Pass4sure 132-S-815-1 exam prep with money back guarantee | braindumps | ROMULUS

Pass4sure Training pack of PDF - Exam Simulator - examcollection - braindumps are provided here for people who want to prepare fast and Pass in first attempt - braindumps - ROMULUS

Pass4sure 132-S-815-1 dumps | Killexams.com 132-S-815-1 actual questions | http://tractaricurteadearges.ro/

132-S-815-1 Specialist Modular Messaging with(R) Avaya Message Store Implement and back Elective(R)

Study pilot Prepared by Killexams.com Avaya Dumps Experts

Exam Questions Updated On :



Killexams.com 132-S-815-1 Dumps and actual Questions

100% actual Questions - Exam Pass Guarantee with tall Marks - Just Memorize the Answers



132-S-815-1 exam Dumps Source : Specialist Modular Messaging with(R) Avaya Message Store Implement and back Elective(R)

Test Code : 132-S-815-1
Test designation : Specialist Modular Messaging with(R) Avaya Message Store Implement and back Elective(R)
Vendor designation : Avaya
: 118 actual Questions

Just try these actual test questions and success is yours.
All in all, killexams.com changed into an awesome manner for me to prepare for this exam. I handed, however become a palpate disappointed that now complete questions about the exam had been one hundred% similar to what killexams.com gave me. Over 70% were the identical and the relaxation changed into very similar - Im not sure if this is a genuine component. I managed to pass, so I mediate this counts as a much halt result. But sustain in brain that despite killexams.com you continue to want to study and employ your brain.


Did you attempted this outstanding supply cutting-edge 132-S-815-1 dumps.
I were given 79% in 132-S-815-1 Exam. Your test dump turned into very beneficial. A huge thank you kilexams!


I feel very confident with 132-S-815-1 exam financial institution.
As I had one and simplest week nearby before the exam 132-S-815-1. So, I depended on upon the of killexams.com for speedy reference. It contained quick-duration replies in a systemic manner. Huge Thanks to you, you change my global. This is the Best exam Solution in the occasion that I beget constrained time.


Right station to find 132-S-815-1 dumps paper.
I must treasure that your answers and explanations to the questions are very good. These helped me understand the basics and thereby helped me attempt the questions which were not direct. I could beget passed without your question bank, but your question bank and terminal day revision set were truly helpful. I had expected a score of 90+, but nevertheless scored 83.50%. Thank you.


wherein should I register for 132-S-815-1 exam?
It isnt the first time I am the employ of killexamsfor my 132-S-815-1 exam, I actually beget attempted their material for some carriers exams, and havent failed once. I completely depend upon this training. This time, I additionally had a few technical troubles with my pc, so I needed to contact their customer back to double check some thing. Theyve been outstanding and beget helped me sort matters out, despite the fact that the distress changed into on my give up, not their software.


am i able to find out palpate data synchronous 132-S-815-1 licensed?
killexams.com is effortless and stable and you could pass the exam if you undergo their question bank. No words to specific as I even beget passed the 132-S-815-1 exam in first try. Some different question banks are also availble in the marketplace, but I feel killexams.com is high-quality among them. I am very confident and am going to apply it for my other tests also. Thanks loads ..Killexams.


Is there a shortcut to skip 132-S-815-1 exam?
Thumb up for the 132-S-815-1 contents and engine. rightly worth buying. Absolute confidence, refering to my pals


Get those and chillout!
Like many others, i beget currently passed the 132-S-815-1 exam. In my case, extensive majority of 132-S-815-1 exam questions got hereexactly from this manual. The answers are correct, too, so if you are making ready to buy your 132-S-815-1 exam, you cancompletely trust upon this net site.


Nice to hear that actual test questions of 132-S-815-1 exam are available.
I scored 88% marks. A decent companion of mine recommended the utilization of killexams.com Questions & Answers, since she had likewise passed her exam in view of them. complete the material was incredible quality. Getting enlisted for the 132-S-815-1 exam was simple, however then came the troublesome part. I had a few alternatives, either enlists for customary classes and surrenders my low maintenance occupation, or study on my own and proceed with the employment.


got no hassle! three days training brand new 132-S-815-1 actual examination questions is required.
killexams.com Dumps website helped me salvage get entry to to numerous exam training material for 132-S-815-1 exam. i was stressed that which one I should pick out, however your specimens helped me pick out the quality one. i purchasedkillexams.com Dumps direction, which especially helped me note complete the essential ideas. I solved complete questions in due time. i am cozy to beget killexams.com as my coach. much liked


Avaya Specialist Modular Messaging with(R)

UTDi Implements Avaya solution for Treasure Coast Hospice | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

MIAMI--(business WIRE)--Unified TelData Inc., (UTDi) has announced the successful implementation of a seven web page, Avaya SIP based communication supervisor with Modular Messaging into the Treasure Coast Hospice MPLS network. With its newfound flexibility and functionality, Treasure Coast Hospice hopes to be capable of set the normal for different organizations within the hospice business.

After the acquisition of an extra hospice, Treasure Coast became dealing with some huge starting to be pains. Already an Avaya user, the addition of a 2nd hospice onto the community became straining the previous atmosphere. a whole lot of the time spent by using IT was plugging holes in station of supplying a solution that may meet the needs of an expanding organization.

To create the optimum environment, Treasure Coast wanted to live with Avaya because the firm believed Avaya delivered best of Breed solutions. UTDi changed into introduced in to consult on the implementation. moreover its industry capabilities, UTDi additionally delivered Treasure Coast to a SIP service retort that finally has saved them hundreds of greenbacks.

through the inventive payment options offered by UTDi, Treasure Coast became able to subsidize 65% of the funding for its expansion. due to this fact, hospice had the cash fundamental to implement a protracted-term design that delivered an commercial enterprise mode to communications.

through cautious planning, problem identification and an in depth figuring out of the culture, UTDi became in a position to design an Avaya retort that no longer handiest met the becoming needs of Treasure Coast these days, but also offered the quintessential scalability to permit the commerce to proceed on its course of increase. Treasure Coast may now focus on creating an improved adventure for its patients, realizing its network become sound.

“Treasure Coast Hospice had a comparatively pellucid vision of what they wanted to be in a position to accomplish from the onset, they just weren’t exactly certain how they had been going to salvage there,” said Jeff Potter, Director of IT for Treasure Coast Hospice.

Potter persisted, “because of their partnerships with UTDi, they beget a device in region that caters to a very difficult ambiance. Avaya items offered the technical capabilities they essential and UTDi confirmed us how to set into result the retort and maximize the advantages for their fascinating atmosphere.”

“This become a challenging and profitable venture. They had been working with disparate techniques but committed to developing the environment Treasure Coast predicted,” observed Jason Bergeron, solutions specialist for UTDi.

“Streamlining the process to a many-sided and scalable environment was the top-rated goal, however getting there could be outdoor of their charge reach constraints,” referred to Lyhn Haller, CEO of UTDi. “by introducing a SIP answer, deploying a new SIP based carrier service and offering their new machine for capabilities plan, Treasure Coast became capable of salvage the better of Breed options they needed on a achievable charge range.”

About UTDi

Unified TelData, Inc. (UTDi) provides ingenious options for world-class communications to a great latitude of consumers globally together with AVMED, Liberty scientific, PRC, IBM SECU, United method, Blue Coat, Lockheed Martin, U.S. Navy, 450 Congressional workplaces nation-wide, Alameda County, and the metropolis and County of San Francisco. A full-service solutions issuer with workplaces nationwide, UTDi presents its customer’s intelligently architected options as well as deployment, on-web page practising, technical support, financing options, and protection programs. UTDi is a national Avaya Platinum enterprise associate, rating among the many true 10 Avaya dealers within the united states. be trained greater at www.utdi.com.


Avaya Launches provider Specializations for partners | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Avaya is hoping its new community of functions specializations will allay its channel companions develop their consumer attain and extend salary.The Avaya features delivery Specialization (SDS) software, delivered this week, categorizes Avaya BusinessPartners and AlliancePartners with the aid of their stage of competencies in implementation, protection allay and utility integration.

"We’re in fact calling it a specialization – it’s now not a requirement. partners can select alignment with their method," spoke of Susan Kuchinski, director of worldwide channel services enterprise development at Avaya. "partners beget given us superb feedback over the emblem as a result of they accept as upright with it gives them a leg up in the marketplace."

The SDS software consists of four classes. the primary, Implementation professional, is for authorized Avaya BusinessPartners and AlliancePartners that achieve advanced capabilities in implementation. The second, Implementation skilled, acknowledges "functions only" Avaya channel companions that don't sell Avaya items but beget advanced capabilities in implementation capabilities.

The third category, pilot specialist, is for Platinum, Gold and Silver-licensed Avaya BusinessPartners and AlliancePartners who sell across multiple systems of Avaya items and solutions and are well-versed in set up-revenue protection and allay services. And the fourth class, Integration skilled, recognizes Platinum, Gold and Silver-certified Avaya BusinessPartners and AlliancePartners who are consultants in Avaya unified communications and/or contact focus portfolios and are in a position to integrating Avaya purposes in a multivendor atmosphere. These companions ought to also meet complete requirements of the Implementation and pilot professional designations, in keeping with Avaya.

"These designations are conjectural for companions building their own functions practice," Kuchinski spoke of. "This software is completely a tremendous step in demonstrating their channel strategy and people channel companions with service strength."

each and every services specialization includes its own certified expert necessities for IP telephony, modular messaging, contact focus or unified communications. The Implementation expert, Implementation knowledgeable and allay professional categories require not less than two Avaya certified experts in IP telephony and two in modular messaging. Integration knowledgeable, meanwhile, requires four Avaya licensed consultants in IP telephony, contact core and unified communications, or a coalesce of other Avaya certified specialists.

each designation category incorporates distinct degrees of competency and certifications, in addition to necessities for staffing of their service facilities, trade certifications, client references and client delight ratings of 85 % or higher.

"we beget doubtless 15 companions which beget applied since the application became introduced to them," Kuchinski noted. "We’re seeing greater of them understanding the typical fitness benefits to their solemnize with the aid of imposing a functions drill of their personal." 


Avaya, Mutare, SpinVox launch Speech to textual content service | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

We welcome feedback that add cost to the discussion. They try and obstruct comments that employ revolting language or notice like unsolicited mail, and their editors generally assessment the comments to ensure they're appropriate. if you note a observation that you account is inappropriate to the discussion, which you can deliver it to their consideration by using the report mistreat hyperlinks. as the comments are written and submitted by using guests of the Telecompaper web site, they under no circumstances symbolize the sentiment of Telecompaper.


Obviously it is difficult assignment to pick solid certification questions/answers assets concerning review, reputation and validity since individuals salvage sham because of picking incorrectly benefit. Killexams.com ensure to serve its customers best to its assets concerning exam dumps update and validity. The vast majority of other's sham report objection customers reach to us for the brain dumps and pass their exams cheerfully and effectively. They never trade off on their review, reputation and quality because killexams review, killexams reputation and killexams customer assurance is vital to us. Uniquely they deal with killexams.com review, killexams.com reputation, killexams.com sham report grievance, killexams.com trust, killexams.com validity, killexams.com report and killexams.com scam. In the event that you note any inaccurate report posted by their rivals with the designation killexams sham report grievance web, killexams.com sham report, killexams.com scam, killexams.com dissension or something like this, simply bethink there are constantly terrible individuals harming reputation of genuine administrations because of their advantages. There are a much many fulfilled clients that pass their exams utilizing killexams.com brain dumps, killexams PDF questions, killexams hone questions, killexams exam simulator. Visit Killexams.com, their specimen questions and test brain dumps, their exam simulator and you will realize that killexams.com is the best brain dumps site.

Back to Braindumps Menu


70-357 test questions | ST0-097 pdf download | OAT questions and answers | MB2-714 free pdf | HP0-758 drill test | HP2-B90 braindumps | 000-061 free pdf | SU0-211 study guide | 300-170 braindumps | 3V00290A test prep | HP0-M52 dumps questions | H13-622 bootcamp | 000-889 actual questions | NS0-320 drill questions | PTCE cram | HP2-N41 free pdf download | 050-634 drill Test | HP0-S28 braindumps | 1Z0-982 questions and answers | BH0-002 drill test |


Take a gander at these 132-S-815-1 actual question and answers
At killexams.com, they give totally tested Avaya 132-S-815-1 actual Questions and Answers that are as of late required for Passing 132-S-815-1 test. They genuinely empower people to upgrade their insight to recollect the and guarantee. It is a best altenative to accelerate your situation as a specialist in the Industry.

At killexams.com, they provide thoroughly reviewed Avaya 132-S-815-1 exactly same Questions and Answers that are just required for Passing 132-S-815-1 test, and to salvage certified by Avaya. They really allay people ameliorate their lore to memorize the and certify. It is a best altenative to accelerate your career as a professional in the Industry. Click http://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/132-S-815-1 killexams.com haughty of their reputation of helping people pass the 132-S-815-1 test in their very first attempts. Their success rates in the past two years beget been absolutely impressive, thanks to their gratified customers who are now able to boost their career in the speedily lane. killexams.com is the number one altenative among IT professionals, especially the ones who are looking to climb up the hierarchy levels faster in their respective organizations. killexams.com Huge Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are as under;
WC2017 : 60% Discount Coupon for complete exams on website
PROF17 : 10% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $69
DEAL17 : 15% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $99
DECSPECIAL : 10% Special Discount Coupon for complete Orders

High quality 132-S-815-1 products: we've their specialists Team to acquire sure their Avaya 132-S-815-1 exam questions are usually the latest. They are complete very acquainted with the exams and exam simulator middle.

How they sustain Avaya 132-S-815-1 assessments updated?: we've their special approaches to realize the modern-day exams data on Avaya 132-S-815-1. Sometimes they contact their companions who're very acquainted with the exam simulator focus or every so often their clients will e mail us the most current comments, or they were given the cutting-edge comments from their dumps market. Once they find the Avaya 132-S-815-1 exams changed then they update them ASAP.

Money returned assure?: if you really fail this 132-S-815-1 Specialist Modular Messaging with(R) Avaya Message Store Implement and back Elective(R) and don’t want to notice ahead to the supplant then they will reach up with complete refund. But you must ship your score report to us in order that they can beget a check. They will reach up with complete refund prerogative now for the duration of their operating time when they salvage the Avaya 132-S-815-1 rating record from you.

Avaya 132-S-815-1 Specialist Modular Messaging with(R) Avaya Message Store Implement and back Elective(R) Product Demo?: they beget each PDF version and Software model. You can check their software page to notice the course it looks like.

killexams.com Huge Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are as beneath;
WC2017 : 60% Discount Coupon for complete exams on website
PROF17 : 10% Discount Coupon for Orders more than $69
DEAL17 : 15% Discount Coupon for Orders extra than $ninety nine
DECSPECIAL : 10% Special Discount Coupon for complete Orders


When will I salvage my 132-S-815-1 material once I pay?: Generally, After a hit payment your username/password are despatched at your email deal with inside five min. But if there is any postpone in bank side for saturate authorization, then it takes itsy-bitsy longer.

132-S-815-1 Practice Test | 132-S-815-1 examcollection | 132-S-815-1 VCE | 132-S-815-1 study guide | 132-S-815-1 practice exam | 132-S-815-1 cram


Killexams 156-315 test questions | Killexams LOT-959 study guide | Killexams 700-302 pdf download | Killexams 700-280 brain dumps | Killexams CSWIP study guide | Killexams HP0-J11 test prep | Killexams 190-800 drill test | Killexams DNDNS-200 exam prep | Killexams 090-554 braindumps | Killexams 70-463 exam questions | Killexams P9510-021 mock exam | Killexams NREMT-PTE examcollection | Killexams PEGACMBB study guide | Killexams 000-797 drill questions | Killexams 310-105 cheat sheets | Killexams NS0-181 bootcamp | Killexams 000-853 actual questions | Killexams COG-320 test prep | Killexams 000-M245 questions and answers | Killexams NSE8 questions and answers |


killexams.com huge List of Exam Braindumps

View Complete list of Killexams.com Brain dumps


Killexams ITIL brain dumps | Killexams 9A0-058 mock exam | Killexams FPGEE sample test | Killexams HP0-697 actual questions | Killexams 1Z0-238 dump | Killexams COG-112 braindumps | Killexams HP0-M42 braindumps | Killexams ST0-248 VCE | Killexams HP0-M28 bootcamp | Killexams PEGACPBA73V1 dumps questions | Killexams 000-607 examcollection | Killexams 7591X free pdf | Killexams 6210 test questions | Killexams 000-957 questions answers | Killexams 1Z0-605 drill test | Killexams MB2-715 test prep | Killexams 00M-646 exam prep | Killexams ED0-002 cram | Killexams EX0-107 drill Test | Killexams P2060-001 brain dumps |


Specialist Modular Messaging with(R) Avaya Message Store Implement and back Elective(R)

Pass 4 sure 132-S-815-1 dumps | Killexams.com 132-S-815-1 actual questions | http://tractaricurteadearges.ro/

Denver councilman: Rein in medical marijuana | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

Citing a “regulatory vacuum,” that allows a freewheeling culture among some Denver medical-marijuana dispensaries, Councilman Charlie Brown wants to establish a broad raft of regulations on the businesses.

The Post editorial board is weighing in Friday on the statewide problem of a want of regulation of medical marijuana, and in doing some research for the editorial, I chatted with the councilman about his plans.

“I don’t mediate they halt people from having access,” Brown, just back in his office after visiting a dispensary, told me. “But they result exigency to beget some oversight.”

He’s right.

As we’ll detail tomorrow, the situation has gotten completely out of hand. Huge numbers of people who likely aren’t at complete suffering from anything other than a crave to salvage tall are getting permits for medical pot meant to travel to people with a “debilitating medical condition.”

Not that I beget the slightest problem with someone wanting to salvage completely baked out of his mind. (Though I also acquire the buzz-kill assumption that personal accountability and responsibility are to prevent the smoker from acting lawlessly or becoming a drain on society.) The Post supports legalizing marijuana and regulating and taxing it like alcohol, and so result I. The drug war is a goof and you’ve heard the arguments.

But using the medical-marijuana law as a back-door path to legalization is not the solution.

Councilman Brown says the “legitimate” dispensary owners he’s talked to crave reasonable regulation. They’re tired of being treated like second-class citizens catering to stoners when they’re really just trying to provide solace to the truly sick and suffering.

So what’s he want to do?

Brown would hunt to apply the Denver sales tax on medical marijuana sales and a 4 percent tax “on edibles sold at dispensaries and consumed off-site.”

(I just savor the humor behind that one: A munchies tax!)

He would saturate a dispensary applicant “the same as if they were applying for an adult cabaret license,” or an application fee of $2,000 and a yearly license fee of $3,000 thereafter.

Dispensary applicants would beget to salvage a complete FBI background check, follow status laws that liquor stores follow, including how nearby a dispensary could be located to a school.

And applicants under Brown’s proposal would beget to be more accountable to neighborhoods. “Perhaps they exigency a ‘needs and desires’ hearing similar to liquor,” he says.

Finally, Brown is concerned about the consumer. He wants to acquire sure permit holders salvage quality weed grown prerogative here in Colorado and not from some gun-toting Mexican drug cartel that could be treating the dope with God knows what.

I’m not sure I salvage the “adult cabaret” business. That seems to assume that legitimate and lawful permit holders are still doing something uncouth. Wouldn’t any regulations for pharmacies be the more analogous application?

Brown says he expects to beget a draft of his legislation by late next week.


HP TouchPad Needs 6 to 8 Weeks for Additional Shipments | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

First Name: Last Name: E-mail Address: Password: Confirm Password: Username:

Title: C-Level/President Manager VP Staff (Associate/Analyst/etc.) Director

Function:

Role in IT decision-making process: Align commerce & IT Goals Create IT Strategy Determine IT Needs Manage Vendor Relationships Evaluate/Specify Brands or Vendors Other Role commission Purchases Not Involved

Work Phone: Company: Company Size: Industry: Street Address City: Zip/postal code State/Province: Country:

Occasionally, they transmit subscribers special offers from select partners. Would you like to receive these special partner offers via e-mail? Yes No

Your registration with Eweek will comprise the following free email newsletter(s): word & Views

By submitting your wireless number, you disagree that eWEEK, its related properties, and vendor partners providing content you view may contact you using contact focus technology. Your consent is not required to view content or employ site features.

By clicking on the "Register" button below, I disagree that I beget carefully read the Terms of Service and the Privacy Policy and I disagree to be legally bound by complete such terms.

Register

Continue without consent      

Colby bountiful Arts Symposium 2016 | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

