taking SSRIs listed on the TMAP, versus 811 downcast patients taking a placebo, there were 52 suicidal acts by people on the SSRIs versus 18 on placebo.

    The drug companies withheld the studies that showed the drugs were basically ineffective on kids and that they were in fact dangerous. Most of the studies that possess surfaced over the past yoke years were unearthed during the discovery process of recent law suits against drug companies.

    Pediatrician, Dr Karen Effren, questions whether the TMAP list should subsist used at all. "If data is withheld about the dangers or requisite of effectiveness of the original psychiatric drugs, why should physicians believe and carry out the recommendations of the original license Commission for treatment, such as the Texas Medication Algorithm Project (TMAP) that uses those drugs as paid for the state incentive grants?"

    These very sentiments had already been expressed in January 1999, by Peter Weiden MD, who was one of the participants on the original panel that approved drugs to subsist on the TMAP list, when he openly criticized the process in the Journal of exercise in Psychiatry and Behavioural Health.

    Weiden pointed out the fact that drug company money was involved in the approval of the list. "Another problem is potential warp from funding sources. The 1996 Guidelines were funded by Janssen (makers of Risperidone [Risperdal]) and most of the guidelines' authors possess received support from the pharmaceutical industry. This potential contest of interest may create credibility problems, especially concerning any recommendations supporting the consume of atypical antipsychotics."

    Other drug companies besides Janssen were involved in the creation of the list. And drug company money was moreover used to grease the palms of politician who would ultimately possess to certify the TMAP scheme.

    For instance, Eli Lilly helped fund the guidelines and moreover has well-known ties to both Bush administrations. After Bush Sr left the CIA in 1977, he became a member of Lilly's board of directors. When he left the company to become Reagan's VP in 1980, he forgot to mention that he silent owned stock in the company at the very time that he was lobbying for tax breaks for Lilly, even though it manufactured drugs in Puerto Rico.

    Bush Junior made Eli Lilly CEO, Sidney Taurel, a member of the Homeland Security and his former director of the Office of Management and Budget, Mitch Daniels, was moreover a former senior vice president of Lilly.

    In the 2000 election the company contributed over $1.5 million to political candidates, with over 80% going to Bush and the Republican Party.

    According to the seat for Responsive Politics, in his 2 bids for the presidency, Bush has been the number one recipient of either party for push donations from the pharmaceutical industry. The very Robert Wood Johnson IV, who has ties to the foundation that funded the TMAP, is moreover heir to the Johnson & Johnson fortune, and raised over $100,000 for Bush's 2000 campaign, and over $200,000 for push 2004.

    The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation moreover helped fund the Illinois Children’s Mental Health chore Force, which produced the report that the Illinois’ Children’s Mental Health Act of 2003 is based on, according to investigative reporter Rhonda Robinson.

    The Illinois version of the TMAP list, is IMAP and it is already in set in 23 Illinois counties, Robinson reports.

    Tax Dollar Funded Drug Pushers

    Let there subsist no mistake about it, kids sent to shrinks will finish up on drugs. In 2002, a survey of recently trained child psychiatrists create that only one in 10 children in their practices did not receive a medication. discern Stubbe DE, Thomas WJ: A survey of early-career child and adolescent psychiatrists, J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2002.

    A recent review of prescription data for 300,000 children ages 19 and younger, by Medco Health Solutions in 2004, concluded that for the first time in history, spending for medications for childhood deportment problems eclipsed expenditure for any other drug category, including antibiotics.

    The final draft of the Illinois diagram issued this month wants to: Promote efficacious consume of Medicaid’s Early intermittent Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment capitalize in Illinois to support intentional screening of children ages birth to eighteen years, and wants to "Clarify for providers the diagnoses that create eligibility for children to obtain Medicaid services."

    I wonder how many people are nosy as to what might subsist in store for the kids they want to screen at age 0. To answer that question, an investigation of the drugs being prescribed to Illinois kids on Medicaid might subsist helpful.

    On April 25, 2005, the headlines of the Ohio Columbus Dispatch read: DRUGGED INTO SUBMISSION, EVEN BABIES GETTING TREATED AS MENTALLY ILL, Doctors prescribed sedatives and powerful, mood-altering medications for nearly 700 Ohio babies and toddlers on Medicaid ultimate summer, according to a Dispatch review of records.

