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310-044 Sun Certified Network Administrator For Solaris 9

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310-044 exam Dumps Source : Sun Certified Network Administrator For Solaris 9

Test Code : 310-044
Test name : Sun Certified Network Administrator For Solaris 9
Vendor name : SUN
: 320 real Questions

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SUN Sun Certified Network Administrator

revenue for Certification: sun licensed community Administrator for Solaris OS | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

extra Charts for Certification classes

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First Maltese-licensed coach in sun Solaris | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Computime's Ian Attard is the primary completely licensed Maltese trainer in sun Solaris, the common working gadget for servers. Most gaming and telecommunication providers in Malta employ Solaris, therefore the claim for Solaris training comes tenacious from these businesses.

This changed into the final step for Computime to provide the complete latitude of coaching on Solaris on a autochthonous degree. The industry first became an authorized solar training centre, and thus uncouth started on the Java direction. as soon as the industry has matter and familiarised itself with sun's practising strategies, it changed into handiest natural to circulation on to the Solaris courses.

"knowledge realized uncouth over the lessons encompass basic to superior working gadget procedures, spanning from primary configurations similar to disk formatting and reducing, community configurations and troubleshooting ideas to working paraphernalia returned-up and recuperation strategies," Mr Attard instructed i-Tech . "All of these talents can breathe used uncouth over training courses because the course can breathe very hands-on and lets students adventure these first hand. The ambiance become very conducive to learning with numerous information available from sun to get my system as painless as viable."

Solaris operating device certifications are smash up into three components.

The solar licensed Solaris Administrator allotment 1 direction begins from the very fundamentals and tackles the basic and intermediate administrative tasks that a Solaris administrator will exigency to know. This path also builds the foundation for different extra advanced ideas and is a prerequisite to the sun licensed Solaris Administrator allotment 2 path.

The second route builds on the ideas coated via the half 1 route and introduces other extra advanced administrative tasks reminiscent of extra advanced installation strategies and operating gadget troubleshooting and prognosis. After this course the pupil is eligible to finish the exam and become a solar certified methods administrator.

The third route, the solar licensed community Administrator, specializes in the networking features existing within the Solaris working paraphernalia and tackles subjects reminiscent of IP routing, highly redundant networking configurations and cargo-balancing ideas at the working system stage. After this route the student is eligible to finish the exam and develop into a sun certified network administrator.

Mr Attard reassures that it is not intricate to learn the route to employ and get the most Solaris.

"lots of the Solaris concepts are very akin to the ideas present in other Unix-primarily based operating methods, therefore prior talents in other working systems reminiscent of Linux will note to breathe very advantageous within the transition to Solaris. however, Solaris is not a difficult working paraphernalia to breathe trained to get employ of from scratch."

particulars on Solaris courses can breathe establish from Computime.

solar licensed gadget Administrator: Job Description & necessities | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

licensed Solaris device administrators are information know-how (IT) authorities who deploy and preserve community servers running probably the most Solaris operating device, at present obtainable through the Oracle enterprise. they are continually employed by using businesses and other corporations with laptop networks that employ the company's open supply application items. As systems directors, they may additionally oversee other IT team of workers and respond to questions and maintenance requests from office worker's.

education Bachelor's diploma in counsel know-how or computing device science advised Job competencies Troubleshooting, analytical thinking, multitasking, communication revenue latitude (2016)* $87,400 to $104,762 with sun licensed system Administrator credentials Job boom (2014-2024)** eight% for network and laptop techniques administrators

source: *Payscale, **U.S. Bureau of Labor statistics

Required schooling

Most techniques administrators hold accomplished a Bachelor of Science in suggestions expertise, desktop Science or a connected container. Core coursework usually includes topics in programming languages and strategies, networking and programs design. Solaris certifications are available during the Oracle company in network, security and techniques administration. requirements involve a passing rating on an exam, which candidates can spot together for by enrolling in classes at the Oracle Academy or an authorised practicing middle, reviewing seminar applications and taking ensue assessments.

competencies Required

techniques administrators are analytical thinkers who're capable of troubleshoot issues for massive companies of network gadget users. worrying instances require clear, quickly considering, and can involve working long hours until the issue is fastened. The skill to multitask can breathe efficient when managing multiple assignment at a time. communique skills are key when working with nontechnical staff contributors.

career and salary Outlook

The U.S. Bureau of Labor facts (BLS) estimated that jobs for paraphernalia directors in universal will enhance with the aid of a regular pace, 8% from 2014 to 2024. certified gadget directors will delight in stunning job possibilities, as companies more and more weigh on full-time experts to retain their computer operating systems. in keeping with, licensed methods administrators for Solaris working methods earned between $87,four hundred and $104,762 in may also 2016.

