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650-756 Advanced IP NGN Architecture Field(R) Engineer

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650-756 exam Dumps Source : Advanced IP NGN Architecture Field(R) Engineer

Test Code : 650-756
Test name : Advanced IP NGN Architecture Field(R) Engineer
Vendor name : Cisco
: 60 true Questions

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Cisco Advanced IP NGN Architecture

Cisco launches carrier provider technology specializations | true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

conserving its be conscious to extend its internet of things (IoT) specializations, Cisco these days announced a collection of service provider expertise specializations for companions drawn to increasing into unique industry alternatives.

the unique carrier company specializations are designed to position Cisco partners to monetize on the growing to be IoT market, projected to be expense $19 trillion in 10 years, in accordance with Steve Benvenuto, senior director of company progress for Cisco’s worldwide accomplice company, on the launch of the supplier’s first IoT specializations in November.

the unique 4 service issuer expertise specializations are advanced carrier company Routing technology Specialization, superior service issuer Mobility expertise Specialization, advanced provider provider Optical technology Specialization and advanced provider provider structure Specialization.

The superior service issuer Routing expertise Specialization focuses on router options, principally talents in carrier issuer core, side and access routing applied sciences; optimization solutions; and utility-described networking (SDN).

The advanced provider issuer Mobility technology Specialization training will enable companions to sell unique generations of cellular, small-phone and repair issuer Wi-Fi.

the unique advanced service issuer Optical know-how Specialization makes a speciality of optical options and how to offer packet switching, optical transport community (OTN), and Cisco Dense Wave Division Multiplexing (DWDN) and IP over optical convergence items. The specialization also teaches companions a pass to work with Cisco network Convergence device (NCS) 2000 and 4000 collection routers.

With the advanced provider provider architecture Specialization, companions will find out about provider issuer routing technologies along with both provider provider mobility or provider company optical applied sciences.

in response to Cisco, the brand unique suite of provider provider expertise specializations represents the business’s subsequent technology of the superior IP next-generation network (IP NGN) architecture Specialization and the cell information superhighway know-how (MIT) approved technology issuer (ATP) designation, which will be retired starting in March 2015.

the unique service issuer technology specializations are at present accessible with additional application updates anticipated in 2015.

Suraj Shetty | true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Vice PresidentWorldwide service company advertising

Suraj Shetty is the vp of advertising and marketing for the Cisco international carrier company advertising solid and leads a pair of teams accountable for riding service company success in construction and deployment of advanced services in accordance with Cisco items and options. His major areas of heart of attention include enabling service providers to radically change into journey suppliers in the course of the Cisco IP subsequent technology network (IP NGN) architecture and bring moneyed connected being experiences. Shetty is also concentrated on the acceleration of advanced IP applied sciences throughout the international Telecommunication Union (ITU), the web Engineering task drive (IETF), and other industry requisites their bodies.

Shetty is a regular speaker at industry hobbies and symposia and is a predominant Cisco spokesperson to press as well as each trade and financial analysts.

Shetty has held many product administration and advertising and marketing roles in his 11 years at Cisco, including two-tier distribution channel marketing, product advertising for DSL-linked items and options, and the Cisco Broadband Aggregation solution portfolio. earlier than his existing position, Shetty served as director of marketing in the Cisco provider company Routing expertise neighborhood with accountability for provider company core and district routing items.

prior to becoming a member of Cisco, Shetty changed into a Senior Engineering advisor at Eicon know-how, concentrated on systems community structure (SNA) gateway and routing solutions. Shetty holds a M.S. degree in electrical engineering from the school of Texas at San Antonio, and a bachelor of engineering diploma in electronics and communications from Karnatak college in India. He lives in San Jose with his wife and two children.