'DOOMED, BOURGEOIS, IN LOVE': WHIT STILLMAN'S 'YUPPIE TRILOGY' IN THE CONTEXT OF NEOLIBERALISM   (Oral Presentation) Jesse Dritz ('16), American Studies 'Do yuppies even exist? No one says, 'I am a yuppie,' it's always the other guy who's a yuppie. I mediate for a group to exist somebody has to admit to being a Part of it.' Newsweek' named 1984 'The Year of the Yuppie.' Yet, Stillman's 1990s independent film trilogy suggests that yuppies defied categorization because society's sheer, collective hatred drove them to denial. My project analyzes Stillman's 'Yuppie Trilogy' as a corpse of travail that reflects America's changing convivial and cultural landscape in the 1980s and '90s. Critics beget suggested that Stillman's films are F. Scott Fitzgerald for a new era and, upright to this comparison, Stillman is overtly preoccupied with issues of convivial class. Stillman's adolescent yuppies and preppies debate the solicitude and confusion produced by the country's class reshuffling as it shifted toward Neoliberalism. The trilogy's deft comedy highlights the absurdity of American society's most privileged group being plagued with an overwhelming sense of doom. THE STORIES THEY recommend OURSELVES ABOUT WAR: A DISCOURSE IN WAR NARRATIVES IN AMERICAN LITERATURE   (Oral Presentation) Erin Figel ('16), American Studies This paper will notice at the stories veterans write about their wars by examining three novels on three different wars: Hemingway's 'A Farewell to Arms;' Tim O'Brien's 'The Things They Carried;' and Phil Klay's 'Redeployment.' FOODIE FASCISM: TREND OR TRADITION?   (Oral Presentation) Lauren Gluck ('16), American Studies It has reach to my attention, especially in the terminal four years, that eating has become less fun than it used to be. Gone are the days of late night snacking, and ice cream just becausebut why? Where did this reach from, and when did it happen? Did it originate in the 1980s, when the cosmopolitan yuppies decided that they wanted Buns of Steel like Jane Fonda? Or did it betide at the gyrate of the century, when super foods became more magical than super heroes? When did women start policing themselves, and each other? result they really believe that self-control makes us more powerful? Younger? More beautiful? Whats a cleanse, and where did they salvage the faith that they exigency to halt eating in order to tarry healthy? Why result they result this, and how did they salvage here? In nascence to account these questions, my mind continued to jump to one lifestyle blog in particular that I believe is perfectly representative of this new era of foodism: goop. goop is a glimpse into actress Gwyneth Paltrows whole world. To her online viewers, she has opened up her home, her recipe box, her closet, and her mind. Somehow, she has created an avenue for consumers to buy into this new foodie culture, therefore making it effortless for them latch on, and to salvage onboard with the craze. Paltrow and her team beget targeted their wealthy white female consumer basis to acquire them feel supported and worthy of self-reinvention. I beget investigated how she did this. I beget explored her marketing strategy, and I am nascence to understand how exactly she gets these women to believe in what shes selling--I am so looking forward to sharing what Ive learned at CLAS this spring. YOU CAN’T SIT WITH US: EXAMINING convivial POWER HIERARCHIES THROUGH THE CLIQUE AND TTYL   (Oral Presentation) Carli Jaff ('16), American Studies Where result convivial power hierarchies reach from? How has this faith of frigid versus uncool (or even nerdy, in some cases) become so normalized? This presentation will debate the employ of two primary textsThe Clique by Lisi Harrison and TTYL by Lauren Myracleto investigate the phenomenon of power hierarchies and further understand how they beget reach about. Both of these books focus on frigid girls in middle and tall school, respectively, and the drama and rewards that comes with being the most popular, and the meanest, girls in school. These two texts can provide us with insight into how children and adolescents learn about these power hierarchies both in and out of school and how they are communicated to and enforced upon each other. In addition, both The Clique and TTYL, as well as their many sequels, are doing importantyet harmfulcultural travail by normalizing a worldview that has almost become an ideology in girlhood today. This paper investigates the construction of childhood rituals such as the sleepover, the play date, recess, and the school dance through the lenses of these texts and understand how readers of these texts then interpret these rituals and communicate and invoke these traditions onto others. I mediate that by rooting my study in girls adolescence and puberty, they can reach to better understand how these power hierarchies translate to adulthood, specifically in their neoliberal society. 'FOR FREE?': AN ANALYSIS OF KENDRICK LAMAR'S, 'TO PIMP A BUTTERFLY'   (Oral Presentation) Bonnie Maldonado ('16), American Studies This project will direct to connect Kendrick Lamar's 2015 album 'To Pimp a Butterfly' to their course on neoliberalism. Through an analysis of song lyrics, the history of the political and convivial effects of hip hop and a nearby notice at America's current political state, I will bicker the Kendrick's album would not beget been as successful if it were released at different flash in America's history and past due to its financial success and audiences positive reactions based on a deeply affective experience. DEFINITIONS AND THE LIVED sustain OF THE pudgy corpse IN SOCIETY   (Poster) Michelle Daigle ('16), Anthropology An in-depth view on the definitions of pudgy in todays society as it relates to the lived personal experiences of those categorized as such. Using narratives of the lived sustain as well as the societal definitions of fat, this poster examines how the perception of food consumption in relation to the pudgy corpse affects the everyday aspects of life and the lived experience. As well as an exploration of the movement devoted to reclaiming the category pudgy to create a more positive lived experience. RICE, SEAWEED, AND RAW FISH: THE COMMODIFICATION OF THE EXOTIC   (Poster) Maya Finkelstein ('16), Anthropology How is it workable that they in a tiny city in Maine are able to travel out to ingest at a sushi restaurant? Is that food authentically Japanese? I am studying the commodification of sushi as an ethnic food product in the United States, from its rise in popularity in Japan, to its globalization in America: from fancy restaurants to takeout to grocery store sushi. BISCUITS, 'BINGATE' AND SOGGY BOTTOMS: AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY OF BAKE OFF AND ITS CULTURAL RELEVANCE   (Poster) Katrina Gafner ('16), Anthropology Using the much British Bake Off as a primary case study, this project seeks to understand the television genre, FoodTV. It asks what questions such as what is the purpose of television cooking and baking shows, what draws viewers to them, and how are traditional notions of gender and class negotiated in the process? Secondary sources on hero chefs, cooking shows, television consumption, and the power of reality television are used to retort these questions, though crucial information comes in the forms of interviews with FoodTV fans and novices. Combining these sources, this project ultimately articulates how FoodTV is not just didactic or entertaining, but a vehicle for the construction of national and individual identities. THE VILLAINOUS AND THE VIRTUOUS: AN ANTHROHISTORICAL notice AT THE PRODUCTION OF MURDER IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY LONDON   (Oral Presentation) Katrina Gafner ('16), Anthropology This project harnesses the methods of historical anthropology to deconstruct murder in nineteenth century London in an application to understand the draw of spectacle, the consumption of violence, and the aims of the press. It asks how was murder created, for what purpose was this done, and why were people so drawn to consuming narratives of murder? Using the archives of the British Library, this travail traces the London presss reporting of the Edgware Road Murder, while drawing parallels from similar cases, including that of Jack the Ripper. In doing so, nineteenth-century ideals about class and gender become highlighted alongside constructions of violence. Murder becomes not just can act, but a productive category of violence that was capable of turning actual life events into a sensational genre for the purpose of mass entertainment. A CULTURAL STUDY OF WINE: lore AND THE HIERARCHY OF POWER   (Poster) Gillian Katz ('16), Anthropology THE CONSTRUCTION OF IDENTITY AND PORTRAYAL OF FOOD IN CINEMA   (Poster) Matthew Lara ('16), Anthropology This poster seeks to examine the course that cinema portrays food and the act of eating, and how this representation of food helps construct American identity. It looks at the glorification of America as an unrivaled superpower, how food ties into traditional American family values, and how food can depict a cultural clash. TRANSCENDING NEOLIBERALISM FOR TRANSFORMATIVE FOOD JUSTICE: ASSESSING URBAN AGRICULTURE AND COMMUNITY GARDEN INITIATIVES   (Poster) Carla Nyquist ('16), Anthropology The ever-increasing corporatization and industrialization of food and agricultural production has led to increased separation between people and their food/ food source. This situation is especially common in urban communities, where alienation from food production, higher prices for more healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables, and sometimes simply want of availability or access to fresh, quality bear leads people to trust on speedily food restaurants and large-scale supermarkets. Communities such as these beget reach to be known as food deserts, and these are particularly common in low-income and marginalized communities, especially communities of color. In response, a growing trend has been efforts to bring communities in closer contact with the mode of production of their food and provide access to healthier food options. These efforts buy the shape of urban agriculture (UA) initiatives and community gardens. The main questions guiding my research are: What characteristics determine whether urban agriculture and community garden projects transcend neoliberal frameworks of food reform and travail to transform the system? What factors and characteristics determine whether the projects are limited to neoliberal methods of change?In some cases, the development of urban agriculture and community garden projects issue to possess characteristics and goals with truly transformative properties, as a mode of food reform outside of traditional neoliberal motivations and frameworks. However, quite often these projects seem to remain within this neoliberal framework and want truly transformative properties. FOOD POLITICS: A SURVEY OF IDENTITIES IN FOOD POLITICS   (Poster) Mackenzie Reimer ('16), Anthropology An examination of constructed identities across a reach of political food projects. GOOD MOTHERS, genuine CITIZENS: THE BIOPOLITICS OF BREASTFEEDING IN THE UNITED STATES   (Poster) Erin Trainor ('16), Anthropology In my project, I will examine the role that breastfeeding plays in shaping identities. I am particularly interested in breastfeeding's relationship with cultural ideas about what it means to be a good/bad mother and woman in the United States. I will trail how ideas about these identities beget changed over time and learn how American women poise culturally specific expectations of motherhood and womanhood and their professions. How beget traditional practices, like the employ of damp nurses, and new technologies, such as breast pumps and formula, enabled mothers to be professionals while fulfilling maternal obligations? What risks result these practices and technologies pose for women and children? What is the role of scientific research in creating maternal obligations? In what ways has the status intervened to shape ideas about what/how women should feed their children? Many doctors claim that breastfeeding is the best course for mothers to give their children a genuine start, and it is widely accepted that breast milk is nutritious. Why, then, is breastfeeding often discouraged in public spaces? How beget breasts become much more than feeding tools? What role does female sexuality beget in the breastfeeding discourse? TATTOOS ON PROFESSIONAL FEMALE ATHLETES   (Oral Presentation) Mackenzie Hitchcock ('16), Art It is a fact that female athletes are very strong, both mentally and physically. It is also upright that tattoos in common historically acquire people seem tougher, often being associated with the outsiders, prisoners, war, gangs, and the rebel youth. In addition, people often salvage tattoos because of some hardship in their life or something they beget had to overcome, resulting in a tougher mentality. The process of getting a tattoo is also painful, which could potentially acquire someone tougher. I will analyze interviews with female professional athletes who beget tattoos as well as those without tattoos. I hope to disclose that the tattoos on female professional athletes acquire their image tougher. IS THERE A exigency FOR ARTISTIC PRESERVATION? INVESTIGATING DESTRUCTION IN THE NEAR EAST IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY   (Oral Presentation) Emily Nelson ('16), Art The Western current media has closely scrutinized the actions of extremist groups in Palmyra, Iraq, and Bamiyan, citing the pressing exigency to preserve cultural heritage in the Near East. Only rarely result they note the media attempting to understand motivations for destroying cultural monuments in the designation of religion. craft historical scholarship has adopted a similar position and is unwilling to accept actions or views that travail against its conceptions of usurp cultural heritage and artistic preservation. craft history as a discipline sees itself as open to accepting a variety of interpretations, which is why this paper will point out an exception. By reading craft historical scholarship alongside recent word articles about the Near East, this paper will quiz how they might note this recent position of craft historical scholarship as a limitation of Western craft history today. WHAT IS MISSING? MAYA LINS ENVIRONMENTALLY CONSCIOUS craft AND ITS SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATIONS   (Oral Presentation) Eleanor Ozburn ('16), Art Today there is a broad call for cross-disciplinary collaborations in the visual arts, specifically between craft and science. Artists beget been using science in their environmentally conscious travail since the 1800s, but today the collaborations are much more publicly celebrated. Maya Lin appears to retort todays call for cross-disciplinary collaborations, for her works comprise scientific data and call attention to global environmental problems. However, my critique of Lins What is Missing? and other collaborative projects shows that they continue to deemphasize the role of scientists in order to maintain the authority of the artist. This paper thus aims to shed light on the art/science relationships in environmentally conscious craft and to disclose that the limitations placed on science and scientists within such travail ultimately circumscribe the craft itself. TO CAPTURE OR TO MOLD: DEFINING THE brim BETWEEN VISUAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND synchronous craft PHOTOGRAPHY   (Oral Presentation) Hye Park ('16), Art The relationship between synchronous craft photography and cultural anthropology is a subject that scholars beget discussed since the late twentieth century. Today the brim between the two disciplines has yet to be clearly drawn. This paper argues for the import of distinguishing the methods and aims of these practices. craft photographers actively select to depict their subjects, while cultural anthropologists study how their subjects depict themselves in a cultural environment and basis their thoughts about people, places, and identities on that acquired knowledge. By observing visual ethnographies and synchronous photographs, this paper will claim that without their differentiation acknowledged in scholarship, one could misinterpret the subjective vision of an artist as a cultures portrayal of itself. A TRANSNATIONAL CONVERSATION: MAINE FOLK ART, MARSDEN HARTLEY, YASUO KUNIYOSHI   (Oral Presentation) Francesca Soriano ('16), Art In 1910, Hamilton Easter Field, an artist, critic, and teacher, founded the Ogunquit School of Painting and Sculpture in a tiny coastal town in southern Maine. Modernist artists Marsden Hartley and Yasuo Kuniyoshi spent summers at the Ogunquit School and were encouraged by sphere who instructed his students in 1913 to live in palpate with aboriginal Ogunquit life. sphere hoped that if artists at his school engaged with and collected vernacular, locally made craft objects, then their travail would express a national American identity, thus making it nationally significant. The outcome, however, was quite different. Hartley and Kuniyoshi used folk craft to forge transatlantic artistic identities and styles that they infused with German and Japanese influences. Instead of creating a national American identity, the travail they created in Ogunquit demands a new reading of American folk craft in dialogue with early modernism that operated within a global context. JEWS AND TATTOOS: THE CONVERGENCE OF ANCIENT HISTORY AND MODERN MORALITY   (Oral Presentation) Lily Steig ('16), Art An oft-quoted passage, Leviticus 19:28, specifically forbids the chosen people from getting tattoos. Although the more bountiful factions of the people of the reserve beget debated the nuances of this statement, it seems pretty pellucid that for a matrix of tangled sanctimonious reasons, Judeo-Christians are not permitted to salvage tattoos. This stricture most likely arose due to the inclination of pagans to impress themselves with the symbols of their alleged inaccurate idols, but the Biblical passage has since taken on new layers of meanings as a marker of a common identity through abstinence. Indeed, literature regarding Jews and tattoos often cites the law against tattooing as one of the best-known pieces of Jewish culture. Since World War II, tattoos beget taken on still more connotations within Jewish communities, for no discussion of Jews and tattoos is free of the shadow of the forcible tattoos inflicted upon the Jewish prisoners at Auschwitz. Despite these aspects of Jewish history that would issue to acquire a Jews decision to salvage inked fraught with ingrained cultural and sanctimonious specters, American Jews beget thronged to tattoo parlors since the inception of their modern Tattoo Renaissance in the 1990s. To the horror of their parents and sanctimonious mentors, adolescent American Jews salvage tattoos for myriad reasons: for mode or other frivolous aesthetic whims, to commemorate moments in their lives, or, most interestingly, to celebrate some aspect of the Jewish culture or heritage that condemns their tributary corpse art. In my paper, I will compare the American Jewish participation in this tattoo fad to the Israeli population and to American Christian tattoo culture. TATTOOS AND SELF-HARM   (Oral Presentation) Molly Wu ('18), Art The presentation will delve into the history of self harm in society and how, what and why tattoos are used as a coping mechanism for these particular victims. MONEY MATTERS: TRACING THE ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL craft MARKET IN THE development OF synchronous CHINESE craft   (Oral Presentation) Shauna Yuan ('16), Art The international market for synchronous Chinese craft has grown more rapidly than any other craft market. Before the gyrate of the century, this corpse of travail did not be pleased as much of the censorious respect and cachet as it does today. However, only a select group of artists, who complete began their careers following the halt of the Cultural Revolution in 1977, constitute the core of western scholarship and exhibitions. Whereas, itsy-bitsy has been said about artists outside of this group. As a result of charge inflation and the same signature styles that issue at auction, critics and craft historians beget questioned whether synchronous Chinese artists who beget establish success on the global market are catering to Euro-American demand or challenging artistic values and relish across the globe in a lasting and meaningful way. This presentation aims to shed light on how market demand for synchronous Chinese craft in the west has shaped its reception in the international craft world. RETHINKING ASIAN INFLUENCES IN THE craft OF THE STIEGLITZ clique   (Oral Presentation) Zhicheng Zhang ('16), Art Coming together at the gyrate of the nineteenth century in New York, the Stieglitz clique developed an American modernist visual vocabulary, drawing from European avant-garde craft and non-Western iconographies and philosophies. Some scholars beget explored the intersections of modernism and Orientalism, but the Stieglitz clique has been absent from those discussions, although there beget been some studies of its employ of African art. Responding to that absence, this project identifies considerable Asian influences in the paintings of Marsden Hartley, Arthur Dove, Max Weber, and Joseph Stella and reveals the Orientalist tendencies in their work. My research thus reveals a transcultural dimension to a key avant-garde movement in the United States and, in turn, alters traditional scholarly views of Orientalism. POMPE DISEASE: A REVIEW OF A RARE GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISORDER   (Poster) Anna Donovan ('17) and Katherine Metayer ('17), Biochemistry In the United States, as many as 200,000 people suffer from rare diseases. There are over 7,000 known rare diseases, but each disease often affects only a handful of people. With limited sample sizes--and itsy-bitsy funding for research--few treatment options are available. Pompe disease is one case of a rare disease that affects approximately 1 in 40,000 Americans. Pompe disease was the first lysosomal enzyme disorder for which enzyme replacement therapy was studied. This disease is caused by a mutation in the α-glucosidase gene, with over 180 different mutations known to cause the disorder. When this gene is absent or deficient, glycogen cannot be broken down and accumulates in the lysozomes. Clinically, Pompe disease is characterized by cardiomyopathy, brawny hypotonia, respiratory infections, and failure to thrive. This disease manifests itself in two forms: infantile and late onset. The infantile profile is characterized by a total want of α-glucosidase, resulting in a buildup of glycogen in skeletal muscle and heart tissues. The late onset profile is a progressive condition with varying amounts of α-glucosidase activity and presents with similar symptoms as the infantile form. The lifespan and quality of life for people diagnosed with Pompe Disease are variably affected, with late-onset patients alive into their 40s and 50s. The lifespan of those with infantile onset Pompe disease varies depending on when treatment begins. The benchmark treatment is α-glucosidase enzyme replacement therapy, though trials are currently being conducted in order to investigate other potential treatment options. Despite ongoing efforts, individuals with Pompe disease lose the talent to employ vital muscles and eventually succumb to the disease. TREATMENT DELIVERED: SUCCESSFUL DOMINO LIVER TRANSPLANTATION IN A PATIENT WITH MAPLE SYRUP URINE DISEASE   (Poster) Taylor Enrico ('17) and Emily Leach ('17), Biochemistry Maple Syrup Urine disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive disorder in which mutations in the human branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase tangled (BCKD) result in elevated levels of the branched-chain amino acids (Leu, Ile, and Val) and their corresponding alpha-ketoacids. BCKD normally functions to catalyze the oxidative decarboxylation of branched-chain keto-acids. Most MSUD-causing mutations reduce or prevent catalytic activity as a result of solitary amino acid switches that move cofactor binding, formation of the hydrophobic enzyme core, or subunit association. The tall levels of valine, isoleucine, and leucine that result from mutated BCKD can cause numerous symptoms that first present a week after birth. Symptoms comprise a maple syrup odor in urine, brain swelling, stroke, seizure, coma, fetal acidosis, altered mental status, mental retardation, failure to thrive, and sudden death. There are several types of MSUD, which beget different levels of severity, but classic cases result in the most ascetic symptoms and, subsequently, beget the fewest treatment options. Recent developments in treatment comprise dietary changes, specially designed baby formula, and liver transplantation. Dietary restriction and specially designed formula reduce dietary intake of leucine, isoleucine, and valine and interpose supplements, while liver transplantation introduces cells that can bear functional forms of the branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex. In the 1950s, life expectancy of MSUD patients was, at most, a few months. Now, as a result of newly developing treatments, children with MSUD can live relatively normal lives. Here, a case study is presented in which domino liver transplantation is used successfully to deal a 2-year-old boys MSUD symptoms. A REVIEW OF MEDIUM CHAIN ACYL-COA DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY   (Poster) Pralaksha Gurung ('16) and Calvin Robbins ('17), Biochemistry Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) converts fatty acids into energy when there is a low availability of glucose. Patients with a deficiency in this protein often present in childhood because the symptoms of the disease are easily triggered by short periods of fasting or vomiting. An autosomal recessive ACADM gene mutation, which affects fatty acid 𝛽-oxidation in the mitochondria is answerable for MCAD deficiency. Prenatal screening and genetic counseling can determine the random of having a child with MCAD. Women carrying a fetus with MCAD can exhibit MCAD symptoms such as fatigue, jaundice, and nausea as their corpse compensates for the fetal energy deficiency. MCAD deficiency is easier to detect in earlier stages of the individuals life. In adulthood, the symptoms presented are similar to that of burden abuse, making the diagnosis more complicated. The mutation is most common in people of Northern European heritage. Symptoms comprise fatigue, nausea, and low blood sugar. Without MCAD, patients trust heavily on the liver to store and shiver down glycogen to provide energy in times of fasting. This overuse of the liver often results in liver damage. The most efficient treatment for MCAD deficiency is simply through a diet of starchy foods and minimizing time between food intake to maintain a great supply of carbohydrates for cells to employ as energy, allowing people with MCAD deficiency to survive with relatively few long-term health effects. However, the random for ascetic developmental and physiological damage increases with each metabolic emergency a patient experiences, so maintenance of a tall starch diet is very important. GLUTARIC ACIDEMIA: NEUROLOGICAL DISORDER AND THE QUEST FOR DIAGNOSTICS   (Poster) Sarah Lane-Reticker ('16) and Robert Cummings ('16), Biochemistry Characterized by buildup of glutaric acid, 3-hydroxyglutaric acid, glutarylcarnitine, and sometimes glutaconic acid, glutaric acidemia I is a rare inherited genetic disorder caused by a variety of mutations in the GCDH gene. GCDH codes for glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH), an enzyme that converts glutaryl-CoA to crotonyl-CoA as Part of the degradation process for the amino acids lysine, hydroxylysine, and tryptophan. Without GCDH, these amino acids accumulate in the brain, and glutaric acidemia manifests itself in a set of neurological symptoms, which culminate in death if the condition is left untreated. Treatment is fairly straightforward in theory: a lysine-restricted diet, typically coupled with lysine-free amino acid dietary supplements. However, this diet is generally only efficient when applied to presymptomatic patients, which creates a crucial diagnostic dilemma. Recently, thanks to groundbreaking advances in instrumental diagnostic chemistry, tandem mass spectrometry in infants has been used to cheaply and accurately detect tell-tale analytes (specifically glutaryl carnitine) and diagnose glutaric acidemia before the devastating neurological symptoms originate to appear. While historically this disease has been associated with tall morbidity, these clinical breakthroughs beget considerably improved the prognosis, making life with glutaric acidemia relatively manageable. POMPE DISEASE: A REVIEW OF A RARE GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISORDER   (Poster) Katherine Metayer ('17) and Anna Donovan ('17), Biochemistry In the United States, as many as 200,000 people suffer from rare diseases. There are over 7,000 known rare diseases, but each disease often affects only a handful of people. With limited sample sizes--and itsy-bitsy funding for research--few treatment options are available. Pompe disease is one case of a rare disease that affects approximately 1 in 40,000 Americans. Pompe disease was the first lysosomal enzyme disorder for which enzyme replacement therapy was studied. This disease is caused by a mutation in the α-glucosidase gene, with over 180 different mutations known to cause the disorder. When this gene is absent or deficient, glycogen cannot be broken down and accumulates in the lysozomes. Clinically, Pompe disease is characterized by cardiomyopathy, brawny hypotonia, respiratory infections, and failure to thrive. This disease manifests itself in two forms: infantile and late onset. The infantile profile is characterized by a total want of α-glucosidase, resulting in a buildup of glycogen in skeletal muscle and heart tissues. The late onset profile is a progressive condition with varying amounts of α-glucosidase activity and presents with similar symptoms as the infantile form. The lifespan and quality of life for people diagnosed with Pompe Disease are variably affected, with late-onset patients alive into their 40s and 50s. The lifespan of those with infantile onset Pompe disease varies depending on when treatment begins. The benchmark treatment is α-glucosidase enzyme replacement therapy, though trials are currently being conducted in order to investigate other potential treatment options. Despite ongoing efforts, individuals with Pompe disease lose the talent to employ vital muscles and eventually succumb to the disease. LESCH-NYHAN DISEASE: EVOLVING TREATMENT METHODS AND UNDERSTANDING OF NEUROLOGICAL SYMPTOMS   (Poster) Dylan Park ('16) and Paul Scott ('16), Biochemistry Lesch-Nyhan Disease (LND) is a disorder in the metabolism of purine nucleotides. This disorder is caused by a deficiency in hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT), an enzyme answerable for conversion of free guanine to GMP. When this pathway is slowed or halted by the deficiency in HPRT, guanine and hypoxanthine accumulate and other metabolic pathways for their metabolism, which bear uric acid, extend in activity. This extend in uric acid levels constitutes a profile of gout and can contribute to kidney problems. The want of availability of purines from this salvage pathway also increases the rate of de novo production of purines and the buildup of phosphoribosyl-pyrophosphate (PRPP), another substrate involved in the metabolism of nucleotides that characterizes a rise in uric acid levels. Other symptoms of LND comprise neurological disorders resulting in muscle weakness and neurological disability with the most sever being self-mutilating behaviors. The correlation between elevated uric acid levels and neurological disorders is currently up for debate. Some evidence suggests that there is a want of dopamine production due to the want of guanosine-triphosphate, an considerable compound for dopamine synthesis, while other evidence argues that the abnormalities arise from oxidative stress that results from being exposed to tall acid levels. Current treatment options for LND are based entirely on the symptoms. Patients can be given allopurinol to reduce uric acid even and kidney stones can be treated with lithotripsy. The neurological symptoms are much harder to deal but results beget been seen with drugs such as haloperidol or benzodiazepines. Recent research is focusing on early detection biomarkers and improved treatment methods for the neurological damage. GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISORDER ilk IIIA: A REVIEW OF CURRENT AND POTENTIAL MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT TECHNIQUES   (Poster) Alexandru Plesa ('17) and William Simmons ('17), Biochemistry Glycogen storage disease ilk III (GSDIII) is caused by a defect in the glycogen debranching enzyme (GDE) gene, which encodes the protein that releases stored sugars for energy production. The disease has four distinct forms (types IIIa-d), the most common of which is ilk IIIa that manifests in both the liver and muscles. GSDIIIa is characterized by muscle weakness and damage, liver damage, low blood sugar, tall blood fat, and increased levels of liver enzymes in the blood. Patients can suffer damage to heart muscle which carries grave implications. While no upright treatment exists for this disease, it has been effectively managed through manipulation of patients diets. One of the major concerns in managing GSDIIIa is the risk of hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, which may cause damage or death in many tissue types including the brain and heart muscles. Patients with GSDIIIa are susceptible to ascetic hypoglycemia within short periods after eating due to their inability to regulate blood sugar. To combat this, patients are instructed to consume tangled carbohydrates, great carbohydrates consisting of simple sugars linked together, rather than simple sugars alone. tangled carbohydrates are broken down slowly, providing a uniform source of sugar between meals. Patients are encouraged to consume cornstarch, a very slowly broken down (and unappetizing) carbohydrate, as a long-term source of sugar. This inconvenience has driven a search for alternative approaches in recent years. Doctors beget experimented with diets tall in protein and fats, both of which are sources of fuel, and low in carbohydrates with success. This review examines the efficacy of a modified version of the Atkins Diet in two adolescent patients with GSDIIIa, which allowed them to live healthily without cornstarch treatment. EXPRESSION OF THE HSP70 GENE IN ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA INCREASES AS A RESULT OF HEAT STRESS TREATMENT AT TWO DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES   (Oral Presentation) Paul Scott ('16), Biochemistry HSP70 is a protein answerable for the protection of other proteins in organisms subjected to heat stress or other environmental stressors. It is a member of the heat shock protein (HSP) family of proteins, which serve as molecular chaperones and prevent denaturation of proteins due to stresses. To study its expression as a function of environmental and developmental factors, both four- and six- week develope pots of Arabidopsis thaliana were separated into two groups each, subjecting one of each age to heat stress at elevated temperature. RNA was then isolated from a leaf tissue sample from each group, and qRT-PCR was performed on these samples of isolated RNA, comparing HSP70 mRNA to the constitutively expressed structural protein ACTIN to determine relative expression levels. The six week develope groups were both establish to beget much higher average expression of HSP70 than their four week develope counterparts, suggesting that the role of HSP70 is more pronounced as the plants age, although this inequity was not establish to be statistically significant due to tall variation in expression, particularly in the former groups. Comparing heat-treated groups to their control counterparts, it was establish that HSP70 was expressed at a higher rate in the heat-treated groups, suggesting that HSP70 has a role in protection against heat stress, although tall variation again hindered the statistical significance of this trend. LESCH-NYHAN DISEASE: EVOLVING TREATMENT METHODS AND UNDERSTANDING OF NEUROLOGICAL SYMPTOMS   (Poster) Paul Scott ('16) and Dylan Park ('16), Biochemistry Lesch-Nyhan Disease (LND) is a disorder in the metabolism of purine nucleotides. This disorder is caused by a deficiency in hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT), an enzyme answerable for conversion of free guanine to GMP. When this pathway is slowed or halted by the deficiency in HPRT, guanine and hypoxanthine accumulate and other metabolic pathways for their metabolism, which bear uric acid, extend in activity. This extend in uric acid levels constitutes a profile of gout and can contribute to kidney problems. The want of availability of purines from this salvage pathway also increases the rate of de novo production of purines and the buildup of phosphoribosyl-pyrophosphate (PRPP), another substrate involved in the metabolism of nucleotides that characterizes a rise in uric acid levels. Other symptoms of LND comprise neurological disorders resulting in muscle weakness and neurological disability with the most sever being self-mutilating behaviors. The correlation between elevated uric acid levels and neurological disorders is currently up for debate. Some evidence suggests that there is a want of dopamine production due to the want of guanosine-triphosphate, an considerable compound for dopamine synthesis, while other evidence argues that the abnormalities arise from oxidative stress that results from being exposed to tall acid levels. Current treatment options for LND are based entirely on the symptoms. Patients can be given allopurinol to reduce uric acid even and kidney stones can be treated with lithotripsy. The neurological symptoms are much harder to deal but results beget been seen with drugs such as haloperidol or benzodiazepines. Recent research is focusing on early detection biomarkers and improved treatment methods for the neurological damage. THE EVOLUTION OF THE BULLPEN   (Oral Presentation) Samantha Attar ('18), Biology Discussion and analysis of the bullpen and how its transformation has altered pitching objectives and thus the game of baseball. AFRICAN-AMERICANS IN MLB   (Oral Presentation) Conor Bruen ('17), Biology Why are there less African-Americans playing in the MLB? In 1981 about 20% of players were African-American. Today there are only 7%. MALE NUPTIAL COLORATION BETWEEN TWO SPECIES OF STICKLEBACK, GASTEROSTEUS ACULEATUS AND CULAEA INCONSTANS.   (Oral Presentation) John Burton ('17), Biology N/A MELATONIN RECEPTOR STRUCTURE AND function IN ARTHROPODS   (Oral Presentation) James Connelly ('16), Biology Melatonin is an indoleamine hormone whose primary role in vertebrates is the modulation of circadian rhythms by signaling photoperiod length. In vertebrates, it achieves this function, along with a number of other behavioral and physiological functions, through its three membrane-bound receptors, MT1, MT2, and MT3. While they know that melatonin is expressed endogenously in invertebrates and a numerous studies beget demonstrated its similar functions to vertebrate melatonin, no specific protein has ever been identified as a upright melatonin receptor in arthropods. My study used a wide variety of bioinformatics tools to provide genomic evidence of the actuality of membrane-bound melatonin receptors in the crustacean, Daphnia pulex. Through my bioinformatics research, I identified several candidate proteins and examined their three-dimensional structure and function based on known protein models. One of these proteins, in particular, showed tall structural and functional similarity to vertebrate MT2, and is likely a crustacean melatonin receptor. TECHNOLOGY OF THE BASEBALL BAT   (Oral Presentation) James Craig ('17), Biology Pecha kechu presentation focused on the technology of the baseball bat and its effects on gameplay. The presentation will notice at differences between college ball vs. the major league and the metal bat vs. the classic wood bat. Statistical gameplay differences between the different bat technologies are analyzed and interpreted through the statistics program 'R'. DOES NATURAL SELECTION DRIVE OPUNTIA NECTAR PRODUCTION TO follow A GRADIENT OF ARIDITY?   (Oral Presentation) John Crockett ('16), Biology Please result NOT re-enter your project title. THE MYTH OF TOMMY JOHN SURGERY   (Oral Presentation) Stephanie Desrochers ('18), Biology For my Science and Baseball research project, I would like to explore the effects of Tommy John surgery on pitching performance. Specifically, I would like to explore the myth that some pitchers maintain: that the surgery, after recovery, actually improves pitching performance by tightening the ligament and increasing the oblige of a pitch. I would like to track pitching performance pre-surgery and post-surgery over time, to note how long the recovery epoch is to original capabilities, and whether or not pitching performance can actually improve. Although I doubt this will be the case except for maybe a few outliers, if performance does improve, this may be due to the placebo effect. Also, the recovery process of physical therapy may simply ameliorate health and might in general, increases pitching talent post-recovery. I will likely notice at pitch speed, control (through walks and strikeouts), and ERA. For my project, I will notice into the actual process of the surgery, normal recovery process and time, and finally pitching statistics. FAMILIES IN BASEBALL: HOW MLB SUCCESS DIFFERS BETWEEN OLDER AND YOUNGER BROTHERS   (Oral Presentation) Matthew DiAngelo ('18), Biology An analyzation comparing older and younger brothers in baseball, using success and talent as parameters. EVOLUTIONARY MECHANISMS IN THE HYBRIDIZATION OF NORTH AMERICAN SONGBIRDS   (Oral Presentation) Paul Dougherty ('16), Biology TBA SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PATTERNS IN IRRUPTIVE FRINGILLID MOVEMENTS   (Oral Presentation) Paul Dougherty ('16), Biology Analysis of historic Christmas Bird count and eBird records indicates that for the most part, winter movements of North American finches are similarly timed across latitudes. Many species account for great irruptions into southern latitudes every other year, and for most species, this biennial pattern is most distinct across the northern and mid United States. The movements of northern-breeding species are mostly positively correlated, as are those for species that are breeding residents in southern latitudes. There is an overall negative correlation in winter movements between northern and southern breeding species. THE ROLE OF THE INSULIN SIGNALING PATHWAY IN WING POLYPHENISM   (Poster) Meghan Fawcett ('16), Biology Wing Polyphenism in Jadera Haematoloma is strongly affected by environmental factors such as crowding, food availability and cage size as well as to focus specific signaling molecules within the insulin-signaling pathway. It appears as though the alteration of environment, through food availability, cage size, and crowding significantly move wing morph, and can be used as a stout predictor of wing morph. Through the employ of RNAi, InR1, InR2, Chico, and Akt were knocked down and novel phenotypes were observed. Knockdown of the genes InR1 and InR2 trended towards short winged morphs, in both tall and low food situations. In the case of Chico, a majority of the individuals failed to molt into adulthood after their L5 stage. Akt bugs issue to also beget a delayed molting phenotype. Through these experiments, it would issue as though interference with the insulin receptors results in a slight preference for short winged adults, whereas manipulation of Akt and Chico result in a substantial number of older, unmolted individuals. INVASIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ACER PLATANOIDES (NORWAY MAPLE) IN NORTH AMERICA   (Oral Presentation) Jack Flynn ('17), Biology TBA BASEBALL AFTER TED WILLIAMS: HOW THE EXTINCTION OF THE .400 HITTER AFFECTS HOME RUNS   (Oral Presentation) Eleanor Hanson ('18), Biology An analysis of the number of home runs hit since the extinction of the .400 hitter. The project will also debate the steroid era's role in home rush numbers as well as new features and techniques in baseball that allay and block the number of home runs hit per season. THE EVOLUTIONARY IMPLICATIONS OF THE EMERGENCE OF COYOTE- WOLF HYBRIDS IN THE NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES   (Oral Presentation) Emily Held ('17), Biology TBA THE CALEDONIAN CROW AND USAGE OF TOOLS IN FISHING FOR FOOD   (Oral Presentation) Gregory Ho ('16), Joseph Paluso ('19) and Emma Rosenfield ('16), Biology Crows are regarded as very intelligent, especially compared to other birds. But the Caledonian Crow fashions a stick into a 'fishing rod' in order to extract grubs from rotten logs. PRESENTATION OF RESEARCH PROPOSAL IN NSF FORMAT   (Oral Presentation) Jarildy Javier ('16), Biology TBA. PITCHERS VS DESIGNATED HITTER BATTING   (Oral Presentation) Marcus Jones ('18), Biology I'm going like to notice at the two leagues in pro baseball and note if the designated hitter has any significant statical result on the major hitting categories (single, doubles, triples, home runs, etc.).I'll be comparing the hitting statics between pitchers in the national league and the ninth hitter in the american league to note if there's any differences between the two players who should be the respective worse hitters on their team . HOME BATTING PERCENTAGE VS. AWAY BATTING PERCENTAGE   (Oral Presentation) Ailie Kelso ('18), Biology My project will evaluate batting percentage among teams and how it differs from home versus away games. I will research and employ data to compare and note how, and if, home sphere plays an odds to batters. I am inquisitive to note if batters beget a higher batting performance at a sphere they are more chummy with or if batters beget a higher batting percentage at fields with easier dimensions that might play into their favor. THE INFLUENCE OF FANS ON THE GAME OF BASEBALL AND THEIR result ON PERFORMANCE OF BASEBALL TEAMS   (Oral Presentation) Kasey Kirschner ('16), Biology This Pecha Kucha style talk will notice at the result fans of baseball beget on the progression on the game by looking at specific examples of interactions between the fans and the play of game. It will also compare attendance records to win-loss records of various teams to determine any correlation between the presence of fans and the performances of the team. DISRUPTION OF CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS THROUGH MISEXPRESSION OF CHMP2B INTRON5   (Oral Presentation) Christopher Krasniak ('16) and Peter Kavaler ('16), Biology Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is the second most common early-onset neurodegenerative disease. One subtype of FTD causes the production of CHMP2B Intron5, a mutant isoform of an ESCRT-III subunit. This causes disruptions in the autosomal-lysosomal and autophagy pathways. FTD patients account for a variety of neurological symptoms, including disinhibition, apathy, aggressive behavior, and circadian cadence deficits. To investigate these circadian cadence deficits they ectopically expressed human CHMP2B Intron5 using the GAL4-UAS system with the driver lines Cry-GAL4 and Pdf-GAL4 in Drosophila melanogaster. These drivers are specific to an considerable subset of circadian pacemaker neurons in the brain. Using activity monitoring, they observed moderately disrupted circadian behavior. They did not solemnize any cellular death phenotype through whole brain imaging. To investigate the circadian deficits they are currently examining timeless and epoch transcript levels to investigate workable disruption of the molecular clock. This will allow us to further recount the circadian deficits caused by CHMP2B Intron5 misexpression. MULTIPLE INTRODUCTIONS AS A TRIGGER FOR INVASIVE deportment OF INTRODUCED QUERCUS PALUSTRIS (PIN OAK) IN CENTRAL MAINE   (Oral Presentation) Juvenal Lopez ('16), Biology We genotyped pin oak parents and progeny at three chloroplast (maternally-inherited) and ten nuclear (biparentally-inherited) loci to determine whether multiple introductions may be the cause of the recent rapid proliferation of pin oak on the Colby College campus. The oldest planting was answerable for most progeny, but these progeny arose only after a second planting, suggesting multiple introductions as a trigger of successful colonization. In this study, I establish that the P1 and F1 generations were equally inbred, suggesting that other mechanisms may be answerable for the observed proliferation of pin oak. HABITAT CORRIDOR EFFECTS ON POPULATION DIFFERENTIATION OF JUNONIA COENIA   (Oral Presentation) John Lynch ('16), Biology Habitat fragmentation has been shown to seclude meta-populations and contribute to genetic differentiation by decreasing gene flow. A current restoration technique used to re-establish habitat connectivity in formerly fragmented landscapes are corridors. They direct to investigate whether connecting formerly isolated populations of Junonia coenia via corridors will result in a reduction of the genetic differentiation (Fst) between these populations. If so, does the reuslting genetic homogenization contribute to reduce local adaptivity? The study will be based in the Savannah River Corridor Landscape and will utilize populations of Junonia coenia already in abundance. Their study will add to the growing corpse of research on corridor effectiveness as well as investigating workable unintended genetic consequences, which could result other related species as well. VELOCITY DEPENDENCE IN THE AGE OF THE PITCHER   (Oral Presentation) Daniel Meyer ('16), Biology Since 2010, which was dubbed year of the pitcher, the poise of Major League Baseball has been shifting more and more in favor of the pitcher. There are many factors than sabermetricians theorize drive this result: pitcher specialization, a growing strike zone, and increased velocity are three substantial ones. In this presentation I will examine what factors acquire a pitcher genuine and to what degree he relies on velocity to bear results. Using publicly available pitch by pitch data and a progression of logistic regressions I will attempt to quantify to what degree a pitcher relies on velocity, control, and movement to salvage batters out. Will Clayton Kershaw age gracefully like Greg Maddux, or will he plunge off a cliff when his fastball lose some mustard? MODELS OF CONSISTENCY: MLB PLAYERS THAT PLAYED IN THE itsy-bitsy LEAGUE WORLD progression   (Oral Presentation) Christopher Millman ('16), Biology A presentation highlighting players in the MLB who's names in baseball appeared much earlier on the itsy-bitsy League world progression stage. SUCCESS OF MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL PLAYERS WHO WERE DRAFTED IN tall SCHOOL VS. COLLEGE   (Oral Presentation) Caitlyn Nolan ('17), Biology For my project I want to explore the success of both collegiate and tall school draft picks in their first year in the majors. The question that I want to beget answered through my research is if tall school players beget a better random of making in in the majors than those who reach out of college and vice versa. In other words, should tall school draft picks select to travel to college first? I will pick of sample size of veteran players, some of which came straight from tall school and others that chose to attend college first and compare their career stats and notice closely at their first few years in the majors. I hypothesize that collegiate draft picks will beget a higher success rate for the duration of their career, where as tall school recruits may experiences greater initial success, but it won't necessarily last. PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY IN CORAL: HOST ADAPTATION TO HEAT-RESISTANT SYMBIONTS   (Oral Presentation) Julia Park ('18), Biology I would like to investigate the talent of coral hosts, which are more resistant to higher ocean temperatures than the symbionts they carry, to reconcile to host symbionts with higher heat tolerance to prevent coral bleaching with rising ocean temperatures. COLOR CHANGE IN ECTOTHERMIC VERTEBRATES   (Oral Presentation) Rachel Prestigiacomo ('17), Jessica Aronis ('16), Alyson Churchill ('17) and Jamie Ross ('17), Biology The talent to change color using chromatophores is a striking and unique adaptation widely observable among ectothermic vertebrate taxa. Creatures with the capacity to result so may change color for a variety of purposes, including communication, camouflage, thermoregulation, and display. They debate the evolutionary advantages this character confers, and they examine the phylogeny and selective pressures that led to the evolution of this character in vertebrates. They recount the mechanism of color change, and they briefly compare and contrast this with the analogous capacity for color change exhibited by other taxa, particularly cephalopods and birds. EARTHWORM DISTRIBUTION AND MODELING IN KENNEBEC COUNTY, ME   (Oral Presentation) Julia Rogers ('16), Biology Earthworms are nonnative ecosystem engineers in complete areas glaciated during the Pleistocene Glaciation. In the status of Maine, earthworms are establish in every county in locations where they might except to find earthworms such as compost piles. The goals of my study were to create a distribution of earthworms and study the factors that may call their presence. To accomplish these goals, I did sphere research from September to November 2015. I established 36 transects in 25 different forests in Maine. At each transected, I sampled earthworms for abundance and biomass. Additionally, I collected soil samples, identified trees to the species levels, and other landscape even factors. complete data was analyzed using R and ArcGIS. I establish that earthworms are more likely to be establish closer to roads than further course from them, and that earthworms beget a significant repercussion on the locations where they are found. Earthworms reduce the litter depth, organic matter in the soil, the nitrogen levels in the soil, and extend the amount of phosphorous in the soil. These changes in the soil cause much changes in the forest drastically affecting the ecosystem. Earthworms are relatively dilatory piteous invaders who are greatly facilitated by human factors. IS REGULAR SEASON PERFORMANCE A genuine INDICATOR OF POSTSEASON PERFORMANCE?   (Oral Presentation) Michael Rudolf ('18), Biology Will be using statistical analysis to determine whether or not regular season performance is any indication of playoff performance in baseball. CHRONIC EXPOSURE TO A NEONICOTINOID INCREASES EXPRESSION OF ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDE GENES IN THE BUMBLE BEE (BOMBUS IMPATIENS)   (Oral Presentation) William Simmons ('17), Biology Bumble bees are considerable pollinators complete over the world. However, in recent years, there has been concern for the health of global bumble bee populations due to a reach of factors including parasitism and pesticide exposure. Previous study of the European bumble bee, Bombus terrestris, has shown that exposure to neonicotinoid pesticides reduces colony growth and queen production. Here they explore the possibility of an interaction between pesticide exposure and immune function. Specifically, they utilize qRT-PCR to test whether confirmed exposure to the neonicotinoid pesticide imidacloprid at field-realistic concentrations impacts the expression of messenger RNA transcripts (mRNA) of four antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). AMPs play an considerable role in the insect immune system, and beget been shown to guard bees against gram negative and positive bacteria, fungi, and trypanosomal infections. Using commercial B. impatiens colonies in tiny sphere enclosures, baseline variations in AMP expression were explored over three weeks. Imidacloprid exposures were then made during a four-week period. Their data demonstrate that confirmed low-dose exposure to imidacloprid in sugar syrup and pollen results in altered expression of AMPs, compared to controls. This may depict a direct result of imidacloprid or a stress-like response to other physiological and behavioral effects of the pesticide. Their findings raise considerable questions on the impacts of this interaction between bees and pesticides, and beseech further study to understand their implications. A NOVEL BIOINFORMATICS APPROACH TO MOTIF IDENTIFICATION IN PROTEINS   (Oral Presentation) Carl Vitzthum ('16), Biology Big data and its collection and analysis palter at the forefront of biological research. As a relatively new field, bioinformatics handles increasingly great amount of biological data through an interdisciplinary combination of biology, computer science, and other quantitative approaches. This project uses a set of novel bioinformatics programs to identify, search for, and visualize highly conserved motifs within groups of proteins. The resulting information can then be used in many ways, including protein characterization, evolutionary analysis, or as a basis for laboratory-based precise molecular studies. The programs were written in the scripting language Python and employ a number of widely used bioinformatics methods. Gene or protein sequences are used as an input to the programs, which provide output for motif identification and visualization on exon, motif, and whole protein based models. As one demonstrable employ of the methods developed, highly conserved motifs were used to classify different orthologous groups of the circadian clock gene Cryptochrome among a wide group of arthropods; specific focus was given to the Cryptochromes of the crustacean, Daphnia pulex. Themes spanned by this project comprise programming, bioinformatics, genetics, and molecular and evolutionary biology. COMPARATIVE SEED BANK SURVIVAL OF COMPETING aboriginal AND INVASIVE PLANTS   (Oral Presentation) Shayla Williams ('16), Biology Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is a highly invasive species able to profile persistent and prolific seed banks which are key to its talent to invade. Its seed banking talent is largely due to bountiful seed production. However cattail species (Typha spp.), which are some of loosestrifes most common competitors, beget comparable seed production rates but less abundant seed banks, suggesting that there may be a inequity in belowground seed survival. Given the import of fungal pathogens to seed viability, they examined if soil fungi differentially move seed germination rates of purple loosestrife and cattail species. They surveyed the above and below ground densities of both species to determine natural seed bank dynamics. They then buried packets of purple loosestrife and cattail seeds in sphere soil, treated half with fungicide, and kept samples dry, well-watered or saturated during greenhouse incubation. They grew fungal cultures from seeds that were exhumed after 4-5 weeks. After 14 weeks, complete packets were exhumed and seeds were monitored for germination in a growth chamber. Their results intimate that purple loosestrife seeds are present at significantly higher abundances in the seed bank than cattails (p<0.001). They establish that although purple loosestrifes fungal infection rate was higher than cattail (p=0.022), fungicide did not significantly move loosestrifes germination rate (p=0.0680) and it did significantly move that of cattails (p<0.001). Additionally, they establish that complete water treatments as well as fungicide x water interactions were significant in cattail seeds (p<0.001). Their results betoken that in saturated conditions, where both of these species commonly occur, fungi-mediated seed mortality may partially determine differential seed bank densities. SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF TWISTED PHENANTHRENES   (Oral Presentation) Nicholas Kim ('16), Chemistry My project follows a progression of syntheses starting with 1,3-dibromobenzene and ending with 4,5 dibromophenanthrene. This novel final product is fascinating in that it creates a ascetic twist in the basis phenanthrene molecule, which is otherwise resides in a solitary plane. More travail is being done on the replacement of bromine substituents with tertiary butyl groups in an attempt to create an even further twist. THE PHOTOCHEMICAL GENERATION OF CYCLOHEXYNE FROM A HYDROCARBON PRECURSOR   (Oral Presentation) Daniel Maurer ('16), Chemistry Photolysis of phenanthrene-based methylenecyclopropane derivatives beget previously been shown to generate alkylidenecarbenes, which readily rearrange to profile alkynes. In this work, they account for that photolysis of an analogous cyclic alkylidenecarbene precursor at ambient temperature forms cyclohexyne via the putative cyclopentylidenecarbene, and can be trapped by dienes by a Diels-Alder reaction. Cyclohexyne and other strained cycloalkynes are of much interest to theoreticians and experimentalists alike. Results of their coupled-cluster and DFT calculations on the potential energy surface of cyclopentylidenecarbene and the corresponding strained cyclohexyne will be also presented. The photochemical generation of cyclopentylidenecarbene, and thus cyclohexyne, from a hydrocarbon precursor that is readily synthesized and conveniently handled is a first, and will likely facilitate further structural studies using matrix isolation spectroscopy and kinetic investigations by femtosecond laser flash photolysis. STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MAJOR MONOADDUCTS AND CROSS-LINKS FORMED BY EPICHLOROHYDRIN   (Oral Presentation) Paul Scott ('16), Chemistry Epichlorohydrin (ECH) is a probable human carcinogen widely used in the synthetic polymer industry. Rats exposed by inhalation to this compound account for an increased incidence of tumors of the nasal cavity, and exposed human industrial workers account for a variety of ill effects, including chromosomal aberrations. Their ultimate goal is to understand the molecular mechanism by which this agent causes its biological effects. Previous travail in their lab suggests that ECH reacts with DNA at deoxyguanosine residues to profile both monoadducts and interstrand cross-links. Because the compound has two reactive groups, an epoxide and chloride, it can react to profile two workable monoadducts. The immediate goals of this travail are to determine which monoadduct is actually formed on the course to cross-links and to corroborate the structure of the cross-link. They are reacting ECH with defined sequence oligonucleotides and plasmid DNA and then characterizing the products. To demonstrate that cross-links profile in plasmid DNA and to optimize reaction time, linearized plasmid is reacted in a time course with ECH, and the products are denatured and then analyzed on an agarose gel. Cross-links beget the same mobility as a double-stranded control, which appears retarded relative to a single-stranded control. To characterize the structures of the monoadducts and cross-links formed, modified guanine residues are released through thermal hydrolysis and characterized through a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (Agilent 6200 Series), which determines the mass of each product. The experimental masses seen in the mass spectrum are then compared to the predicted mass of each monoadduct and the presumed cross-link. DETERMINATION OF THE SYNERGISTIC EFFECTS OF LAROMUSTINE AND tiny MOLECULES ON GLIOBLASTOMA MULTIFORME USING A CHEMICAL GENETIC SCREEN   (Oral Presentation) Ryan Weeks ('16), Chemistry Laromustine is a chemotherapeutic sulfonylhydrazine prodrug used in treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in clinical trial. While treatment of AML has shown to be more effective, there still exists evidence that laromustine may be a successful treatment design for GBM. A chemical genetic screen is a technique used to determine the enhanced effects between pairs of molecules. This technique is used to determine the synergistic effects between laromustine and a library of small, FDA-approved molecules to identify more efficient ways of killing immortalized glioblastoma cells. EXPERIMENTAL AND COMPUTATIONAL STUDY OF METHYLPHENYLVINYLIDENE AND ITS REARRANGEMENTS   (Oral Presentation) Xi Yang ('16), Chemistry Carbene, known as fundamental intermediate, is a neutral species with divalent carbon. In this study, they focused on methylphenylvinylidene, an unsaturated carbene with methyl and phenyl groups as substituents. A phenanthrene-based precursor, 1-(1-phenylethylidene)-1a,9b-dihydro-1H-cyclopropa[l]phenanthrene, was synthesized in three steps and underwent photolysis in C6D6 at ambient temperature. Methylphenylvinylidene carbene was produced through photolysis, and its generation was confirmed by trapping with cyclohexene, which gave a carbene-alkene cycloadduct. During photolysis, the carbene rearranged into 1-phenylpropyne through 1,2-phenyl shift, instead of 1,2-methyl shift, which was confirmed by photolysis of 13C-labeled precursor. The experimental result is consistent with the computations using CCSD(T)/cc-pVTZ//B3LYP/6-31+G* method. The calculation suggests that the 1,2-phenyl shift in singlet carbene requires 3.8 kcal/mol to overcome the barrier, whereas the 1,2-methyl shift needs 11.9 kcal/mol. AN ANALYTICAL AND VISUAL notice INTO GIVING AT COLBY   (Oral Presentation) Brittany Chin ('16), Computer Science Are there certain aspects of a student at Colby that makes them more likely to give back? Colby tuition covers only a portion of costs throughout the academic year, with the rest being covered by generous donations from Colby graduates. With data containing information on alumni, their involvements and studies at Colby, and their demographic background, I looked into the affinity of Colby alumni to give back to the school in the profile of monetary donations. Does involvement at Colby (in its many forms) call one's capacity to give back? What characteristics of a student (major, background, etc) are most considerable in determining if someone will give back? In doing analysis on this data using the statistical computing language R, I explored significant relationships and differences in giving that exist between alumni that correlate with attributes such as: athletic involvement, major, fraternal involvement, year of graduation, children, and many others. After doing the analysis, I used the visualization utensil R Shiny to create an interactive interface for exploring the data and generating fascinating visuals that depict the relationship between Colby involvement and giving. My goal in this project is to learn where Colby's philanthropy efforts result well in leveraging alumni relations and also identify what areas could be more actively pursued. FOLLOW ME ROBOT   (Oral Presentation) Victoria Edwards ('16), Computer Science The faith of a personal robotic helper while once made up the tails of science fiction, is now piteous closer and closer to reality. It is effortless for two humans to walk together where one person knows the directions and the other person follows along. However, it is not a trifling problem for a robot to recognize a human and follow along side the human. There are three key parts to this problem: 1) Detection of a human, 2) Tracking the human, and 3) the Robot's motion strategy. Using baseline assumptions I can simplify the detection process allowing this travail to focus on tracking and the robot's motion strategy. In looking at tracking and motion I will debate the actuality of an model location exists for the robot to follow a human and that it is workable for me to transmit the robot to that location. I will also debate two different methods to manipulate motion: a strict control law approach and a path planning approach. Both methods beget strengths and limitations and I comprise discussion of experimental results. EXPLORING THE NEUROEVOLUTION OF AUGMENTING TOPOLOGIES (NEAT) ALGORITHM   (Oral Presentation) William Kearney ('16), Computer Science I examine the effectiveness of using the NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT) algorithm to train artificial Neural Networks for categorical data classification. like many genetic algorithms, elegant is particularly well-suited to parallelization, and thus I investigate how a parallel architecture can significantly ameliorate elegant computation time when applied to large-scale data sets. DEEP LEARNING FOR COMPUTER VISION IMPLEMENTED ON AN EMBEDDED SYSTEM   (Oral Presentation) John Walpuck ('16), Computer Science As autonomous systems grow closer to becoming ubiquitous in their society, a stout and adaptable machine learning algorithm is necessary in order to give these systems the talent to mediate for themselves. The convolutional neural network is one of the most current models in employ today for machine learning in computer vision. However, due to the computationally intensive nature of this model, it does not seem workable to implement it effectively in a portable, offline system. Research and enterprise groups employ high-performance computing clusters with millions of processors in order to back the massive number of operations required to train the model and then classify subsequent inputs. I am working to implement this on a small, portable, 5 inch x 5 inch x 1 inch computer with under 200 processors. Having built this algorithm entirely from scratch, I beget learned a lot about how this model works , and the many difficulties that arise in its implementation. STATE OF THE craft AND THE BEST PATH FORWARD FOR artificial common INTELLIGENCE   (Oral Presentation) Brian Westerman ('16), Computer Science The various approaches to building artificial common Intelligence are examined and critiqued for their talent to bear an artificial common Intelligence in its various permutations. The most optimal path to getting AI to a common intelligence is proposed. COGNITIVE TESTING   (Oral Presentation) Shanna award ('17), Concussions The present study investigates how concussions and aging repercussion retrieval from memory. Previous research has shown that concussions lead to decreased attentional control. Decreased attentional control leads to remembrance impairments; thus, they are interested in how deficits in attention can lead to remembrance impairments, particularly retrieval from long-term remembrance stores. Participants were adolescent adults, older adults, and younger adults with a history of past or recent concussions. Their participation took station over the course of two hour-long sessions, two days apart, and during this time they completed a progression of tasks that assess attentional control and retrieval from memory. On the first day, they completed the Moses Illusion Task, Stroop (1935) Task, and Automated O-Span Working remembrance Task. On the second day, participants completed the a measure of cued recall over material pre-exposed on Day 1 and the Attention Network assignment (ANT). They anticipate that, compared to control adolescent adult participants, individuals with a history of concussion will beget lower attentional control, whereas older adults will beget lower working memory. They anticipate that both