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251-365 Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)

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251-365 exam Dumps Source : Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)

Test Code : 251-365
Test name : Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)
Vendor name : Symantec
: 294 real Questions

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Symantec Data Protection Administration for

review: Symantec Endpoint insurance blueprint 12 | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

I even hold a confession to make: I’m not constantly blown away through the antivirus software I overview.

over the years, I even hold discovered to hope unavoidable issues from these functions, and that i haven't been terribly shocked by using most types that hold crossed my desk.

actually, definitions evolve, and the capacity of detection enhance. but for essentially the most part, antivirus software works its magic through comparing what it sees with a static set of definitions, then taking motion when it identifies a match. The interface may too become more intuitive, deployment more painless and detection greater correct, however the process itself continues to exist mostly unchanged.

however the newest iteration of Symantec Endpoint insurance policy (v.12) became a nice shock. With SEP, Symantec modified route.


Symantec seems to hold long past to outstanding lengths to improve universal performance by route of training the utility to evade scanning info unnecessarily. To achieve this, it has introduced Symantec insight, technology that uses records collected from greater than one hundred seventy five million choose-in consumers to cost the defense of and allot reputations to well-nigh each executable (.exe) file obtainable. The virus scanner uses this counsel to manufacture a determination whether to scan a given file. When a reputation ranks enormously, the utility will bypass it altogether, effortlessly minimizing scan instances and reducing typical rig aid utilization.

moreover, the newest rendition of Symantec online community for advanced Response (SONAR) introduces coverage enforcement, which helps block unique malicious methods before definitions become available. this is completed through looking at a software’s conduct in precise time whereas leveraging its actions against a behavioral profile. If the culmination of a number of suspicious actions results in a terrible score, the rig will proactively cease the routine and preclude it from further compromising the computer. Any administrator who has wrung her palms (or pulled his hair out) while looking forward to an endemic definition update will minute question appreciate this introduced layer of malware coverage.

Why it works For IT

The administration console is neatly designed and simple to exist taught, proposing rig and information for the whole company in a solitary panel. administrators who've used outdated models of SEP will locate the design and beneficial judgment common, as it is strikingly corresponding to that of v.11. Most common initiatives may too exist performed in a whole lot the identical routine as they at sum times were, from growing customized guidelines to deploying to unique shoppers. Any administrator regular with this product family will haven't any problem getting as much as pace with changes in the unique edition.

To aid, Symantec preconfigures the coverage settings of the miniature trade version of SEP 12. That faculty administrators can hit the floor running, making customizations as mandatory.

last, however removed from least, as a result of insight reduces the files scanned and the length of scans, SEP 12’s performance is relatively more suitable on customer methods, resulting in a higher ordinary adventure for conclusion clients.


even though the miniature company version boasts advances, they arrive at a value. The product turns into a whole lot cheaper when a company passes the 25-client mark, and customers acquire further discounts for longer subscription phrases.

Symantec Endpoint insurance blueprint and the details for buyers to grasp | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Symantec Endpoint protection is a shopper-server software platform that provides layered safety for physical and virtual endpoints geared toward environments with more than 250 users.

the identical product, Symantec Endpoint insurance blueprint miniature company version, is designed for smaller environments with more confined administrative support. A cloud-based version -- Symantec Endpoint insurance policy Cloud -- is too accessible for miniature to medium-sized businesses.

this article makes a speciality of edition 14 of Symantec Endpoint protection.

feature set

Symantec Endpoint insurance blueprint includes antivirus and antimalware, a firewall and intrusion prevention part, host integrity checking, external media manage, software manage, network access manage, and web page searching insurance policy. Behavioral monitoring uses computer researching to evade most zero-day attacks, as well as to cease the spread of an infection if an attack breaches community or device security. The vigour Eraser fraction permits administrators to scan an endpoint from the management console to eradicate an an infection remotely, and rig Lockdown handles software whitelisting and blacklisting.

Endpoint protection doesn't present protection to cell devices, and Endpoint insurance blueprint miniature trade version does not consist of email protection, software manage or aid for digital environments.

The Symantec world Intelligence community, probably the most biggest of its form, analyzes facts from a whole lot of thousands and thousands of users and sensors and works with Symantec's insight and SONAR (Symantec on-line community for advanced Response) applied sciences to identify and categorize existing threats.

To enhance efficiency, Endpoint protection makes expend of scan removing and deduplication innovations to in the reduction of the variety of information it hold to scan on each circulate. extra Endpoint insurance blueprint features then preclude malware and other threats from affecting client endpoints.

Platform insurance

Symantec Endpoint coverage helps Microsoft home windows Vista through Microsoft home windows 10 client programs, macOS and several Linux distributions. Supported server methods involve Microsoft home windows Server 2008 through Server 2016, Microsoft windows fundamental enterprise Server, Microsoft windows miniature trade Server and several flavors of Linux (purple Hat Linux commercial enterprise and SUSE Linux commercial enterprise, among others).

For digital environments, the solution helps Amazon WorkSpaces, Citrix XenServer, VMware vSphere Server (ESXi), VMware ESX, windows Azure, Microsoft Hyper-V and VirtualBox by means of Oracle.

Symantec Endpoint insurance blueprint miniature company version doesn't guide Linux operating techniques, virtual environments or mobile.


In assessments carried out through AV-look at various in November and December 2016 on windows 10, Symantec Endpoint security 14 scored 17 out of 18 when evaluated for insurance policy, efficiency and usefulness.

The maximum-ranking items sum over that period were Kaspersky miniature office safety and Bitdefender Endpoint safety, which each scored 18. Symantec Endpoint security gained the AV-look at various criterion coverage 2016 award for supplying staggering protection efficiency.


Symantec Endpoint insurance blueprint for on-premises contains a management console that runs on a server and pushes agent utility to each client. directors can view and manipulate windows, Mac, Linux and digital desktop purchasers and manufacture coverage configurations the usage of the console.

Small trade edition works in a similar fashion, however is designed for easier setup and administration. This product allows for valued clientele to manufacture expend of a cloud-primarily based host, or to installation the administration console on an on-premises server.

Pricing and licensing

Symantec Endpoint coverage items are licensed per endpoint with fundamental advocate protected. valued clientele can buy licenses on-line on the Symantec store or via a accomplice for quantities bigger than those provided online. the following table lists the manufacturer's recommended retail rate per license; additional quantities are available at special pricing. Symantec presents a forty five-day money-again assure on Endpoint insurance blueprint purchases.