    An investigation by the Dispatch revealed that at least 696 Ohio children who were newborn to 3 years conventional received mental-health drugs paid for by Medicaid in July 2004. Hydroxyzine was prescribed most often, with about three-quarters of the kids on it. The drug, a long-acting antihistamine, relieves itching caused by allergies, controls vomiting and reduces anxiety, but is given to puerile children most often for its sedative effects.

    In addition, more than 90 kids were on another antihistamine, 48 were taking anti-anxiety medication and 28 were prescribed antidepressants, including the SSRIs Paxil, Prozac and Zoloft. Twenty-seven received Valium, and 18 were on antipsychotics.

    This revelation set off alarms in Ohio. "It's troubling," said John Saros, executive director of Franklin County Children Services. "How achieve doctors even determine that a 2-year-old is anxious? There's a intuition they call it the terrible twos."

    All total, nearly 40,000 Ohio children on Medicaid were taking drugs for anxiety, depression, delusions, hyperactivity and violent deportment when the investigation was conducted July 2004, according to the Dispatch.

    Illinois' original program keeps stressing that treatment should subsist funded by Medicaid. That means drugs folks. Over-drugging kids on Medicaid in Ohio is not an isolated practice. Its happening indecent over the country.

    On January 15, 2005, the Miami Herald reported that nearly 1,900 children under the impregnate of Florida's child welfare system are taking antidepressant drugs, despite a stout federal warning that such medications are linked to an increased risk of suicidal thinking.

    Similar findings held True in Tennessee for kids covered by the state insurance program. A study conducted in 2004 by Dr William Cooper, an associate professor of pediatrics at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, determined that the consume of antipsychotic drugs among low-income children in Tennessee had nearly doubled between 1996 and 2001.

    Cooper's report, published in the August 3, 2004 issue of the Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, create that puerile people who are not psychotic are being prescribed antipsychotic drugs for which there was no data on safety or effectiveness.

    The study revealed that the harmony of TennCare children who were prescribed antipsychotics nearly doubled in six years. The most melodramatic increases were among those aged 13 to 18 (116%) and those 6 to 12 (93%). Cooper moreover create consume among preschool children had increased by 61%.

    If the Illinois Governor signs the original law on June 30th, in addition to children, indecent pregnant women will subsist screened for depression during pregnancy and for up to 1 year following a baby's birth. The treatment for depression mandated by the IMAP drug list will subsist the SSRI antidepressants even though original studies betoken that SSRIs taken by pregnant women can possess sober adverse affects on the unborn fetus.

    "Newborn babies could subsist at risk of suffering withdrawal symptoms if their mothers are prescribed antidepressants during pregnancy," according to Reuters on February 4, 2005.

    Professor Emilio Sanz of the University of La Laguna in Tenerife, Spain, conducted a study that showed that SSRIs can intuition convulsions, irritability, abnormal crying and tremors in newborn babies.

    For the study, Professor Sanz and his team of researchers searched the World Health Organization database from 72 countries for the adverse drug reactions associated with the consume of SSRIs, Reuters reported.

    Karen Hayes thinks the gross diagram stinks. "Proposing that state government set mental health competency standards for indecent Illinois pregnant women and children to age 18 stuns human sensibilities," Karen Hayes wrote, "this proposal calls for collection of mental health data of women and children, together with bureaucratic linkage of this information."

    She's got that perquisite because according to the plan, the state of Illinois will: ameliorate accountability, data tracking and reporting for children’s mental health in apposite programs and services and will (1) Institute condense and monitoring changes to extend the accountability of current children’s mental health providers; (2) Develop a statewide data tracking and reporting system to collect information on key indicators of children’s gregarious and emotional development, and mental health status; (3) Develop policies and protocols for the sharing of databases among apposite state and local agencies; (4) Explore the evolution of uniform reporting forms and test in select programs for the tracking, reporting and planning of services.

    Follow The Tax Dollars

    The chore favor says it wants to maximize the consume of Medicaid/KidCare by streamlining enrollment, capitalizing on federal reimbursement and implementing key cost-saving strategies, with savings deposited into a Children’s Mental Health Fund.

