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A2040-402 Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0

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A2040-402 exam Dumps Source : Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0

Test Code : A2040-402
Test denomination : Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0
Vendor denomination : IBM
: 137 actual Questions

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IBM Assessment- Administering IBM Connections

IBM Launches skill assessment to assist Aspiring records Crunchers and Academia Gauge and enhance competencies | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

WASHINGTON, Nov. 12, 2013 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ -- IBM IBM, +0.53% these days unveiled the IBM Analytics talent assessment, a primary-of-its-form on-line platform that gives tuition college students with information-pushed insights that goal to champion narrow the large facts and Analytics skills pocket and foster skill for the next-era personnel.

the usage of IBM Analytics skill assessment, tuition college students can gauge their readiness for public and private sector large statistics and analytics careers and gain tips on how to extra ameliorate and set themselves for these in-demand jobs through an easy on-line questionnaire. moreover benefitting college students and universities, skill assessments serve businesses determine and rent the commandeer candidate for the correct job. they could additionally enable them to more accurately foretell performance, thereby including superior efficiencies to an organization's human capital management strategy.

the new initiative became introduced as a fraction of a White apartment office of Science and technology policy huge information event held in Washington. The adventure is a response to the Obama Administration's summon for multi-stakeholder partnerships that harness the vigor of large records to spark advancements in key country wide initiatives, equivalent to financial growth, schooling, health, power and sustainability.

starting this month, students from eight universities which are piloting IBM's assessment can access the platform, occupy interaction in an online check, and after completion receive customized stories with counsel on a route to bolster their aptitude for records-crunching jobs. These pilot universities are fraction of the more than 1,000 IBM educational Initiative partners that collaborate with IBM to offer massive statistics and analytics curriculum: Fordham institution, George Washington school, Illinois Institute of know-how, school of Massachusetts Boston, Northwestern school, The Ohio situation school, Southern Methodist university and the college of Virginia.

As employers within the public and personal sectors are trying to find to fill the four.4 million jobs being created to assist large facts by using 2015* institution college students international are on the hunt for curriculum to prepare them for statistics-crunching careers. The ample news: ingenious coursework is being launched at a quick clip, often by the expend of commerce faculties with classes featuring essential IT and enterprise advantage, from utility proficiency to project administration. youngsters, to live successful in analytics jobs, students too necessity to develop a large sweep of "delicate potential": refined aptitudes, personal features and values that can too live difficult to pinpoint and can't any the time live discovered within the classroom.

Recognizing the magnitude of this finished skill set, IBM partnered with more than a dozen of its own clients including The Boeing commerce and Nationwide assurance to analysis and identify essentially the most simple lore and features that testify no matter if a scholar now not handiest has the capability to analyze statistics, however can parlay it into positive company thoughts for becoming earnings, preventing risk, deepening client engagement, and even saving lives.

Uncovered by means of real-world businesses that occupy employed and cultivated analytics skill, as well as IBM's Smarter workforce consultants, these predictors of success sweep the gamut from the potential to avow oneself and negotiate amidst opposition to information-pushed strategies, to very own attributes reminiscent of concern for others and sociable assuredness.

"advice is a powerful natural resource if you want to play a necessary role in defining and creating the roles of the long run," talked about Mike Rhodin, Senior vp, IBM application solutions group. "IBM is committed to advancing records-pushed insights to radically change the lore for their future team of workers. by route of arming them with the necessary gear and elements, they can assist allow them to gyrate into world-class analytics leaders who will radically change industries everywhere."

assisting large information and Analytics college students Set the commandeer Trajectory

college students who're at present engaged in analytics levels and coursework at the pilot universities will live encouraged by route of school to register for the IBM Analytics talent assessment at

The evaluation - which is a web test that tuition students can complete in about 30 to forty minutes - could occupy four sections. the first three sections will incorporate adaptive checks that measure cognitive ability, verbal reasoning and rational reasoning. The fourth fraction will characteristic a sequence of questions specializing in the well-known thing skills and features that point out success for analytics careers.

college students who buy the assessment will engage in each traditional dissimilar preference questions and exercises akin to deciphering on-display shapes in ways in which divulge analytical pondering abilities. The assessment covers a diverse set of themes from mathematical complications that organizations should solve, to questions about how students occupy interaction with friends, or how they conduct themselves in difficult instances.

After carrying out the assessment, college students will acquire a customized file by route of electronic mail, highlighting their strengths and weaknesses relative to the lore and qualities that foretell the scholar's probability to live triumphant in analytics. suggested through each and every consumer's provocative outcomes, the report will too provide assistance on methods students can additional enhance themselves, so upon graduation, they're more suitable organized for a profession in analytics.

The eight universities participating with IBM on the assessment will receive reports that divulge how taking fraction college students performed in aggregate. this will assist school improved occupy in intellect how their curriculum is preparing college students for careers helping companies find and maximize of the cost of massive facts insights. long run, IBM plans to present the evaluation to its entire ecosystem of large facts and analytics larger training companions.

Narrowing the huge facts and Analytics abilities hole

IBM's collaboration with academia on the Analytics skill evaluation is one in every of a host of initiatives the commerce has instituted to assist narrow the skills pocket between the hundreds of thousands of massive information and analytics jobs being created and the variety of college students who occupy the training and palms-on undergo to fill them.

IBM is partnering with greater than 1,000 universities across the globe to enhance curriculum that reflects the composite of enterprise, technical and problem-solving expertise essential to prepare students for large information and analytics careers, throughout any industries. The goal: prepare students for jobs starting from front-line analytics contributors to leadership roles such as Chief records Officers. via these collaborations, which span lots of majors from commerce to fitness functions, IBM gives colleges with access to IBM huge information and analytics utility, curriculum materials, case analyze projects, IBM records scientists who consult with classes as visitor lecturers, and faculty grants that gas new curriculum.