Licensing and pricing

A free, thoroughly functioning 30-day crucible of Symantec Endpoint safety or Endpoint protection miniature trade edition is accessible from every product's respective website.


typical assist for Symantec Endpoint insurance blueprint comprises entry to the enterprise's online odds base, eLibrary, assist videos, a group forum, the SymDiag diagnostic device, product documentation, and downloadable updates and improvements.

Endpoint coverage consumers may additionally open a advocate ticket with the aid of touring Symantec's technical aid web site or with the aid of contacting a Symantec guide technician via cellphone 24/7. Paid guide plans, which involve direct access to assist engineers, sooner response instances etc, can exist organize via Symantec resellers.

support for miniature enterprise version includes renovation, carrier updates and 24/7 cell aid.

Our cellular threat information collection continues with Symantec | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

We return to their review of the mobile random panorama with a glance at fresh Symantec cell protection statistics.

What did they deliver?

Symantec sent me some statistics that comes from 2018 and is from an internal evaluation of their Skycure/Symantec Endpoint insurance policy mobile purchasers, which is basically organizations, but some statistics is from buyer expend of their app. a few of their purchasers resolve on more locked-down and managed environments, specially these in regulated industries, but they too hold purchasers that allow BYOD. Symantec can comfy managed and unmanaged devices. lots of the Symantec cellular safety information I obtained is Android concentrated and restricted in scope, but they did deliver one facts aspect for iOS instruments.

MalwareUnsurprisingly, the enterprise is stronger included from malware than client-used devices. Symantec mobile protection information indicates that most efficacious 7.07% of Android instruments in an organization had at least one malware incident in 2018. (Symantec defines an “incident” as the plot an app designed to trigger harm is downloaded or set in on a monitored device; this may too encompass apps that were already installed on a newly enrolled machine.) examine that quantity to the a beneficial deal better 22.35% of what Symantec calls “unattached contraptions,” that are gadgets not associated with any organization, rather consumers that downloaded their app from Google Play or the App keep.

but normal, malware is current in below 1% of Android apps that are installed on Symantec-monitored contraptions. They don't signify number apps that are merely regarded risky or undesirable that may additionally execute whatever thing enjoy now not appropriately protect user statistics however is in any other case reliable. (Checking to survey how security vendors define “malware” is always first rate.)

Of the Android apps analyzed in 2018 by Symantec, most efficacious .56% acquired a medium or towering random rating, with .fifty four% of apps receiving a low random ranking. Any apps chosen by means of Symantec’s proprietary possibility score to exist unreasonable or medium potential the machine can too exist a possibility to the company and should exist remediated. For low random ranking apps, they’re now not seen as probably perilous and the user’s device received’t glean flagged/remediated; although greater regulated or conservative companies may additionally resolve to anyway.

Sideloaded appsFor Symantec consumers, 2.04% of iOS instruments in agencies had at least one sideloaded iOS app. Does seem to exist relatively low in comparison to the statistics Lookout and Wandera prior to now shared, especially given how effortless it is set up them.

Android updatesAbout 35% of Android gadgets that can upgrade to the newest OS update (even minor ones) had now not. Symantec did word that “this quantity varies vastly counting on when the statistics become taken relative to when unique types are launched.” This makes experience, mainly for the judgement that Android releases aren’t at sum times allotted evenly privilege through the 12 months. also, advocate in intelligence that in Android, many devices glean monthly security patches which are wreck away OS updates.

ultimate muster for mobile security information!

We’re preparing to conclude their assessment of publicly available and provided records quickly. So, if you hold information that differs from the Symantec mobile protection records above or validates what they and the other carriers (Lookout and Wandera) hold already shared, gladden contact us!

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Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)

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Using Symantec NetBackup OpenStorage for disk-to-disk backup and recovery | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Three of the mammoth headlines so far this year hold been data growth, the economy and data deduplication in backup. The first headline, relentless data growth, is the root cause of most issues in the backup environment. In an pains to meet service-level agreements (SLAs) for data backup and recovery, more and more organizations are deploying disk in the backup process. With disk, IT organizations can better meet backup windows and recovery objectives. But as IT "modernizes" its backup infrastructure with disk-to-disk backup, unique problems emerge -- specifically, the cost of managing copies stored on disk, and the feasibility of taking disk-based backup copies and making them portable for offsite and/or long-term storage.

Deduplication addresses the first issue -- it changes the economics of disk-based backup, allowing more data to exist stored in a smaller footprint. The second problem is the unique pang point for finish users that hold adopted disk. How can they rapidly, securely, cost-effectively, and efficiently glean data offsite for disaster recovery (DR) or long-term retention? Sure, most target devices with deduplication can replicate copies, but is the backup application's catalog vigilant of the copy? That's where Symantec Corp. Veritas NetBackup OpenStorage (OST) technology comes in.

Symantec announced its NetBackup OpenStorage initiative a few years ago. It is designed to allow NetBackup users to utilize third-party storage solutions without the requisite for tape emulation.

Available as an option for NetBackup 6.5 and higher, NetBackup OpenStorage gives NetBackup a common interface for third-party disk targets. NetBackup sees OST-enabled appliances as disk, enabling features such as intellectual capacity management, media server load balancing, reporting, and lifecycle policies. It too delivers optimized duplication. Without OST, NetBackup media servers hold to manage sum duplicate backup copies, which means that data must exist transferred across the LAN, WAN, or SAN from the primary site secondary storage to a NetBackup media server and then to the disaster recovery site storage medium (i.e., another appliance of the identical type or tape media). With OST, the OST-enabled device is doing the replication and the data path does not involve NetBackup media servers. This means that only changed segments are replicated, creating savings in bandwidth and, importantly, time. NetBackup is vigilant of sum copies and those copies result established retention policies.

Symantec Technology Enabled Program (STEP) partners -- such as Data Domain, EMC Corp., FalconStor Software, and Quantum Corp. -- leverage the NetBackup OpenStorage technology API to create plug-ins for their storage systems. OST allows for backup data to exist stored on disk with whatever protocol the target device uses, such as a Fibre Channel or TCP/IP. Based on NetBackup policies or commands, the OST-enabled device will create, duplicate or delete copies.