XO Communications accelerates structure and dawn of IP subsequent-era network functions With Cisco | true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

source: XO Communications

February 26, 2008 08:00 ET

Collaboration Strengthens XO's IP Portfolio and enterprise functions Capabilities

HERNDON, VA--(Marketwire - February 26, 2008) - XO Communications (OTCBB: XOHO), a leading company of twenty first century communications for companies and communications carrier suppliers, these days announced a 3-yr constrict with Cisco® to speed up the structure and start of subsequent-technology Cisco Powered IP communications features for agencies and sizable organisations via collaboration on services and options in addition to joint marketing and income initiatives.

both corporations will combine main-facet networking applied sciences from Cisco with XO's nationwide transport and IP networking capabilities to focal point on the starting to be exact for IP convergence and networking services. furthermore, the settlement will aid XO Communications accelerate the progress of unique features below the XO IPfolio and strengthens the enterprise's go-to-market capabilities because it expands its presence in the industry market.

NEW Cisco Powered provider Designations

XO Communications has additionally bought the Cisco Powered provider designation for several capabilities, together with MPLS IP-VPN, Metro Ethernet, protection, internet hosting and committed information superhighway access. These designations expose to agencies and sizable agencies that XO Communications has dedicated to investing in the materials, programs, and approaches to set up, manage, and aid top notch managed IP and networking functions.

"XO and Cisco partake a vision for the proliferation of managed features to enable industry shoppers to focal point on their core expertise as opposed to their IT infrastructure," spoke of Jeff Spagnola, vice chairman carrier issuer marketing at Cisco. "XO is a frontrunner out there in constructing out its provider portfolio, so as to allow its current and future consumers to enhance productiveness while decreasing the capex and opex associated with interior deployment of these supplies."

increasing XO's IP functions Portfolio

XO Communications has already developed and delivered to market several converged and IP networking features in keeping with the Cisco IP next-era community (IP NGN) architecture, including XO Metro Ethernet, XO IP Flex, XO SIP, XO VPN and XO MPLS IP-VPN. together, XO Communications and Cisco intend to collaborate on the progress of latest Cisco Powered Managed functions and solutions bundles that contain unique software-aware MPLS IP-VPN, managed protection and subsequent technology Unified Communications functions so as to present organizations more desirable features and performance for his or her mission-critical networks.

"With this contract, XO Communications is taking a leadership position in providing unique and superior IP solutions that enable corporations to converge voice and statistics networks for extended community performance and worker productiveness," famed Tom Cady, president of XO enterprise functions. "by using working intently with Cisco, we're stronger located to utilize Cisco's technology leadership and distribution channels to convey unique IP solutions to the industry market without delay."

subsequent-technology community and extended talent provides Platform for brand spanking unique IP services

XO Communications will deliver these unique functions over its advanced, nationwide IP network. XO Communications lately introduced a significant growth in the skill of its nationwide IP community in response to the Cisco IP NGN structure. The deployment of the Cisco CRS-1 service Routing device will more than double present talent and sets the stage for a four-fold enhance, while helping XO Communications meet the turning out to be exact for top-pace internet entry functions and assist its expansion into the high-means IP transit services market.

earnings Collaboration

agencies will additionally edge from collaboration between XO and Cisco sales forces. The managed features, a few of which can be found now and others which might be scheduled to be deployed in 2008 and 2009, are designed to champion purchasers maximize returns on present community investments by using enabling consolidation and ameliorate of multi-service IP networks. These features in the terminate may be made purchasable through direct and circuitous income channels.

About XO Communications

XO Communications, a subsidiary of XO Holdings, Inc. (OTCBB: XOHO), is a number one provider of twenty first century communications services for corporations and communications services providers, together with 50 p.c of the Fortune 500 and main cable corporations, carriers, content material providers, and cellular operators. applying its wonderful and robust nationwide IP network and wide local metro networks and broadband instant amenities, XO presents consumers a huge scope of managed voice, data and IP features in 75 metropolitan markets across the united states. For extra counsel, talk over with