A key instance of how public, private and educational collaboration can assist create a data-pushed team of workers: the IBM client headquarters for advanced Analytics in Columbus, Ohio. The core serves as an innovation hub to enhance analytics advantage, drawing on the potential of indigenous agencies, educational associations and commerce companions to create a talented analytics team of workers. A key a fraction of this pains is IBM's partnership with The Ohio situation institution to boost analytics curricula and provides college students access to the center's know-how and notion leaders.

For more advice on the IBM tutorial Initiative talk over with:

About IBM large statistics & Analytics

everyday they create 2.5 quintillion bytes of facts generated with the aid of lots of sources -- from local weather tips, to posts on sociable media websites, and from buy transaction statistics to healthcare scientific pictures. At IBM they correspond with that statistics is emerging because the world's most up-to-date aid for competitive capabilities, and analytics is the key to manufacture sense of it. IBM is helping customers harness massive records & Analytics to give insights crucial to manufacture more desirable selections, create price, and convey that cost to consumers and society. IBM has the realm's deepest and broadest portfolio of large facts & Analytics technologies and solutions, spanning features, application, analysis and hardware. For extra information about IBM large statistics & Analytics, talk over with solemnize IBM large records & Analytics on Twitter @IBMbigdata and @IBMAnalytics.

*Gartner Press release, Gartner Says massive information Creates huge Jobs: 4.four Million IT Jobs Globally to usher large facts with the aid of 2015, October 22, 2012

Contact:Douglas FraimIBM Media

source IBM

Copyright (C) 2013 PR Newswire. any rights reserved

Talevation Expands Strategic Partnership with IBM; increases Assessments offerings and adds IBM Watson AI | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

CARMEL, Ind.--(company WIRE)--Talevation® has extended their skill Assessments Platform (faucet)™ to over 700 on-line talent assessments. faucet is Talevation’s cloud-based mostly, software-as-a-provider (SaaS) digital industry, where clients can self-purchase and self-administer (in a personal and at ease manner) validated skills and behavioral skill assessments throughout a extensive latitude of job titles, classifications and behavioral standards. With the quantity of skill assessments now available, Talevation additionally increased their strategic partnership with IBM®, and has now included IBM Watson™ AI, to aid ebook users in deciding on the right assessments, for their enjoyable cases.

Scott Abbott, Talevation Managing associate referred to, “as a result of we've such an expansive portfolio of talent assessments - and that medium key phrase search offers restricted consequences - they expected that users may occupy issue touchdown on the excellent evaluation(s) or know precisely which assessments to take. In response, they built a chatbot named TAPbot™, that utilizes IBM Watson capabilities to bring a guided event. as an example, TAPbot may imply taking the ‘records mining concepts’ evaluation, when the user searches for ‘synthetic intelligence’. Or for a selected competencies evaluation, TAPbot may too recommend obvious behavioral assessments, to complement their abilities. These connected but diverse assessments may live ones their person didn't originally correspond with. Such self-discovery and guide, is on the coronary heart of the tap event.”

besides IBM Kenexa examine on Cloud™ and IBM Watson, faucet leverages other items and functions from the IBM Cloud™, including: Alert Notification, API connect, Assistant, Availability Monitoring, certificates manager, Cloudant, Cloud Foundry, Cloud features, Cloud protest Storage, eternal start, Discovery, herbal Language realizing.

brought Abbott, “tap offers the most huge and comprehensive portfolio of self-carrier talent assessments available in the market these days. And with the concurrent addition of faucet U!, their profession services application for faculties, students and up to date or quickly-to-be graduates - they are excited that tap can champion hundreds of thousands of individuals earn, boost and maintain rewarding employment.”

About Talevation: Headquartered in Carmel, IN - Talevation companions with IBM and IBM’s Kenexa skill Assessments - to provide over 1,000 talents and behavioral skill assessments used to determine, body, validate, measure, prove and substantiate the healthy and proficiency of competencies and latest employees. Talevation helps people and groups of any sizes, buy the guesswork out of their skill decisions: from hiring the right individuals, to career development, and worker engagement. Talevation supports 4,000+ enterprise places, which together administer over 1000000 individual edge and behavioral tests, monthly.

For guidance about faucet and Talevation, contend with

All commerce and products are the registered emblems of their respective agencies.

imposing IBM Connections | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

I’m gratefully, fortunately, miraculously near the conclusion of an extended undergo to build into upshot IBM Connections for my commerce of 50,000. This event took longer than it can occupy however this text isn’t about that. this article is ready what it takes to salvage throughout the u.s.a.and downs of implementing an commercial enterprise software product.

Many individuals worked lengthy and difficult to salvage this stint off the floor and safely to its destination. It detached pretty much — but often figuratively — took a solid of lots.

IBM Connections is a sociable collaboration platform that is obtainable in the cloud or via an on-premise implementation that offers internet/enterprise 2.0 capabilities — reminiscent of blogs, wikis, boards, fame updates, tags, and liking — to either inner and/or exterior clients. agencies customarily expend Connections as a extol to or a replacement of common intranets.

study on for just a few pointers that allows you to with a bit of luck live of expend for any person embarking on this journey.


Getting buy-in to purchase and set up an commerce sociable network (ESN) equivalent to IBM Connections isn’t a picayune project. An ESN isn’t some thing that each organization has. It isn’t whatever thing each company needs. it could actually not live whatever thing that your entire company’s leaders occupy even heard of. Gaining approval then is frequently a tough hill to climb. there's an excellent bit of tips freely available on the internet highlighting the advantages of imposing an ESN or becoming a extra sociable company. I’ve written about it a few instances right here in enterprise as extraordinary. you could too find Amazing analysis reports from Gartner, Forrester, and McKinsey to denomination a few.