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Sun Certified Network Administrator For Solaris 9

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It's back: Sun posts download of Solaris 9 x86 | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Ending nearly a year of debate with its users, Sun Monday will get available on its Web site an early access version of its Solaris 9 operating system that runs on Intel- compatible processors.

In January, Sun announced plans to halt travail on the x86 version of Solaris 9, focusing instead on developing the new operating system only for its own UltraSPARC processors. This slouch triggered a rash of complaints from Sun's user base, which included several advertisements in major newspapers calling for Sun to interpret the slouch in a public forum. Sun declined those challenges butreversed its stance on the x86 version of Solaris in October by announcing that it would bring the OS back with plenary support.

"We've had some issues in the past about their commitment to this product," said John Loiacono, vice president of operating platforms at Sun. "Well, now they are jumping in with two feet on this thing. They are going hog wild. You are going to espy over the next two to three months additional enhancements to Solaris as a whole, which will hold Solaris x86 as a key component."

Sun posted the download Monday evening at this Web site, charging users $20 for the software. Sun will ensue up the early access version with a completed release of Solaris 9 x86 in December. The company will probably pervade $99 for a single-processor license, Loiacono said.

Users can precipitate Solaris x86 on a wide purview of Intel-based hardware, from servers to laptops. In addition, Sun sells its low-end Sun LX50 server with either Solaris x86 or Sun Linux.

The company may commence to present more of its systems with Solaris x86 as an option, Loiacono said. He hinted that the OS might next loom on Sun's blade servers, which hold yet to breathe released. Sun will also commence pathetic on to the x86 platform more of its Sun One (Open Net Environment) software, which includes an application server and directory server.

"You will espy us get releases for Solaris x86 that (match) the schedule of releases for Solaris on UltraSparc," Loiacono said. "We are also working to finish performance testing and tuning, not just putting bits out there."

Sun's change of heart comes as a result of the user feedback and an improved back model that made it financially feasible for the company to develop the OS, Loiacono said.

A number of companies employ Solaris x86 in their production environments. The OS is also celebrated in academic settings as an alternative to Linux or Microsoft's Windows. Analysts hold said having Solaris available on Intel hardware provides users with a lower-cost route to employ the OS as opposed to buying pricier UltraSparc-based hardware.

"Customers hold said, 'I would treasure to precipitate Solaris; however, it's too expensive to deploy on Sparc," Loiacono said.

In the future, Sun could even bring some of its higher-end software products such as Sun Cluster to the Solaris x86 platform.

The company already plans to bundle a version of Sun Cluster with the gauge version of Solaris in the near future, said an engineer at the company who asked not to breathe named. This software could breathe of particular employ to customers that want to swirl a number of blade servers into one great computer.

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Solaris 8 User Administration Tools | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Peter Gregory discusses user account configuration files; adding, modifying, and deleting user accounts with Admintool and shell commands; user shells; and user account commands in Solaris 8.

This sample chapter is excerpted from Sun Certified System Administrator for Solaris 8 Study Guide, by Peter Gregory.

This chapter is from the bespeak 

After completing this chapter, you'll breathe able to

  • Identify the following login procedures: log into a system, log out of a system, and change login passwords.

  • State the command used to identify which users are currently logged into the system.

  • State the steps required to create user accounts on the local system using the admintool utility.

  • State the command syntax to add, modify, or delete user/group accounts on the local system with the useradd, groupadd, usermod, groupmod, userdel, or groupdel commands.

  • Given a user's login shell, list the shell initialization files used to set up a user's travail environment at login.

  • To fulfill these objectives, this chapter discusses:

  • User account configuration files;

  • Adding, modifying, and deleting user accounts with Admintool;

  • Adding, modifying, and deleting user accounts with shell commands;

  • User shells; and

  • User account commands.

  • Three principal files define the identity of a user account: the password file, the shadow file, and the group file.

    The Password File

    The password file contains the basic identifying information for each user allowed to access a system. The system location of the password file is /etc/passwd. The format of the password file is:


    These fields are:

  • username—the name that identifies the user account.

  • password—in Solaris 8 an "x" in this field signifies that the corresponding shadow file contains the encrypted password string.

  • uid—the unique numerical ID assigned to the account. The maximum value for UID is 2147483647, but administrators are urged to employ values less than 60,000 to ensure compatibility with uncouth of the tools that are used to manage accounts or pomp information that includes usernames.

  • gid—the primary (default) numerical group ID assigned to the account. fancy the UID field, the maximum value for GID is 2147483647, but a maximum of 60,000 is preferable.

  • gcos-field—this is the user's real name (the term "gcos-field" is the historical term for this field).

  • home-dir—the directory where the user is placed after logging in; this usually contains the user's own files and directories.

  • login-shell—the initial shell that is started on behalf of the user upon logging in. If this field is blank, then /usr/bin/sh is used.