forward-looking observation be aware

The statements contained in this release that don't appear to be historic statistics are "ahead-searching statements" (as such term is described in the inner most Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements consist of those describing the edge from unique initiatives and enhancements to XO Communications' industry and provider markets, XO Communications' potential to continue boom in facts and IP services, its potential to expand market partake via IP and personal networking initiatives, and XO Communications' capacity to improvement from improved network talent and further features from its long haul network. administration cautions the reader that these forward-looking statements are simplest predictions and are sphere to a pair of each common and unknown risks and uncertainties, and exact outcomes, efficiency, and/or achievements of XO Communications can also vary materially from the long dash results, performance, and/or achievements expressed or implied with the aid of these ahead-searching statements on account of a number of components. These components consist of, with out hindrance, their potential to generate satisfactory capital or to achieve financing. administration is unable to provide assurance that XO Holdings, Inc. or its subsidiaries will finally consummate option financing transactions or that such financing transactions can be consummated earlier than the lenders under their credit Facility could accelerate reimbursement of the unbelievable indebtedness. other elements to believe additionally include the risk elements described sometimes in the experiences filed with the aid of XO Holdings, Inc. with the Securities and change commission, together with its Annual file on kindhearted 10-ok for the 12 months ended December 31, 2006 and its quarterly studies on form 10-Q. XO Holdings, Inc. undertakes no responsibility to supplant any ahead-looking statements.

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Advanced IP NGN Architecture Field(R) Engineer

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Sprint Builds Upon Commitment to Deliver Converged Services with Enhanced Wireless WAN Solution Enabled by Cisco IP NGN Innovation | true questions and Pass4sure dumps

Exclusive Offerings dote Flat Rate Pricing, Wireless/Wireline Integration, Enhanced Security with Sprint Data Link and Sprint Managed Services Give industry Customers a Simple Solution for Increasing Efficiencies, Improving Reliability and Reducing Costs

OVERLAND PARK, Kan.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--July 9, 2007--Customers seeking to garner the benefits of reduced costs, faster-to-market connectivity and secure industry continuity can now recall edge of a wireless wide district network (WAN) solution featuring the Cisco(R) 3G Wireless WAN High-Speed WAN Interface Card (HWIC) now available from Sprint (NYSE:S) via its industry sales channels. Unlike similar offerings in the marketplace, Sprint is offering value-added components and is the only carrier to offer customers a choice of leveraging wireless connectivity, with enhanced security, directly to a customer’s Multiple Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Virtual Private Network (VPN)-based network via Sprint’s Data Link network or through a wireless solution leveraging the public Internet.

Jointly developed by Sprint and Cisco and for utilize with applicable Cisco Integrated Services Routers (ISRs), the Cisco 3G Wireless WAN HWIC solution is piece of the Cisco Internet Protocol Next-Generation Network (IP NGN) architecture and provides high-speed wireless data access via the Sprint Mobile Broadband Network for primary access to an IP/MPLS network solution or to provide upright redundancy for high-availability corporate networking solutions. Sprint has the largest mobile broadband network reaching more than 208 million people and more than 11,600 cities and 1,000 airports.

Sprint expects that a vast majority of its mobile broadband network will be upgraded to faster EV-DO Rev. A by year-end. With champion for EV-DO Rev. A technology, Sprint industry customers utilizing the Cisco 3G Wireless WAN HWIC solution can recall edge of increased data speeds, flexible deployments, managed service and enhanced security connection to Sprint’s IP or MPLS VPN networks. The solution is also backwards compatible with EV-DO Rev. 0 and 1XRTT networks in areas where Sprint EV-DO Rev. A coverage might not be available.