IBM company value assessment (BVA)

IBM can too aid out with edifice the commerce case with the aid of performing a enterprise charge evaluation. The BVA lays out the advantages, organize out via discussions and interviews with key stakeholders, and draws from IBM’s extensive skills and skills. Leveraging the experts can provide a brief enhance to realizing the expertise opportunities that a collaboration platform relish IBM Connections can convey to your company.

company Use situations

selecting and edifice out company expend circumstances can too live the no 1 selling aspect to gaining approval to implement an ESN. determine a problem that IBM Connections can remedy and flush out the details: latest system, to-be technique, and merits (both tough and smooth). expend circumstances might too additionally supply ample counsel on which organizations to draw in to early proof of thought validation and pilot/beta environments. showing tips to remedy actual-world, present issues will enlighten nay-sayers and determination makers who occupy no undergo or exposure to this class of collaboration (you comprehend…the “how’s this superior than email?” crowd).


excellent — you got approval to buy IBM Connections! Now it’s time to salvage to drudgery on the implementation.

Kick the Tires

before you salvage too deep into your implementation you should expend the time studying the fine details of the device. Connections, in contrast to many of the different items in the ESN house, has a large record of elements and capabilities. Connections isn’t just an pastime movement with a shared calendar and a folder to shop a number of issues. With Connections there are usually assorted approaches which you could accomplish your intention. this pliability is terrific; youngsters, it too adds a bit of of complexity. I’ve doubtless renowned “it relies upon” to my leaders route more instances than they occupy had the resignation for right through this challenge. You can too wish to believe a metered strategy to exposing Connections capabilities to your personnel. dependence their skills flat of this class of product coupled with the expend cases you identified previously to find the right stability.

in case you believe you’ve bought it, kick the tires some extra. Dig into the details. Write down and manufacture sure crucial stakeholders understand the capabilities Connections brings in addition to its boundaries.

Configure, Don’t customise

Connections isn’t ultimate. You should live tempted to crook it to your certain wants and wishes. resist this urge. I totally insinuate working with an experienced Connections architect and/or engineer from the very, very genesis of your implementation. There are definitely aspects of Connections that you'll wish to tweak, and too you should still. The main issue isn't making adjustments with a view to manufacture improvements complicated or bog down them altogether. depend on an authority to provide insight into the downstream outcomes of every change you correspond with.

seem to live to the Clouds

This appears relish a no brainer in 2016, however we're talking about commercial enterprise utility right here and enterprises relish their purposes in-condo a lot of the time: I enormously motivate you to pursue the cloud-based Connections offering. An on-premise implementation will buy longer to set up, live more expensive, and received’t occupy the newest and gold gauge aspects. You want a extremely compelling rationale to now not opt for the cloud alternative. if you are leaning on-prem, query your sanity and rethink.

making ready

so you occupy your Connections environment up and running. able to launch, appropriate? believe again. What comes next is going to manufacture or damage your success.


every corporation has a different prick for food for risk, takes distinctive methods to guidelines, and needs varying levels of control. Governing an ESN isn’t any the time an easy. salvage the correct stakeholders together: representatives from HR, criminal, Communications, expertise, and others based on your specific organization and your plans for using Connections. Your governance group is going to deserve to hold in intellect what employees can and might’t upshot in Connections and too you’ll should set up the commandeer volume of controls and safeguards commensurate with how much chance the crew sees within the new capabilities.

here is going to spin you back into discussions of configuration and customization, so upshot it early and withstand the urge. if you customize Connections so a worthy deal that your employees can’t comfortably leverage its capabilities, an ESN might now not live in your organization. Sorry.

I’m an recommend of maintaining people accountable. set up guidelines, codes of behavior, set some instructions, and monitor utilization. grasp violators responsible. This approach is purposeless in case you can’t or gained’t implement the policies.


earlier than launch, you deserve to manufacture a concerted pains to ensure that leaders recognize what’s coming. The greater your corporation and the larger the alternate an ESN represents at your workplace, the more awareness constructing you will definitely should do. Some leaders are going to live excited. Some might live apathetic. and a few are going to emphatically declare, “now not in my apartment.”

the key to recognition isn’t constructing consensus. imposing Connections is already accredited. consciousness is a courtesy. Yet, you can and may drudgery to force delight and purchase-in to what’s coming. try to win each person over, however don’t beat your self up too imperfect on the few that you can’t.


merchandising isn’t the exact selfsame as focus but it surely is pretty equivalent. I separate both in that attention is giving key stakeholders and organizational leaders a more than cursory walkthrough of the new platform, and promotion is casting a wide web with most efficacious a unreasonable degree analyze what's to come. promoting is more about advertising than it's previewing. Catchy slogans, brief video clips, and brief information articles are the right route to salvage the message out that something new is coming and to construct some delight and anticipation. Leverage pursuits that are already taking set to piggyback upon and salvage the solemnize out that a brand new collaboration platform is coming.

Launch and Ever After

You’ve sold the vision, realized the ins and outs, demonstrated it with actual users, established a governance framework, instructed any and sundry it changed into coming, and developed up some exhilaration — it’s time to launch. Wait…are you basically capable? I particularly motivate you to not launch Connections to your entire solid devoid of permitting pilot organizations, or early adopters as they denomination them, to occupy used the creation software for some time in the past. Giving early entry to clients will serve manufacture certain that Connections isn’t a barren ghost city when the bulk of your users profit entry for the first time. if you buy the ghost city strategy, it is relatively guaranteed that you just should live doing a “2d” launch at some time sooner or later. salvage some undertaking going, birth just a few public communities that will live of broad and universal pastime. better yet, alternate a huge system so that it will power traffic and manufacture expend of Connections a necessity…not a passing curiosity.