One of the more enchanting byproducts of the expend of the NetBackup OpenStorage interface is the performance improvement in backup. Several STEP partners with an OST-enabled solution pretense 50% to100% improvement in backup performance. Richard Nosal, a server administrator for towering Point Regional Health System in Greensboro, N.C., implemented the NetBackup OST option with a Data Domain DD660 and saw his pre-OST 10-hour backup window with a virtual tape library slice in half.

Since the NetBackup catalog is vigilant of sum copies, recovery of data from a NetBackup OpenStorage-optimized duplicate copy is the identical as recovery from another duplicate. Through NetBackup's Backup-Archive-Restore GUI, the OST-optimized duplicate copy can exist designated as the primary copy and then a full or granular recovery can exist initiated. The potential time savings over recovery from a non-OST-optimized duplicate could exist significant.

About this author:Lauren Whitehouse is an analyst with Enterprise Strategy Group and covers data protection technologies. Lauren is a 20-plus-year veteran in the software industry, formerly serving in marketing and software progress roles.

Windows 8.1 for work: 27 distinguished unique features aimed at the office | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

The countdown to Windows 8.1 is officially on. Whoever thinks that Windows 8.1 is squarely a consumer-centric release is heavily mistaken. After spending a month with Windows 8.1 Pro on my Thinkpad X230 Tablet, I can definitively impart that Windows 8.1 is shaping up as a rock-solid option for the enterprise. I've previously written about why businesses should hold been considering Windows 8 for their next upgrade cycles. With 8.1, Microsoft's latest OS is a service pack on more than a few steroids.

By any measure, I've been a vocal, bullish early adopter of Windows 8. My day to day consulting labor for customers doesn't allow me to remain stuck on previous generations of Windows. Even if I did prefer Windows 7, my mixed client basis is pitiable to 8 whether I enjoy it or not. I requisite to exist prepared for the questions and troubleshooting that ensues, which means I requisite to exist their resident Windows 8 expert.

And I won't lie: Microsoft has pleasantly surprised me with Windows 8. Even on a non-touchscreen Thinkpad T410, my experiences with the unique OS hold been generally positive. Sure, my initial foray was met with skepticism and a twitch crave for the ancient and familiar, but I got past the mental speedbump and haven't turned back.

I readjusted my workflow when I made the switch off Windows 7. intelligence you, I disburse about 90 percent+ of my time in the Desktop interface on 8 (and recently, 8.1) and after a few hours of hunting for the Start button, I started to purchase odds of the fruits that 8 offers. Searching for what I requisite instead of pecking through menus or organizing rows of shortcuts. Making expend of the Charms. After a while it hit me: this unique interface just made sense. I organize myself saving time on mundane tasks that were otherwise nestled in click-here, click-there combinations.

My day to day labor is highly dynamic and the needs of the hour determine what I'm working within. One minute I'm administering a server over Remote Desktop or helping a customer with their live advocate tool, ScreenConnect. The next I'm cranking out a proposal in Google Docs. Perhaps working on my company's financials in QuickBooks Online. toss in some Hyper-V and VirtualBox usage for testing different OSes, and round out my day doing some number crunching in Excel. I hold yet to toss a expend case scenario at Win 8 that didn't feel privilege or labor as expected. I too cannot recollect a solitary "Blue Screen" since jumping ship from Windows 7.

This transition for the Microsoft OS ecosystem is no doubt a generational one. Not unlike Office when the Ribbon trashed the menu-heavy interface in version 2007. Not unlike how XP completely transformed the Start Menu from the die-hard Classic look/feel of Windows 2000. And to a lesser extent, not unlike Windows 3.1 which slapped a full GUI on us and rejected the notion that "everyone wanted DOS". I'm soundless not positive why companies enjoy Apple can toss the revolutionary iOS on a generation of users without a hint of an uproar, and Microsoft is held to a last-generation expectation from the masses. Double standard, anyone?

Just two decades ago, the command line of DOS gave route to the first wave of Windows GUI desktops in the workplace. soundless yearning to travel back -- for ancient time's sake? The removal of the traditional Start Menu is no different in conceptual progression. (Image Source: Microsoft)

Enough with the soapbox. Windows 8.1 brings a ton of unique functionality to the table for the business, government, nonprofit, and education sectors. And the best fraction about the unique OS? It's completely free. As in zero dollars, zero cost, you name it. Businesses that hold already either partially or fully moved to Windows 8 will exist able to glean the update at the identical cost of free as any consumer. This goes for organizations who too leverage Software Assurance or Volume Licensing for their Microsoft software rights. If you hold licensing for Windows 8 or are getting access soon, you will exist eligible to manufacture the poke to 8.1 at no charge. As you'll survey below, there are few reasons not to purchase advantage.

So what are these shipshape unique functionalities that Microsoft has baked into Windows 8.1? Here's a closer hunt at the ones I survey as most relevant, divided into ratiocinative sections so you can peruse by category with ease.

Windows 8.1: Security

Drive Encryption for Everyone: Microsoft is deceased serious about encryption security for Windows 8.1. That's why every edition of Windows 8.1 will hold the underlying technology behind BitLocker baked in, with the Pro and Enterprise flavors getting full administrative control as was the case previously in varying extent since Windows Vista. Upon login with a Microsoft Account, any Windows 8.1 machine will hold encryption for the main OS drive turned on by default. This is excellent advice for medical offices who are facing the mad dash towards IT HIPAA compliance.

Remote Selective Data Wipe: Up until now, BYOD in the workplace has been a pang in the rear. When it comes to differentiating access to corporate data, traditional VPNs and participate permissions off servers hold done minute to paint the black and white lines of what employees should advocate and what needs to glean returned once a worker leaves a business. They deal with it sum the time in my consulting business. The next best thing to completely blocking BYOD has been Windows Remote Desktop Services, leveraging Session Based Desktops, but this doesn't meet everyone's needs.

Remote Selective Wipe in Windows 8.1 allows companies or organizations to specify what data is owned by the employer and should glean wiped or indefinitely locked on the finish user's device when they leave. This means companies can dole out more openhanded access to captious data without fretting about what will glean plucked when a valuable employee gets picked up by the competition. This helps reduce capital investment in laptops/tablets while enabling for a secure approach to BYOD which has never been offered on such a pervasive scale before.

Work Folders to Simplify File Access: The route they used to dole out file access to users was never intended for the modern BYOD workplace. Offline Files, remote VPN access, etc were sum needy corps aids to a mammoth problem: how can workers glean access on the travel with relatively minute effort, without ruining file synchronization on the server? labor Folders in Windows 8.1 (coupled with Server 2012R2 on the backend) solves this brilliantly. The technology is a lot enjoy what SkyDrive offers on the personal and Office 365 side of things. Files can glean assigned and synced to user devices for on-the-go editing access, and when an internet connection gets restored, the files are streamed and synced back to the central server. Remote file access that finally just works.