As compared to managing two disparate networks, the customer now has a choice of a fully integrated wireless and wireline solution to champion their IP/MPLS networking needs. Benefits include:

-- Wireless connectivity (with security) to the customer’s enterprise network. -- Increased network availability with truly divergent wireless/wireline network paths. -- With Sprint Managed Services, the overall solution is simple and easier to deploy and manage. Customers can focus on the core elements of their industry and let Sprint recall keeping of deployment and management of the router services. -- A lower cost solution when compared to traditional wireline access solutions. -- Delivers automatic failover for industry continuity. -- Offers temporary office and can supplement company disaster recovery options. acquire just about anyplace a workplace. Set up an office in a non-traditional location including construction sites, temporary points of sale, seasonal work centers, events/tradeshows, industry kiosks and catastrophe recovery centers. -- Faster time to market. Service can be quickly set up versus waiting for the installation and activation of a wireline connection.

"Given their wireless data expertise and IP leadership, Sprint is uniquely positioned to offer this integration of wireless and wireline, which offers the pledge of reduced costs and increased efficiency," said Tony Krueck, vice president of product management and progress for Sprint. "This replete service solution combines security, data and router management services into a separate cost-reducing platform and will be attractive to many customers including those using traditional wireline solutions as well as many industries and public sector organizations.

The Cisco 3G Wireless WAN HWIC solution takes edge of the Sprint Global MPLS VPN, a scalable platform that includes robust network security and redundancy measures, flexible access options and integration with Sprint wireless services to provide businesses with high-performing access to their information and applications whenever they exigency it.

At launch, Sprint is also offering the Cisco 3G Wireless WAN HWIC solution as an extension of its managed network services and customer equipment champion portfolio so customers can profit from no-hassle implementation and managed services while experiencing increased reliability and security for their data. Customers working with Sprint for its Cisco 3G Wireless WAN HWIC solution will tolerate a choice of service plans including unlimited and usage-based service plans. The unlimited plans alleviate cost concerns for those businesses by providing a gauge monthly saturate independent of the monthly usage.

"Sprint is at the forefront of advanced 3G services delivery for the ’Empowered Wireless Branch,’" said Ian Pennell, senior vice president of access technology routing group at Cisco. "By incorporating the Cisco 3G Wireless WAN HWIC solution directly into its small- and medium-sized industry and enterprise arm office routers, Cisco has provided the flexibility, scalability, ease of installation and management necessary for Sprint customers to maximize the revert on network investments. They animate Sprint customers to contact their local Sprint representative today and discuss availability and service design options."

Alternative Wireless Devices

For customers without compatible Cisco integrated services routers who want the very wireless network, highly secure connectivity and cost-reduction benefits, Sprint already supports the AirLink Raven X EV-DO Rev. A modem with the Wireless WAN solution.

About Sprint Nextel

Sprint Nextel offers a comprehensive scope of wireless and wireline communications services bringing the liberty of mobility to consumers, businesses and government users. Sprint Nextel is widely recognized for developing, engineering and deploying innovative technologies, including two robust wireless networks serving 53.6 million customers at the terminate of first-quarter 2007; industry-leading mobile data services; instant national and international walkie-talkie capabilities; and a global Tier 1 Internet backbone. For more information, visit

CONTACT: Media Contacts:SprintAmy Schiska-Lombard, 913-794-2947amy.k.schiska@sprint.comorCiscoKevin Petschow,

SOURCE: Sprint

Why Analog Designs Fail | true questions and Pass4sure dumps

The gap between analog and digital reliability is growing, and digital designs appear to be winning.

Reports expose that analog content causes the most test failures and contributes significantly more than digital to sphere returns. The causes aren’t always obvious, though. Some of it is due to the maturity of analog design and verification. While Great strides tolerate been made in digital circuitry, analog design automation and verification methodologies tolerate lagged. In addition, leading-edge nodes acquire it increasingly difficult to construct responsible analog circuitry.

“The analog blocks effect account for a great percent of chip failures,” says Scott Guyton, manager for solutions architecture at Mentor, a Siemens Business. “This is due to high complexity, an error-prone process, full-custom design, variability, limited systematic verification to assess robustness, and much less automation compared to its digital counterpart.”

Others are more direct in their assessment. “Analog is a dinosaur waiting for a meteor,” says Steve Lewis, marketing director for Cadence.