groups, those with a history of concussion as well as older adults, will entrust more errors on the moses illusion assignment than younger adults. RAT MODELING OF CONCUSSION   (Oral Presentation) Peter Wirth ('16), Concussions Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) beget significantly increased in the terminal decade and there is mounting evidence of their adverse cognitive and emotional effects. Many animal models apply oblige through projectiles or blasts to a stationary animal. These mechanical forces result not adequately induce rotational acceleration in the animals head, which is thought to be a key component of human sports-related injuries. Thus, they designed a device in which the animal is accelerated toward a stationary repercussion zone to bear rapid rotational movement of the head. The present study aimed to characterize the neuroprotective effects of ketamine, an NMDA antagonist, on post-injury behavioral outcomes. Following the mTBI, virile and female rats were given three subanesthetic doses of ketamine when glutamate levels are expected to be highest. preparatory analysis of behavioral data is underway, and they hypothesize that ketamine will offer neuroprotection in tests of remembrance and locomotion. A JAPANESE ANIME, SERIAL EXPERIMENTS LAIN (1998): MESSAGES FROM IMAGES   (Oral Presentation) Zena Abulhab ('19), East Asian Studies This presentation, built upon Professor Tamae Prindle's paper, 'Nakamura Ryūtarō's Anime, Serial Experiments, Lain (1998), as an Expository Anime' (Asian Studies, 2015) will designation and decipher the technical effects that are built into this anime in order to expose the characters psychodrama and to invite the audiences participation. TRANSITIONING INTO ACCOUNTABILITY: BIRD'S JOURNEY TO ACCEPTING HIS PERSONAL MATTERS   (Oral Presentation) Sonita Hav ('17), East Asian Studies Kenzaburo Oe's 'A Personal Matter', published in 1964, recounts the progression of events that main character, Bird, experiences during his maturation towards fatherhood. My presentation will debate how they can note Bird evolve from a coward who avoids taking action and fulfilling his duties to an accountable father who confronts his personal matters by analyzing his relationship with his wife and son. IMITATION OF ZHAO MENGFU’S AUTUMN COLORS ON THE QIAO AND HUA MOUNTAINS: A LITERATI’S COMMENTARY ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES   (Oral Presentation) Lynna Lei ('16), East Asian Studies Contemporary Chinese is a new genre of Chinese craft that began in the 1990s but is already a huge industry in the international craft market. Despite its popularity, there are much criticisms directed toward synchronous Chinese art, which comprise the overuse of global themes, such as consumerism, family, individualism, and urbanization, that are removed from the context of China and self-orientalism defined as including depictions of traditional Chinese culture to gain popularity amongst a quaint audience. These critiques beget also led some to question the authenticity of synchronous Chinese craft and whether it is truly the product of creative self-expression. Hong Leis Imitation of Zhao Mengfus Autumn Colors on the Qiao and Hua Mountains is a travail of synchronous craft that lends itself to complete the above-mentioned critiques because it is a photographic travail of an industrial cityscape that borrows its composition from Zhao Mengfus Autumn Colors on the Qiao and Hua Mountains, a Yuan Dynasty masterpiece. Through an analysis of the history of the rise of modern and synchronous craft in China and Hong Leis Imitation of Zhao Mengfus Autumn Colors on the Qiao and Hua Mountains, I will address these critiques. PRESERVING BEIJING'S HERITAGE: A DISCUSSION OF HUTONG AND THEIR FORGOTTEN VOICES   (Oral Presentation) Felix Liang ('16), East Asian Studies Nestled here and there in between the skyscrapers of Beijing's cityscape are the hutong--ancient, narrow alleyways that used to crisscross the entire city--and hanging by a thread within them, the courtyard-style housing, traditions, and memories of a bygone era. As with many modernizing cities around the world, China's continuously evolving urban areas beget been forced to confront the problem of balancing unprecedented economic growth and historic preservation. Beijing has brought her country's own challenge with this issue to international awareness. hutong, and thus the terminal remnants of the city's alive past, beget been almost indiscriminately razed for the sake of development since China's Reform and Opening Up as Beijing has been swept up in materialistic and modernization ideals. Although greater attention has been paid to the hutong's destruction in the terminal few decades, concern and calls for stronger preservation efforts on the one hand beget been simultaneously met by resignation or just outright skepticism on the other. However, what noticeably and troublingly beget been largely omitted in the conversation are the voices of the very residents both current and former of the hutong. My research endeavors to remedy this omission by examining the hutong controversy through blog posts from the advocacy website hutongren.org written by some of those who belong to the hutong community. Such intimate looks into the hutong convey the human factor that is the heart of the hutong and the source of its significance. They demand greater attention if they are to not only understand fully the issue of hutong preservation, but also give burden to and acquire relatable and appreciable what has urgently become a censorious juncture for the future of the historical, cultural, and convivial fabric of China. CASE STUDY OF THE SPRATLY ISLANDS DISPUTE: THE STRATEGIC AND GEOPOLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA’S IN CLAIMING SOVEREIGNTY OVER THE SPRATLY ISLANDS   (Oral Presentation) William Lin ('16), East Asian Studies The Spratly Islands is a chain of islands, reefs, and atolls located in the southern Part of the South China and it is an district where shipping, sovereignty, oil and natural gas interests threaten to undermine the stability of the region. The complexity of the overlapping claims to the sovereignty of the Spratly Islands is at the core of the dispute. Currently, five nations, China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, and the Philippines claim the archipelago. The location of the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea makes it economically and strategically considerable for the PRC to claim. This oral presentation will analyze the economic and strategic benefits of the Spratly Islands, focusing on one research question: How does claiming the Spratly Islands capitalize the Peoples Republic of China economically and strategically, and in addition, which international relations theory, constructivism, realism, or institutional liberalism, best describes Chinas quaint and Security Policy in the case of the Spratly Islands. US-CHINA COLLABORATION ON SUSTAINABILITY   (Oral Presentation) Zev Newman ('16), East Asian Studies Recent events, such as President Xis status Visit to the US, the Paris Agreement, and Beijing issuing a Red Alert for perilous levels of pollution, beget brought Chinas grave air pollution problem to the forefront of the worlds attention. Because the US also recognizes the threats associated with pollution and global warming, collaboration on sustainability in common and reduction of air pollution specifically is an outstanding opportunity for both countries. Short-term measures in China led to the success of the 2008 Beijing Olympics and the APEC peak hosted in Beijing in 2014. Since then, long-term efforts beget received increased attention. Joint projects with U.S. industry, willing agencies such as the Asia Society, and private companies such as Skidmore, Owings, & Merrill (SOM) are underway at national and local levels. SOMs collaboration with China on sustainable architecture projects and immaculate air technologies demonstrates the mutual benefits that can be achieved when expertise and investment are shared. SACRIFICE IS NOT SILENT: FAILED MARTYRDOM AND THE beat OF CHRISTIANITY N SHUSAKU ENDO'S 'SILENCE' (1966)   (Oral Presentation) Christopher Scammell ('18), East Asian Studies Shusaku Endo's 'Silence', broadly about the persecution of Catholics in Japan during the 17th century, tells the harrowing tale of Sebastian Rodrigues and Francisco Garrpe, two priests in search of answers about the apostasy of their teacher Christian Ferriera. In this presentation, I will illuminate the futility of the priests' quest and disclose Shusaku Endo's profound skepticism of martyrdom, faith, and Christianity. THE ROLE OF MOBILE PHONES ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN WEST AFRICA   (Oral Presentation) Osman Bah ('16), Economics Mobile technology innovations in many developing countries, particularly in Africa are ubiquitous and gaining recognition in the international market. These countries are increasingly employing mobile technology to facilitate the delivery of financial, agricultural, health, and educational services, which has brought new possibilities to Africa. A quintessence is M-Pesa, which is a mobile phone-based money transfer and micro financing service, launched in 2007 by Vodafone for Safaricom and Vodacom, the largest mobile operators in Kenya and Tanzania. According to the World Bank, the private sector invested billion in telecommunications infrastructure in the developing world between 1993 and 2003, and that countries with well-regulated competitive markets beget seen the greatest extent of investment. Given these findings, it is considerable to study the relationship between telecommunications and economic growth, if developing countries are to capitalize from recent development in this evolving district to further their economic growth. These new possibilities that telecommunication adoption continue to create in Africa provide the motivation for my research regarding the more specific relationship between mobile technology and the status of economic growth in West Africa. Given that there are ten times as many mobile phones as landlines in Sub-Saharan Africa (ITU, 2009) and that the mobile phone has effectively leapfrogged the landline in Africa, it is considerable to focus on mobile phones. I wanted to concentrate on West Africa because many of the existing studies concentrate broadly on developing countries. Thus, I thought that it would be fascinating to specifically notice at West Africa. TAIWANESE LAND REFORM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH   (Oral Presentation) Kathryn Bai ('16), Economics Following World War II, the new political party in Taiwan instituted a progression of land reform laws. These laws lowered the amount of rent that farmers had to pay, privatized farmland, and redistributed land from previous landowners to those who tilled the land. This paper seeks to understand how these changes impacted the economic growth of Taiwan in the long run. THE result OF TEMPERATURE ON THE SUPPLY AND demand OF LOBSTERS IN THE status OF MAINE   (Oral Presentation) Gabrielle Carpenter ('16), Economics The American lobster (Homarus americanus) fishery in the Gulf of Maine (GOM) is answerable for 80% of the value of seafood and fish landings in the status of Maine. This makes it extremely considerable to understand potential exogenous impacts to the lobster population in Maine. Biological and economic factors influence the availability and fishing application of lobsters. Lobsters trust on their environment as a source of nutrients to maintain physical processes for growth and reproduction. Additionally, the amount of lobsters caught depends on consumer demand for lobster and the charge that fishermen can receive. Thus, in order to understand the lobster industry in Maine, biological and economic factors must be accounted for together. This can be done through a bio-economic model that combines biological and economic variables together into a coherent equilibrium model. I believe this model is the best candidate to characterize the lobster industry in Maine. In this paper, I direct to expand on existing bio-economic models of the American lobster population in Maine in order to gain an understanding on the impending impacts to the economy. I apply a bio- economic analysis in order to integrate economic and biological drivers in the market for American lobsters. I will combine both of these drivers through a supply and demand model, where lobster population dynamics drive supply and economic conditions drive demand. Analyzing the market with a bio-economic model allows for more informed policy decisions that are able to incorporate several drivers and direct to protect market equilibrium. Maines economic reliance on the American lobster fishery makes applying efficient policies critical. RISK PREFERENCES IN THE much RECESSION   (Oral Presentation) Xiaojie Chen ('16), Economics During the much Recession from 2007 to 2009, 8.8 million individuals lost their jobs and .2 trillion in household wealth was lost. As shown in the Survey of Consumer Finances 2007-2009 panel data, many households changed their financial risk preferences after the crisis. Out of 3857 households, 15.8% indicated that they beget become more risk-seeking after 2007, while 26.9% beget reported becoming more risk averse. The present study addresses the question: What was the repercussion of the much Recession on households risk-taking behavior? Specifically, how result different household characteristics move ones risk attitude? To retort this question, I analyze financial risk tolerance using three measurements: 1) elicited risk tolerance, 2) stock market participation, and 3) percentage of liquid assets as stock. I employ ordinary least squares, binary logistic regression, and multinomial logistic regression to assess the risk tolerance. For my explanatory variables, I incorporate the market exposure variable, from Malmendier and Nagel (2009), along with differently demographic variables. The market exposure variable measures market sustain as a weighted average of past actual market returns during ones lifetime. This allows me to identify the result of the stock market shocks. Specific to the much Recession, I also analyze the repercussion of losing home value on financial risk preferences and examine alternative specifications for the variable that measures market experience. This research contributes to academic understanding of risk preferences during great recessions. Moreover, the studys findings can be used by financial advisors to allay clients create more suitable portfolios during periods of abnormal market returns. HORSE AUCTIONS AND REPUTATION   (Oral Presentation) Jesse Eddy ('16), Economics Horse Auctions depict a market where information isn't perfect. This presentation will notice at the potential reputation effects of the chosen Consignors on horse auction results. IT'S NINE A.M. SOMEWHERE   (Oral Presentation) Andrew Elmore ('16), Economics Operating a commerce across international boundaries can be extremely complicated. Many factors beget been identified as contributing to or discouraging the opening of an affiliate. itsy-bitsy interest however has been paid to the effects time zone differences may beget on whether, and how a multinational does commerce in a quaint country. An extended time zone inequity can complicate communications between headquarters and an affiliate, and between contractual commerce partners. As such I investigate the effects of time zone differences on affiliate sales and international trade originating in the United States, controlling for factors such as distance and GDP of the target country. I also examine these effects at an industry specific level. FINANCIAL MARKETS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON US FDI FLOWS   (Oral Presentation) Timothy Gallagher ('16), Economics This presentation will examine the effects of financial markets on US FDI flows. Specifically, it will explore the relationship between the performance of host nations' capital markets--measured by market indexes, debt accessibility, and other economic indicators--and US FDI outflows. GAME ATTENDANCE DURING 2016 MLB SPRING TRAINING   (Oral Presentation) Mark HoSang ('16), Economics In this study, they are using a censored tobit regression model to account for game day attendance of 2016 MLB Spring Training games held in Arizona. Utilizing the MLB interactive website, they were able to capture material baseball data to account for attendance based upon several variables- both baseball and socioeconomic related. NON-DISTRESSED RESIDENTIAL actual ESTATE AUCTIONS   (Oral Presentation) Julia Levere ('16), Economics An analysis of the efficient of auctions of non-distressed residential property auctions compared to traditional negotiation based home listings. SENIOR SEMINAR RESEARCH PAPER   (Oral Presentation) Joseph Maher ('16), Economics Analyzing a workable Brexit from the European Union and the consequences it could beget on the U.K.'s domestic economy and trading partners. What beget the benefits of joining the Eurozone been compared to a nation that has opted to remain simply associated with it? DETERMINANTS OF quaint DIRECT INVESTMENT: EVIDENCE FROM LATIN AMERICA   (Oral Presentation) Connor McCarthy ('16), Economics This paper aims to learn the significant determinants of quaint Direct Investment in various Latin American countries. Utilizing multiple regression analysis through panel data allows for changes in data over time and across countries. The explanatory variables used will be broken down into access to capital, crime, and infrastructure. Access to capital is measured through the domestic lending rate in each country. Crime is measured by intentional homicides in each country. Infrastructure is measured through fixed telephone subscriptions in each country. This paper will be an addition to the extensive research done on the topic by focusing on Latin America with a robust dataset over 15 years. DETECTING STOCK MARKET BUBBLES: A PRICE-TO-EARNINGS APPROACH   (Oral Presentation) Austin Murphy ('16), Economics To this day, economists bicker about the actuality of stock market bubbles. The literature review for this paper observes the analysis of four reputable bubble tests in an attempt to provide ample qualitative proof for the actuality of bubbles. The first bar for creating an efficient bubble detection test is the hardship of estimating upright fundamental values for equities. Without adequate estimations for the fundamental values of equities, the aberration between actual charge and fundamental charge is impossible to solemnize or estimate. Additionally, these tests are reliant on stout underlying assumptions, which minister to cloud results. This thesis applies a price-to-earning ratio test adopted from a thesis written by Bram Weites and Malte von Maravic (2010). The model utilizes a relationship between the risk and price-to-earnings ratios of equities to econometrically test for bubbles. The test has an odds over previous bubble literature because it does not require the estimation of the fundamental values of equities. FROM SOJOURNER TO SETTLER: BECOMING VISIBLE   (Oral Presentation) Clare Murray ('18), Economics Since the 1990s, Downeast Maine has undergone a melodramatic demographic shift as a result of a growing dependence on Latino farm labor. Originally migrant or seasonal farmworkers primarily drawn to Maine for the annual blueberry harvest, Latino immigrants in Downeast Maine now acquire up 1.4% of the population in Washington County, making them the largest minority group. Immigration continues to be a stressful and challenging process, however. As the only energetic community service provider in Downeast Maine, Mano en Mano works to embed this population of Latino immigrants within the larger community. Working alongside professors at Colby College and staff at Mano en Mano, I beget helped prepare a 2016 Needs Assessment and Economic repercussion Analysis Survey that is currently being administered to this population of Latinos. The results will be used to inform both Mano en Mano and the community at great of the populations assets and the challenges they face. One of the earliest findings of my research affirms the faith that in order to build a stronger community in Mano en Manos service area, tools like education and entrepreneurial spirit should be considered. HOW LIKELY TO SELL? A STUDY OF MUSIC MANUSCRIPTS AT AUCTIONS.   (Oral Presentation) Xueqing Qiao ('16), Economics Little research has examined the market of classical music manuscripts as such market has received itsy-bitsy attention in the past. The objective of this paper is to explore how well the auctioneer does in estimating prices for the music manuscripts and to assess the probability of sale at an auction given an items characteristic by studying the data of classical music manuscripts listed at Sothebys during the 2009-2015 period. EFFECTS OF U.S. MONETARY POLICY ON EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES   (Oral Presentation) Anthony Ramirez ('16), Economics The effects of U.S. monetary policy oftentimes reverberate throughout the world. This is especially upright given that many central banks acquire decisions using U.S. monetary policy as guidance. Furthermore, U.S. growth is arguably genuine for emerging market economies, as they are strongly linked. For example, strengthening U.S. demand via slack monetary policy is positive for commodities demand and financing conditions. However, some bicker that positive spillover effects incentivize complacency in emerging markets own Macro Policy. If this is true, those countries may be growing at the expense of preparing for future economic recession. This brings into question, can emerging market countries plausibly acquire an application to simultaneously buy odds of slack financial conditions and prepare for tightening conditions? This research paper will investigate the effects of U.S. Monetary Policy, in varying contexts, on Emerging Market countries, in particular during the years surrounding the much Recession. This paper will mainly attempt to retort how monetary policy may move emerging market economies during distinct macroeconomic conditions, and also whether unconventional policy has different effects that are considerable for future disruptive macroeconomic events. WHAT result COLBY STUDENTS VALUE?: EVIDENCE FROM SURVEY BID DATA   (Oral Presentation) Camden Regan ('16), Economics How badly would you want a reserved dining hall table? How about a private stool at the pub? A parking space? The best room draw pick? How about a reserved study space? At Colby, there are items that are in tall demand, but cannot be bought or sold. This project will employ survey data to learn what Colby students value the most, and how much they would be willing to pay for them. Survey bid data is utilized to hold a virtual first charge sealed-bid auction, to allocate these five highly desired intangibles to Colby students. The results analyze how students responded to the five items, reactions to competition from other bidders, variation in monetary value assigned to each asset, and how these bids relate to predictions from auction theory. COMPUTATIONAL SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS OF LANDSCAPE AUCTIONS   (Oral Presentation) Zachary Schutzman ('16), Economics Governments, land trusts, and conservation agencies (regulators) often beget an interest in purchasing or leasing parcels of land owned by private citizens (landowners) for environmental conservation. Each landowner has some individual opportunity cost for allowing her parcel of land to be conserved. Under the assumption that the regulator does not know this private opportunity cost, a transpose auction is an model market structure to manipulate the asymmetric information. Given a landscape where each site has an environmental value known to the regulator and a profile of bids, it is a relatively simple discrete optimization problem to select a set of sites to maximize the total environmental value subject to a budget constraint. A more tangled problem arises when complementarities from selecting neighboring sites are considered. Benefits from connectedness in the conserved landscape comprise ease of management and habitat space for threatened species, so a sites environmental value increases with the number of neighboring sites also conserved. A model which incorporates these spatial complementarities more realistically represents the goals of landscape conservation, but is much harder to resolve compared to a model which does not account for these benefits. In this project, I develop a utensil in the Python programming language which uses tall amounts of randomization and localized greedy selection to select a profile of sites for conservation on a speculative landscape where there are stout spatial complementarities between adjacent sites. When supplied with a cost constraint, this model chooses a set of sites for conservation which provide a higher environmental value than a simple greedy heuristic does on the same landscape and with the same budget constraint. DEFENSIVE talent AND MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL SALARIES   (Oral Presentation) Christopher Shorey ('16), Economics The process of salary determination in Major League Baseball (MLB) includes multiple levels of bargaining power and performance determinants. Previous studies of MLB salary determination beget used a variety of measures of player performance. This paper examines the result defensive talent has on salary determination for arbitration eligible players and for free agent players. Specifically, it will analyze player salary/contract data negotiated during the 2012-2015 epoch along with performance data from past seasons to examine the extent to which fielding percentage, errors, and the more recently developed measures of defensive talent move player salary. Particular attention is paid to matching the negotiated contract/salary data to previous seasons performance data in order to replicate the informational conditions known to both the team and the player at the time of negotiation. I also included revolting performance, player race and player ethnicity in complete models. Results will examine how much emphasis is placed on defensive talent when determining a player's value. BOOKBUILDING VS. AUCTION IPOS: AN ANALYSIS OF PRICING AND VOLATILITY   (Oral Presentation) Christopher Smith ('16), Economics This paper looks at auction IPOs in comparison to traditional bookbuilding IPOs. It attempts to retort two main questions: 1. Does an auction IPO raise more funds than the traditional bookbuilding approach? 2. Is there less aftermarket volatility when a company utilizes an auction IPO? NEGATIVE INTEREST RATES   (Oral Presentation) Alexander Tuan ('16), Economics This presentation will notice into the effects of negative interest rates on yield curves and economic stimulus. MACROECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THE CHINESE ONE-CHILD POLICY   (Oral Presentation) Sylvia Xu ('16), Economics The Chinese One-Child Policy, enacted in 1979, was an attempt to reduce the population growth rate, following a epoch of massive convivial and political confusion and uncertainty. While the policy was very profitable to curbing the population growth in China, it also introduced unintentional concerns, including gender imbalance, and other demographic differences. The goal of this paper is to examine the economic deportment of son-families and daughter-families across different provinces and regions of China, which beget varying levels of gender imbalance, as a result of a cultural preference for sons. The paper will examine why households in different areas of the country beget different deportment in household savings and financial planning. These financial decisions are likely to be driven by, for example, number of children to support, number of elders to support, migration and education attainment, just to designation a few. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF PALM OIL   (Poster) Casey Ballin ('16), Environmental Studies Palm oil, a product said to be establish in half of complete packaged items at a supermarket, is directly tied to some of the highest rates of deforestation, habitat loss and air pollution in Malaysia. Palm Oil production in Malaysia has increased from 54,000 hectares in 1960 to 4.05 million hectares in 2005, a 10.5% annual growth rate. Since there are no international laws regarding palm oil, environmental and convivial standards are enforced through 3rd party certification bodies like the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). This paper will summarize recent trends in the Malaysian palm oil industry, and account how the sustainability certification from RSPO socially and environmentally affects palm oil production, distribution and use. GIS APPLICATIONS FOR COFFEE TREE MANAGEMENT AT KILIMANJARO PLANTATION LTD.   (Oral Presentation) Casey Ballin ('16), Environmental Studies Coffee is a world-renowned drink with cultural, environmental and economic importance. With it roots in the forests of Ethiopia, coffee has since become widespread and is considered to be one of the most widely traded agricultural commodities. In Tanzania, coffee production accounts for 14% of agricultural exports and is an considerable source of income for many Tanzanians. Kilimanjaro Plantation Ltd. (KPL), one of the largest coffee producers in Tanzania, has a 565 ha plantation at the basis of Mount Kilimanjaro. KPL recently expressed interest in creating a tree matrix for the 1 million + coffee trees on their plantation to extend precision agriculture opportunities. This paper provides an case of what future analysis could notice like for KPL as they continue to develop a matrix of the coffee plantation. This prompts the research question: How can KPL employ data on individual coffee trees to ameliorate agricultural efficiency? USING VIEWSHED ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE THE repercussion OF THE PROPOSED SOUND TRANSIT TRANSPORTATION design   (Poster) Gavin Blake ('18), Environmental Studies The Cross Kirkland Corridor was recently constructed by the City of Kirkland as a walking and biking trail across the city. It was constructed on the site of develope railroad tracks and is very current among city residents. However, Sound Transit, a local public transportation company, has plans to employ the land for an express light rail and/or bus route. While this will allay to alleviate some of the traffic congestion, it will greatly repercussion the environmentally sensitive wetlands and watershed areas nearby and will obscure the lake and mountain views of many in the surrounding areas. Many residents like the Cross Kirkland Corridor because it provides them effortless access to the outdoors and other parts of the city without any eye sore, however, bus and/or light rail will harm the environment and repercussion views. Viewshed analysis in ArcGIS allowed for an analysis of where views will be impacted and property value will be affected by Sound Transit's proposed plan. GIS CAMPUS TRANSPORTATION SURVEY: ACCESSIBILITY AND EASE OF employ ANALYSIS THROUGH LIGHTING   (Poster) Fenwick Bowen ('17), Environmental Studies We created a Geographically and up-to-date map of Colby's campus, along with a least-cost path analysis of pathways at Colby. In addition, I did an illuminance analysis to account for ease of access at night. ELECTRIC CURRENT - SITING A WIND FARM OFF THE COAST OF THE MAINE   (Poster) Ryan Clemens ('17), Environmental Studies The University of Maine is developing a two turbine, 12 MW floating profound water offshore wind energy project off the states coast as Part of their Aqua Ventus Project. It is a first step in building a 500 MW farm, eliminating a significant portion of harmful greenhouse gasses produced by conventional electric power. The coast of Maine provides many uses for the state, from ecological resources of seafood and port areas for international shipping. Siting a sufficient district that minimizes conflicts with existing coastal resources while keeping nearby to tall wind speeds and existing power distribution networks is therefore key in establishing a long term source of energy. Analyzing these factors using ArcMap can bear tentative locations for a suitably-sized wind farm, narrowing choices to find the least-intrusive coastal site. COMPARATIVE POLICY RESPONSES TO BEE COLONY COLLAPSE DISORDER   (Poster) Monica Colmenares ('19), Environmental Studies Bees are dying at a rapid rate; 42% of bee colonies collapsed in the United States lonely in 2015. This decline is largely due to the surging employ of pesticides compounded by the continuing loss of wildflower habitat, the rapid spreading of bee diseases, and climate change. These censorious pollinators are now more susceptible to pesticide poisoning (NRDC, 2015). As they beget become increasingly watchful that agriculture is incredibly dependent on bees, there is contention over the widespread employ of pesticides harming crops and their pollinators, causing Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). Some countries are taking an aggressive approach to try to save the bees. Other countries such as the U.S. beget been much slower to respond to the problem, and neonicotinoids are the most heavily used class of insecticides in the U.S. This analysis will employ comparative case studies of France, and the United Statesexamining the extent of the head faced by bees in different contexts, and evaluating different national policies that are helpingor harmingthe bees random of survival. The honeybee deserves the attention and custody of regulating policies that will ameliorate their environmental outcomes. While there are laws that are already in place, they are not consistent internationally when they should be. COMBATTING DEFORESTATION IN THE AMAZON   (Poster) Gabriella Deconti ('18), Environmental Studies I will be presenting my research on deforestation in the Amazon and how it relates to International Environmental Policy. I will assess the structure and capability of REDD+, the product of the recent Paris Climate Talks, as well as indicating the system's strengths and flaws. In addressing my policy problem, I will bicker that the weaknesses of this model are unequally distributed and often plunge on the shoulders of only the South, deepening the divide within the North-South environmental debate. I will propose policy solutions that redistribute the responsibility of forest governance towards local communities to enhance their traditional practices of sustainable forestry as a replacement for the international market-based practices that leave many institutional failures unaddressed. A 3D GIS MODEL OF COLBY COLLEGE CAMPUS   (Poster) Henry Dodge ('18), Environmental Studies -We beget no GIS 3D model of Colby College campus as of prerogative now. I still exigency to contact PPD to salvage most of the data from them on the dimensions of the buildings and Ill exigency layers of satellite imagery as well as a common vector layer of the campus. The model would be very fascinating and useful for Colby especially because multiple buildings are being constructed in the coming years. This project will bear a useful and fascinating map for the college. -The initial course Ill travel about making this model is to buy a 2D vector map of campus and add another ascribe to the ascribe table (height). Ill exigency the building dimensions from PPD and Ill be able to add the height of each polygon in the vector map. I mediate Ill also collect my own data of the campus so I can add more detail to the map if possible. A campus map with attributes like trees and benches will notice more