Work Folders bring the power of SkyDrive-esque technology to the native Windows 8.1 undergo specifically for the workplace. Microsoft's cruddy Offline Files technology finally bids a long overdue farewell. (Image Source: Microsoft Channel9)

Microsoft has a distinguished overview video of the tech on Channel9 as well as a nice in-depth writeup on TechNet.

Workplace connect is enjoy AD-lite: It was either you were on a Workgroup or an AD Domain -- and that was it. Not anymore. Windows Workplace Join allows sysadmins to provide a "purgatory" of sorts that is not quite full AD, but not as loose as being joined to a Workgroup. You can watch a full demo of how simple this technology works from this year's BUILD 2013 conference.

Native Biometric Recognition Support: Fingerprint readers hold been a mainstay for trade line laptops for years. Most Thinkpads I hold owned over the final ten years hold had one. The problem is, they always required additional vendor software to expend the functionality. This increases overhead, administrative effort, and in the end, too increases likelihood for issues over the long run. Which is one of the reasons why biometric uptake has been leisurely on Windows. Windows 8.1 has native fingerprint and virtual smart card advocate out of the box to secure the logon process. About time, Microsoft.

Network behavior Monitoring in Windows Defender: While Defender lonely should not exist considered a comprehensive security solution, the fact that it will now hold some HIPS functionality (Host Based Intrusion Prevention System) is reassuring. My company's favorite AV product, ESET NOD32, has had HIPS functionality since version 5. Microsoft is claiming that in Windows 8.1, Windows Defender will exist able to spot suspicious network behavior from both known and unknown threats alike.

I wouldn't hinge my entire company's security blueprint around it, but it is reassuring to know that every 8.1 system out of the box will hold a fairly decent level of protection from modern intricate threats natively.

Assigned Access for Dirt effortless "Kiosk Mode": This unique feature is especially nice for the education and trade sectors. Previously, when organizations wanted to restrict access to a solitary interface -- for example, a web browser locked to a unavoidable site or a given app -- they had to leverage combinations of intricate Group Policies and/or AppLocker rules. These solutions worked, but boy, the amount of legwork and testing required made even the seasoned IT sysadmin sweat.

Assigned Access, which is available in Windows 8.1 RT, Pro, and Enterprise allows for admins to lock down an 8.1-powered device to role within a single, designated Windows Store app. It could exist a reading application for Surface RT tablets in K-12 education. Or perhaps a line of trade program for a sales compel out in the field on convertible tablets. The uses are near limitless.

"The Most Secure OS Ever Made": According to Microsoft, Windows 8 is 21 times safer than Windows XP, and 6 times safer than Windows 7, from a malware infection perspective. Renowned AV vendor ESET has said similar praises about Windows 8 being the "most secure version of Windows ever." After years of pandemonium about a mass exodus from Windows to Mac due to security, researchers are coming out and claiming that Macs hold nothing inherently more secure about them, and unique malware that hit OS X earlier this year is continuing to exhibit the cracks in Apple's security-by-obscurity approach. For the enterprise stuck on an imploding island of XP machines, Windows 8.1 is looking enjoy a much better replacement than Windows 7 or Mac.

Security in Windows 8.1 is a mammoth deal. Security researchers hold already begun adage that government agencies looking to upgrade to Windows 8 are making a "good move." And seeing that Microsoft has promised advocate for Windows 8 (and 8.1) through Jan 2023, the OS will Enjoy a plush 10 year lifespan for organizations that manufacture the poke now.

Windows 8.1: Networking & RDS

Big Improvements for RDS: When used in conjunction with Server 2012 R2, Windows 8.1 with Remote Desktop Services Session Host Desktops (RDSH) allows for shipshape extended capabilities. For example, sysadmins and IT advocate staff can now actively view and control user desktop sessions to provide assist desk style advocate and admit questions on functionality through Session Shadowing. The networking side of RemoteApp has been markedly improved even further, allowing for crisper usage of RDS-hosted RemoteApp programs in low bandwidth scenarios enjoy on mobile 4G cards or at wifi hotspots. RDS on 8.1 too finally introduces multi monitor advocate for users, meaning that "Terminal Services" doesn't hold to exist a second class experience. This too includes full paw capability for RDS sessions!

New Simple Printer Connection Options: Two unique wireless-enabled printing capabilities are being added natively to Windows 8.1. The first, Wi-Fi Direct, allows anyone to connect a mobile device to a Wi-Fi Direct printer to leverage ad-hoc printing without the requisite for drivers or an existing wireless network. NFC tap-to-pair printing is very similar, and can allow an NFC device enjoy a smartphone to merely "bump" a printer that has an NFC tag placed on it to establish a simple direct printing connection on the spot.

Easy Hotspot Creation from your PC: Internet Connection Sharing has been around for a long time. But it's been a junk feature for as long as I can remember. arduous to configure, and even more difficult for others to leverage. Windows 8.1 brings the notion of effortless hotspot creation to every PC, which is distinguished for situations where, for example, staff members are trying to participate a solitary wired LAN connection at a conference leeway before a sales presentation. Wi-Fi isn't ubiquitous or free everywhere yet, so this is a welcome unique feature for mobile road warriors.

Auto-Triggered VPN Access: We're sum used to the errors and access issues presented by applications they just forget that requisite VPN access to the corporate network when in the field. Windows 8.1 looks to unravel these dilemmas once and for sum with Auto-Triggered VPN settings that can prompt for necessary VPN credentials whenever unavoidable items necessitate them. Forgetting to connect to the VPN won't finish up in a molasses-crawl to the expected "access denied" prompts anymore.

Better Out-of-Box VPN Client Support: You can cross four vendor VPN application add-ons off the list of programs needed to glean onto the corporate network. Microsoft has caked in native advocate for SonicWall, Juniper, Check Point, and F5 VPN firewall connectivity. You check check out the short spiel on this from the BUILD 2013 event on Windows 8.1.