Your launch day isn’t the conclusion. It may live an conclusion, nonetheless it is additionally a beginning.

As much as you procedure for launch, you will definitely necessity a procedure for how you'll maintain a relentless circulate of sparkling content material and pastime from that constituent forward. depending on your expend circumstances, this could live an easy touching of drudgery from one utensil to a further. although, in many instances you are likely going to should drudgery at educating your employees concerning the capabilities and features of Connections and helping them remark the route to ensue these to the drudgery that they do.


Connections is a powerful device. It offers businesses a routine to communicate and collaborate smartly past the rudimentary capabilities of a traditional intranet or the restricted functionality of diminutive crew chat tools reminiscent of quick messengers or channel-primarily based items relish Slack. Connections goes smartly past file sharing systems relish field or Dropbox that deliver the skill to share files and song key information features such as types, downloads, comments, and likes. Connections does these issues as neatly, but can upshot it inside a community that has a shared calendar, a management verbal exchange weblog, a forum for getting questions answered, and an ideation weblog for soliciting crowdsourced ideas that the neighborhood participants vote on.

Connections is a full-featured, extremely-ready gadget that offers corporations the skill to give their personnel a platform for revitalizing the manner they work. Connections gives personnel a voice. Connections offers groups a set to collaborate. Connections gives leaders a set to occupy interaction with their workers. Connections opens up the numerous chances that are forward as they movement towards a digital set of drudgery and the route forward for work.

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IBM Report: Ransomware, Malicious Insiders On The rise | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

X-Force's top four cyber threat trends too names upper management's increasing interest in infosec.

Ransomware and malicious insiders are on the rise, upper management is showing greater interest in infosec, and organizations actually occupy a intuition to live grateful to script kiddies, according to a new threat intelligence report from IBM X-Force.

Ransomware rising

Ransomware relish CryptoWall has become one of the top mobile threats, in addition to desktop threats. It's been organize wrapped into a variety of exploit kits -- the Angler EK alone generated $60 million from ransomware -- and has been seen spreading through malvertising campaigns.

IBM X-Force, however, states the top infection vector was simply unpatched vulnerabilities. "A well-known infection vector of ransomware can exploit unpatched operating system vulnerabilities to give attackers access to the system resources they want to lock or the data they want to encrypt," according to the report. After unpatched vulnerabilities, drive-by downloads and spearphishing, respectively, were the leading storm vectors. 

To preserve against, recoup from, and mitigate the effects of ransomware, X-Force recommends creating and testing back-ups thoroughly; conducting better user training; using "software designed to trap anomalies related to binaries, processes and connections" which "can too serve identify many kinds of malware, ransomware included;" and using file recovery software, professional services, or Microsoft Windows Volume Shadow Copy Service to try to recoup files that the ransomware has copied/deleted or encrypted.

'Onion-layered' incidents

By "onion-layered incidents" IBM X-Force is not referring at any to onion routing. It is referring to detected security incidents that lead forensic investigators to determine evidence of hitherto undetected attacks.

X-Force witnessed a new trend in which stealthy, sophisticated attacks were discovered during forensic investigations into simple, unsophisticated attacks. Attackers who'd been lurking within a network for months were not detected until investigators stumbled across them while investigating an storm by a script kiddie.

"Were it not for the disruptive event caused by the script kiddies, the client might never occupy noticed anything wrong," the report said.

The common trait in scenarios relish this, said researchers, is that the compromised organizations were running used operating system versions that hadn't been patched in a long time.

Malicious insiders

Malicious insiders are abusing remote administration tools and organizations are making those attackers' drudgery easier by following imperfect password policies, conducting insufficient logging, and failing to revoke employees' credentials immediately after they leave the company.

"The common thread is that accountability was not enforced. ... lore can’t live stripped from an employee leaving an organization, but there are ways to minimize the risk of that lore being used for malicious purposes," the report said.

X-Force organize that in the organizations most supine to insider attacks, passwords were "routinely" set to never expire, password sharing between team members was not discouraged, admin accounts were shared, and user credentials were not immediately revoked when an employee was terminated or left the company.

"As a result, ex-employees with ill will toward former employers held powerful weapons they could expend to express their resentment. They simply needed a route to salvage back into the network."

The most common method, according to IBM: "In most malicious insider attacks we’ve seen, the disgruntled employee typically 'prepared for departure' by installing remote administration tools  such as LogMeIn or TeamViewer for access to the employer’s network."

X-Force recommends that security teams that suspect or detect the unauthorized expend of remote administration tools hide access for the master servers of these tools.

Upper management interest

The medium cost of a data transgression in the United States was $6.53 million, according to a study by the Ponemon Institute and sponsored by IBM. Numbers relish this occupy gotten the attention of upper management, relate researchers. 

What is management asking their security teams for more? Enterprise risk assessment, incident response, and tabletop exercises relish stress tests and cross-functional reviews are top of the list.

Sara Peters is Senior Editor at dismal Reading and formerly the editor-in-chief of Enterprise Efficiency. Prior that she was senior editor for the Computer Security Institute, writing and speaking about virtualization, identity management, cybersecurity law, and a myriad ... View complete Bio

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Network Design Strategies | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

This chapter, from Upgrading and Repairing Networks, 5e, looks at the network's rational and physical design to assist your planning when creating a new network.

This chapter is from the book 

Many types of networks were discussed in Chapter 1, "A Short History of Computer Networking," from ARPANET to TCP/IP. And in Chapter 2, "Overview of Network Topologies," you scholarly about the various topologies you can employ when designing and creating a local zone network (LAN), and they too looked at some scenarios in which several networks were connected to shape a wide zone network (WAN). In this chapter, they will sight at another aspect of creating a network: the network's rational and physical design. The physical aspects of your LAN will depend on the underlying physical transport technology—Ethernet or Token-Ring, for example, or possibly ATM, which is supported as a LAN protocol in products such as Windows 2000/XP, Windows Server 2003, and Linux. Depending on which technology you use, there will live one or more LAN topologies from which to choose.