realistic. Ill probably exigency to add more attributes to the table to add these features. After altering the data in ArcMap, I design on transferring the data to ArcScene to acquire the 3D model. Ill exigency to transmute the data and manipulate it in ArcScene in order to acquire the map 3D. After making the map 3D the terminal major step will be to add detail to the images using Google SketchUp (I am chummy with this software). The amount of detail Ill be able to travel into will depend on the amount of time that Ill beget to complete the map. Ive never done 3D travail in ArcGIS so the other steps may be more time consuming than I think. ONE COUPLE, TWO CHILDREN: EXTREME POPULATION POLICY IN CHINA   (Poster) Jessen Edlund ('18), Environmental Studies There is a global extend of roughly 228,000 people everyday. The planet can only back so many people before resources become exhausted; finite resources result not coincide with an sempiternal population. In 1968, Paul Ehrlich famously wrote about this issue in the book, The Population Bomb. An extend in medical advances leads to a higher number of people living, for longer, Ehrlich argued, but as land and food resources become exhausted, famine would lead to convivial struggle and death. Created in 1970, the one child policy sought to address the population scare and circumscribe pressure on resources. But it proved very controversial as it also created a gender imbalance, selecting boys for cultural reasons and also created an aging population. This study will employ a cost capitalize and environmental justice analysis to account for that both the one-child policy and the recent shift to a two-child policy are economically inefficient, and also unfair to the peoples civil liberty. It will then account alternative global solutions to the grave issue of population growth and natural resource depletion can be reached in a less coercive manner that does not inadvertently create massive infanticide and an aging population. TIGER CONSERVATION EFFORTS IN INDIA   (Poster) Thomas Griffith ('18), Environmental Studies Despite their popularity, the future of the tiger is in jeopardy. In 1900, 100,000 tigers roamed the earth, but as of 2014, there are only 3,200 alive in the wild, with the largest concentration (2,226) in India. Threats to the endangered tiger comprise human influenced habitat loss, poaching due to economic and consumer interests, and a loss of access to prey. This paper will focus primarily on tiger conservation efforts in India, where the tiger is the national animal, but will briefly account the role of the United States and China. This paper will also employ comparative case studies of the Sariska and Corbett Tiger Reserves, in India, to illustrate the repercussion of wildlife tourism on the conservation of the tiger. India appears to beget experienced some success with their conservation efforts, but this success is controversial. Additionally, the effectiveness of existing international and domestic institutions, laws and projects will be discussed. What is not controversial is that the efforts exigency to continue and in order to be effective, the tiger conservation efforts must include, among many components, clearly stated goals, an assessment of the current status of the species, a directed process for selecting where to work, and a mechanism to measure success. The tiger sage is one with the potential to account for how a species can be saved. A comprehensive literature review of existing policies and science will account for that there is hope for the tiger conservation problem. ROUNDTABLE FOR SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL STANDARD, INDONESIAN SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL STANDARD, AND MALAYSIAN SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL benchmark   (Poster) Catherine Haut ('18), Environmental Studies Palm oil production has exploded in the past decades; from 2000 to 2012 alone, raw palm oil production increased by 265%. Palm oil is heralded for its tall yield, low cost, and attractive industrial properties. However, the rapid expansion in palm oil production has contributed to widespread deforestation resulting in increased greenhouse gas emissions, a loss of biodiversity, loss of ancestral land in addition to indigent working conditions for laborers on palm oil plantations. As palm oil production has increased, debate girdle the lucrative and controversial commerce beget intensified. In 2004, the Roundtable for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) was established to promote sustainable palm oil practices; the RSPO has been lauded for its efforts as well as critiqued for greenwashing. In November 2015, the Indonesian and Malaysian governments announced the formation of the Council of Palm Oil Producing Countries (CPOPC). One of the major goals of the CPOPC is to harmonize the Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil benchmark (ISPO) and the Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil benchmark (MSPO). As the CPOPC sets its agenda and develops its policies, it is imperative that current sustainable palm oil standards are studied and assessed. This analysis will compare the RSPO, ISPO, and MSPO in an attempt to offer positive policy solutions for the environmental and economic sustainability of the palm oil industry in the future. PHARMACEUTICAL AND PERSONAL custody PRODUCTS CONCENTRATIONS IN THE BELGRADE LAKES: A workable THREAT TO AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH   (Oral Presentation) Serena Haver ('16), Environmental Studies Pharmaceuticals and energetic ingredients from personal custody products (PPCPs), such as prescription and over-the-counter drugs, sunscreen, fragrances, and soaps, threaten aquatic ecosystems and human health around the world (Williams and Williams 2005; Ellis 2006; Sullivan P. Agardy F., Rosenfeld P. 2007; 2011; Boxall A. Brooks B., Caldwell D., Choi K., Hickmann S., ... Van Der Kraak G 2012). Many of these pharmaceuticals and energetic chemicals are used in quantities similar to that of agrochemicals, but are not subject to the same even of testing for environmental repercussion (Jones O. Lester J. 2002; Jones O. Lester J. 2004). These compounds can then enter systems via the disposal of municipal or domestic consume streams (Glassmeyer S. Kolpin D., Cahill J., Zuagg S., Werner S., Meyer M., Kryak D. 2005; Bartlet-Hunt S. Damon T., Schokley J., Hoagland K. 2008). Onsite wastewater treatment systems (OWTS), more commonly known as septic systems, can also provide avenues for the migration of effluent into underlying aquifers (Jones O. Lester J. 2004; Godfrey E. Menottie M. 2007; McClellan K. 2010). Pharmaceuticals in aquatic environments beget been shown to extend the spread of drug-resistant bacteria or interfere with the growth and reproduction of aquatic organisms The presence of these compounds, especially those known to be carcinogenic, may also pose a threat to human health (Jones O. Lester J. 2004). This study tested 14 water samples from much Pond, East Pond, and Long Pond for the presence of PPCPs. FARM- AND MARKET-LEVEL IMPACTS OF QUINOA EXPANSION IN BOLIVIA   (Oral Presentation) Margaret Hojlo ('17), Environmental Studies Quinoa has been produced in the highlands of Bolivia for thousands of years and has traditionally been eaten most by those who grow it. However, this tiny seed can now be establish in food stores and markets complete over the world. Quinoa is tremendously nutritious, and for this reason it has been hailed a 'super food' that also has the potential to resolve world hunger. In turn, such extensive global market demand has drastically impacted quinoa production in Bolivia. Under pressure to extend production, farmers are shifting away from a system that has long been rooted in indigenous tradition to a system that must focus on extraction. Environmentally, damage has occurred as farmers expand cropland and exploit already fragile soil. Economically, increased quinoa production means higher market prices - something that benefits many farmers but makes the crop widely inaccessible to much of the Bolivian population. In response to the social, environmental and economic shifts taking station in Bolivia due to the boom in quinoa production, I propose various policies in the present study. First, I propose that certification and monitoring of quinoa farms must be streamlined so that researchers and government officials can more accurately evaluate the status of quinoa production. Second, the government should provide tax breaks and subsidies for farmers who are willing to bear quinoa under sustainable, diversity-conserving practices. Lastly, quinoa should be introduced as a subsidized food product in schools and maternal health programs to ensure that those who may no longer be able to afford quinoa can still access and buy odds of its excellent nutritional value. ASSESSING LAKESMART: THE development AND EFFECTIVENESS OF A LAKE PROTECTION PROGRAM   (Oral Presentation) Alexa Junker ('16), Environmental Studies Maines nearly 6000 lakes are a vital resource for the state, generating billion in annual economic activity and sustaining 52,000 jobs. Over the course of the terminal several decades, this resource has increasingly been threatened by development and related problems, especially nutrient runoff. LakeSmart is a lake protection program designed to issue the stream of nutrient runoff by promoting and rewarding the employ lake-friendly landscaping practices. For this project, I traced the history of LakeSmart to its roots in the Maine Department of Environmental Protection and, through stakeholder interviews and surveys, chronicled its development into the flagship program of the Maine Lakes Society. To assess the programs effectiveness, I examined the drivers of and barriers to conservation deportment and how they were addressed in the design and implementation of the program, as well as the geographical clustering of LakeSmart properties. NOT MILK? THE HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS OF COMMERCIAL DAIRY IN THE U.S.   (Oral Presentation) John Kensinger ('17), Environmental Studies Growing up, millennials such as myself were practically raised on milk, constantly being told by their parents and doctors alike that if they wanted to grow up substantial and stout they had to consume an adequate amount of white gold every day. However, they were too nave and too undereducated at the time to comprehend the actual consequences, both environmental and nutritional, of their favorite dinner accompaniment. They were told that their milk comes from gratified cows, grazing in open, sunny fields; they had no faith that the majority of the mass-produced milk that they consumed originated in tight, indoor pens where the penned up dairy cows were basically oblige fed grains such as maize as well as other supplemental ingredients, many of which can beget quite negative impacts on human health. In 1993, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the employ of recombinant bovine growth hormone in dairy cattle (rbGH), leading to greater milk yield and thus cheaper milk. However, it is ratiocinative to conclude that what is an input in the production process of what they consume is also an ingredient. Moreover, the employ of increased insulin-growth factor (IGF) is yet another added hormone that has links to cancer (Aragon, 2013). Not only that, but ruminants (which comprise dairy cattle) bear up to 20% of total methane emitted into the atmosphere (Ishler, 2008). That said, methane can be more detrimental in the case of global warming than carbon dioxide, as it decays more slowly and remains in the atmosphere as much as 23 times longer than carbon dioxide (Siegle, 2009). These points bring me to the predominant question of my research: should they continue to raise dairy cows for the purpose of producing consumable milk given the workable ramifications to their health and environment? THE UNVEILING OF ARCTIC OCEAN tall SEAS: OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS   (Poster) Seung Kim ('18), Environmental Studies In recent years, Arctic ice thaw has increased, surpassing IPCC worst-case scenario predictions. This dilatory unveiling of the Arctic Ocean, caused by melting ice, is not only driving major ecological changes, but is also exposing new marine ecosystems to exploitation. One especially pressing problem is the potential for extraction of sub-arctic oil resources. Both Russia and the United States beget shown interest in Artic oil, including through increasing military activity there, and by investing in Arctic exploration. Russia has also laid claims to Arctic territory. Another emerging problem is related to Canadas Northwest Passage, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and has been seasonally navigable since 2007. While Canada maintains that the Northwest Passage is Part of their national waters, and therefore entirely subject to Canadian control, the United States has argued that the Northwest Passage is better classified as an International Strait under the United States Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and therefore should be open and unrestricted for international transit. Both of these Arctic problems can be seen through the lens of historical precedent and ongoing domestic policy debates. Ultimately, these are international conflicts, and will eventually be resolved by new international institutions assigning property rights - over oil or over shipping lanes - governing the utilization of Arctic resources. BACKCOUNTRY SKIING LOCATIONS IN THE IDAHO PANHANDLE   (Poster) Hannah Kwasman ('17), Environmental Studies Backcountry skiing is a growing activity that takes skiers and snowboarders away from the crowds and designated runs and enables them to win their turns while simultaneously choosing their own paths. Backcountry skiing also saves people from purchasing ski rear tickets, lets them explore new and unchartered terrain, and enables people to salvage an even better travail out. For those who are unfamiliar with the practice, skiers and snowboards alike hike (or tour) up the slope in a zigzag mode until they reach the top. Many people cherish the seclusion and the closeness they share with nature. Coming from Eastern Washington, I wanted to explore the backcountry skiing options in Northern Idaho, also known as the Idaho panhandle. Having gone backcountry skiing there before, I thought that this would be a much district that I could further explore. Using GIS, I accounted for a variety of factors, such as elevation, snowfall, aspect, slope, and distance to roads, as a course of classifying model backcountry skiing locations. THE ROLES OF INTRODUCED EUCALYPTUS IN THE CONSERVATION AND EXPANSION OF ETHIOPIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH FORESTS IN THE NORTHERN ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS   (Oral Presentation) Janice Liang ('16), Environmental Studies The species Eucalyptus (common designation eucalyptus) is widely planted complete across Ethiopia. In recent decades eucalyptus has been increasingly planted on lands around and within church forests, sacred groves of old-aged Afromontane trees surrounding Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido churches. These revered holy sites beget long been recognized for their cultural values and also for their ecosystem services including their potential to back species conservation and restoration, as church forests are some of the only remaining sanctuaries for many indigenous and endemic plant and animal populations. Ethiopian Orthodox church communities beget a long history of planting and nurturing indigenous tree seedlings to sustain church forest groves. However, due to the fast-growing nature of eucalyptus combined with its widely recognized socio-economic benefits (as fuelwood, charcoal, construction wood, etc.), this introduced species has been widely planted on cropland around church forests in some cases even replacing aboriginal tree species within church forests themselves. The introduction of exotic eucalyptus in many developing country contexts has been shown to beget ecological impacts ranging from soil nutrient depletion, to lowering water tables, to having allelopathic effects on crops. This thesis assesses the expansion of eucalyptus planted in and around church forests, as well as the ecological and convivial impacts that this expansion may procure on the vitality of the natural forests, surrounding land, and church communities. GIS CAMPUS TRANSPORTATION SURVEY: ACCESSIBILITY AND EASE OF employ ANALYSIS FOR BICYCLES   (Poster) Ian Liphart ('18), Environmental Studies We created a geographically accurate and up to date map of the Colby Campus, and ran a least-cost-path analysis of various transportation methods. SHIFTING BASELINES OF ICONIC MARINE SPECIES IN THE CARIBBEAN   (Oral Presentation) Samantha Lovell ('16), Environmental Studies Throughout the Caribbean overfishing, habitat degradation, and climate change beget had devastating effects on marine ecosystems and communities that trust on them. As this degradation occurs, remembrance of past states is lost so the current degraded status is used as a benchmark in management, a phenomenon known as shifting baselines. In efforts to restore and protect resources, communities on Caribbean islands are taking bold steps through community-based conservation efforts. For such efforts to be successful, marine historical ecology studies are necessary to document historical baselines of species and better understand the past productivity of the ecosystem. A key factor in the restoration process is the employ of local ecological lore (LEK): the collective lore held by a group of stakeholders about a resource. This study examines the islands of Curaao, Montserrat, and Barbuda, which are in the process of creating and implementing sustainable ocean policy. By analyzing archival materials such as historical maps and colonial diaries from the islands in addition to collecting LEK from Montserrat and Barbuda, this research documents the shifting baselines syndrome on the three islands. Historical station names like Turtle Bay and Snapper hollow and descriptions of the ecosystem depict a marine environment healthier and more tangled than the one that exists today. Results from interviews intimate a generational shift in perception, where older fisher folk and conservationists with greater sustain in the ocean view more species as depleted than their younger counterparts. The descriptions of past ecosystem states and collective loss of lore demonstrated by this research has broad conservation implications for the island communities as they hunt meaningful ocean restoration. THE CHANGING COFFEE INDUSTRY IN TANZANIA   (Oral Presentation) Georgia Lubrano ('17), Environmental Studies Final presentation for Global Food Policy, taught my Professor Reynolds, outlining my research and writing about the Tanzanian coffee industry and how it has changed and will continue to change. SELECTIVE BARRIER REMOVAL WITHIN THE SHEEPSCOT WATERSHED   (Poster) Andrew Martzolf ('17), Environmental Studies This project uses GIS to prioritize barrier removals on rivers within the Sheepscot Watershed. To result this each barrier was assigned a value calculated by weighting different variables such as cost of removal, workable anadromous fish habitat upstream, distance from next upstream barrier, and vitality for traffic. By combining these variables it is workable to allocate values to the various culverts and dams to give various organizations a course to focus their efforts to ameliorate the surrounding habitats by removing the barriers and opening the upstream habitat to various species. CONTINUED WEAKNESSES OF THE INTERNATIONAL WHALING COMMISSION   (Poster) Kathleen Mason ('18), Environmental Studies The International Whaling Commission was established in the mid 1900's with hopes of regulating the whale resource. Whaling later reached a peak and the IWC had to change its goals to a more conservationist approach, establishing the commercial whaling moratorium. While most countries signed the bill, Japan declared their pro-whaling beliefs until they were economically threatened to badge into the moratorium. Japan serves as an case of a country taking odds of the IWC's debilitated regulation by the moratorium, whaling under Article VIII, which states that nations can be approved by the IWC to execute scientific whaling under certain conditions. However, the moratorium, even including conditions to abide by, did not prevent the killing of 15,315 whales in a 28 year span by Japan. Policy advancements are needed to reduce the great number of whales lost to Japan for scientific studies, studies that can be performed with non lethal procedures. BEST PLACES TO STARGAZE AROUND COLBY   (Poster) Zachary Mondschein ('17), Environmental Studies Stargazing is one of the most accessible ways for people to connect with nature. However, light pollution emanating from urban areas is severely damaging their view of the night sky. Maine, with its tiny population mostly concentrated around coastal areas, remains one of the premier locations to stargaze in the United States. Nonetheless, the quality of stargazing in Maine is highly variable, dependent on proximity to light sources, height and remoteness. This project will utilize a suitability model to locate the optimal locations to stargaze (with the naked eye), based on these parameters, within a 50km radius of Waterville, ME. Whats more, the project will buy into account given locations convenience for Colby students, through the analysis of roads, trail maps, and terrain. Ultimately the analysis seeks to retort the question: What are the best places to stargaze around Colby, and how result you salvage there? GIS CAMPUS TRANSPORTATION SURVEY: ACCESSIBILITY AND EASE OF employ ANALYSIS FOR FOOT TRAFFIC   (Poster) Tommaso Montagni ('17), Environmental Studies In my project I will be analyzing the accessibility and ease of foot traffic around the Colby College Campus so as to identify workable places where paths should be removed or added. DEMANDS OF SALMON FARMING; IS BYCATCH THE ANSWER?   (Oral Presentation) Stephen O'Grady ('16), Environmental Studies Farmed salmon acquire up a substantial portion of annual seafood sales. There beget been concerns, however, surrounding the amount of energy it takes to raise these predatory fish that are tall on the food chain. Much of the feed used to raise farmed salmon is fishmeal, which is composed largely of wild-caught fish, often harvested from overfished stocks. Recent findings status that there are approximately 300,000 tonnes of bycatch annually across complete fisheries worldwide. Much of this fish is discarded and goes to waste. If it were workable to channel a portion of this bycatch to salmon fishmeal production, demand for traditional feed fishes could be dramatically reduced, lifting some of the pressure set on these highly important, often exploited feed fisheries. DEVELOPMENT RISK TO WATER quality IN SOUTHERN SEBAGO LAKE   (Poster) Jeremy Ravenelle ('18), Environmental Studies The Sebago Lake watershed supplies drinking water to more than 200,000 people in the Greater Portland area. The Portland Water District is currently able to supply water from their intake at the south halt of the lake with only minimal treatment to remove bacteria due to the very tall water quality of the lake. The district has a stout interest in preserving water quality, which is dependent on the filtering result of forest and other vegetation surrounding the lake and its watershed. However, the district owns only about 1% of the watershed land, and most of the rest is in private hands, leading to a significant potential for development. I analyze the development potential of land parcels in the town of Standish that are nearby to the lake near the water district intake using GIS. The model is based on their current land use, location compared to roads and other developed areas, and town growth plans and land slope. I further weight the resulting risk of development by how nearby the parcel is to the lake. This attempts to account for areas most likely to cause a decline in water quality through development. ENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING CHEMICALS IN WILDLIFE: PERCEPTIONS AMONG CONSERVATIONISTS   (Oral Presentation) Eda Reed ('16), Environmental Studies Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), such as those from plastics and pesticides, beget been hypothesized to move wildlife populations. According to the U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, EDCs 'are chemicals that may interfere with the body's endocrine system and bear adverse developmental, reproductive, neurological, and immune effects in both humans and wildlife.' A growing number of studies intimate wildlife are being exposed to EDCs, but how EDCs move wildlife health and wildlife conservation is less well-understood. Through scientific literature analysis and a survey of wildlife conservationists and practitioners, this study aims to determine the current status of lore and data gaps of EDCs and effects on wildlife conservation. GLOEOTRICHIA ECHINULATA AND ITS result ON NITROGEN CYCLING IN THE BELGRADE LAKES, ME   (Oral Presentation) Harriet Rothschild ('16), Environmental Studies Cyanobacteria are a ubiquitous life profile present in a variety of aquatic ecosystems and are commonly referred to as blue-green algae because many hold the photosynthetic pigments phycocyanin and chlorophyll-a. Researchers beget establish evidence of increased cyanobacterial blooms in eutrophic, mesotrophic, and oligotrophic lakes over the past three hundred years. This research focuses specifically on the cyanobacterium G. echinulata, a nitrogen fixing, great (~2mm), colonial cyanobacteria species that has been increasing globally. G. echinulata, like many species of cyanobacteria, are unique in their talent to carry out both oxygen-evolving photosynthesis and oxygen-labile N fixation within the same organism. Studying G. echinulata in the Belgrade Lakes is considerable not only to the landowners and stakeholders in the district but also the wider limnological community. The ongoing research of G. echinulata in the Belgrade Lakes will allay scientists understand why the abundance is increasing, what health implications it could have, and how G. echinulata affects the N and P cycling. DIABETES IN THE UNITED STATES: MODELING THE EPIDEMIC USING convivial FACTORS   (Poster) John Sears ('17), Environmental Studies While there is a well known correlation between physical factors such as obesity and want of physical activity and diabetes, there are many convivial factors that are not taken into consideration when looking at the diabetes epidemic in the United States. My projects looks to create a model taking into account a number of these convivial determinants such as income, food security, and health custody coverage to find ways to allay alleviate the diabetes epidemic through convivial routes. This model will then be applied to G.I.S programs for spatial analysis and a better understanding of the convivial determinants of diabetes. DISTRIBUTION OF FARMERS' MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP IN MAINE   (Poster) Elizabeth Sull ('16), Environmental Studies Maines SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) allows low-income families to employ their EBT (Electronic Benefits Transfer) cards to pay for fresh bear at select farmers market, often at a discounted rate. However, currently only about 30% of farmers markets in Maine accommodate SNAP. I am interested in whether SNAP is being implemented in the areas that exigency it most. IMPACTS OF EXPANDING CHINESE MEAT IMPORTS ON DEFORESTA TION IN SOUTH AMERICA   (Oral Presentation) Hannah Twombly ('16), Environmental Studies Between 1960 and 2014, U.S. soybean production dropped from 70% to 35% of total global production. This reduce was largely driven by increased competition from Brazil, with 28% of global production fueled by an increased demand for meat in China. Although Brazils increasing investment in the soybean market has provided economic benefits for the country, environmental stewardship is lessening as voters are pushing for relaxed environmental regulation and the local government lacks the proper enforcement for policies aimed at preservation. Since the late 1900s, soybean production has increased as a source of animal feed due to the increasing demand for meat, largely in developed countries. However, the demand for soybean exports has continued to rise as incomes extend in developing countries and as China in particular faces a shortage in arable land, depending on imports to meet the countrys tall demand for meat. Seeing an economic opportunity, Brazil invested in its great swaths of arable land and began converting fruitful forests to cropland to grow soybeans. Although Brazil faces challenges with underdeveloped infrastructure and indigent roads for transportation, the country has utilized its low operating costs and great land district to compete with the top producing U.S. in soybean production. Various policies beget been implemented to address the rates of deforestation, however, enforcement remains an issue. THE HISTORICAL ECOLOGY OF QUEENSLAND’S AUSTRALIAN SALTWATER CROCODILE POPULATION   (Oral Presentation) Emily Walker ('16), Environmental Studies Human-wildlife conflict is a censorious issue for many societies, as it often plays a great role in government decisions. The iconic saltwater Australian crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is one case of a species that has become the subject of human-wildlife conflict as its population has grown in response to successful environmental policy in Queensland, Australia. Decades of intensive hunting in Queensland drastically depleted crocodile populations, leading to their protection in 1974. Since protection, populations issue to be recovering with increasing densities in the north and increased sightings along the southernmost edge of their observed range. While this recovery represents an ecological success story, it has stout policy implications with heated debates on management strategies to reduce conflict between crocodiles and humans. These debates are fueled by a want of scientific understanding of the ultimate drivers of reach expansion, as it is unclear if crocodiles are recolonizing historical ranges from which they were displaced, or if increasing temperatures is expanding their reach further south. My research investigates the probability of these drivers through comparisons between current and historical reach and abundance data. In addition, it explores whether crocodile attacks on humans beget been increasing throughout Queensland. In order to successfully manage crocodiles and reduce human-crocodile conflict, defining this driver of spatial change and understanding how human-crocodile interactions are changing is critical. MISSING THE TREES FOR THE FOREST: THE SOCIOECOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF SCATTERED TREES IN NORTHERN ETHIOPIAN CROPLAND   (Oral Presentation) Jacob Wall ('16), Environmental Studies Scattered trees are prominent features in the agricultural landscape of the Ethiopian highlands. The dry Afromontane forests of the Amhara Region in northern Ethiopia beget faced centuries of deforestation - the FAO estimates only 3% of the region is forested today. The remaining landscape has been largely converted into agricultural and grazing lands, with the exception of thousands of tiny forest fragments left around Orthodox Churches (church forests). But while a growing corpse of scholarship has highlighted the ecological and cultural import of church forests and other natural forest fragments, the roles of scattered remnant trees left in actively cultivated agricultural systems remains understudied. The ecological and socio-cultural benefits of scattered trees is widely acknowledged in some human-modified landscapes, including in the context of agroforestry where such trees provide considerable ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration, erosion control, water quality enhancement, biodiversity conservation, pollination, and topsoil enrichment, as well as numerous economic benefits including food, fodder, and fuel. This study examines the perceived and measured temporal change in scattered tree abundance in non-agroforestry systems, through Geographic Information Systems (GIS) analyses and convivial survey data collection. Findings from GIS analyses betoken a decline in scattered tree abundance since the 1960s, while ground-truthing indicates a relatively narrow diversity of tree species. Farmers, however, report a perceived extend in tree numbers on cropland in recent decades with convivial survey responses emphasizing the economic and ecosystem import of tree species as justification for why scattered trees are retained even when they interfere with crops. WILD AND FARMED ATLANTIC SALMON IN NORWAY   (Oral Presentation) Caelin Weiss ('16), Environmental Studies I will be studying the effects of the Norwegian farmed salmon industry and the fishing practices targeting wild Atlantic salmon to determine the impacts on wild salmon stocks. Wild Atlantic salmon can travel thousands of miles, and in piteous between the sea and rivers they pass between international territory and cross countries' borders, making their protection of international concern. Currently, Norway is recognized by some experts as having the most perilous fishings practices for wild Atlantic salmon, and their salmon farming practices are also harmful to wild salmon stocks. I direct to determine which fishing and farming practices are most detrimental to wild Atlantic salmon populations in order to acquire policy recommendations that will better protect wild Atlantic salmon and the people who are economically reliant on the continued success of the industry. I will also be studying the current regulations placed on salmon farmers and wild salmon fisheries (or want thereof) and the success or failure of implementing these policies. By better understanding where Norway is falling short, I can target which policies will most successfully address the threat of fishing and salmon farms. I hope to determine if regulatory policy is weak, enforcement is nonexistent, or if there are other policy hazards that Norway's government and fishery organizations can address. This project will hunt to remedy these shortcomings and create more sustainable and just industries in order to ensure the health of wild Atlantic salmon populations and the economies and families that trust upon them. Current policies result not sufficiently protect these fish or these people, so finding more successful policies and enforcing them is an pressing matter to every country that wild Atlantic salmon pass through. GIS CAMPUS TRANSPORTATION SURVEY: ACCESSIBILITY AND EASE OF employ ANALYSIS FOR WHEELCHAIRS   (Poster) Jiaqi Wu ('19), Environmental Studies . GIS CAMPUS TRANSPORTATION SURVEY: CAMPUS MAP   (Poster) Wesley Zebrowski ('18), Environmental Studies We constructed a geographically accurate map of Colby. In subsequent projects, they calculated accessibility on campus. LA RéSISTANCE TOUARèGUE: SUCCèS OU SUICIDE?   (Oral Presentation) Yannik Buchi ('17), French LOuest Africain est un espace contest depuis lentre des Franais dans le territoire en 1830. De nombreux peuples se trouvent bouleverss par ce nouveau contestant qui, par sa supriorit technologique, restructure le gouvernement, la socit et la culture de chaque rgions quil sapproprie, et la reconstruit limage occidentale. LAfrique de lOuest subit donc une rapide et abrupte transformation des dynamiques de son territoire, auparavant peupl dhommes majoritairement nomades. La fondation de nouveaux gouvernements par les Franais dans les villes majeures telles que Biskra, St. Louis et Tombouctou engendre lurbanisation de ces villes dj bien tablies avant la colonisation. Linfluence des colons ne se limite pourtant pas aux villes, mais stend dans les rgions pastorales, attirant certains individus vers les villes et forant dautres dfendre leurs langues, leurs cultures, leurs territoires, et leurs traditions. LA QUESTION INNUE: UN PEUPLE ET LEUR TERRE   (Oral Presentation) Kaitlin Curran ('16), French My presentation will focus on the Innu people of Qubec; their history, their spirituality, and their relationship to nature. I will debate current environmental/ecological concerns within the Innu context, as well as palpate upon the role of bard Rita Mestokosho in the struggle for cultural survival and land rights. The presentation will be in French. ETUDE COMPARéE DU TRAVAIL EN FRANCE ET AU JAPON: LE CAS DE STUPEURS ET TREMBLEMENTS D'AMéLIE NOTHOMB   (Oral Presentation) Asami Hirano ('18), French This is an oral presentation of an Independent Study project that was conducted over Jan design 2016. The goal of the project was to compare the workplace in France and Japan by incorporating elements from Amelie Nothomb's, 'Fear and Trembling'. I investigated the differences of the workplace in France and Japan from a sociological, historical and literary framework. This project is also an analysis of Nothomb's novel, and an illustration of the differences in the workplace that she herself experienced. L'IDENTITé éQUILIBRéE DANS L'APPEL DES ARèNES ; BALANCED IDENTITIES IN L'APPEL DES ARèNES   (Oral Presentation) Morganne Hodsdon ('16), French Le sminaire sur les rcits identitaires (French 493 B, Narratives of Identities/ Niang) nous a permis danalyser la problmatique de lidentit travers ltude dun certain nombre duvres littraires dAfrique francophone. Ainsi, dans Lappel des arnes, on voit plusieurs types didentit travers des personnages trs diffrents, et ces reprsentations mettent en vidence la complexit de la dfintion de lidentit. Lhistoire suit un jeune homme qui se trouve entre deux mondes, un domaine traditionnel et un autre plus moderne. Ce roman dAminata Sow plunge rend visible les avantages des identits polmiques, les critiques de ces identits, et observation on peut les combiner afin dtablir une identit plutt quilibre ou hybride. During Narratives of Identities, their French course taught by Professor Niang, they analyzed the faith of identity in various French-African texts. In Lappel des arnes, they note several different characters with a wide reach of personalities, and as a result comprehend the challenges of accurately defining the term identity. The sage follows a boy who finds himself between two worlds, one traditional and one more modern. Aminata Sow Falls roman reveals the benefits and disadvantages of various identities and how one can combine them in order to create a more balanced identity of self. LE PERTE D'IMPORTANCE: LE RôLE DE L'éGLISE DANS QUéBEC   (Oral Presentation) Meredith Keenan ('18), French Mon projet de mi- semestre a focalis dans le rle de lglise dans le dveloppement de Qubec aprs 1608. Jai appris que lglise a eu des liens aux secteurs politiques, conomiques, et sociaux qui aident dans la cration de Qubec comme un tat. Mais aujourdhui, il y a un manque de participation dans lglise catholique. La prsence aux messes est prs de 20% et il y a un sparation entre lglise et ltat. Alors avec ce disparit entre le rle de lglise original et lglise moderne, je me demande quest-ce qui a provoqu ce changement. Nous avons appris de le Rvolution Tranquille et le mcontentement du publique avec lglise. Mais, avec mon projet final, je voudrais dexplorer les raisons de ce sentiment. Je veux analyser le situation politique, ladministration de lglise, et le sentiment publique jusqu ce que le commencement de la Grande Noirceur et pendant ce priode. FRANCOPHONES OF MAINE: RECONNECTING WITH A CULTURAL heritage   (Oral Presentation) Clint Ross ('16), French The goal of this project is to explore the Francophone culture in Maine by documenting oral traditions, sharing life stories of French-speaking Mainers, and developing a connection between Colby students and locals through community engagement. LA TENTE TOUARèGUE: ENTRE STABILITé, MATERNITé, ET TRADITION   (Oral Presentation) Sarah Shoer ('18), French Riche de sens, la tente des Touaregs nest gure simplement un ilk dabri de fortune. Un Touareg tient sa tante puisque la tente est son lieu de naissance. Elle est sa mre. Plus que la maison stable, la tente, lorsquelle respire au rythme du vent, est une expression de la maternit (Dupavillon 29). La tente, unit sacre et symbolique au sein de la socit touargue et un lment rcurrent dans le recueil dAlhassane Ag Baille, Lanne maigre : nouvelles touargues, est la fois un symbole de la maternit, de la stabilit et de la scurit. La question qui simpose est donc la suivante : observation est-ce la tente des Touaregs renforce-t-elle les liens communautaires et les traditions ancestrales ? Nous traiterons cette question en trois points, en tirant des lments de Lanne maigre : nouvelles touargues. Premirement, nous examinerons le rle symbolique de la tente dans le mariage et dans le lignage. Deuximement, nous tudierons en quoi la tente reprsente le domaine des femmes. Et finalement, nous nous pencherons sur le rapport entre la tente des Touaregs et la nature, car sa fabrication et sa construction rclament un savoir technique des cosmos et des matires naturelles. DOROTHY ALLISON'S TRASH: ERASURE AND RUPTURE IN INTERNAL QUEER MIGRATION   (Oral Presentation) Emma Brown ('16), General In many ways, internal queer migration is a borderland of immigration studies. It lives at the intersection of gender, sexuality and class. It is often not perceived as legitimate migration. It is often not perceived as migration at all. Yet grasping the paradox of internal queer migration is pivotal; specifically as the pastoral is constructed by urban elites as a station to be escaped from; as progressive city circles, which purport to be the promised lands of the global queer community, remain quite capable of marginalization and erasure. In the introduction to her searing and haunting short sage collection, Trash (1988), Dorothy Allison writes that piteous from pastoral South Carolina to San Francisco transformed her into 'an escape,' into the personification of a borderland (Allison 1). Positioning Trash in conversation with Scott Herrings theory of queer anti-urbanism, Walter Benjamins Illuminations and Mary Louise Pratts 'Arts of the Contact Zone,' I bicker that Allisons collection ruptures normative understandings of temporal boundaries, within the frame of class and queer migration. It does so through the particular layering and ordering of the stories; this structure deconstructs the faith that queer brim crossings occur only once or that such brim crossings are the first step in a progress narrative of becoming. The stakes of these inquiries are significant they hunt to illuminate the consequences of conflating exodus with the completion of identity, while disrupting the trope of the inherently limited pastoral environment and the intrinsically inclusive urban one. Note: Paper originally presented at the American Comparative Literature Association's annual meeting at Harvard University, in March 2016. DEATH, MOURNING AND HUMAN NARCISSISM: FAULKNER'S AS I LAY DYING THROUGH A FREUDIAN LENS   (Oral Presentation) Liam Butchart ('18), General William Faulkners classic Southern Gothic novel As I Lay Dying is more than just an experiment in modernist techniques: it is a novel that expressly examines its characters minds, a travail containing much psychological depth. This paper will examine the psychological reactions of five members of the Bundren family to the death of Addie, their mother or wife. This examination will utilize Freudian psychoanalytic techniques to address the characters psychological complexities: developmental stages, defense mechanisms and their mourning processes. Proceeding from that psychoanalysis, this article will bicker that Faulkner is using the minds of the characters to impart a message, a observation on the human experience. Faulkner is saw that humans minds are complex, and that humans, when faced with tribulations, are self-centered. WHAT'S COOKING: LUCA GIORDANO'S THREE DEPICTIONS OF HERCULES' DEATH   (Oral Presentation) Kathleen Carroll ('17), General Hercules is one of the most commonly portrayed classical figures in modern culture, with a plethora of movies and television shows depicting his adventures; this popularity is not a modern fad, however, for representations of Hercules beget been a constant throughout history. During his career, the Baroque artist Luca Giordano (1634-1705) produced three different versions of Hercules demise: the Colby Museum of Arts 'Hercules on the Funeral Pyre' (1665-1670), 'Hercules on the Pyre' (1687-1700) currently in El Escorial, and the Prado Museums 'Hercules on the Pyre' (~1697). This project in progress focuses on the different ways Giordano portrays Hercules destiny after death in each painting, and explores which Ancient Greek and Roman sources may beget influenced each of Giordanos depictions. I bicker that the portrayal of Hercules death in Colbys collection is reliant on Lucian's 'The Dialogues of the Dead' and Ovids description of the apotheosis of Hercules (Met.IX.355-406), which uphold the faith that Hercules soul was split between Olympus and the Underworld. El Escorials 'Hercules on the Pyre' (1687-1700) is a borderline peaceful portrayal of Hercules death, a view supported by the closing scene of Senecas 'Hercules Oetaeus.' Finally, the Prados 'Hercules on the Funeral Pyre' (~1697) leaves Hercules destiny after death ambiguous, reflecting the doubt in Ovids treatment of the death of Hercules (Met.IX.238-313), as well as the opening scenes of Senecas 'Hercules Oetaeus.' Each version creates a different atmosphere surrounding the same scene, which prompts an fascinating conversation about the course in which different ancient texts influenced an artist centuries after their creation and the contrasting traditions of Hercules death present within these texts. PAST AND FUTURE FUTURE CHANGES IN THE GULF OF MAINE THROUGH THE LENS OF THE LOBSTERMEN   (Oral Presentation) Katrina Chicojay Moore ('16), Clea Harrelson ('16) and Emma Wood ('16), General Gulf of Maine (GoM) ecosystems beget changed over the past century in response to increased fishing pressure and climate change. While these changes beget been assessed using ecological data, the inclusion of local ecological lore (LEK) has the potential to strengthen analysis and illuminate novel layers of complexity. Additionally LEK can be used to determine the degree to which these communities account climate change as a potential threat. They interviewed Maine fishermen to determine potential species range/abundance shifts, changes in the health of the GoM, perceptions of climate change, and how, if at all, fishermen are planning to reconcile to perceived changes. Additionally, they used a cognitive mapping exercise (mental model) to create a visual concept map of how each fisherman personally perceives changes in the future. Interviewees reported northward reach shifts of species such as black sea bass (Centropristis striata) and northeastern reach shifts in populations of American lobster (Homarus americanus). Lobstermen also identified 16 marine species as having declined in abundance and 13 marine species as having increased in abundance. Across their interviewees, 18% mentioned the term climate change, while 82% of interviewees said that they observed changes in the temperatures of the GoM. Eighty two percent of interviewees also reported that they believe these changing temperatures will move the Maine lobster industry in the future. Combined, these forms of data reflect the impacts of climate change and allow scientists and managers to better gauge both ecological change and perception of drivers of change from local resource users. CULTIVATING CONSERVATION IN THE LAKE TANA BASIN: IMPLICATIONS OF A NEW UNESCO BIOSPHERE RESERVE MODEL FOR ECOSYSTEMS AND LIVELIHOODS   (Oral Presentation) Maravilla Clemens ('16) and Alexandra Heisler ('16), General In 2014 the Lake Tana basin in northern Ethiopia was designated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. Unlike previous Ethiopian Biosphere Reserves which concentrated on sparsely settled areas with tall forest cover, the Lake Tana Biosphere Reserve covers densely populated and degraded multifunctional landscapes. The presence of multiple settlements and ongoing land-use by farmers, herders and fishermen throughout the watershed has necessitated the development of a unique layout for the new Biosphere Reserve, combining extensive networks of buffer zones (where some continuing land-use is permitted) with dozens of tiny core protected areas centered on remnant forest patches with tall levels of biodiversity. This study uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to examine historical changes in land-use and riparian forest cover in the Lake Tana basin. They further analyze woreda(district)-level economic trends and census data to highlight continuing challenges and opportunities for sustainable land-use in the new Biosphere Reserve. Contrasting declassified U.S. government aerial photographs from 1964-1967 with present-day U.S. Geological Survey Landsat satellite imagery reveals widespread deforestation and riparian vegetation loss over the past 50 years. However, scattered forest fragments most notably tiny church forests preserved for up to centuries by followers of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church beget been well-protected, providing valuable cultural and ecosystems services for local communities in addition to providing refuge for indigenous biodiversity. Findings add to the nascent literature on the Lake Tana Biosphere Reserve which, if successful, promises to widen the applicability of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves to manage more densely settled fragmented forest landscapes worldwide. LOOKING INTO THE PAST: CAN THEY (ACCURATELY) MODEL ANCESTRAL RUBISCO SPECIES?   (Oral Presentation) Anna Donovan ('17), General Ribulose-1,5-biphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) catalyzes carbon dioxide fixation during photosynthesis. Though one of the most abundant enzymes on earth, the evolutionary history of Rubisco remains widely unknown. There are four different functional Rubisco isozymes, complete of which are composed of some variation on a catalytic dimer of great subunits (L2). Some forms comprise tiny subunits, but the function of these subunits remains a mystery. The evolutionary history of this enzyme can be studied by determining where, phylogenetically, these subunits appeared or disappeared. The sequences and structures of several ancestral great subunits are known, but in order to simulate these proteins they must recreate an (accurate) solvation environment (i.e. mimic interactions between the great subunit and the surrounding dimers, tiny subunits, and water). Here they present a mode to computationally simulate the ancestral Rubisco species by creating chimeric proteins with the ancestral catalytic dimer inserted into an existing Rubisco species. The validity of this mode is analyzed using principal component analysis. ABRAHAM COWLEY’S ADVOCACY FOR EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCE IN THE POETIC profile   (Oral Presentation) James Grote ('16), General Abraham Cowley published many works soon after the restoration of the monarchy in 17th century England. In my independent study with Professor Hanlon, I closely examined his poem 'To the Royal Society,' which discusses the emergence of scientific experimentation, or experimental philosophy, at the time. During my visit to Harvard Universitys Special Collections in February(funded by a award from The focus for the Arts and Humanities), I examined early editions of Cowleys other works and establish multiple other texts that focused on developing experimental science. I will focus on three of his texts: 'To the Royal Society,' 'Ode to Dr. Harvey,' and 'A Proposition for the Advancement of Experimental Philosophy.' During my presentation, I will account for the status of science at the time of Cowleys writing, and then I will debate how Cowley challenged the status quo of scientific inquiry. I will account for images of his texts that I took while in Special Collections, and focus on specific moments that demonstrate his skills within the discipline of poetry and his understanding of scientific discovery and processes. I will debate the implications behind the poetic devices he uses when writing about science, such as anthropomorphization and repetition. I was very intimidated by and unenthusiastic about this topic when I first read Cowley's writing, but after opening my mind and giving it a chance, I beget realized how much I be pleased his poetry and the topics material to 17th century England. I hope that my presentation will account for others that literature from that time epoch is material to their generation and more accessible than many people assume. LEAVES OF BOOKS AND ON TREES: THE ECOLOGICAL ETHIC OF VIRGINIA WOOLF   (Oral Presentation) Lucy Hadley ('16), General Virginia Woolf scholars beget largely ignored environmental themes in her literary work. It is only in recent years that the budding sphere of eco-criticism has provided the scholarly tools to examine how Woolf's text's deal environmental concerns. Despite the growth of eco-critical scholarship on Woolf, there is still much to talk about the environmental ethic of Virginia Woolf. Specifically, literary ecology, the study of ecological frameworks in literature, is under utilized with respect to Woolfs work. Through a literary ecology lens, Woolf's travail conveys an understanding that the natural world is fundamentally systems based, and 'a vital thread of light' connects complete organisms within an ecosystem (Woolf 'The Death of the Moth' 1). In Woolf's work, humans often participate in these ecosystems, a representation of human nonhuman relationships that emphasizes human interdependence on the environment. Woolf's representations of human nonhuman ecosystems critique the human relationship to the environment, and she highlights that cities, gender politics, and language systems are complete Part of humans' ecological relationship to nature. In representations of human nonhuman ecosystems, Woolf offers a model for human cohabitation and codependence with the natural world. This paper examines ecological themes and ethics in two short pieces; 'The Death of the Moth' (1941) and 'Kew Gardens' (1919); an sentiment article, 'The Plumage Bill' (1920); and one novel, The Waves (1931). THE IMPLICATIONS OF SEED POLICY FOR ON-FARM AGRO-BIODIVERSITY AND FOOD SECURITY IN ETHIOPIA AND UGANDA   (Oral Presentation) Altinay Karasapan ('16) and Andrew Currier ('16), General Despite the past four decades of food aid and agricultural development, food insecurity continues to be a widespread concern across East Africa. How might policy-makers act to back smallholder farm sustainability while ensuring food security? This paper provides an in-depth notice into the seed systems of Ethiopia and Uganda, emphasizing the implications of seed-related policies, programs, and institutions for smallholder livelihoods and subsistence. In both countries, policies and seed enterprises beget typically focused their efforts on increasing access to modern or tall quality varieties via the formal sector. However, as it stands today, the formal seed sector only provides a tiny share of smallholders seed - most pastoral farmers instead source seeds from local and informal markets. This research systematically codes key seed policies in Ethiopia and Uganda based on how provisions within each policy repercussion availability and accessibility of improved varieties (i.e., introduced genetic diversity), quality seed (i.e., quality-controlled varieties), and domestic genetic diversity (i.e., diverse local seed). Among policy provisions with negative effects, most reduce access to or availability of genetically diverse seed through the informal sector. Overall, the results account for that the policies in both countries minister to focus more heavily on strengthening the formal seed sector, while the informal sector only sees roundabout policy impacts (often negative). To promote conservation and employ of agro-biodiversity in Ethiopia and Uganda policies will exigency to directly promote seed genetic diversity, including through informal seed systems. THE EFFECTS OF MICROPLASTICS ON GRAZING AND FECAL SINK RATES OF MARINE COPEPODS   (Oral Presentation) Seung Kim ('18), General Plastics comprise 70% of complete marine debris and over 90% of floating particles in the ocean. There is growing concern that plastics are ingested by organisms and entering the oceanic food web. Copepods provide an considerable link in marine food webs by bridging primary production with higher trophic levels including fish, birds, and marine mammals. Copepods also play an energetic role in the biological pump by transporting unassimilated organic matter within their fecal pellets to the profound ocean. This study investigated ingestion rates of microplastics by two coastal copepod species and the sinking rates of their fecal pellets. Results account for that copepods ingest plastic beads at a similar rate as phytoplankton. They also establish tall numbers of beads attached to the carapace of copepods posing an additional pathway for beads to higher trophic levels. Fecal pellets containing plastic beads sank significantly slower than pellets produced on a phytoplankton diet. These results intimate that while copepod fecal pellets may provide a mechanism for the export of floating plastics, they may also diminish the talent of the ocean to sequester atmospheric CO2. ARSENIC IN MAINE'S PRIVATE WELLS: TESTING deportment AND IMPLICATIONS   (Oral Presentation) Samantha Lovell ('16), General Arsenic contamination in private wells is a major problem for communities in Maine. Naturally establish in bedrock and soil throughout New England, arsenic is a Class 1 carcinogen with short-term neurological and cardiovascular effects and confirmed effects of workable changes in IQ, skin discoloration, and cancer. While public wells must be tested for toxic substances, and comply with the EPAs Maximum Contaminant even of 10 ug/L for arsenic, there is no mandate for testing private wells. Since 40-45% of homeowners in Maine employ private wells, testing is crucial for residents safety. This study uses spatial information to understand the distribution of arsenic in private wells of the status in addition to data from the Maine Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System (BRFSS). BRFSS is a national telephone questionnaire that collects data about residents health and behavior. By comparing characteristics of residents who test their wells and those who result not test, including income, education, age, and number of children, this study aims to understand factors that lead Mainers to test their wells for arsenic. As status nonprofits and the Maine status government continues advocacy efforts to educate Mainers about the dangers of arsenic, this research could pilot outreach programs. COASTAL LAND CONSERVATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPACTS OF SEA-LEVEL rise ON CONSERVATION IN NEW ENGLAND   (Oral Presentation) George Voigt ('17) and Christina Thomas ('17), General In its fifth Assessment Report (AR5), the IPCC outlines how coastal systems and low-lying areas will increasingly sustain adverse impacts of climate change such as submergence, coastal flooding, and erosion due to relative sea even rise. However, there are great spatial variations in the projected sea even rise by localities/regions. And due to other factors such as land employ or human development along specific coasts, the impacts of relative sea even rise at the local scale can vary considerably. In the United States, government agencies and research groups beget noted the financial, convivial and ecological risks posed by climate change in coastal states. Currently, millions of acres of government and privately owned land along coastal areas are devoted to conservation in the profile of wildlife refuges, parks, land trusts, etc. However, given the threat of sea even rise and other climate-related effects, over the next few years, the investments made in these coastal sites may not yield the even of return initially expected. Species distribution patterns and ecosystem services are likely to change as wetland habitats retrograde or are submerged. Thus it is considerable for conservation groups to be able to identify the invest in areas that will maximize returns within the context of their conservation goals, be it the protection of land, species of cultural heritage sites. They present preparatory results from a multi-year project that (1) identifies the repercussion of sea even rise on coastal activities (2) formulates methods for targeting conservation of coastal land. Drawing on Modern Portfolio Theory and theories on conservation site selection, they asses which bundles minimize risks while maximizing potential returns. METAMORPHISM OF ORDOVICIAN ROCKS OF THE LIBERTY-ORRINGTON BELT AND EARLY-SILURIAN ROCKS OF THE FREDERICTON TROUGH, SOUTHEASTERN MAINE, USA   (Poster) Olivia Amber ('17), Geology The Liberty-Orrington Belt and Fredericton Trough in southeastern Maine consist of rocks metamorphosed through Silurian-Devonian orogenic processes. The ilk of metamorphism these rocks experienced is a function of tectonic style and thermal evolution. The metamorphic events of this study district reflect low-pressure high-temperature amphibolite facies conditions. Therefore, their ages are a reflection of the age of crystallization rather than cooling of the zircon and monazite minerals. These metamorphic events produced some of the most prominent recrystallizations of Maine. DIOPSIDE: AN OVERVIEW   (Poster) Daniel Boudreau ('18), Geology An exploration of diopside, a mineral from the clinopyroxene group. Topics covered will reach from chemical makeup, crystal structure, formation, physical characteristics and a brief history ranging from its first known classification in 1806 to synchronous uses in the biotechology industry and in geological research. IN THE SHADOW OF GARNET AND ZIRCON: WHAT’S SO much ABOUT KYANITE?   (Poster) Alicia Fischer ('18), Geology Under the extremely great silicate classification umbrella, minerals such as garnet and olivine plunge under the category of nesosilicates, as their SiO4 tetrahedra remain isolated in their crystal structure. Within the nesosilicates, an fascinating group called the aluminum silicates consists of minerals that share the same chemical formula due to polymorphism: andalusite, sillimanite, and, the particular focus of this project, kyanite. Yet, why should the average person treasure these three minerals if they are not as well-known as garnet and topaz or as useful as zircon? Certainly, the trio may not be as popular, but their significance in geology and in one's everyday life cannot remain understated. Thus, an overview of kyanite's history, structure, physical and optical properties, geological formation, and occurrences around the world will be presented to understand the relative import and unique applications of kyanite. FRACTURE NETWORKS AND GROUNDWATER stream   (Oral Presentation) Jenna Hill ('16), Geology In Maine, their water resources depend on bedrock aquifers where fluid stream is controlled by the connectivity of fracture networks within crystalline rocks. The permeability of a bedrock aquifer is almost completely dependent on the layout of its fracture network because crystalline rock has a negligible permeability on its own. The purpose of this study is to better understand the 3-D geometry of these fracture networks. To result this, I studied an exposure of densely fractured Hallowell Granite in Augusta, ME. The exposure is less than two miles away from a major public well that is actively monitored by the USGS. I was able to employ the exposure as an outcrop analogue to assess what the nearby aquifer may notice like. The outcrop that I used is Part of a pluton that is exposed on a 100-m wide and 4-m tall cliff face. I compiled measurements of fracture length, aperture, density of midpoints, orientation, and clustering of 33 different fractures across the outcrop. This allowed me to assess the permeability and to generate a 3-D model of its fracture network. Modeling underground fracture networks generally requires expensive equipment and seismic data, but I was able to employ my observations to extrapolate a model out of my surficial observations using 7.4 Fracman software. The discrete fracture network that I studied has an estimated permeability of 3.0*10^6 md. The average yield of the nearby 280-m profound well is 40.0 gpm. This benign of modeling offers a comprehensive course to understand fracture connectivity in bedrock where stream is often difficult to predict. In the future, it would be fascinating to extend my study to compare other great outcrops associated with the Hallowell Granite. THE STRATIGRAPHY AND DEPOSITIONAL SETTING OF THE BENNER HILL SEQUENCE   (Poster) George Hill ('16), Geology The Benner Hill Sequence consists of three rock Formations dated late Ordovician and possibly older. At the basis of the Sequence is a feldspathic quartzite interbedded with gray mica schist, known as the Mosquito Harbor Formation. Consistent 3 10 mm beds dominated by quartzite betoken a stable, tall energy depositional environment. Above that is the Hart's Neck Formation, a unit consisting of biotitc rock types derived from sedimentary protolith of varying grain size. Dense concentrations of brachiopod fossils and variations in lithology and bed thickness betoken a tall energy, unstable depositional environment. The Benner Hill Formation lies at the top of the sequence and consists of thinly interbedded and laminated quartz-mica schist and quartzite with bedlets of coticule, representing a lower energy, stable deposition environment. The entire Benner Hill Sequence represents continental slope deposits that were subducted and deformed during the accretion of a peri-Gondwanan volcanic arc onto Laurentia. STRUCTURAL HISTORY OF THE ROCKS ALONG THE NORUMBEGA frailty SYSTEM IN EASTERN/COSTAL MAINE   (Poster) Kate Kerin ('17), Geology The geology displayed in the rocks of eastern/ coastal Maine is dominated by long-lived structural features dating back to the Paleozoic era (Swanson, 1999). This pervasive deformation is the result of the Norumbega frailty System, an extensive strike slip frailty system that stretches the length of Maine. The width of the frailty system ranges from 30 km in south-western Maine, to 25 km in south-central Maine, to 35-40 km wide in eastern Maine. Three 2-5 km wide strain zones were also discovered in eastern Maine and are called the Kellyland, Waite, and Codyville frailty zones (West, 1999). This frailty trends north to south and the faults penetrate steeply to middle+ lower crustal levels. The dextral shear seen in the deformed rocks categorize the frailty as a dextral strike slip frailty system. Studying the Norumbega frailty system is of much significance because the extent of this frailty means that deformation happened to a wide reach of rock types and different bedrock formations (Special Paper 331, 1999). This can educate us more about the outcome of faulting and allay us to salvage a better grasp on the structural deformation brought on by faulting. Interpret the geologic history from the present day rock structures can educate us complete about the timing, conditions, kinematics and displacement. This paper intends to cover the considerable history of the rocks along Maines greatest frailty through the Acadian, neo-Acadian, and Alleghanian orogenys with a focus on the structural deformation of the rocks. COMPOSITION AND TECTONIC SIGNIFICANCE OF DEVONIAN PLUTONS IN MAINE: A FIELD-BASED EXAMINATION   (Poster) Jiawen Li ('16), Geology Multiple orogenic events beget greatly affected the terrane of Maine. Plutonic rocks that prevail the district are intimately related to these orogenies in that the magma sources are a result of tectonic activities. The Acadian orogeny from Late Silurian to Devonian is one of the most significant orogenic event, and many plutons are correlated with it. Examination of the composition of Devonian plutons, as well as their spatial and temporal relationships with each other, can give insight into the magma source regions and processes answerable for providing the heat, which provide a better understanding of the Acadian orogeny. Previous studies intimate that lithospheric delamination is answerable for magma generation in both northwestern and southeastern Maine, although the amount of crustal material incorporated may differ. They undertook reconnaissance sphere trips to Marshall Point and Washington-Liberty region to examine the mineralogy of the plutons establish in these regions, as well as their spatial relationship with other rock units. USING GIS AND R TO DEVELOP A mode FOR GEOLOGIC ANALYSES   (Oral Presentation) Kelford Mitchel ('16), Geology The majority of geologic analyses employ observational sphere data to understand the geologic history of a sphere area. My goal for this project was to understand my qualitative data and then to apply a quantitative study for these observations to interpret how deformation varies between rock types. During my initial travail in the Dyer Long Pond tangled (DLP), exposed in Jefferson, Maine, I confirmed three basic understandings: (1) the DLP consists of metamorphosed sedimentary and igneous rocks that were deformed profound within Earths crust, (2) these rocks underwent partial melting stage prior to deformation, and thus experienced multiple stages of metamorphism, and (3) two micro-scale deformational processes occurred within these rocks: (a) by atoms diffusing around mineral grains and (b) through the reorganization of grains in the crystal lattice. These results helped greatly elucidate the history of the Dyer Long Pond Complex, but lacked a quantitative aspect to understand how deformation in these rocks operated at the individual mineral grain level. I created chemical angle maps of my samples, which consist of an image of complete mineral phases in a sample. These images were imported into R: a powerful statistical analysis software package. This process has so far let me quantify relationships of mineral grains such as their clustering and overall distribution and will continue to allay me understand how the shapes and sizes of grains vary throughout the sample. The halt result of this travail will provide further results to retort the larger question of how deformation behaves across various rock types and will provide a standardized mode that can be used to study other rocks in the future. PLAGIOCLASE   (Poster) Zena Robert ('18), Geology Plagioclase is a group of feldspar minerals that are primarily establish in igneous and metamorphic rocks. They are one of the most common rock forming minerals; and because of that, the plagioclase group is current in geological research. Even though it is one of the most common minerals, that does not be of value that it is the most uninteresting. The history, chemical composition, physical characteristics, and modern applications of plagioclase will be discussed in order to account for its import in the world of geology. MACROFOSSIL ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENT CORES FROM THE TURNER FARM ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE   (Oral Presentation) Trevor Thomas ('16), Geology The Turner Farm archaeological site, located on North Haven Island, Maine, represents a record of the habits and resource bases of prehistoric aboriginal groups that inhabited coastal Maine. Two sediment cores were taken from an unnamed salt marsh located adjacent to the Turner Farm archaeological site, providing complementary pollen and macrofossil records. The purpose of this project was to complete the macrofossil analysis of the remaining core material. The outer core (NH-1-2010) was from the frontier between the modern salt marsh sedge, and freshwater cattail communities. The second inner core (NH-5-2014), was collected 50 m farther into the freshwater cattail marsh. C-14 dates from NH-1-2010 betoken ~4000 years of deposition; wood from NH-5-2014 at 103 cm depth was dated to 2940 +/- 30 C-14 ybp. Macrofossils from both cores were collected, identified and counted at 5-cm intervals; pollen of the outer core was too degraded for study, so pollen analysis was performed only on the inner core.Spruce and pine are abundant throughout the pollen record, while hardwoods excluding oak, (common above 90 cm) are largely absent. Raspberry and elderberry seeds are abundant from 65-135 cm depth, (roughly 2000-3500 C-14 ybp); these seeds depict a previously unknown but likely considerable supplement to the primarily sea-food diet of the indigenous peoples. Needles of spruce and fir were abundant throughout the outer core, with equally abundant hemlock and pine at 181-191 cm (approx. 