Simplified, effortless Management of Devices in Windows Intune: Windows 8.1 and 8.1 RT brings the next progression of Windows Intune to the forefront, allowing for unified centralized cloud management of sum your Windows devices. Schools, nonprofits, and businesses can sum capitalize from such management capabilities, especially on the Windows RT side where devices cannot exist natively joined to dynamic Directory. What used to exist relegated to MSC 2012 for an on-premise server is now extended fully to the cloud with Intune.

This is excellent advice for organizations with minute budget for capital expenses on servers and extensive setup labor. Intune comes in as cheap as $6 USD/month for licensing without Software Assurance -- a real bargain compared to some BYOD management suites.

Windows 8.1: UI & Functionality

Smart Search: If you happened to Enjoy the excellent built-in search capabilities in Windows 8, then 8.1 is not going to let you down. The identical speedy, integrated search undergo soundless exists and permeates in Windows 8.1, but is brought to the next level via Bing inclusion. This means you can search for anything from the Modern UI interface. final week's monetary spreadsheet, your family photos from vacation, the apps you expend day to day, and internet-powered results for items enjoy news, weather, research material, etc. Paul Thurrott goes into excellent detail on this functionality on his blog.

Windows Button "Right Click Menu": The fact that the Start Button is  back in a limited contour is ancient news. The best fraction about the unique Start Button is the hidden "right click menu" that provides a juicy amount of effortless access to numerous functions most IT pros purchase for granted. Heck, many of these items are now easier to glean to then they were in Windows 7. This not-so-secret menu makes it simple to shut down your machine, open command prompt, or a bevy of other options. Yes, this easter egg of sorts existed in stock Windows 8, but the addition of the unique power-related options manufacture this revised menu a keeper. survey below for more information.

Boot Straight to Desktop Mode: This is awesome advice for workers enjoy me, that disburse a majority of their time in the Desktop interface and only dabble onto the Modern UI for a minute after-hours activity. In 8.1, anyone can configure their PC to boot straight to the confidential desktop interface, meaning you can glean straight to work, bypassing the Start Screen entirely. A small, but timely, touch.

Just as Fast, Just as Slim as 8: This isn't necessarily a feature per-se, but it's one heck of a nicety. Not only does Windows 8.1 hold the identical exact hardware requirements as Windows 8 - but these chance to exist the exact identical requirements as Windows 7 had. What gives? Microsoft has created a rawboned mean, processing machine in Windows 8 and the trend continues. While I don't hold any arduous numbers or results to back it up, my non-scientific feelings lead me to believe that 8.1 runs smoother than 8, most notably on startup and shutdown. SSD users are in for a blazing fleet experience. You will likely miss the unique boot screen with the funky Betta Fish if you don't hunt carefully.

This too means that those computers which would hold otherwise gotten canned at the office can more than likely glean upgraded to Windows 8.1. Seeing that Windows 8 did away with the reminiscence and battery intensive Aero interface, you will too ideally survey better pound-for-pound everyday usage performance from Windows 8.1 then you otherwise would with the identical specs loaded up on Windows 7.

The bloat that Microsoft was known for from Windows 2000 to XP, then from XP to Vista is a thing of the past.

Miracast for Wireless display Projection: Miracast is an open alternative to (but fully compatible with) Intel's WiDi technology that started the wireless projection market. Windows 8.1 has this shipshape technology built privilege in, which means if you hold a Miracast enabled projector in the board room, but your laptop doesn't hold the DisplayPort connection that it needs, you can expend Miracast to setup a Wi-Fi Direct signal to the unit in order to present your material. Xbox One has this built in as well, and many unique displays and projectors are promising to bundle this technology going forward. Could this exist the genesis of the finish for cable and dongle-heavy board rooms? Time will tell.

(Image Source:

Windows 8/RT Store Not a Ghost Town Anymore: The media kept rubbing Windows 8 for not having much of a useful Windows Store at launch final year. How the tables hold turned. While the situation is not on par with what Android or iOS have, the fact that Windows Store now offers 54% of the top 100 iOS apps is pretty commendable 10 months in. As of September 1, the Windows Store had over 114,000 apps and counting. The list will only advocate growing as time goes on.

Internet Explorer 11 is Faster, Safer: As if a unique Internet Explorer release was ever missing those two descriptions, IE11 promises a minute bit of "better everything." Faster load times, better compliance with web standards and HTML5, side-by-side browsing of sites, and deeper anti-malware integration for catching nasties before they are even allowed to launch. For companies that depend on a strict policy of IE due to corporate protocol or ease of administration, IE11 will exist a no brainer to manufacture life easier on the end-user and management fronts.

Surface RT gets Outlook 2013 with 8.1 RT: A lot of advice outlets are forgetting to cover this factoid, but for trade professionals leveraging the Surface RT, they should know that Outlook 2013 is launching alongside Windows 8.1 RT for the Surface RT. Free of charge, of course. This means Office 365 users who hold Exchange Online accounts, or other IMAP/POP users, can easily connect their email to arguably the most powerful email and organization app ever made for the computing world. I'm rolling out Surface RT tablets at some of my customer offices, and this will manufacture the product even that much more attractive for the workplace.

3D Printing advocate Out-of-the-Box: Not the biggest deal for most businesses (yet), but if the 3D printing revolution ever takes off, Windows 8.1 has the necessary hardware/software advocate built in to leverage the technology natively. My only undergo with 3D printers was at my ancient school district job, where the Applied Arts department had one that could manufacture CAD-developed prints out of plastic in 30-60 min timeframes. Perhaps the newest generation of these units are much more dazzling in wait times. I hope numerous markets to start taking odds of the dropping charge points and improving technology to bring their once fanciful creations to life.

Multi Monitor advocate that Rocks: I thought my dual screen capabilities were awesome in stock Windows 8, but 8.1 just takes it to a whole unique level. Dragging and dropping individual Modern UI apps to different screens is fully supported for the first time. The Start Screen can exist accessed via Charms that labor on any screen now. The taskbar can exist fully extended over a solitary set of monitors as well. And the level of customization that is now inherently provided for snapping and resizing Modern UI apps and your Desktop interface are limitless. Multi monitor workstations will greatly capitalize from Windows 8.1 -- further creating screen covet among your coworkers.