There are statistics to back this up, as well. “One pass to track the progress of analog design methodology is the percent of field failures due to analog elements of a design compared to other elements,” says technique Schaldenbrand, senior product manager at Cadence. “At the VLSI Test Symposium, the report was that 95% of sphere failures are due to the analog elements of the design. So, there are significant issues.”

However, not everyone sees this problem. “Analog is hard,” admits Sunil Bhardwaj, senior director for Rambus‘ India design center. “It requires investment from designers. Interfaces are the pass in which a chip interacts with the relaxation of the world, and that is analog by definition. They effect not observe that portion of the design contributing asymmetrically to failures.”

It’s also well-known to distinguish between friendly and debauch analog implementations. In effect, not totality analog is created equal.

“Our designs are about 90% mixed-signal on the physical layer side, where the PHY is one of the more difficult pieces of IP that has to be developed for a high-speed SerDes or remembrance interface,” says open Ferro, senior director for product management at Rambus. “Reliability is the first and foremost requirement for these interfaces. To work in a data center, where it has similar temperature requirements to automotive, it has to be responsible for seven-plus years of operation. They tolerate to meet very strict standards, be it analog or digital.”

But analog requires a different approach, and much of that stems from designer suffer rather than a massive reliance on tools. “The exigency of automation in analog design puts more tribulation of attribute and performance on the suffer of the individual designer and design teams versus that of digital design teams,” says Guyton. “This requirement results in much higher design costs due to longer design cycles, custom flows, and higher resource costs.”

The situationProgress continues in making analog easier and more predictable. “Traditionally, analog design was considered a form of technique best left to those few who liked to tinker with sizes of transistors,” explains Manuel Mota, product marketing manager at Synopsys. “Tools to champion analog design automation and systematization generally were not available, leading to long and arduous progress phases and possibly deviations from expected targets. However, design flows tolerate evolved to enable higher attribute designs through partial automation of the design and verification efforts, simpler and more accurate annotation of silicon effects at earlier phases of the design cycle, and more accurate device models and simulators.”

Unlike digital circuits, analog circuitry does not scale well. “Most technology scaling is tuned for the digital world,” says Bhardwaj. “A lot of the focus, at least from the transistor technology development, is around switches. This is a very digital notion. One of the sizable challenges for the analog developer is being able to understand the analog implications of shrinking geometries. This is arduous and not always in the best direction for an analog designer—more mismatch, more variability. And then you add on top of that the EDA tools don’t always comprehend that, and these acquire the design hard. They can only compensate by having experienced engineers.”

Scaling does not apply to analog in the very way. “Generally speaking, the extreme advanced nodes effect not tolerate a major impact on the transistors in the analog portion of the design,” points out Steve Lewis, marketing director for mixed-signal at Cadence. “Often, these transistors are larger to acquire positive that loads, power distribution, and signal fidelity are totality well maintained within the application. The little nodes effect impact the digital cores and signal processing circuitry. But that is why they tolerate mixed-signal simulation, so that their customers can merge the domains together, each maintaining the prerogative transistor size for the application at hand.”

But even then it has an impact. “Analog design is driven by process parameters, including supply voltages, transistor gain, thresholds and fT,” says Guyton. “These vary with each emerging technology. With the emerging trends towards lower power consumption in IoE, energy efficiency is a critical device of merit resulting in more stringent clocking requirements, lower noise, and stability with temperature. As they hurry to smaller process nodes with lower voltages and lower power requirements, maintaining the very clamor performance is very challenging. Low power and low clamor are conflicting requirements. This makes understanding device clamor and its impact even more critical than in previous generations.”