Before you can start to design a physical network, however, you first must determine your needs. What services must you provide to your user community? What are the resources you'll need? If you occupy to compromise, what will it buy to meet the most users or to provide the more well-known services? You then will occupy to buy into account network protocols, applications, network speed, and, most important, network security issues; each of these figures into a network's rational design. Another well-known factor your management will probably force you to regard is cost—you can't forget the budget. These factors manufacture up the rational design for your network. You first should pick what you necessity and what it will buy to provide for those needs.

If you are creating a new network and purchasing new applications, you will probably expend most of your time considering the licensing and other financial costs (training users, network personnel, and so on). If you are upgrading older applications, several other factors Come into consideration. Many applications that were coded using COBOL, BASIC, FORTRAN, and other languages that helped jumpstart the computer age may occupy built-in network functionality based on older proprietary network protocols. If this is the case with your network, you occupy to regard several things. What will it cost to update thousands of lines of code (or more) to more modern versions of the selfsame programming language? What will it cost to upgrade these programs to newer object-oriented languages? To rescue money, can you upgrade fraction of your network and expend gateway hardware/software to connect to older network components?

Because of the costs associated with coding applications that were created many years ago, and the expenses that will live required to update them to modern programming languages, you may live forced to maintain legacy applications for a few years while replacement applications are designed and created. You may find a packaged application that can live used to replace older programs. This problem will apply mostly to proprietary computer architectures, instead of Windows or Unix platforms. If you can simply manufacture minor changes and compile the source code so that it will flee on a newer operating system, your costs will live much less than if you occupy to re-create the applications your users necessity from scratch. Another cost associated with upgrading to new programs is training users and help-desk personnel.

When you procedure a rational network design, you can start from one of two places. You can design and install a new network from scratch, or you can upgrade an existing network. Either way, you should collect information about several well-known factors before you start the rational design. For example, depending on the services that will live provided to clients, you might necessity to analyze the viable traffic patterns that might result from your plan. Locate potential bottlenecks and, where possible, alleviate them by providing multiple paths to resources or by putting up servers that provide replicas of well-known data so that load balancing can live provided. The following are other factors to consider:

  • Who are the clients? What are their actual needs? How occupy you determined these needs—from user complaints or from help-desk statistics? Is this data reliable?
  • What kinds of services will you provide on the network? Are they limited in scope? Will any involve configuring a firewall between LANs? And if so, that noiseless doesn't account for configuring a firewall to enable access to the Internet.
  • Will you necessity to allow an Internet connection for just your internal network's users, or will expend you necessity to allow outside vendors access to your network? One specimen that comes to intellect is the Internet Printing Protocol (see Chapter 24, "Overview of the TCP/IP Protocol Suite"). What will it cost to evaluate what kindhearted of services user groups necessity to access from the Internet? Will you necessity to allow any users to expend email—both within the internal network and through the firewall on the Internet? The selfsame goes for what sites users will live allowed to access using a network browser and other network applications. Will you occupy users who drudgery from home and require dial-in or VPN access through the Internet?
  • Can your users tolerate a diminutive downtime now and then due to network problems, or is it necessary to provide a high-availability network? Will you necessity clustered servers to provide for a lofty degree of uptime, or upshot your users' applications not suffer from a temporary loss of the expend of a server? To provide for maximum uptime, can you afford to build redundancy into your network? For example, Chapter 2 discusses redundant topologies that can live used to prevent a single point of failure from making the network (and its resources) unavailable. Chapter 11, "Network Attached Storage and Storage zone Networks," describes methods you can expend to mirror data at geographically removed locations.
  • In an existing network, will you hold the current protocol or upgrade to a different protocol standard? If you create a network from scratch, what factors should impress your network protocol decision? Ethernet is the most current LAN technology in the world today. TCP/IP is the most current protocol suite that runs on Ethernet. Yet there are cases in which other technologies occupy their niches. regard the implications (such as champion costs and security) to maintain older, proprietary protocols.
  • Who Are Your Clients?

    This seems relish a very simple question. However, I'm not saying, "What are your clients' names and how well upshot you know their children?" I am referring instead to your lore of the job descriptions for the users on the network. You necessity to assess drudgery patterns for various departments so that you can appropriately set servers, high-bandwidth links, and other such things in the commandeer physical location of the network. If most of the network traffic you expect to remark will Come from the engineering department, you'll necessity to provide that department with a large data pipe. In Chapter 4, "Upgrading Strategies and Project Management," you'll find more information about surveying the user community to Come up with a procedure that places resources where they are needed.

    What Kinds of Services or Applications Will the Network Offer?