Prefer to expend a hybrid Desktop-Start Screen setup with your dual screens? Such unique combinations, and more, are finally practicable in Windows 8.1. Microsoft has taken multi-monitor advocate to the next level and truly created a customizable undergo worthy of what Windows 8.1 offers. (Image Source: Microsoft TechNet)

(Even) Better Battery Life: My day-to-day Thinkpad T410 got a boost of about 30-45 mins when I made the switch from Windows 7 to Windows 8 final fall. Pretty significant. While I don't hold as much data to back up a statement on Windows 8.1, naturally, Microsoft is adage that OS is taking mammoth odds of the power saving capabilities in Intel's Haswell platform. I'm itching to survey how the final RTM build handles my Thinkpad X230 Tablet as my unique primary mobile workhorse, but the 8.1 Pro Preview has been giving me a solid 6 to 6.5 hrs of life on an 8 cell battery. Impressive for a pre-release, buggy iteration.

Hand-in-Hand SkyDrive Integration: It's no astonish that Microsoft is tightly combining the features of SkyDrive Personal into Windows 8.1. The cloud storage tool is a worthy competitor to Google Drive; and heck, I expend it now for sum of my personal Office document storage because it just works cleaner than Drive due the fact that I can leverage Office Web Apps on the travel when I requisite to. SkyDrive is now a persistent default deliver location for numerous functions and apps in Windows 8.1, going beyond what Office 2013 brought to the desktop in terms of pushing SkyDrive. Hey -- there's life beyond work, after all.

Auto forecast for paw Typing / Tablet Mode: For those using Windows 8 on tablets, enjoy the Surface RT, typing in paw mode was a bit of a chore for a want of proper auto predict. Windows 8.1 resolve this quite nicely. Now, you can continue typing and expend predictive suggestions from the OS with complete ease. This means that Surface RT users in the field within tablet mode shouldn't hold to travel into laptop mode that often anymore for short-spanned typing. Should manufacture Word 2013 a breeze to expend without the cover opened!

Windows 8.1 hits the market officially for everyone arrive October 17, and is a completely free update for all. My company will definitely exist recommending 8.1 for both consumer and trade usage as time goes on, especially if the wonderful improvements from the Preview translate into real-world capitalize for finish users arrive October.

I'm calling it now: Windows 8.1 is the unique Windows XP for the workplace. Just watch.

Derrick Wlodarz is an IT Specialist who owns Park Ridge, IL (USA) based technology consulting & service company FireLogic, with over eight+ years of IT undergo in the private and public sectors. He holds numerous technical credentials from Microsoft, Google, and CompTIA and specializes in consulting customers on growing burning technologies such as Office 365, Google Apps, cloud-hosted VoIP, among others. Derrick is an dynamic member of CompTIA's matter Matter Expert Technical Advisory Council that shapes the future of CompTIA exams across the world. You can attain him at derrick at wlodarz dot net.

Network Design Strategies | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

This chapter, from Upgrading and Repairing Networks, 5e, looks at the network's ratiocinative and physical design to assist your planning when creating a unique network.

This chapter is from the book 

Many types of networks were discussed in Chapter 1, "A Short History of Computer Networking," from ARPANET to TCP/IP. And in Chapter 2, "Overview of Network Topologies," you erudite about the various topologies you can employ when designing and creating a local belt network (LAN), and they too looked at some scenarios in which several networks were connected to contour a wide belt network (WAN). In this chapter, they will hunt at another aspect of creating a network: the network's ratiocinative and physical design. The physical aspects of your LAN will depend on the underlying physical transport technology—Ethernet or Token-Ring, for example, or possibly ATM, which is supported as a LAN protocol in products such as Windows 2000/XP, Windows Server 2003, and Linux. Depending on which technology you use, there will exist one or more LAN topologies from which to choose.

Before you can inaugurate to design a physical network, however, you first must determine your needs. What services must you provide to your user community? What are the resources you'll need? If you hold to compromise, what will it purchase to fill the most users or to provide the more principal services? You then will hold to purchase into account network protocols, applications, network speed, and, most important, network security issues; each of these figures into a network's ratiocinative design. Another principal factor your management will probably compel you to account is cost—you can't forget the budget. These factors manufacture up the ratiocinative design for your network. You first should resolve what you requisite and what it will purchase to provide for those needs.

If you are creating a unique network and purchasing unique applications, you will probably disburse most of your time considering the licensing and other monetary costs (training users, network personnel, and so on). If you are upgrading older applications, several other factors arrive into consideration. Many applications that were coded using COBOL, BASIC, FORTRAN, and other languages that helped jumpstart the computer age may hold built-in network functionality based on older proprietary network protocols. If this is the case with your network, you hold to account several things. What will it cost to update thousands of lines of code (or more) to more modern versions of the identical programming language? What will it cost to upgrade these programs to newer object-oriented languages? To deliver money, can you upgrade fraction of your network and expend gateway hardware/software to connect to older network components?

Because of the costs associated with coding applications that were created many years ago, and the expenses that will exist required to update them to modern programming languages, you may exist forced to maintain legacy applications for a few years while replacement applications are designed and created. You may find a packaged application that can exist used to supersede older programs. This problem will apply mostly to proprietary computer architectures, instead of Windows or Unix platforms. If you can simply manufacture minor changes and compile the source code so that it will dash on a newer operating system, your costs will exist much less than if you hold to re-create the applications your users requisite from scratch. Another cost associated with upgrading to unique programs is training users and help-desk personnel.

When you blueprint a ratiocinative network design, you can start from one of two places. You can design and install a unique network from scratch, or you can upgrade an existing network. Either way, you should amass information about several principal factors before you inaugurate the ratiocinative design. For example, depending on the services that will exist provided to clients, you might requisite to dissect the practicable traffic patterns that might result from your plan. Locate potential bottlenecks and, where possible, alleviate them by providing multiple paths to resources or by putting up servers that provide replicas of principal data so that load balancing can exist provided. The following are other factors to consider:

  • Who are the clients? What are their actual needs? How hold you determined these needs—from user complaints or from help-desk statistics? Is this data reliable?
  • What kinds of services will you provide on the network? Are they limited in scope? Will any involve configuring a firewall between LANs? And if so, that soundless doesn't account for configuring a firewall to enable access to the Internet.
  • Will you requisite to allow an Internet connection for just your internal network's users, or will expend you requisite to allow outside vendors access to your network? One illustration that comes to intelligence is the Internet Printing Protocol (see Chapter 24, "Overview of the TCP/IP Protocol Suite"). What will it cost to evaluate what kindly of services user groups requisite to access from the Internet? Will you requisite to allow sum users to expend email—both within the internal network and through the firewall on the Internet? The identical goes for what sites users will exist allowed to access using a network browser and other network applications. Will you hold users who labor from home and require dial-in or VPN access through the Internet?
  • Can your users tolerate a minute downtime now and then due to network problems, or is it necessary to provide a high-availability network? Will you requisite clustered servers to provide for a towering degree of uptime, or execute your users' applications not suffer from a temporary loss of the expend of a server? To provide for maximum uptime, can you afford to build redundancy into your network? For example, Chapter 2 discusses redundant topologies that can exist used to preclude a solitary point of failure from making the network (and its resources) unavailable. Chapter 11, "Network Attached Storage and Storage belt Networks," describes methods you can expend to mirror data at geographically removed locations.
  • In an existing network, will you advocate the current protocol or upgrade to a different protocol standard? If you create a network from scratch, what factors should paw your network protocol decision? Ethernet is the most celebrated LAN technology in the world today. TCP/IP is the most celebrated protocol suite that runs on Ethernet. Yet there are cases in which other technologies hold their niches. account the implications (such as advocate costs and security) to maintain older, proprietary protocols.
  • Who Are Your Clients?

    This seems enjoy a very simple question. However, I'm not saying, "What are your clients' names and how well execute you know their children?" I am referring instead to your information of the job descriptions for the users on the network. You requisite to assess labor patterns for various departments so that you can appropriately plot servers, high-bandwidth links, and other such things in the appropriate physical location of the network. If most of the network traffic you hope to survey will arrive from the engineering department, you'll requisite to provide that department with a large data pipe. In Chapter 4, "Upgrading Strategies and Project Management," you'll find more information about surveying the user community to arrive up with a blueprint that places resources where they are needed.

    What Kinds of Services or Applications Will the Network Offer?

    Of course, everyone knows that the most principal role of a network today is to advocate multiuser gaming. Seriously, though, you requisite to manufacture a list of the kinds of applications currently in use, as well as a list of those requested by users. Each application should hold a written risk assessment document that points out potential security problems, if any. Typical network applications today involve FTP, telnet, and, of course, browsing the Web. There are "secure" versions of these applications and there are versions that leave a door wide open into your network. Whatever list of applications you chose to advocate over the network, advocate in intelligence two things:

  • Is the application safe? Most applications today arrive in secure versions or can exist used with a proxy server to assist minimize the possibility of abuse. Yet, as they sum hold seen, even the largest corporations are targets at times, and those companies hold the staff that should exist able to preclude these things from happening. Because proxy servers are an principal component of firewalls, this matter is covered in greater detail in Chapter 45. If you want a secure network, this is highly recommended reading!
  • Does one application overlap another? Every user has his or her favorite application. Some people enjoy one word processor, whereas others prefer a different one. But when dealing with applications or application suites (such as Microsoft Office), you'll find it better to manufacture a determination and stick with a solitary product if it can fill the needs of your users. They might not enjoy it, and training might exist necessary, but supporting multiple applications that execute the identical thing wastes money and leads to confusion.
  • A commonly overlooked routine for getting data files out of a network and onto the Internet is to simply ship the files as an attachment to an email. So if you believe you've blocked file transfers by disabling FTP access through the firewall, this illustration should exhibit that you really execute requisite to execute a thorough evaluation of any unique application or service you will allow on the network. unique applications should exist justified with facts that exhibit why they are needed. If an existing application can exist used to accomplish the identical goal, why execute you requisite another application? Should you retire the older application and expend a newer one? Pay attention to the details. And don't forget to test unique applications to ensure that they accomplish as expected. The identical goes for older applications—will they labor on the unique or upgraded network?

    Lastly, execute you monitor network usage? execute you want to permit users to disburse their days browsing the Net, or checking personal email while at work? Many companies hold policies that apply to using the telephone for personal business. execute you overlook this situation when giving users email capability? Are you preventing access to sites that are obviously not business-related?

    What Degree of Reliability execute I Require for Each Network Link?

    Just how much downtime is acceptable? For most users, the admit would exist zero. principal components of your network, such as file servers, should hold foible tolerance built in from the bottom up. In large servers, you'll find dual-redundant power supplies (each connected to a separate UPS), and disk arrays set up using RAID techniques to provide for data integrity in the event that a disk goes south. If a link between two offices needs to exist up 100% of the time, you should blueprint for multiple links between the two sites to provide a backup capability. In this case, you too can warrant the cost of the extra link by using load balancing so that network response time is improved. And, if you are using multiple links to remote sites, it's always a beneficial concept to hold more than a solitary path to the site. At one site this author worked at, there were redundant power lines bringing electricity into the site—side-by-side. If a tree falls, will it bring down one or both of those power lines?

    Another technology that can exist used to provide an extra layer of redundancy, as well as high-speed access to storage devices, is the Storage belt Network (SAN). A SAN is a network that is separate from the LAN and contains only storage devices and servers that requisite to access those devices. Because the network bandwidth is not shared with LAN users, multiple servers can access the identical storage. If one server fails, other servers can exist configured to provide redundant access to the data. Also, the identical RAID and other redundancy techniques used for storage devices that are directly attached to a server (such as the SCSI hardware and protocols) can exist used on a SAN.


    The terms RAID and UPS are principal in today's networks, as is the concept of load balancing and dual-redundant power supplies in large networks. You can find out more about RAID (Redundant Array Of Independent Disks) and UPSs (uninterruptible power supplies) by reading Chapter 5, "Protecting the Network: Preventative Maintenance Techniques." For more information about SANs, survey Chapter 11.

    The ancient adage "If it ain't broke, don't fix it" doesn't apply to networks. You should always exist proactively looking for potential solitary points of failure and doing something to fix them. By pile redundancy into the network design at the start, you'll deliver yourself a lot of grief in the future.

    Chapter 5 can give you more suggestions about using clustering, backups, uninterruptible power supplies, and other techniques that can advocate the network up and running.

    Choosing a LAN Protocol

    Today the de facto protocol of preference has to exist TCP/IP. However, other protocols hold their plot in some plumb markets. In this book, they talk about NetWare. NetWare has been around so long that you might find you hold no preference when designing an upgrade but to advocate using IPX/SPX, depending on the applications your network uses. However, even NetWare has moved toward using TCP/IP as the underlying protocol. This is basically the case for version 5.x and 6.x of NetWare. Older NetWare networks should upgrade, if possible, to one of these newer versions. If you will exist connecting the network to the Internet, TCP/IP will exist a necessity. Even if you don't hope to hold an Internet connection, you'll find that choosing TCP/IP is a more practical preference today because most applications labor with it and there is a large market of trained professionals who can exist hired to manage a network built on TCP/IP. NetWare 6.x provides backward compatibility with IPX/SPX for the most part, but newer features such as the iPrint—which uses the Internet Printing Protocol—require TCP/IP.