3000 C-14 ybp). Coastal herbaceous plant seeds, including grasses, sedges and forbs, are sporadic to locally abundant throughout the outer core as well. Recovered charcoal from the site was exclusively hardwood. Conifer forest dominance at the time of occupation indicates settlements were seasonal, not permanent. SODALITE -- A FASCINATING BLUE MINERAL   (Poster) Xiaohui Xu ('18), Geology Sodalite is a loaded royal blue mineral that has long been appreciated as an ornamental gemstone. However, it is more than an aesthetic pleasure. In this poster, the historical background, the occurrences, the structural and chemical data, and the geological uses of sodalite are presented in order to gain a better and thorougher understanding of this gorgeous mineral. DIE DARSTELLUNGEN DER WöLFE IN MäRCHEN UND FABELN   (Oral Presentation) Chase Brown ('16), German In this oral presentation conducted in German, I will analyze a variety of German fairy tales and fables that hold wolves. As many people will never note a wild wolf in their lifetime, most people gain information through these sorts of mediums. As children, their first interactions with wolves are with fairy tales and fables. These representations of wolves sick with us throughout their lives. Although they are not very scientific, they create their subjective ideas of what wolves are. The literary works that I will analyze provide an in depth notice at the course humans depict wolves. A few different types of wolves are created and function differently in the German literature. HOW SOUND AFFECTS THE TRADITIONAL ASPECTS OF FILM FORM: M - EINE STADT SUCHT EINEN MöRDER   (Oral Presentation) Chase Brown ('16), German Fritz Lang, the director of M, pushed the boundaries of film during his lifetime. His employ of sound in M is so masterful it directs the attention of viewers to the possibilities of sound in cinema. Langs soundtrack in M is used in conjunction with the other aspects of film profile in order to drive the plot, ordain the mood, and create a tall even of continuity throughout his thriller. The sounds, dialogue, and silence in the film initiate and enhance the mies-en-scene, cinematography, and editing choices made by Lang. Hints at the employ of sound and its import are seen at every stage of the film. Lang is cleverly screaming at the viewers and saying, 'look what I can do!' For Lang, sound gave him the talent to acquire a film with a higher even of interconnectedness. The employ of sound controlled what images were depicted and how they were displayed. Even today, many people underestimate the power and functionality of sound in film; they should watch or re-watch M - Eine Stadt sucht einen Mrder. SEXUALITY AND IDENTITY IN DER BLAUE ENGEL AND GEGEN DIE WAND   (Oral Presentation) Kristin Esdale ('16), German Two very different femmes fatales, two different time periods, with the common thread of sexuality and identity. For the main female characters in Der Blaue Engel (1930) and Gegen die Wand (2004), they each express their changing identities through their changing sexualities and sexual behaviors. By understanding these femmes fatales, one can understand the societal pressures placed on women through different eras of time, as well as understand how changes in femmes across film reflect deeper convivial issues. A COMPARISON OF HOW WAR WAS PORTRAYED TO GERMAN YOUTH IN THE NAZI ERA VS. THE REALITIES THEY FACED IN WWII   (Oral Presentation) Taylor Haberstock ('19), German During JanPlan this year, I took an independent study in which I surveyed the history of German film. As i surveyed German film, I became especially interested in the ways in which German films before and after World War II interacted. In the Nazi Era, films by Leni Riefenstahl like Triumph des Willens portrayed incredibly stout nationalistic messages specifically directed at German youth, promoting them to relate Nazi Youth Programs. However, the images portrayed after the war in films like Die Brcke directly contradicted the themes of Riefenstahl's films and in many ways was a direct response to Riefenstahl's film. Extreme nationalism and war propaganda films such as Triumph des Willens painted a inaccurate reality of war that impacted the psyche of adolescent Germans to the extent that they proudly joined the army at adolescent ages expecting glory only to find that the reality was anything but glamorous glory as is evocatively depicted in the war film Die Brcke. KAFKAS TIERE (KAFKA'S ANIMALS)   (Oral Presentation) Andrew Herwig ('16), German Presented in German. Much of Franz Kafkas writing career was dedicated to exploring the concepts of identity and otherness. He accessed these themes by incorporating non-human characters into his stories. Three of his central works will be examined, each of which hold an animal protagonist: 'The Metamorphosis', 'A Report to an Academy', and 'The Burrow'. Through its participation in the story, each animal provides commentary on varying aspects of humanity. The faith of identity is explored by observing human life through the lens of the animal, while the animal itself experiences otherness. By uncovering the underlying experiences of these animals, Kafka and his criticisms can be better understood. DIE TRENNUNG ZWISCHEN MENSCHEN UND TIEREN (THE SEPARATION BETWEEN HUMANS AND ANIMALS)   (Oral Presentation) Deanna Morris ('17), German Es existiert eine Wahrnehmung von einer westlichen Perspektive, dass es einen echten Unterschied zwischen Menchen und Tieren gibt. Obwohl biologische Beziehungen werden besttigt, andere Einstufungen werfen alle Tiere in eine Kategorie zusammen und trennen nur Menschen davon. Inwiefern ist diese Trennung echt, und inwiefern ist es wahrgenommen? Diese Projektarbeit beginnt mit 'Ein Bericht fr eine Akademie' von Franz Kafka, und die Trennung zwischen der Tierwelt und der Menschenwelt die darin erklrt wurde. Der Realittsgehalt in diese Trennung zwischen Menschlichkeit und die Tierwelt/Umwelt wird dann durch andere Texte erkundet. DICTATORSHIP IN FILMS THE WAVE AND TRIUMPH DES WILLENS   (Oral Presentation) Jiaming Ni ('17), German Dictatorship is a political system where a status is ruled by one person or a solitary political entity that has the absolute prerogative to regulate and control public and private life (Encyclopaedia Britannica). The solitary person or political entity can change the laws as it likes in order to ensure the legitimacy of the regime and the sustainability of its power. Meanwhile, dictatorship also excludes other antagonist governing systems by promoting propaganda. The Nazi Germany is frequently mentioned as an case of dictatorship, in which Adolf Hitler controls complete governing mechanisms in the system, and makes decisions of internal and external affairs by his own. He gains popularity, support, and authority through propaganda speeches, manipulation of the Nazi party, and skillful employ of German nationalism. He first makes himself the leader of the Nazi party and a emblem of Germanys future. As Rudolf Hess says in the film Triumph des Willens, the party is Hitler, but Hitler is Germany, as Germany is Hitler. Even though it sounds radical and bizarre today, the public firmly believes in Hitlers promise of bringing Germany a glorious future and therefore the public supports Hitlers policies during that period. ISOLATION, ENTFREMDUNG, UND DAS KüNSTLERLEBEN IN KAFKAS 'EIN BERICHT FüR EINE AKADEMIE', 'DER BAU', UND 'JOSEFINE, DIE SäNGERIN'   (Oral Presentation) William Qualey ('16), German Abstract to come DIE REALITäT DER ASSIMILATION ODER DIE BEDEUTUNG DER MENSCHLICHKEIT?: INTERPRETATIONEN VON FRANZ KAFKAS „EIN BERICHT FüR EINE AKADEMIE“   (Oral Presentation) Naomi Schmidt ('16), German Fr meine Seminararbeit fokussiere ich auf Ein Bericht fr eine Akademie (1917) von Franz Kafka. In einer Analyse der Geschichte schreibt Schulz-Behrend, Two divergent interpretations beget been given. Max Brod and others told that Rotpeter, the hero oft he story, represents Man generally, whereas William C. Rubinstein suggests that the ape is quite possibly a Jew who has allowed himself tob e converted in ordert o evade persecution. If one of these interpretations is correct, the other one should be given up (Schulz-Behrend 1). Erstmals will ich in meiner Seminararbeit die Frage beantworten, ob es stimmt, dass nur eine Interpretation korrekt sein kann. Dann will ich autobiographische Werke und sekundre Literatur analysieren um zu entscheiden, welche Interpretation besser funktioniert. Oder vielleicht gibt es eine dritte Interpretation, dass meine Forschung finden wird. ICORN (INTERNATIONAL CITIES OF REFUGE NETWORK): ADVANCING license OF EXPRESSION IN STAVANGER, NORWAY   (Oral Presentation) Madochee Bozier ('16), Goldfarb Center In collaboration with their international cohort of sister networks and organizations, ICORN champions the rights of writers and artists by promoting their prerogative to license of expression and by calling particular attention to the employ of the arts as a utensil to initiate and further discussion of various rights violations. Initially established in response to the assassination of writers in Algeria, notable artists including, Salman Rushdie, Vaclav Havel, JM Coetzee, and others, called for the creation of a network of cities and regions to protect and promote artistic freedom. Eventually, the 1993 network dissolved, but the international community, still dedicated to their work, founded the ICORN Administrative focus in Stavanger, Norway in 2006. As of 2010, ICORN began to operate independently and progressively expanded their mandate to offer residencies to artists and musicians. In March 2016, ICORN gathered to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the founding of the international, independent non-profit organization. In cooperation with the City of Paris, the common Assembly united guest writers and artists, city coordinators, political representatives, human rights activists, partner organizations and other guests to relate in the celebration of 10 years of protection and promotion of the license of expression. Thus, the majority of my internship responsibilities focused on preparing for the common assembly. Normally, ICORN is composed of a four-member staff, but my presence in the communications department allowed for a new voice and perspective in terms of communication strategy and creativity. EXPLORING EFFICIENT TARGETED MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES AND GIS APPLICATIONS FOR CONTOUR PLANTING AT KILIMANJARO PLANTATION, LTD.   (Oral Presentation) Lidia Henderson ('16), Casey Ballin ('16) and Tyler Clevenger ('16), Goldfarb Center Kilimanjaro Plantation, Ltd. is among the largest coffee producers in East Africa and prides itself on producing some of the highest quality Arabica coffee in the region. The plantation expressly seeks to uphold three standards: to grow the best Arabica coffee in Tanzania; to be a reliable and consistent partner for coffee lovers; and to adhere to rigorous cultural, social, and ecological guidelines designed to ensure a stout commitment to the well-being of the region. However, KPL also recognizes their responsibility as an environmental steward for the surrounding area. Thus, KPL has targeted two areas in which they would like to explore the possibilities of improved efficiency paired with a reduction in their environmental impacts. The first district of interest is establishing and refining methods for coffee yield estimation, and the second district of interest is establishing labor productivity benchmarks for various plantation tasks. Furthermore, the implementation of agricultural best management practices is key to the mission of the plantation, and as it is located in the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro, the natural terrain of the district is sloped. Contour planting has been proposed at KPL for the upcoming planting year in order to ameliorate a number of environmental sustainable measures at the farm. By examining three yield estimation methods and comparing their results to the actual harvest, and using existing ESRI shapefiles of KPL planting areas in QGIS and Google Earth to design contour planting blocks at KPL, this paper explores an array of opportunities for improved sustainable production gains at Kilimanjaro Plantation, Ltd. EDUCATION, EMPOWERMENT, AND ACTIVISM IN THE 1964 MISSISSIPPI license SCHOOLS   (Oral Presentation) Laura Tierney ('16), Goldfarb Center During the summer of 1964, over one thousand Civil Rights workers and summer volunteers travelled to Mississippi, seeking to combat the states persistent racial discrimination by participating in a community organizing project now known as license Summer. One district of license Summers efforts included the creation of a network of alternative schools known as the license Schools. At the forty-one license Schools across Mississippi, summer project volunteers taught black students of complete ages, using a curriculum that combined remedial lessons in academic subjects that the states segregated schools had failed to properly teach, lessons in black history, and a so-called Citizenship Curriculum which called for discussions on issues such as racism and poverty. My paper will examine the different goals, visions, and ideologies that inspired and shaped the Mississippi license Schools. I will chart the origins and the repercussion of these innovative educational approaches against the wider struggle for black rights in Mississippi and the nation. THE halt OF RACIAL DEMOCRACY: RACE-BASED POLICY REFORM IN BRAZIL   (Oral Presentation) Solon Arguello ('17), Government Since the halt of the military junta, the Brazilian government has been hesitant to create policy specifically targeting racial issues. However, nascence in the early 2000s, the Brazilian government radically shifted its approach, choosing to recognize and combat racial inequality. This policy pivot was significant because it was a pellucid departure from the official stance of the Brazilian government since the status began the process of democratization, signaling a new era. For Afro-Brazilians who sustain the worst poverty in Brazil, as well as the least access to higher education, these policies present significant developments. The Brazilian status has identified structural issues created by racial inequality, and has now utilizes higher education reform as a vector for convivial mobility. This paper aims at looking at the mechanisms of democratic inclusion through educational policy targeted specifically at Afro-Brazilians and attempts to define whom the actors that led to the implementation of these policies were. Additionally, I will attempt to account for why these policies began in the early 2000s, attempting to link them to a larger history of race-based convivial movements in Brazil, processes of democratization, and global shifts in discourse surrounding identity and democracy. VICTORIES FOR REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS IN CHILE: WHAT HAS CHANGED?   (Oral Presentation) Sophia Bartels ('17), Government The Catholic Church and the Chilean Constitution beget been stout opponents of reproductive rights legislation in Chile. Consequently, Chile is one of the few countries in Latin America without comprehensive reproductive rights legislation. Although Chilean CSOs and legislators sponsored a comprehensive bill for reproductive rights in 2000, this bill was not able to pass in Congress. However, President Michelle Bachelet brought the Birth Control and Emergency Contraception Bill to Congress, which surprisingly in 2010 passed into law. This paper will hunt to address the question of why Bachelet was able to pass this highly controversial legislation, given that many of the constraints that were in station in 2000 still existed in 2010, and what changed that has made this possible? In this paper I will test three hypotheses, for why this legislation was able to pass: (1) that it passed due to changes in the Political Opportunities Structure (POS) made workable by decreased might of the opposition (both from the Catholic Church and the Christian Democrats), (2) it passed due to an increased number of women in influential positions in the government coupled with presidentialism, and (3) that it passed due to the employ of less tenet challenging, non-class based framing. This paper will hopefully account for the weaknesses of opponents of reproductive rights, the allies of reproductive rights, and the ways in which the changes in the POS can be used in the future to pass comprehensive reproductive rights legislation, including measures on abortion, in Chile, and elsewhere. THE EGALITARIAN SHIFT IN CHILEAN convivial POLICY: MOBILIZING REFORM IN HEALTH AND EDUCATION   (Oral Presentation) Cameron Coval ('16), Government When are egalitarian convivial policy reforms workable in Latin America? Neoliberalism ostensibly erected significant obstacles to current convivial policies. However, in Chile, policy reforms beget strengthened the role of the status and promoted equitable access to quality convivial services. Comparative analysis of the 2005 health, 2009 education, and 2016 education reforms reveals egalitarian reforms are workable when incumbents mobilize public sentiment and challenge policy monopolies through conflict expansion. Reform outcomes are even more profound when initiated by civil society mobilization from below. PROTECTION OF INDIGENOUS LAND RIGHTS IN THE SOUTHERN CONE: A COMPARISON OF THE MAPUCHE AND QOM   (Oral Presentation) Gregory Morano ('17), Government Both Argentina and Chile beget seen the rise of indigenous movements with a mobilizing grievance of a violation in land rights and environmental and citizenship framing. Between 2010 and 2014 the Mapuche in Chile successfully confronted the Chilean status and their actions ended the controversial HydroAysn dam project. However, the Qom indigenous community in Argentina has continuously been unable to pressure the Argentine government to halt oil exploration and expropriation of their lands in the Formosa province. Therefore, this paper seeks to retort the question of what are the factors that determine if indigenous movements fail or succeed in protecting their land rights against resource extraction? This paper will hopefully provide an retort to that question, which will add to their understanding of how states in the Southern Cone can extend indigenous rights. PASSAGE TO EMPOWERMENT: UNDERSTANDING THE NGO-IZATION OF FEMINISM IN A GUATEMALA CITY NGO   (Oral Presentation) Emily Sapoch ('16), Government The past 25 years has seen a rise in feminist non-governmental organizations (NGO) in developing countries. This trend has prompted feminist and development theorists to coin the term NGO-ization of feminism to censure these feminist NGOs. NGO-izing feminism refers to the employ of globally accepted practices and strategies for organization to promote specific goals related to the advancement of women. Critics bicker that these kinds of feminist NGOs want the feminist theory behind their travail necessary to call themselves truly feminist, while further diminishing their feminist credibility by accepting funding from great international organizations whose neoliberal projects are otherwise antithetical to the collective speculative feminist project. However, proponents of these feminist NGOs bicker that as long as the feminist NGOs are empowering and improving the lives of women, the funding and strategies used by the NGOs are immaterial to their status as feminist. This paper seeks to further understand the result that this benign of empowerment feminism has on communities of women by looking specifically at the case of the womens empowerment programs in the educational NGO, Safe Passage, which works with families alive in the community surrounding the Guatemala City garbage dump. BUCKING THE TRENDS: JIMMY CARTER AND BILL CLINTON AFTER THE WHITE HOUSE   (Poster) Jane Wiesenberg ('16) and Meredith Keenan ('18), Government In studying the post-presidential lives of former U.S. presidents, they categorize their nation's leaders into four groups based on the activities they pursued after leaving office. Presidents were characterized as those who (1) went back to the farm to pursue personal activities, (2) were highly energetic in partisan politics, (3) pursued governmental (non-elective) careers, or finally, (4) those who were actively engaged in public, non-governmental humanitarian affairs. While numerous presidents felicitous the first three categories, they find that Presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton are the only two since Rutherford B. Hayes to felicitous the latter, each leading extensive efforts to ameliorate the lives of others around the world. Carter established the Carter Center, focusing on global human rights and conflict resolution. In addition to energetic involvement in partisan politics, Clinton has focused on global economic and health issues through his own foundation. Their study analyzes Carter and Clintons post-presidential travail and draws conclusions about the factors that led them to their respective publicly post-presidencies. They account the implications of these patterns for President Obama and his successors. L'DOR VADOR: JEWISH VOTING deportment FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION   (Oral Presentation) Jane Wiesenberg ('16), Government Since 1928, American Jews beget favored the Democratic candidate in every presidential election. Of course, there are theological reasons they can suspect to underlie Jewish convivial liberalism: a dedication to Tzedakah (charity), Torah (respect for education), tikkun olam (healing the world), and non-asceticism. However, while these values may play some role in Jewish-American loyalty to the Democratic Party, they cannot be solely responsible: Jews outside the United States are not more bountiful than their non-Jewish counterparts, and, although American Jewish voters beget consistently favored Democrats over Republicans, the degree of that back has fluctuated; for example, in the 1980 presidential election, Jimmy Carter received 44% less than a majority of the Jewish vote (though still more than Ronald Reagan). More recently, Barack Obamas back among Jews dropped four points from 2008 to 2012. Thus, they question what factors beget maintained the long-standing Jewish-Democratic alliance, but also hunt to explore those which beget led to periods of less support, and whether there are issues U.S. back for Israel that may threaten the consensus piteous forward. Through a triangulated research methodology, which includes both data from public sentiment polls and data from focus groups with Jewish voters that they carry out, they find that Jewish Democratic voting has been sustained, in great part, by the intergenerational transmission of values within the Jewish community; along with their other findings, this finding, in particular, leads us to believe that Jewish Democratic voting is likely to endure for years to come. THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING MINORITY IN ESTONIA AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET UNION AND THE 'FORGOTTEN' 1993 NARVA AUTONOMY REFERENDUM   (Oral Presentation) Artur Fass ('16), History After almost five decades of Soviet rule which brought an influx of Russian-speaking immigrants many of whom did not assimilate into the local culture and linguistic environment Estonians seized the opportunity provided by Perestroika. The issues of protection of the Estonian language, limitation of immigration, and citizenship rights, defined the political discourse between 1985 and 1991. During that period, the independence-oriented moderates of the 'Popular Front,' who gained power in the first democratic elections in March 1990, promoted a generally inclusive citizenship policy, while the radical nationalists, acting through the oppositionist 'Congress of Estonia,' maintained that complete Soviet immigrants cannot be automatically considered as citizens of Estonia. Having declared their independence from the Soviet Union in August 1991, Estonians collectively adopted a de facto ethnically exclusive, segregationist attitude towards half-million non-Estonian residents of the country. The seemingly bountiful citizenship policy effectively disenfranchised Estonia's Russian-speakers, many of whom were born in Estonia or spent a majority of their adult lives there. The July 1993 referendum on autonomy in Narva, an event frequently overlooked by those writing about Estonia today, attracted international attention to the newly independent republic. In response to the crisis, the Estonian government, being interested to present itself as a reasonable partner to its Western advisors and preserve the solidarity of the country, liberalized the controversial Law on Aliens that sparked the revolt in Narva. FLAGS AT SEA: EVOLUTION OF CAPITAL SHIPS AND WORLD AFFAIRS   (Oral Presentation) Kelvin Gonzalez ('16), History An examination of the evolution of the capital ships of the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, from the age of the British Thalassocracy to the dawn of the glacial War. Focusing a qualitative examination of the trends, the reasoning behind these trends, and the result of these trends in capital ship building, they hunt to examine how capital ships evolved during this time epoch and how these developments shaped the geopolitical landscape of the time, especially between the major naval powers of the period. Tied together with a discussion on naval planning, they hunt to understand these developments so that they may apply them in the modern day in regards to modern debates regarding naval development and the path that the United States should buy towards the future development of its navy. INVESTIGATION OF SOCIAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND STATISTICAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE EMERGENCE AND SPREAD OF THE 2014 EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE EPIDEMIC IN WEST AFRICA   (Oral Presentation) Alexandra Bishop ('16), Independent Majors The sudden emergence of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa in 2014 stunned the global health community. The outbreak ravaged the precarious convivial structure and health infrastructure in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. On August 8th, 2014 the Director-General of the World Health Organization, Margaret Chen, designated the 2014 EVD outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The 2014 EVD outbreak totaled 28,646 cases and affected ten countries. What factors contributed to the rapid transmission rate and geographical spread of EVD? I present social, biological, and statistical components implicated in the severity of the 2014 EVD outbreak. Deforestation and consumption of bushmeat extend animal-to-human and human-to-human contact, which created a breeding ground for EVD. The combination of insufficient health infrastructure, traditional medical and burial practices, and a cultural of panic perpetuated the spread of EVD. HCWs who responded to the EVD epidemic in West Africa faced the challenge of altering risk perception in local communities and responding to virtuous panic, or the panic that EVD would disrupt convivial norms. At the nascence of the outbreak, patients panic and distrust of the Ebola Treatment Units prevented them from seeking treatment. HCWs battled a minimally researched, rapidly mutating virus with the potential to easily reconcile to new environments. With no approved treatment options, HCWs primarily relied on supportive custody to deal patients. Epidemiological modeling provided censorious information on risk factors, such as attending a burial. The 2014 EVD outbreak demonstrates the intricate connection between convivial practices and the spread of infectious disease, as well as the import of global collaboration in disease management. ICELANDIC CULTURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT: AN EXPLORATION THROUGH FILM AND PHOTOGRAPHY   (Oral Presentation) Casey Coulter ('16), Independent Majors Throughout the summer I walked the streets of Reykjavik creating a photo progression on the influence of nature in Icelandic urban street art, spent time in one of the worlds oldest ecovillage, travelled with a group of environmental players making the decisions on the future of the Icelandic highlands, spoke extensively with people on their personal relationship to the Icelandic environment, and passively observed and interacted with the booming eco-tourism industry. Through the production of craft I was able to sustain Icelandic culture in a uniquely revealing way. My various projects evolved into an exploration of the relationship between the Icelandic culture and the environment and how that might differ from a U.S.-centric public perception. In my observations, the disparity between how Icelanders are perceived versus the actuality is in their commitment to sustainability. Their savor of the environment comes out of circumstance and a deep-rooted patriotism for their land, not a learnt commitment and crave for a sustainable future. The Icelandic system that they admire and idealize is non-transferable. This is not to talk nothing can be learnt from their success, but it should be looked at individually and specifically, not as a system that can be adopted around the world. MEDITATION AND CONTEMPLATION: DESIGNING A CAMPUS SANCTUARY   (Oral Presentation) Alison Grover ('16), Independent Majors Inspired by the Kamppi Chapel of Silence in Helsinki, Finland, the goal of this architectural/sculptural project is to create a calming space on Colby's campus that contrasts the hectic, fast-paced, and demanding world in which students live. This sanctuary on campus, in the profile of a built structure, will provide a space for slowing down, thinking, and reflecting through sensory deprivation. Both the sculptural profile and the aesthetic design of the structure direct to be conducive to a aloof and focused mind. A secular environment where the Colby community can relax and reflect, this space is meant to ameliorate the well-being of its visitors. DANTE: POETRY THAT CHANGED THE WORLD   (Oral Presentation) James Manning ('17), Italian Poetry is often critiqued and scrutinized for sense and beauty to evaluate its worth. What really makes poetry gorgeous is its talent to change the world and alter perceptions. Dante Alighieri did just that with his Divine Comedy. It's transcendence has proven it to be one of the most defining works every made. In a world where religion reigned supreme, Dante created his own world in which readers could attempt to empathize. This empathy and consideration of 'what if?' made an extremely great repercussion on society both religiously and politically. This also provided a venue through which education establish roots. From reading Dante's poem, I learned just how densely packed sense can be into a solitary line of poetry.This understanding brought new light to poetry that I had previously lacked. Even reading the Divine Comedy in English allowed for an incredible sustain and stout appreciation for the father of Italian's work. HARMONY AND clash IN THE DIVINE COMEDY   (Oral Presentation) Zachary Mondschein ('17), Italian Sounds and pandemonium permeate the Divine Comedy, from the hellish cacophony of Inferno to the divine harmony of Paradise. The Commedia makes one hundred and forty six explicit mentions of music. This presentation will investigate how music serves the allegorical basis of each cantica. CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE   (Oral Presentation) Lily Stoelting ('16), Italian After World War II and the plunge of the fascist regime in Italy, the country experienced a political shift that increased convivial and civil tensions. Specifically, the rise of consumer capitalism left a great portion of the population sentiment powerless and marginalized, and new styles of poetry and literature arose in response to this frustration. While poets belonging to the neoavanguardia movement rejected tradition by introducing new and experimental literary structures, thus suggesting the exigency for both poetic and political revolution, other writers used a traditional narrative framework to directly recommend stories of convivial and political issues. Though the various literary movements had similar goals, their differing stylistic and linguistic choices disclose the fundamental question of how they should depict convivial and political issues within craft and literature. THE VOLUNTEER TOURISM ENCOUNTER: EXPLORING EXPECTATIONS, AFFECT, AND DISCOMFORT IN pastoral YUCATáN VOLUNTOURISM   (Oral Presentation) Caroline Tegeler ('16), Latin American Studies Within the massive tourism and travel industry, the niche market of volunteer tourism has risen recently in both notoriety and popularity with its promises of a more conscious profile of experiencing the world and its people. I explore in this thesis project the encounter between volunteer tourist and host community by examining the motivations, expectations, and imagined roles and identities of each side of the voluntourism encounter. The volunteer tourism industry frames voluntourism as a path towards a more personal, ethical and answerable tourism, but has created experiences filled with discomfort for tourists in their encounter with the communities in which they volunteer. I explore this discomfort by examining how the Yucatn voluntourism industry sells altruism, experience, Maya culture, transformation, affect, and making a inequity as the primary forms of encounter, and how these expectations and motivations often plunge short in the lived sustain of voluntourism as told by voluntourists. MODELING OCEAN ECOSYSTEMS: FORECASTING THE ABUNDANCE OF GELATINOUS ZOOPLANKTON IN THE GULF OF MAINE   (Oral Presentation) Anna Kronauer ('16), Mathematics and Statistics Gelatinous zooplankton, colloquially known as the jellyfish, comprise taxa of widely differing life histories, trophic positions, and phylogeny. These enigmatic, yet astoundingly diverse jellies issue to be blooming with increasing intensity, frequency, and duration. The ecological effects of this