    Of course, everyone knows that the most well-known office of a network today is to champion multiuser gaming. Seriously, though, you necessity to manufacture a list of the kinds of applications currently in use, as well as a list of those requested by users. Each application should occupy a written risk assessment document that points out potential security problems, if any. Typical network applications today include FTP, telnet, and, of course, browsing the Web. There are "secure" versions of these applications and there are versions that leave a door wide open into your network. Whatever list of applications you chose to champion over the network, hold in intellect two things:

  • Is the application safe? Most applications today Come in secure versions or can live used with a proxy server to serve minimize the possibility of abuse. Yet, as they any occupy seen, even the largest corporations are targets at times, and those companies occupy the staff that should live able to prevent these things from happening. Because proxy servers are an well-known component of firewalls, this matter is covered in greater detail in Chapter 45. If you want a secure network, this is highly recommended reading!
  • Does one application overlap another? Every user has his or her favorite application. Some people relish one word processor, whereas others prefer a different one. But when dealing with applications or application suites (such as Microsoft Office), you'll find it better to manufacture a conclusion and stick with a single product if it can meet the needs of your users. They might not relish it, and training might live necessary, but supporting multiple applications that upshot the selfsame thing wastes money and leads to confusion.
  • A commonly overlooked routine for getting data files out of a network and onto the Internet is to simply forward the files as an attachment to an email. So if you assume you've blocked file transfers by disabling FTP access through the firewall, this specimen should divulge that you really upshot necessity to upshot a thorough evaluation of any new application or service you will allow on the network. New applications should live justified with facts that divulge why they are needed. If an existing application can live used to accomplish the selfsame goal, why upshot you necessity another application? Should you retire the older application and expend a newer one? Pay attention to the details. And don't forget to test new applications to ensure that they discharge as expected. The selfsame goes for older applications—will they drudgery on the new or upgraded network?

    Lastly, upshot you monitor network usage? upshot you want to permit users to expend their days browsing the Net, or checking personal email while at work? Many companies occupy policies that apply to using the telephone for personal business. upshot you overlook this situation when giving users email capability? Are you preventing access to sites that are obviously not business-related?

    What Degree of Reliability upshot I Require for Each Network Link?

    Just how much downtime is acceptable? For most users, the reply would live zero. well-known components of your network, such as file servers, should occupy failing tolerance built in from the bottom up. In large servers, you'll find dual-redundant power supplies (each connected to a separate UPS), and disk arrays set up using RAID techniques to provide for data integrity in the event that a disk goes south. If a link between two offices needs to live up 100% of the time, you should procedure for multiple links between the two sites to provide a backup capability. In this case, you too can justify the cost of the extra link by using load balancing so that network response time is improved. And, if you are using multiple links to remote sites, it's always a ample thought to occupy more than a single path to the site. At one site this author worked at, there were redundant power lines bringing electricity into the site—side-by-side. If a tree falls, will it bring down one or both of those power lines?

    Another technology that can live used to provide an extra layer of redundancy, as well as high-speed access to storage devices, is the Storage zone Network (SAN). A SAN is a network that is separate from the LAN and contains only storage devices and servers that necessity to access those devices. Because the network bandwidth is not shared with LAN users, multiple servers can access the selfsame storage. If one server fails, other servers can live configured to provide redundant access to the data. Also, the selfsame RAID and other redundancy techniques used for storage devices that are directly attached to a server (such as the SCSI hardware and protocols) can live used on a SAN.


    The terms RAID and UPS are well-known in today's networks, as is the concept of load balancing and dual-redundant power supplies in large networks. You can find out more about RAID (Redundant Array Of Independent Disks) and UPSs (uninterruptible power supplies) by reading Chapter 5, "Protecting the Network: Preventative Maintenance Techniques." For more information about SANs, remark Chapter 11.

    The used epigram "If it ain't broke, don't fix it" doesn't apply to networks. You should always live proactively looking for potential single points of failure and doing something to fix them. By edifice redundancy into the network design at the start, you'll rescue yourself a lot of grief in the future.

    Chapter 5 can give you more suggestions about using clustering, backups, uninterruptible power supplies, and other techniques that can hold the network up and running.

    Choosing a LAN Protocol

    Today the de facto protocol of preference has to live TCP/IP. However, other protocols occupy their set in some perpendicular markets. In this book, they talk about NetWare. NetWare has been around so long that you might find you occupy no preference when designing an upgrade but to hold using IPX/SPX, depending on the applications your network uses. However, even NetWare has moved toward using TCP/IP as the underlying protocol. This is basically the case for version 5.x and 6.x of NetWare. Older NetWare networks should upgrade, if possible, to one of these newer versions. If you will live connecting the network to the Internet, TCP/IP will live a necessity. Even if you don't expect to occupy an Internet connection, you'll find that choosing TCP/IP is a more practical preference today because most applications drudgery with it and there is a large market of trained professionals who can live hired to manage a network built on TCP/IP. NetWare 6.x provides backward compatibility with IPX/SPX for the most part, but newer features such as the iPrint—which uses the Internet Printing Protocol—require TCP/IP.

    In addition to transport protocols such as TCP/IP and IPX/SPX, you must regard application protocols that can live used on the network. For example, to simplify administering configuration information for a large number of computers, you might want to expend the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), which is discussed in Chapter 28, "BOOTP and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)." If you want to provide a central denomination resolution service, you might pick the Domain denomination Service (DNS), which is covered in Chapter 29, "Network denomination Resolution." If you are going to operate a Windows network that has pre–Windows 2000/XP clients, you might necessity to expend the Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) for backward compatibility.

    So when thinking about a network protocol, recollect that it's not just one protocol you necessity to worry about. After you've decided which protocols are necessary, research the security implications of each.

    It's Virtually Universal: TCP/IP

    For any practical purposes, the gauge LAN protocol today is TCP/IP. This is partly due to the rapid growth of the Internet, and the necessity of most businesses of having a Web presence, as well as the large number of vendors that occupy adopted this protocol suite. If your LAN is noiseless using an older proprietary network protocol, you should seriously regard what it would buy to upgrade to TCP/IP. Currently, TCP/IP version 4 is the most widely used protocol. In the future you can expect that the next version (IPv6) will start to find its route from the core of the Internet out to the edge, where your network resides. While technologies such as Network Address Translation (NAT) are widely employed to remedy the problem associated with the limited address space provided by IPv4, IPv6 will enable a much larger address space. Combine that with Network Address Translation, and the long-term bets are going to live on IPv6, or possibly some of the features that are fraction of IPv6. In addition to giving you a larger address space, IPv6 includes other well-known features. Those that will impress your network the most are security mechanisms, which will only become more well-known as Internet commerce continues to grow.