    It wants to (1) ameliorate Medicaid reimbursement for prevention, early intervention and treatment services; (2) Recognize diagnoses for puerile children described in DC:0-3 and pay for mental health services for children with any of these diagnoses; (3) Clarify for providers the diagnoses that create eligibility for children to obtain Medicaid services.

    Translation: That means to obtain sure "treatment" (aka pills) will subsist paid for, people will subsist trained to only diagnose kids with disorders that are covered Medicaid.

    The chore favor diagram leaves no funding stone unturned. It even wants to "Change the Illinois KidCare and Medicaid eligibility procedures to allow for self-attestation of a family’s pecuniary circumstances in lieu of current pecuniary documentation requirements," which means indecent I possess to achieve is swear I'm penniless to qualify for Medicaid in Illinois.

    Drug companies smell the tax dollars and they want these Illinois kids. Over 2 million children were enrolled in Illinois public schools, pre-K through 12th grade, during the 2001-02 school year. Over 960,000 children were enrolled in Medicaid and KidCare in 2002, and a recent study in Chicago claimed that nearly 50% of inner-city adolescents demonstrated signs and symptoms of depression.

    So lets achieve the math and discern how much the psychiatric-industrial knotty stands to gain. The plans says to: Ensure that indecent children enrolled in Medicaid receive intermittent developmental screens ... as mandated under the Early and intermittent Screening Diagnostic Treatment program.

    Lets disclose the initial diagnostic visit to the shrink costs $150, what's 150 times 960,000?

    The report said 50% of Chicago inner city kids were downcast so we'll consume that percentage for the kids on Medicaid. Half of 960,000 means 480,000 kids are set to subsist prescribed anti-psychotic drugs perquisite from the come by go.

    Off hand I don't know how much indecent the different drugs cost, but I possess personal erudition that the cost of Risperdal in 2001, was nigh to $500 for a 30 day supply.

    In 2001, The Miami Herald published a train of stories about the common consume of Risperdal among children in state care. Child-welfare advocates said the drug routinely was being used by foster impregnate providers as a ''chemical restraint'' on children whose recalcitrant deportment was a frustration to caretakers.

    Risperdal is on the IMAP list as the leading drug used to combat schizophrenia and other types of psychotic disorders, and earns Janssen about $2.1 billion in annual sales. The drug is prescribed to more than 10 million people worldwide, according to the Herald.

    I suspect a heavy-duty calculator will subsist needed to reckon dollar amounts for the potential cost of Risperdal prescriptions to the tax payers of Illinois.

    Tax Payers May Foot Entire Bill

    No doubt about it, the promoters of this scheme are looking to grab tax dollars from every public trough known to man. The diagram lists a host of public funding sources to subsist examined and includes: Medicaid and SCHIP, the gregarious Services obstruct Grant, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, the Child impregnate and evolution Fund, the Title V Maternal and Child Health Services obstruct Grant, Parts B (Special Education) and C (Early Intervention) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Juvenile Justice, and state funding sources.

    In her view piece, Karen Hayes questioned the feasibility of such a great public funded program, "Our government bureaucracies continue to struggle with the job of tending to the gregarious needs of needy Illinois families, and ... trying to educate their children in basic academics. How is it that these very bureaucracies can now subsist asked to hold on the additional role of being the mental health evaluator and caretaker of indecent pregnant women and children in Illinois?"

    "At a time when budget concerns are on the front pages of most Illinois newspapers," Karen wrote, "we are being asked to give input to one of the costliest expansions of government and bureaucracy they possess seen in recent years."

    "In summary," Hayes said, "it is neither beneficial to children, nor to taxpayers, to examine government bureaucracies to set competency standards for mental health. With some amount of lightheartedness, may I submit that the mental health of the perpetrators of this concept subsist evaluated?"

    Another parent agrees with her. "The Illinois Legislature ought to possess their own heads subjected to adolescent mental health screening for even considering passing such legislation," said Jack Kime, in a June 13, 2005 missive to the Illinois Leader, "If there is anything more hazardous than having the government withhold such a program in place, I don't know what it might be," he said.


    Evelyn Pringle

    (Evelyn Pringle is a columnist for Independent Media TV and an investigative journalist focused on exposing government corruption)

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