  • The password file can breathe read by anyone on the system. There is no information that must breathe kept surreptitious in this file. A sample password file looks fancy this:

    root:x:0:1:Super-User:/:/sbin/sh daemon:x:1:1::/: bin:x:2:2::/usr/bin: sys:x:3:3::/: adm:x:4:4:Admin:/var/adm: lp:x:71:8:Line Printer Admin:/usr/spool/lp: uucp:x:5:5:uucp Admin:/usr/lib/uucp: nuucp:x:9:9:uucp Admin:/var/spool/uucppublic:/usr/lib/uucp/uucico listen:x:37:4:Network Admin:/usr/net/nls: pete:x:100:4:Peter Gregory:/export/home/pete:/bin/sh nobody:x:60001:60001:Nobody:/:

    Fields in the password file are delimited by colons (":"), and blank fields are signified by two adjacent colons ("::"). For instance, note that the account name field for daemon is blank—just two colons. Also, daemon has no shell entry, so the terminal character for daemon is the colon delimiter.

    The colon delimiter is also used in the shadow and group files, which are discussed in a later section.

    It is practicable and permissible to create more than one username in the password file with the very UID. Each username will hold its own unique password. However, tools such as ls and ps, when used with options displaying username, will pomp the first username establish in the password file matching the UID.

    When a new account is added, changed, or removed with the useradd, usermod, or userdel commands (which are discussed later in this chapter), the system creates a backup copy of the password file, called /etc/opasswd.

    The Shadow File

    The shadow file contains each user account's encrypted password, as well as specific per-account parameters governing "password aging." The system location of the shadow file is /etc/shadow. The format of the shadow file is:


    These fields are:

  • username—this is the very username establish in the password file.

  • password—a 13-character encrypted password. If this field contains a lock string (e.g., "locked" or "NP"), the account is inaccessible; if blank, the account has no password.

  • lastchg—date of terminal password change (literally the number of days between January 1, 1970, and the date the password was terminal changed).

  • min—minimum number of days allowed before the password can breathe changed.

  • max—maximum number of days allowed before the password expires.

  • warn—the number of days prior to expiration that the user is warned.

  • inactive—the number of days of inactivity allowed for the account before the account is automatically locked.

  • expire—the date when the user account is deactivated.

  • flag—a field reserved for future use.

  • The shadow file is restricted so that only the system administrator can read it. This is because an intruder could accomplish a "dictionary attack," using guessable passwords in an attempt to determine the passwords for one or more accounts. Programs that "crack" account passwords are available for this purpose; thus, the shadow file is not publicly readable.

    A sample shadow file looks fancy this:

    root:Pe0iQfp2LcAig:10528:::::: daemon:NP:6445:::::: bin:NP:6445:::::: sys:NP:6445:::::: adm:nIP3GPx2FIZYQ:11053:::::: lp:NP:6445:::::: uucp:NP:6445:::::: nuucp:NP:6445:::::: listen:*LK*::::::: pete:GSSUYVrJ8EKyA:11055:::::: nobody:NP:6445::::::

    Note that some of the accounts in the illustration shadow file hold "NP" ("no password") or "*LK*" (locked) in them. These are just two ways of signifying that the accounts are locked against login. There is nothing really magic about "NP" or "*LK*"—they are just one route of easily showing that these accounts are locked and going to abide that way. You could spot other text in the password field to suit your needs; for instance, a helpdesk ticket number or a date.

    When a user changes his or her password, the system creates a backup copy of the shadow file, called /etc/oshadow. This also occurs if root changes a user's password.

    Exam Notes

    Think About It . . .

    Why are encrypted passwords establish in /etc/shadow and not in /etc/passwd?

    For many commands (ps, ls, etc.) to travail properly, /etc/passwd must breathe world readable. Prior to the employ of /etc/shadow, uncouth users' encrypted password strings were also publicly readable. This gave people with "password cracking" programs an opening to determine other users' passwords. By pathetic the encrypted password strings to /etc/shadow (which can breathe read only by root), the aptitude to access encrypted passwords is eliminated.

    First, a bit of history. Older versions of UNIX did not hold a shadow file; instead, the encrypted password string was establish in the password file, in the second field that is usually filled with an "x" in Solaris. Solaris still supports the encrypted password appearing in the password file, although this is not advisable, since the password file is publicly readable.

    Older versions of UNIX with no shadow file also had no password-aging capability.

    The Network Information System (NIS) subsystem was designed around the worn shadow-less architecture; this explains why NIS has no shadow map, nor does it back password aging.

    The Group File

    The group file contains a listing of uncouth of the groups on the system, along with each group's numeric groupid and a list of each of the usernames that are secondary members of each group. The location of the group file is /etc/group. The format of the group file is:


    These fields are:

  • groupname—this is the name of the group.