    For a detailed introduction to TCP/IP, remark Chapter 24, "Overview of the TCP/IP Protocol Suite"; Chapter 25, "Basic TCP/IP Services and Applications"; and Chapter 27, "Troubleshooting Tools for TCP/IP Networks."

    There is one very well-known intuition you should regard TCP/IP as a LAN protocol: There are more trained professionals knowledgeable in TCP/IP than any other LAN protocol at this time. It is provocative to note that in Windows NT 3.51, the default network protocol was Microsoft's implementation of IPX/SPX (NWLink). In Windows NT 4.0 (and successive operating systems, from Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003), the default network protocol is TCP/IP.

    If your network is composed of several operating systems, from Windows to NetWare to Unix and Linux, then the bottom line is that TCP/IP is the lowest common denominator that will allow the easiest connectivity and interaction between any of these. Even Microsoft's now-legacy NetBIOS/NetBEUI protocols occupy been adapted to flee over TCP/IP.

    Novell's NetWare Version 6.5

    NetWare was perhaps the first attempt at seriously providing a LAN protocol that was easy to use. The basic file and print services offered by early versions of NetWare were much better than other solutions available at that time. After it became established in the commerce community, NetWare became the network solution of preference in many commerce environments that used the PC. Microsoft countered this success with its LANManager products, which were too marketed by other vendors in their own way, such as the Pathworks solution from Digital gear Corporation.

    Today NetWare is a totally revamped solution to LAN connectivity. It provides many new features that are addressed to specifically manufacture expend of the Internet, and allow mobile users to connect to their home networks, as well as to enable NetWare users to manufacture connections to outside networks. For example, the iPrint feature enables NetWare users to print to a printer on a remote network. For example, instead of sending a catalog that may live out of date in a month or so, you can expend iPrint to periodically forward specific information relevant to each customer, by printing it directly to the customer's printer.

    And NetWare's iFolder allows mobile users to synchronize data stored on remote computers (such as a laptop computer) with the data stored on the company's network. Microsoft and other vendors offer similar features. However, the point to recollect is that if you already are a NetWare user, you don't occupy to pitch out your existing investment and creep to a Microsoft network, or even a Unix/Linux environment. NetWare has changed as the market has changed, and you might find it less expensive to upgrade to NetWare 6.5 than to migrate to another platform. The bottom line involves not just the cost of migrating to another operating system, but the costs involved with retraining your network administrative personnel in new technology.

    Because NetWare 6.5 is so tightly integrated with the IP protocol, and too offers backward compatibility with IPX/SPX, admins for existing NetWare networks should regard upgrading to NetWare 6.5 as well as considering other options.

    If you want to creep to Linux, Novell makes it easy by incorporating an enhanced version of NetWare 6.5 and SuSE Linux into its Novell Open Enterprise Server. Open Enterprise Server supports both Linux and NetWare-specific software and features, enabling you to creep to Linux gradually.

    Other LAN/WAN Protocols

    The distinction between LAN and WAN (wide zone networking) protocols is genesis to blur. Ethernet was once considered to live a LAN protocol. As time has passed, other technologies, such as Token-Ring, occupy become minor players in the LAN world. Yet the opposite is loyal of Ethernet. It has grown from a modest specification endorsed by Intel, DEC, and other vendors, such that it now can live considered a WAN protocol. The capabilities introduced by current LAN technologies are genesis to erode the differences between a LAN and a MAN (metropolitan zone network). When the fourth edition of this book was published, Gigabit Ethernet was starting to Fall into the inexpensive sweep of network topologies. That trend has continued and now 10Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) is frequently being used in enterprise data centers. Today you may live using 100BASE-T for connecting client computers to the network, and Gigabit Ethernet to connect network segments via the network backbone. In some cases your network might even live exclusively based on 10GbE.

    What does this intend to a network administrator today? With 10Gigabit Ethernet, you can expend TCP/IP not only to create a local zone network backbone, but to extend that gain to a metropolitan zone network. And because TCP/IP is so intertwined with Ethernet, you can achieve an end-to-end MAN link that uses TCP/IP over faster Ethernet connections. Instead of employing more expensive solutions, such as SONET, you can now connect branch offices in the selfsame geographical zone using just TCP/IP.

    You may not occupy to worry about installing expensive gear used by SONET and other typical MAN protocols. Still, for the long haul—for example, between different cities—other protocols such as ATM and Frame Relay will Come into play.


    For more information about SONET, ATM, and Frame Relay, remark Chapter 15, "Dedicated Connections."

    Inside the Mason-IBM-NSF Insights for Securing Industrial Control Systems | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Inside the Mason-IBM-NSF Insights for Securing Industrial Control Systems December 31, 2015  |  By Dr. Jane L. Snowdon Threats are coming from  any sides when it comes to industrial control systems (ICS) in the U.S., and organizations in a variety of sectors are boosting cybersecurity in an  pains to  hold their services up and running smoothly.


    Share Inside the Mason-IBM-NSF Insights for Securing Industrial Control Systems on Twitter share Inside the Mason-IBM-NSF Insights for Securing Industrial Control Systems on Facebook share Inside the Mason-IBM-NSF Insights for Securing Industrial Control Systems on LinkedIn

    The Mason-IBM-NSF April 2015 conference engaged industry, academia and government in a dialogue to address the challenges and uncertainties associated with securing industrial control systems (ICS) and processes, including supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems. It too made recommendations on viable actions and steps for industry leaders and policymakers.