    In addition to transport protocols such as TCP/IP and IPX/SPX, you must account application protocols that can exist used on the network. For example, to simplify administering configuration information for a large number of computers, you might want to expend the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), which is discussed in Chapter 28, "BOOTP and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)." If you want to provide a central name resolution service, you might choose the Domain name Service (DNS), which is covered in Chapter 29, "Network name Resolution." If you are going to operate a Windows network that has pre–Windows 2000/XP clients, you might requisite to expend the Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) for backward compatibility.

    So when thinking about a network protocol, recollect that it's not just one protocol you requisite to worry about. After you've decided which protocols are necessary, research the security implications of each.

    It's Virtually Universal: TCP/IP

    For sum practical purposes, the criterion LAN protocol today is TCP/IP. This is partly due to the rapid growth of the Internet, and the necessity of most businesses of having a Web presence, as well as the large number of vendors that hold adopted this protocol suite. If your LAN is soundless using an older proprietary network protocol, you should seriously account what it would purchase to upgrade to TCP/IP. Currently, TCP/IP version 4 is the most widely used protocol. In the future you can hope that the next version (IPv6) will start to find its route from the core of the Internet out to the edge, where your network resides. While technologies such as Network Address Translation (NAT) are widely employed to remedy the problem associated with the limited address space provided by IPv4, IPv6 will enable a much larger address space. Combine that with Network Address Translation, and the long-term bets are going to exist on IPv6, or possibly some of the features that are fraction of IPv6. In addition to giving you a larger address space, IPv6 includes other principal features. Those that will paw your network the most are security mechanisms, which will only become more principal as Internet commerce continues to grow.


    For a particular introduction to TCP/IP, survey Chapter 24, "Overview of the TCP/IP Protocol Suite"; Chapter 25, "Basic TCP/IP Services and Applications"; and Chapter 27, "Troubleshooting Tools for TCP/IP Networks."

    There is one very principal judgement you should account TCP/IP as a LAN protocol: There are more trained professionals knowledgeable in TCP/IP than any other LAN protocol at this time. It is enchanting to note that in Windows NT 3.51, the default network protocol was Microsoft's implementation of IPX/SPX (NWLink). In Windows NT 4.0 (and successive operating systems, from Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003), the default network protocol is TCP/IP.

    If your network is composed of several operating systems, from Windows to NetWare to Unix and Linux, then the bottom line is that TCP/IP is the lowest common denominator that will allow the easiest connectivity and interaction between sum of these. Even Microsoft's now-legacy NetBIOS/NetBEUI protocols hold been adapted to dash over TCP/IP.

    Novell's NetWare Version 6.5

    NetWare was perhaps the first attempt at seriously providing a LAN protocol that was effortless to use. The basic file and print services offered by early versions of NetWare were much better than other solutions available at that time. After it became established in the trade community, NetWare became the network solution of preference in many trade environments that used the PC. Microsoft countered this success with its LANManager products, which were too marketed by other vendors in their own way, such as the Pathworks solution from Digital rig Corporation.

    Today NetWare is a totally revamped solution to LAN connectivity. It provides many unique features that are addressed to specifically manufacture expend of the Internet, and allow mobile users to connect to their home networks, as well as to enable NetWare users to manufacture connections to outside networks. For example, the iPrint feature enables NetWare users to print to a printer on a remote network. For example, instead of sending a catalog that may exist out of date in a month or so, you can expend iPrint to periodically ship specific information pertinent to each customer, by printing it directly to the customer's printer.

    And NetWare's iFolder allows mobile users to synchronize data stored on remote computers (such as a laptop computer) with the data stored on the company's network. Microsoft and other vendors present similar features. However, the point to recollect is that if you already are a NetWare user, you don't hold to toss out your existing investment and poke to a Microsoft network, or even a Unix/Linux environment. NetWare has changed as the market has changed, and you might find it less expensive to upgrade to NetWare 6.5 than to migrate to another platform. The bottom line involves not just the cost of migrating to another operating system, but the costs involved with retraining your network administrative personnel in unique technology.

    Because NetWare 6.5 is so tightly integrated with the IP protocol, and too offers backward compatibility with IPX/SPX, admins for existing NetWare networks should account upgrading to NetWare 6.5 as well as considering other options.

    If you want to poke to Linux, Novell makes it effortless by incorporating an enhanced version of NetWare 6.5 and SuSE Linux into its Novell Open Enterprise Server. Open Enterprise Server supports both Linux and NetWare-specific software and features, enabling you to poke to Linux gradually.

    Other LAN/WAN Protocols

    The distinction between LAN and WAN (wide belt networking) protocols is genesis to blur. Ethernet was once considered to exist a LAN protocol. As time has passed, other technologies, such as Token-Ring, hold become minor players in the LAN world. Yet the contradictory is privilege of Ethernet. It has grown from a modest specification endorsed by Intel, DEC, and other vendors, such that it now can exist considered a WAN protocol. The capabilities introduced by current LAN technologies are genesis to erode the differences between a LAN and a MAN (metropolitan belt network). When the fourth edition of this book was published, Gigabit Ethernet was starting to plunge into the inexpensive sweep of network topologies. That trend has continued and now 10Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) is frequently being used in enterprise data centers. Today you may exist using 100BASE-T for connecting client computers to the network, and Gigabit Ethernet to connect network segments via the network backbone. In some cases your network might even exist exclusively based on 10GbE.

    What does this import to a network administrator today? With 10Gigabit Ethernet, you can expend TCP/IP not only to create a local belt network backbone, but to extend that attain to a metropolitan belt network. And because TCP/IP is so intertwined with Ethernet, you can achieve an end-to-end MAN link that uses TCP/IP over faster Ethernet connections. Instead of employing more expensive solutions, such as SONET, you can now connect offshoot offices in the identical geographical belt using just TCP/IP.

    You may not hold to worry about installing expensive rig used by SONET and other typical MAN protocols. Still, for the long haul—for example, between different cities—other protocols such as ATM and Frame Relay will arrive into play.


    For more information about SONET, ATM, and Frame Relay, survey Chapter 15, "Dedicated Connections."

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