A slowdown in device scaling could succor analog enmesh up, as well. “The terminate of Moore’s Law will start to tolerate a significant impact,” says Benjamin Prautsch, group manager for Advanced Mixed-Signal Automation at Fraunhofer IIS/EAS. “There is less pressure to hurry analog content to the newer nodes, which is both time-consuming and expensive. But there are secondary advantages to staying with older nodes. As those nodes become more mature, the erudition about them will increase, and that will decrease the desire or exigency to more to the newer technologies. At some point the integration of RF and analog components will stop.”

Cadence’s Schaldenbrand says that designers have several options for implementing analog functionality in advanced node processes. Among them:

  • Implement the very design. This requires special process technology for analog functionality.
  • Implement the very design in an advanced process node, which is extremely challenging.
  • Digitize the functionality with an ADC or DAC as nigh to the true world as possible, using digital to effect the signal processing. That requires defining high-resolution, low-power data converters, which is relatively simple.
  • Develop unique analog primitives that meet the performance requirements in advanced node processes, for example, replacing op amps with ring amps, ring oscillators used as amplifiers.
  • Implement the analog duty using digital circuitry, such as all-digital PLLs.
  • Digitally assisted analogThere is one other alternative, as well. “Analog blocks tolerate shrunk in district and power consumption in ways that may be surprising to many,” says Synopsys’ Mota. “It may be argued that, for some functions, district and power consumption tolerate scaled at rates consistent with Moore’s Law. They can expose examples for a host of different analog functions ranging from data converters, to PHYs, and even RF transceivers. Such progress is not achieved simply by optimizing transistor sizes for the unique process, which is not enough since analog designs seldom acquire utilize of minimum sized transistors due to analog performance (linearity) and matching concerns. Instead, analog designers develop unique architectures to deploy the very function. Rather than going against the ‘digital’ nature of advanced processes, analog designers recall edge of the abundance (and tiny area) of digital gates to implement ‘digitally assisted analog functions.’ The analog shroud is simplified at the expense of its raw analog performance, but includes knobs that enable an embedded digital duty to anatomize the actual performance and to calibrate and redress the operation, so as to achieve the redress performance in each condition.”

    Rambus is going in a similar direction. “When they leer at the analog circuit, they tolerate significant digital content,” says Bhardwaj. “We often trust on digital techniques to assist the analog to deal with variation, to deal with a variety of configurations, to deal with calibration and training. This is best done in digital. Designs are becoming mixed-signal, and a lot of analog has digital components to calibrate analog to ameliorate their robustness. They always tolerate to deem architecture. There tolerate been a lot of advances in the architecture of analog designs in which they utilize digital techniques, especially on the power front, to ameliorate the performance of the analog circuits.”

    Test and verificationThere are three primary reasons for analog failures in the field. The design may not tolerate been properly verified, such that variation in the sphere causes a failure; chip test did not enmesh that a particular device did not conform to its operational parameters; or parametric drift in the sphere could antecedent a device to Go out of tolerance.

    Compare the plane of automation available to digital designers for verification to that available to analog designers. “Digital designers execute their regressions nightly and track progress on coverage,” says Schaldenbrand. “Analog designers don’t even tolerate tools to execute verification. For example, instead of assertions to report pass and fail, many analog designers still exigency to manually ‘eyeball’ the waveforms to acquire decisions about the functionality of their designs.”

    This makes analog design more expensive. “The EDA industry has done a Great job in enabling multi-billion transistor designs,” says Bhardwaj. “However, analog verification still relies a lot on techniques that were developed many years ago – SPICE. As the content of analog increases with bandwidth requirements and interface requirements, they effect not tolerate tools that can ply that complexity. So the investment of the design community, the design engineers and their experience, and most importantly their time, goes into analog verification.”

    EDA companies tolerate long seen this as an opportunity. “There tolerate been a pair of traditional ways to decipher the analog verification problems and there are a pair of emerging trends that borrow from their digital brethren,” explains Lewis. “On the former, there is the usage of corners/statistics simulation and modeling, which can succor the designer heart their design to achieve maximum density while maintaining enough ‘margin’ in the design to soothe a lot of the variation that can occur.”