    Industrial control systems are vital to the operation of the U.S.’s censorious infrastructure and can live organize in electric, water and wastewater, oil and natural gas, transportation and discrete manufacturing industries, among others. The increasingly networked and linked infrastructure of modern ICS introduces serious cyber risks and vulnerabilities that cannot live addressed by physically separating the system and the components they control and monitor. Innovation and advancement will require the combined resources and collaboration of academia, government and industry.

    Historically, security concerns over ICS were limited to physical attacks. According to a white paper from Schneider Electric, new factors occupy increased the vulnerability of control systems. Some of these include: growing connectivity through the integration of control systems and enterprise networks; insecure remote connections, where a failure to expend encryption or authentication mechanisms with dial-up modems and wireless communications for remote diagnostics and maintenance exist; availability of technical information about infrastructures and control systems on the Internet; and standardized technologies that occupy made it easier for knowledgeable people to storm systems.

    With the increasing connectivity of ICS and the evolution toward the smart grid, cybersecurity is playing an increasingly prominent role in the electric sector’s security strategy. Recent ICS-CERT statistics showed that the energy sector is the most-targeted of ICS operators, and U.S. policymakers are increasingly concerned that well-financed groups are targeting the country’s censorious infrastructure.

    Download the complete Mason-IBM-NSF Cybersecurity Workshop Report

    Industrial Control Systems salvage serious About Security

    One of the major insights discussed at the conference was the fact that cybersecurity risks to the electric industry continue to rise due to the increasing complexity of smart grids, greater expend and adoption of new technologies, increased connectedness and the growing number of entry points available for potential adversaries. Cybersecurity must live included in any phases of the system evolution life cycle, from the design side through implementation, maintenance and disposition.

    With the Internet of Things (IoT), grid security threats occupy jumped the gap from physical to cyber, while the security of legacy systems is more often bolted on than built in. New censorious infrastructure risks occupy been generated by an environment that combines TCP/IP, wireless radio frequency (RF) and Wi-Fi. Since the electrical grid is interconnected, a problem in one section can quickly impress another.

    The convergence of IT and operational technology (OT), together with sensor proliferation and the higher flat of intelligence on grid architectures, is increasing the ICS storm surface. This new environment will enable a shift away from data theft to more complicated cases of sabotage and cybercrime.

    ICS Needs Cooperation to Succeed

    Different departments within a commerce are increasingly cooperating on security as IT and OT are more integrated. Achieving a culture of cooperation is a major objective for energy providers.

    People are often the weakest link in an organization. Employees necessity champion from senior leadership to live trained and aware of threats, assigned responsibilities and roles and occupy established policies and procedures. Threats to people include phishing, spear phishing, advanced persistent threats and malicious company insiders.

    The looming reality that cyberattacks can repercussion key aspects of commerce operations calls for cybersecurity leaders to possess both cyber and commerce acumen — a combination not traditionally emphasized by the academic or the commerce realms. For many, the only option is relying on modern security measures.

    A sturdy security solution assures the right technologies are procured, deployed and defended at multiple points. These tools supply layered defenses and deploy technology to detect intrusions.

    Managing and Securing Utilities

    The utilities systems that comprise the national electric grid require processes and procedures to manage overall security. These processes include password management, server administration, patch management, incident response and following industry-wide standards and regulations. Procedures include personnel training and regular assessments.

    Additional cybersecurity insights discussed at the conference included:

  • Access controls are needed in the shape of fences, security locks, card readers, video cameras, firewalls, virtual private networks (VPNs) and unidirectional gateways.
  • Hardening is required through installation processes and procedures, Host Intrusion Protection System (HIPS) and application white-listing.
  • Authentication and authorization should live controlled by centralized account management and role-based access control.
  • Monitoring and auditing should live implemented through centralized security event logging, real-time alerting and 24/7 monitoring.
  • The patching of control systems can live a challenge since ICS patching cycles are not as rapid as IT patching cycles. In addition, electric systems are 24/7, and any system downtime is unacceptable.
  • The Future of Industrial Control Systems

    The conference speakers and participants provided recommendations for securing the smart grid and its IoT as fraction of a defense-in-depth strategy to limit the potential for damage and data leakage. Some of these recommendations were:

  • Using heterogeneous software and hardware to avoid cascading and wide failures when weaknesses are discovered;
  • Employing authentication and diverse encryption schemes;
  • Adopting hardened operating systems;
  • Tying data leaving local groups of devices to a bastion host or gateway device that filters communications;
  • Restricting local communications;
  • Limiting transmission of information from local sites;
  • Applying standards to ensure the smart grid and IoT interoperate safely.
  • Incorporating cybersecurity into the design side early contributes to each of these measures and overall grid security. The integration and correlation of data from multiple ICS in conjunction with traditional network security information and event management (SIEM) systems contributes to grid security.

    Cybersecurity should live addressed from the perspective of enterprise risk management. It needs to live on the agenda of an organization’s corporate risk committee. Risk-based methodologies should live used to assess the value of information assets, understand cybersecurity threats and develop a program that mitigates threats.

    A successful model of edifice an efficacious organizational cybersecurity program is to develop a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy and translate it into programs that include benchmarking, asset classification, operational metrics, threat analysis, security alternatives and risk management. This approach will provide the basis for continuous improvements to serve address risks and vulnerabilities.

    To learn more read the complete Mason-IBM-NSF Cybersecurity Workshop Report

    Tags: Energy and Utilities | Federal Government | Industrial Control Systems (ICS) | Internet of Things (IoT) | SCADA Contributor'photo Dr. Jane L. Snowdon

    Director of Watson Health Partnerships, IBM

    Dr. Jane L. Snowdon is the Director of Watson Health Partnerships for IBM’s newly formed Watson Health commerce unit... 1 Posts ensue on What’s new
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    Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
    PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Real Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
    VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
    Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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    Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]

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