  • password—this is an optional password for the group.

  • gid—the unique numerical ID assigned to the group. The maximum value for GID is 2147483647, but administrators are urged to employ values less than 60,000 to ensure compatibility with uncouth of the tools that are used to manage accounts or pomp information that includes group names.

  • user-list—a comma-separated list of users allowed in the group. These groups are users' secondary group IDs.

  • A sample group file follows.

    root::0:root other::1: bin::2:root,bin,daemon sys::3:root,bin,sys,adm adm::4:root,adm,daemon uucp::5:root,uucp mail::6:root tty::7:root,tty,adm lp::8:root,lp,adm nuucp::9:root,nuucp staff:GSSUYVrJ8EKyA:10:pete daemon::12:root,daemon sysadmin::14: nobody::60001: noaccess::60002: nogroup::65534:

    Note the password field in the group "staff." Groups can breathe password protected by putting a password string into the password field. Note, though, that this is a completely manual process; there are no tools provided to spot the group password in for you.

    Hint: You can bewitch a password string from the shadow file and employ the vi editor to splice it into the group file. The group password will breathe the very as the account password from the shadow entry where you took the password string.

    When a group is password protected, anyone who is not a member of the group will breathe challenged for the group's password when they hold entered the newgrp command.

    Primary and Secondary Groupids

    Each user account has one primary groupid—this is the group defined in the password file. When a user logs on, this is his or her associated groupid.

    Each user account also has zero or more secondary groupids. A user's secondary groups are those group entries that involve the username in their lists of members.

    There are some useful limitations of groupids. For example, each user account can breathe in no more than 16 groups, and a line in the group file cannot exceed 512 characters (including the newline character).

    What happens if you exigency to add so many members to a group that you exceed the 512-character entry limit? You simply create another duplicate group entry—same name and group number—and list the additional members there.

    The primary and secondary groupids directly repercussion file system access permissions, which is explored fully in Chapter 10.

    Exam Notes

    Think About It . . .

    What would breathe the upshot if a username were added to a group file entry when that group was the user's primary group?

    The additional entry would hold no effect, since the user is already configured for the primary group membership in the /etc/passwd file.

    The Root Account

    The root account has special privileges on a system: Root is permitted to read and write every file on a system, regardless of the file's ownership and consent settings. System administrators log in with the root account so that they can accomplish administrative tasks.

    The root account gets its power and privilege from the value of its user number: Root is user number zero, defined in the password file.

    Exam Notes

    Think About It . . .

    What would breathe the effects of changing an ordinary user's user number to zero? What edge might there breathe of putting root's entry at the nearby of the passwd file (instead of the beginning)?

    Changing an ordinary user's user number to zero gives the user root privileges.

    One edge of putting root at the nearby of the password file is that if an intruder is able to modify the password file to give another user root privilege (see the first question here), then output from commands such as ls and ps would note that other user as the owner of root processes and files.

    Sun Certified System Administrator: Job Description & Requirements | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Certified Solaris system administrators are information technology (IT) professionals who install and maintain network servers running one of the Solaris operating system, currently available through the Oracle Corporation. They are usually employed by businesses and other organizations with computer networks that employ the company's open source software products. As systems administrators, they may also oversee other IT staff and respond to questions and maintenance requests from office workers.

    Education Bachelor's degree in information technology or computer science recommended Job Skills Troubleshooting, analytical thinking, multitasking, communication Salary purview (2016)* $87,400 to $104,762 with Sun Certified System Administrator credentials Job Growth (2014-2024)** 8% for network and computer systems administrators

    Source: *Payscale, **U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    Required Education

    Most systems administrators hold completed a Bachelor of Science in Information Technology, Computer Science or a related field. Core coursework typically includes topics in programming languages and procedures, networking and systems design. Solaris certifications are available through the Oracle Corporation in network, security and systems administration. Requirements involve a passing score on an exam, which candidates can prepare for by enrolling in courses at the Oracle Academy or an approved training center, reviewing seminar packages and taking exercise exams.

    Skills Required

    Systems administrators are analytical thinkers who are able to troubleshoot issues for great groups of network system users. Stressful situations require clear, speedy thinking, and can involve working long hours until the problem is fixed. The aptitude to multitask can breathe helpful when managing more than one project at a time. Communication skills are key when working with nontechnical staff members.

    Career and Salary Outlook

    The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicted that jobs for system administrators in generic will multiply by an tolerable pace, 8% from 2014 to 2024. Certified system administrators will delight in excellent job prospects, as businesses increasingly reliance on full-time professionals to maintain their computer operating systems. According to, certified systems administrators for Solaris operating systems earned between $87,400 and $104,762 in May 2016.

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