    Mota agrees. “Achieving high design coverage requires hundreds of thousands of Monte Carlo runs per corner, which is not practical. Fortunately, modern techniques to ply great variability, based on high sigma analysis, such as sigma-amplification and others reduce the simulation time significantly, down to only hundreds of runs, for the very coverage.”

    For unique techniques, Lewis points to the emergence of reliability and fault testing for the analog side. “Over the eventual few years, unique ISO standards tolerate begun to emerge to assist in the description of analog faults, particularly for the auto industry, which relies heavily on analog circuitry, to provide analog designers a path to extend the testing cycles of the analog design, and thereby provide a deeper assurance in the long-term viability of the analog part.”

    This will become better defined this year. IEEE P2427, “A gauge for Analog Defect Modelling and Coverage,” will define how to model faults and reckon test coverage. The gauge should accelerate the progress and deployment of tools for analog fault simulation of test coverage in 2019.

    A white paper written by Steve Sunter, engineering director for mixed-signal DFT at Mentor, points out that test time per analog transistor has not decreased. In contrast, there has been a remarkable improvement for the digital content. “For mixed-signal ICs, test time for the analog portion can dominate total test time. For mixed-signal automotive ICs, overall test attribute has steadily improved, until recently. Whenever results asymptotically approach a limit, it indicates that a unique tactic is needed to significantly ameliorate results.”

    Fig 1: Defect rates for automotive ICs and antecedent of failures. Source: Mentor

    Test is a challenge for analog. “The talent to differentiate ones and zeros and to approach up with tests, as opposed to being able to differentiate between gain and operating talent at multi-gigabit speeds, are very different things,” says Bhardwaj. “We tolerate a lot of techniques around DFT and scan that are able to test the functional logic, but analog relies on the talent to test at high speed, and those tests are complicated and recall time. They require lab characterization and at an e-test or wafer-test plane it is quite difficult to be able to test for totality of that. There are techniques that are coming, similar to digital assist for analog, which trust on digital signals to be able to test the analog robustness.”

    To effect this, sensors are inserted into the chip, such as temperature sensors, or corner performance sensors. “They exist as analog designs, and when properly used they are able to calibrate and offset the performance of the analog system so that it can adjust,” adds Bhardwaj. “If a chip is friendly or not, or if there is process variation, a lot of designs tolerate digital assist that allows them to calibrate and ply the variation.”

    Once inserted, those sensors can succor the chip to adapt rather than fail. “Given that aging processes are tangled and often difficult to fully predict, many chip designs today are often over-designed to ensure adequate margin to meet requirements for responsible lifetime operation,” says Stephen Crosher, chief executive officer for Moortec. “If the aging processes could become more deterministic—or better still, if you can monitor the aging process in real-time—then you can reduce the over-design and potentially develop chips that react and adjust for aging effects, or even prognosticate when chip failure may occur.”

    ConclusionAnalog design will always be more difficult than digital, and to companies that tolerate chosen to exceed in this area, it can provide them with a protective moat.

    “Process evolution as dictated by Moore’s Law is not a limitation for analog content,” says Mota. “It opens the door to unique and creative architectures, and as such it is an opportunity. Challenges remain, especially in terms of design automation for productivity. Even if the ultimate goal of generalized automatic analog design synthesis and optimization still seems far away, it is an district that is evolving.”

    Related StoriesTech Talk: Analog SimplifiedWhy it’s so critical to speed up analog design across a broad swath of markets, and how to amass there.How To ameliorate Analog Design ReuseExisting design approaches remain inefficient, error-prone and highly customized, but that could change.Analog Migration Equals RedesignAdvanced nodes are forcing design teams to acquire tradeoffs at each unique node and with each unique process.Testing Analog ChipsIncreasing numbers of analog components could succor perk up this market after years of steady but sleepy growth.

    Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) Q2 2017 Results - Earnings convoke Transcript | true questions and Pass4sure dumps

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