phenomenon are presently unknown. As a result of the scarcity in long-term abundance data, however, it can be argued that these recent surges are simply indicative of predictable, approximately 8-year oscillations. To achieve a greater understanding of jellyfish dynamics, the direct of the present research is two-fold: to build a machine learning model for forecasting gelatinous abundance and to conduct a time progression analysis of jellies in the Gulf of Maine. The machine learning model uses the K-nearest neighbors algorithm to classify chaetognath blooms with the highest accuracy: 82.07%. Adjusting the model's parameters revealed non-stationarity in the data, sense that the underlying gelatinous abundance distributions are changing over time. This was reflected in the time progression analysis, which detected an extend in the likelihood of observing a higher balance of jellyfish over time. A speedily ALGORITHM FOR SIMPLIFYING TRIANGULATIONS OF THE 2-SPHERE   (Oral Presentation) Daniel Medici ('16), Mathematics and Statistics Pachner moves are ways of making small, local changes to a simplicial tangled without changing the isomorphism ilk of the simplicial complex. A well-known result, 'the connectivity theorem', states that any two simplicial triangulations of a given surface are related by a finite sequence of Pachner moves. They employ combinatorial analogues of the methods of thin position from knot theory to give a new proof of the the connectivity theorem for triangulated spheres. The proof gives rise to an algorithm for finding a sequence of Pachner moves which converts a triangulation into the tetrahedral triangulation of the sphere. They obtain a quadratic upper bound (in terms of the number of triangles in the original triangulation) on the number of Pachner moves needed to complete this sequence, and they account for that the algorithm has a polynomial time complexity. TOPOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS   (Oral Presentation) Nicholas Murphy ('16), Mathematics and Statistics This project explores the new an growing sphere of topological data analysis. The talk will originate by providing an introduction to what topological data analysis is, what questions it hopes to answer, and the intuition behind the method. I will also comprise a brief survey of some of the current application. Next, the talk will focus on algebraic topology, mathematics behind topological data analysis. Topics such as simplicial complexes and homology groups will be covered here. Finally, I will cover persistent homology, one of the main tools of topological data analysis. MODULAR FORMS AND L-FUNCTIONS   (Oral Presentation) Jianing Yang ('18), Mathematics and Statistics What are modular forms? Why are they useful? How result they employ L-functions to resolve number theory problems? In this presentation, I will interpose several fascinating problems in analytic number theory. Specifically, I'm going to talk about Mobius maps and modular forms. A Mobius map is a function on the tangled plane in the profile of f(z)=(az+b)/(cz+d), where a, b, c, d are tangled numbers. These transformations are associated with a group of matrices, and they often focus on specific cases where a, b, c, d are integers and ad-bc is 1. A modular profile is a function on a subset of the tangled plane that is partly invariant under a subgroup of Mobius maps. By studying the functional equations and Fourier progression of modular forms, they can salvage information about some arithmetic functions and approach certain number theory problems. To this end, it's useful to mediate about the L-functions associated with modular forms. Currently, they are studying functional equations of L-functions twisted by an additive character. THE ROLE OF THE WANDERER IN SCHUBERT’S A MINOR SONATA: SCHENKERIAN ANALYSIS IN CONTEXT   (Oral Presentation) Liam Butchart ('18), Music Looking to Jeffrey Perrys article, The Wanderers Many Returns: Schuberts Variations Reconsidered, this paper examines the Schubert A Minor sonata through the lens of wandering and returning. In order to result this, the sonata is analyzed under a Schenkerian framework in order to tease out differences both great and tiny in scale between the movements, so as to highlight the tension and resolution set up inside the piece as a whole. The article then puts the faith of wandering/ returning in historical context to allay acquire sense of the A minor sonata. USING KINECT SENSORS IN INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA   (Oral Presentation) Stephan Chaikovsky ('18), Music The purpose of the project has been to investigate the integration of Xbox Kinect sensors and various audio and video processing programs in order to create an interactive multimedia performance environment. This was accomplished by using the open source video development environment Processing as a server for passing data from the sensor to two commercial audio/video manipulation programs: Max/MSP and IsadoraCore. Interconnecting these core components has allowed us to create an interactive multimedia utensil that generates audio and video based the movements of a person being tracked by the Kinect sensor. The utensil integrates raw coordinate data, video feeds, and gesture recognition data in order to create an environment where the user can interact in actual time with a projected video feed using a silhouette of their body. Different movements and gestures by the user will allow them to manipulate the projected video feed and generate audio to chaperone it. Note: The presentation will comprise an opportunity for audience members to interact with the system. SCHUBERT'S SEXUALITY CONSIDERED; ANALYZING MUSICAL FEMININITY   (Oral Presentation) Christman Henderer ('18), Music This project will be focused on analyzing Schubert's proposed homosexuality by discerning what it meant to be a feminine artist in the nineteenth century, whether or not such an analysis really matters when it comes to understanding the music of Schubert, and how aspects of femininity made their course into Schubert's music, specifically his G Major String Quartet. I will be referring to numerous articles on the topic of Schubert's sexuality that present many viewpoints, and will be commenting on them in order to bring to light some of the nuances that beget made this issue so prominent in the world of Music History. FEMININE ENDINGS: SCHUBERT'S MUSIC THROUGH TIME   (Oral Presentation) Josua Lutian ('18), Music In this topic, I want to explore and summarize the perceived compositional devices and techniques that Schubert uses that acquire music scholars mediate of him as homosexual. As per previous readings and my own personal opinion, I believe that it does not matter if he was gay or not. The purpose of this paper is create a model that can be used to analyze different (Schubert) pieces through this lens. The goal is to beget features that is backed up with examples from Schubert's pieces. SCHUBERT’S SEXUALITY: delight DON’T account   (Oral Presentation) Lauren Shirley ('17), Music Many scholars beget debated the possibility of Schubert being gay through examinations of his writings and those of his peers. While Maynard Solomon, a Schubert Scholar, insists that there is ample evidence of homosexuality in these primary and secondary sources; Rita Steblin, another Schubert scholar, argues that the statements in question beget been interpreted without due admiration for historical context. I bicker that Schuberts sexual orientation is incorporeal to analysis and appreciation of his music: a synchronous convivial lens will always fog their perception of his music and forcing their modern understanding of sexuality onto his music is historically inaccurate. DON’T KNOW, DON’T RESUSCITATE: TOWARDS A KINGDOM OF ENDS IN censorious custody MEDICINE   (Oral Presentation) Griffen Allen ('16), Philosophy In the United States today 20% of complete Americans die in Intensive custody Units, or ICUs. These were developed in the 50s, 60s, and 70s to centralize medical resources to allay deal critically ill patients with new technologies like ventilators, dialysis, and other tools that are now commonplace. This occurred simultaneously with the emergence of individualistic autonomy, understood as the patient's prerogative to ordain their treatment, as the paramount oblige in medical ethics. Ostensibly both of these developments would seem profitable for patients. However, the ultimate result is overly aggressive custody that strips patients of their dignity and ensures that the terminal moments of their lives are spent in pain. This thesis seeks to demonstrate that autonomy as it is currently instantiated is failing to protect patients adequately, and as expressed by O'Neill a more principled--Kantian--version of autonomy is sorely needed to supplant the individualistic autonomy. This can be achieved through a principle of 'Don't Know, result Not Resuscitate', based on the virtuous epistemological travail of Guerrero combined with Korsgaard's restatement of the virtuous philosophy of Kant, which argues for greater caution in the physiognomy of virtuous and empirical doubt to avoid the risk of treating a patient as a means rather than an halt in themselves. This risk is present because often during the stress of end-of-life decision making physicians and family members may opt for more aggressive treatment for reasons that result not necessarily protect the best interest of the patient and instead serve to allay fears of loss, 'giving-up,' and other such emotions. The goal is to promote what Kant called a 'Kingdom of Ends' in the ICU through suggesting caution before aggressive intervention to protect patient autonomy. RESONANT COLLISIONS OF POTASSIUM ATOMS   (Oral Presentation) Philip Adamson ('16), Physics and Astronomy This thesis discusses an approach to excite potassium atoms to very highly excited states (Rydberg states), and then tune their energy levels to induce resonant collisions between atoms. Potassium gas is super-cooled and confined to a tiny point in a magneto-optical trap. A 405nm laser diode, electronically locked to a potassium vapor cell via Doppler free spectroscopy, excites these atoms from the 4s1/2 status (ground state) to the 5p3/2 state. A 978 nm laser then excites 5p3/2 to 40d5/2 transition, creating Rydberg atoms. Since there is no ground status reference for this transition, an alternative mode must be used to lock the lasers frequency. A scanning transfer cavity lock transfers the stability of a 632 nm HeNe reference laser to the unstable 978 nm laser diode by passing both lasers through a Fabry-Perot interferometer. Once Rydberg atoms beget been created, their energy levels are tuned with an external electric sphere so that collisions between atoms cause resonant atomic transitions to different Rydberg states. Electrons from the Rydberg atoms are ionized with a second, stronger electric field, and detected by micro channel plates. Rydberg atoms with different principle quantum numbers ionize at different sphere strengths, so a successful concussion signal has multiple peaks from the micro channel plates. WHAT IS THE TEMPERATURE OF A ULTRACOLD NEUTRAL PLASMA THAT EVOLVED FROM A RYDBERG STATE?   (Oral Presentation) Edwin Ward ('16), Physics and Astronomy Plasma is thought of as the ultimate tall energy state, the one with nothing left to give, with examples like the Sun, Fire, Fluorescent Lights and Lightning examples of plasma that one would account to be very energetic. However humans beget discovered how to acquire a very different plasma, one that hasn't been establish anywhere in the natural world. Ultracold Neutral Plasmas, discovered by scientists in the around the gyrate of the millennia beget wholly unique characteristics and are an district of energetic research in the atomic physics community. One subset of this research focuses on Rydberg States, highly excited atom energy levels that beget unusually long lifespans in the atomic world, before they 'decay' into plasma states. This talk will walk through their efforts in conducting the first measurement of the temperature of Rubidium atoms in Rydberg States and Plasma Form, the physics surrounding their efforts as well as the implication and applications Rydberg states and Ultracold Neutral Plasmas beget both in basic physical research and quantum computing applications. The talk should be accessible to those with backgrounds in physics as well as common audiences interested in the topic. THE EFFECTS OF NATURAL AND URBAN ENVIRONMENTS ON LONG-TERM remembrance   (Poster) Elizabeth Adams ('18), Katherine Balaguer ('17), Miriam Kopp ('18) and Monique Legault ('18), Psychology In todays increasingly high-pressure academic society, students exigency to remain focus and retain vast amounts of information. These students constantly utilize directed attention, which refers to effortful, focused attention that is able to control and inhibit distraction (Kaplan, 1995). Previous research has shown that nature environments beget the talent to restore directed attention and thus ameliorate accuracy in short-term remembrance (Berman, Jonides, & Kaplan, 2008; Hartmann, Apaolaza, & Alija, 2013). The present study will explore natures restorative qualities and their result on long-term memory. Participants will be presented with four conditions of pictures: nature images, nature images with words, urban images, and urban images with words. At the halt of the study phase, they will execute a free recall assignment and be asked to write down as many of the words as they can remember. They will then be presented with 60 studied images as well as 60 unstudied images in random order. Participants will be asked to identify if the image was studied or unstudied, and they will rate their confidence in their response on a scale of 1-7. They anticipate participants to recall more words presented on nature backgrounds, as this setting requires itsy-bitsy directed attention and therefore more attention will be focused on the word. Finally, they anticipate participants to recall more images from the urban condition and be more confident in their decisions for this condition because these photos require more directed attention. Results from this study could beget considerable implications for best student studying practices as well as efficient marketing strategies. #MOREMEMORABLE?: REMEMBERING EMOTIONALLY AND PERSONALLY material TWEETS   (Poster) Kimberly Bourne ('16), Psychology A recent paper (Mickes et. al, 2013) establish that participants recognize Facebook posts better than word headlines; to extend those findings they establish that remembrance for the content of twitter posts was better than word headlines regardless of the format it was set in. Thus they are interested in further examining how the content of information contained in convivial media impacts memory. Specifically, they would like to investigate what factors are driving this tall memorability. Past literature suggests that information that is personally material and has tall emotional valence are more memorable (Ferguson, Rule & Carlson, 1983; Schmidt, & Saari, 2007). Thus they suspect that tweets tall in personal relevance and tall in negative emotional valence may be adding to this tall memorability. To test this, tweets were selected and then rated by participants, those that were rated tall and low on personal relevance, emotional valence and arousal but were neutral across other categories were then used as stimuli for a remembrance task. Participants were presented with 80 of the selected tweets one at a time for 4 seconds each, then they filled out a questionnaire asking about their convivial media employ and were directed to originate a test phase. In the testing angle complete selected tweets (160) were shown and participants had to betoken whether or not they had seen that tweet before in the study phase. They anticipate to find tall accuracy in recognition for presented tweets, but in common they anticipate that this will be even greater for tweets that had been rated tall in personal relevance and tall in negative emotional valence. MEMORY FOR MICROBLOGS   (Poster) Jacqueline Brokaw ('18), Ruoqiao He ('18), Natalie Jones ('18) and Alison Russell ('18), Psychology The proposed study aims to identify how even of remembrance recognition and even of interest differ across source and content. More specifically, they are comparing microblogs, a convivial media post, to word sources to note if one of the two different forums is much better remembered and better like compared to the other. Additionally, they are looking how the content plays a role in this relationship as well. For both the microblog and non-microblog sources they will be pulling sentences that are both emotional and informational content. As with the two different sources they would like to examine if emotional or informational content differ greatly in their result on remembrance and interest. It is predicted that both remembrance and interest even will be highest for sentences that derive from a microblog and are of an emotional content. They believe that making these determinations could be useful for both convivial media and word mediums as they may be able to extend remembrance or interest even based on their data. PERSONALITY TRAITS, ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE, AND CAREER PATH: HOW THE substantial FIVE call MAJOR AND OCCUPATIONAL INTERESTS   (Oral Presentation) Seth Butler ('16), Sara Heilbronner ('17), Emma Heilbronner ('17), Emma Heilbronner ('17), Sara Heilbronner ('17) and Carylanne Wolfington ('16), Psychology The proposed study will examine whether individual personality differences emerge across varying occupation interests as well as the major academic disciplines of natural science, convivial science, and humanities. A great sample of Colby College students from complete three disciplines will be recruited to complete the substantial Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2) in order to measure the substantial Five personality domains and facets. Participants will then complete a measure of the Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional (RIASEC) model, which matches personality types with potential career paths. After completion of both questionnaires, participants will complete several demographic questions and specify current or intended major(s). They anticipate that there will be differences in personality traits across the three disciplines, yet similar personality traits establish within each discipline. For example, convivial science majors are predicted to score tall on Extraversion, Agreeableness, Negative Emotionality, and Open-Mindedness. They also anticipate that these differences across disciplines will carry over into variations that account for up in the RIASEC data results. For example, they call that Realistic majors will score tall on Extraversion and Conscientiousness, but low on Agreeableness. ATTENTION RESTORATION, MEMORY, AND SOUND   (Poster) Leah Cooney ('16), Faiyaz Islam ('17), Lynna Lei ('16) and Hannah Moy ('16), Psychology According to Attention Restoration Theory (ART), interacting with nature restores effortful attentional resources. Natural environments, as opposed to urban environments, draw attention softly, sense that less attentional resources are required to process the stimuli. Past research, however, failed to fully investigate both the restorative result of nature sounds and the result nature has on long-term memory. This study focuses on the cognitive benefits of nature images and sounds as compared with urban images and sounds. They anticipate that those who listened to nature sounds or looked at nature images would beget better mood, lower stress, better short- and long-term memory, and better attention than those who listened to urban sounds, looked at urban images, or looked at different shades of gray. SMASHED EXIT SIGNS: RISK AND convivial INFLUENCES ON DECISIONS   (Oral Presentation) Leah Cooney ('16), Psychology Thousands of dollars are poured annually into repairing unnecessary damage at Colby. What factors account for this damage of a public good? Part of the cost-benefit analysis is socially based; people must weigh the costs, such as the risk of getting caught and the convivial disapproval if they are caught, and the benefits, such as the convivial validation from a group of their nearby peers, of their actions. The purpose of this study is to investigate how convivial pressure and convivial disapproval repercussion how much a participant will buy from the collective resource. Furthermore, they examined whether levels of risk are more or less salient under certain convivial influences. To explore this question, participants played a convivial dilemmas game where convivial pressure (in the profile of earning money for a group of two friends or a group of random participants), convivial disapproval (in the profile of a charity donation given with either the participants designation attached or anonymously) and risk of getting caught (high, low) were manipulated. They call that higher risk will reduce the amount of money that participants will steal, but that risk will reduce in salience and result when tall convivial pressure is present and will extend when tall convivial disapproval is present. SOCIAL PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS, MOOD, AND SUGGESTIBILITY IN adolescent CHILDREN   (Poster) Emily Doyle ('16) and Sarah Boland ('17), Psychology Three- to 5-year-old childrens convivial problem-solving (SPS,) suggestibility, and humor were tested by asking participants to generate unique solutions to prompts, listen to a storybook humor induction, and respond to follow-up misleading and direct questions about a book. Results establish that the balance of unique solutions was a significant predictor of suggestibility, whereas humor was marginally significant. This suggests that children with better SPS are less susceptible to misleading questions, and thus resistant to suggestion. EFFECTS OF SELF-ESTEEM AND SELF-PERCEIVED lore ON OVERCLAIMING   (Poster) Caitlin Farrington ('18), Margaret Giles ('18), Yi-Pei Lo ('18) and Maximillian Richard ('18), Psychology Overclaiming is a phenomenon in which people claim lore of concepts, events, and people that either result not exist and cannot be known or are not actually known to them (Atir, Rosenzweig, & Dunning, 2015). Previous research has shown that people beget a inclination to overclaim their lore when they beget a perception that their expertise even of a domain is tall (Atir, Rosenzweig, &Dunning, 2015. In the same study, boosting self-perceived expertise in geography through administering effortless tests prompted participants to claim familiarity with nonexistent locations more often than participants whose self-perceived expertise was lower due to completing difficult tests. Another study establish a negative correlation between self-esteem and overclaiming, however, no pellucid causal relationship between these two variables was identified (Mesmer-Magnus, Viswesvaran, Deshpande, & Joseph, 2006). The purpose of their study is to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and overclaiming further, as well as self-perceived knowledge. To test this on their participants, they will first administer a personality quiz with inaccurate feedback in order to manipulate self-esteem, and the same effortless or difficult geography quiz from Atir, Rosenzweig, & Dunnings 2015 study to manipulate self perceived knowledge. After this, participants will complete the overclaiming assignment from Atir, Rosenzweig, & Dunnings 2015 study. A measure of overclaiming will be how much participants claim lore of fake items on the overclaiming task. They are also interested in how the interaction between self-esteem and self-perceived lore has an repercussion on over claiming, and if these variables beget unique impacts on over claiming. They call that low self-esteem will correlate to tall levels of overclaiming. COLORING AND ATTENTION RESTRATION   (Poster) Michaela Garrett ('17), McKayla Blanch ('17) and Erin Breen ('17), Psychology Previous research has establish that being in a natural environment helps to restore directed attention whereas being in an urban environment does not. Viewing pictures of nature or urban environments gives the same result as physically being in those environments. Coloring has the potential to also allay restore directed attention and allay stress, as it has been shown to beget positive benefits on humor and cognition. Their study aims to determine if coloring a natural environment will also restore directed attention and if there will be an additive result so that coloring nature is more restorative than either nature or coloring alone. They will also investigate whether long-term remembrance and stress will be affected. HOVERING HELICOPTERS IN COLLEGE: HOW HELICOPTER PARENTING RELATES TO STUDENTS’ SELF-EFFICACY   (Poster) Sarunas Genys ('17), Margaret Hojlo ('17) and Annabelle Song ('17), Psychology Frequently, people result not question the relationship they hold with their parents. One might pick on a fathers annoying usage of instructing child when no instruction seems to be needed, or mothers overprotection and custody in making sure her beloved child is always fed and sentiment well. Being cared for by ones parents seems to be an imperative in many cultures, when one can solemnize cases when ignored by their parents, children are much more likely to succumb to unhealthy behaviors such as drinking, smoking, and caring less about academics. Literature has suggested that children of over-involved or overcontrolling parents may feel less competent and less able to manage life and its stressors (Bronson and Merryman, 2009). Scholars beget coined a new term to specifically recount this new category of overinvolved parents helicopter parents. It would seem particularly considerable to study the effects of overcontrolling parenting in emerging adulthood because the very nature of the time epoch calls for greater amounts, not less, of autonomy granting by parents. The following study will explore the relationship between Helicopter Parenting in college-age population and self-efficacy of those students in domains of academics, convivial life, and career planning. adolescent adults in college are specifically a fascinating age group to study as the exigency for autonomy increases over time as they strive to become independent adolescent adults. Nevertheless, Helicopter Parents seem to not understand this rites of passage of their child and become overinvolved in their daily lives, structuring their academics, altenative of major, and other fields of life that adolescent adults are bound to learn through affliction and error themselves to gain independence. UNDERSTANDING INTENTIONS: THEORY OF mind AND THE SIDE-EFFECT result IN 2.5-TO-FIVE-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN   (Poster) Sarunas Genys ('17), K. Strawinski ('17) and Brian Westerman ('16), Psychology resent study aimed to establish a relationship between Theory of mind (ToM) and the Side-Effect Effect. Sixty three 2.5-to-five-year-old children from greater Waterville district were selected to complete two tasks. Firstly, a hidden contents false-belief assignment was administered to test childrens Theory of mind understanding. In order to test the Side-Effect Effect, an adapted childrens version of note for preschool age children was used. The assignment included two questions that the children were asked firstly whether the boy in the sage cared about conducting a certain action, i.e. bringing the frog over to a friends house, and secondly whether he made his friend upset/happy on purpose. Analysis was conducted to note whether ToM pass/fail assignment result was related to the caring question (as a Part of note task). The results showed that there was a relationship between passing the ToM quiz and remedy retort to the caring question. However, they did not find any consistency between overall ToM and note assignment scores. Although the caring question was validated as a measure of ToM, the connection between the caring question and note performance was not significant, nor was the relationship between ToM and SEE. IS IT still genuine IF IT LOOKS BAD? THE NATURE OF AESTHETICS IN RESTORATIVE ENVIRONMENTS   (Poster) Megan Giblin ('16), Raymond Chung ('16), Tara Nguyen ('16) and Meng Zhao ('16), Psychology The purpose of this research is to investigate how aesthetics affects the positive benefits of nature on cognition. Natural environments beget been shown to capture willing attention, allowing directed attention to rest after an attention-fatiguing cognitive task, which, in turn, will ameliorate performance on the assignment (e.g., Berman, Jonides, & Kaplan, 2008). This resting of directed attention is referred to as attention (or cognitive) restoration (Kaplan, 1995). Nonetheless, sometimes nature does not lead to cognitive restoration (e.g., Hartman, Apaolaza, & Alija, 2013). One reason may be that a particular setting lacks fascination, one of Kaplan's (1995) four criteria for a natural environment to beget restorative power. Specifically, the setting does not beget the aesthetic quality that makes it comforting and captivating enough to draw ones attention. Thus, the aesthetic quality of a natural environment may play a significant role in the restorative power of that environment. This aspect of nature, however, has not been explicitly examined in psychology. Because natural environments are inherently beautiful, the majority of nature pictures used in past research beget been visually pleasing (e.g., Ulrich, 1986). It remains to be tested whether or not less appealing natural environments will still bear restorative effects on attention. The proposed study will not only address this issue, but also notice into whether long-term remembrance also benefits from exposure to nature. CONCUSSIONS, AGING, AND RETRIEVAL FROM SEMANTIC remembrance   (Poster) Shanna award ('17), Psychology The present study investigates how concussions and aging repercussion retrieval from memory. Previous research has shown that concussions lead to decreased attentional control. Decreased attentional control leads to remembrance impairments; thus, they are interested in how deficits in attention can lead to remembrance impairments, particularly retrieval from long-term remembrance stores. Participants were adolescent adults, older adults, and younger adults with a history of past or recent concussions. Their participation took station over the course of two hour-long sessions, two days apart, and during this time they completed a progression of tasks that assess attentional control and retrieval from memory. On the first day, they completed the Moses Illusion Task, Stroop (1935) Task, and Automated O-Span Working remembrance Task. On the second day, participants completed the a measure of cued recall over material pre-exposed on Day 1 and the Attention Network assignment (ANT). They anticipate that, compared to control adolescent adult participants, individuals with a history of concussion will beget lower attentional control, whereas older adults will beget lower working memory. They anticipate that both groups, those with a history of concussion as well as older adults, will entrust more errors on the moses illusion assignment than younger adults. FRIENDSHIP AND PERSONALITY SIMILARITY: HOW PERSONALITY CHANGES AROUND THEIR FRIENDS   (Oral Presentation) Shanna award ('17), Kimberly Bourne ('16), Kimberly Bourne ('16), Julia Perlmutter ('17) and Julia Perlmutter ('17), Psychology The Personality and Role Identity Structural Model (Wood & Roberts, 2006) suggests that, within their common identity, people beget specific role identities that influence personality for example, ones role within a romantic relationship. The proposed study investigates whether friendship might also act as a role-identity that influences personality, as well as whether people select friends with personality traits similar to their own. Specifically, the proposed study investigates whether, when with a friend, peoples personality shifts to be closer to their friends personality. Each participant in a pair of friends will complete two versions of the substantial Five Inventory-2: one on his or her common personality and one on his or her personality when with the friend. I call that there will be a positive correlation between the pairs common personality traits, particularly for openness to experience, agreeableness, and extraversion. Further, I call that the friends common personality will correlate more strongly with the participants friendship-specific personality than with the participants common personality. These results would intimate that friends minister to beget similar personalities and that, when with a friend, ones personality shifts towards being even more similar to his or her friends personality. THE result OF AGE AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTIC ON physiognomy remembrance OF PRESCHOOLERS   (Poster) Mikaela Johnson ('16), Elisa Stern ('17) and Olivia Thurston ('16), Psychology Three to five year-old children were shown images of own-age faces and adult faces, and were told a be of value or nice action that the respective person had performed. In test, children were shown the same target physiognomy alongside three distractors. Children were more accurate in recalling the faces of children their own age, relative to adults, therefore supporting the own-age bias. They did not, however, account for better recognition for negative over positive targets. THE EFFECTS OF GENDER STEREOTYPES AND GENDER SALIENCE ON CHILDREN'S employ OF GENDER WHEN REASONING ABOUT OTHERS.   (Poster) Mikaela Johnson ('16), Psychology This study investigates adolescent childrens reasoning about the biological and deportment characteristics of others. The goal was to examine on the repercussion of gender stereotypes and gender salience on childrens reasoning. It was hypothesizde that inducing children to mediate about gender stereotypes would extend childrens inclination to infer that two individuals of the same gender share biological and behavioral characteristics. In addition, this study examined the question of whether making gender salient in the absence of stereotyping would bear the same result as stereotyping, i.e., extend childrens inclination to focus on gender when making inferences about another persons characteristics. WHAT IS HOOKING UP?   (Poster) Morgan Larrabee ('16), Emily Doyle ('16) and Erin Pierce ('16), Psychology Previous research has assumed a universal understanding of the term hookup. However, the term is vague and encompasses anything from a kiss, to foreplay, to sexual intercourse. The term seems to be strategically ambiguous, allowing users of the term to withhold specific details of an intimate experience, and it often warrants follow up questions to understand what people really mean.The present study will investigate Colby students definition of hooking up and whether this is a positive or negative definition, what factors influence their definition, and how these factors and their definition move their participation in the hookup culture. The purpose of this study is to assess whether participants individual experiences of physical intimacy at Colby correlate with their definition of a hookup and whether these experiences, various demographics, and their individual definitions, influence their satisfaction with and participation in the hookup culture. 'THINKING FROM THE GUT' :PHOTOGRAPH quality AND THE TRUTHINESS result   (Poster) Jake Lester ('18), Celine El Abboud ('18), Emily Moslener ('18) and Laura Wu ('18), Psychology We examined the repercussion of photo presence and quality on the truthiness effect. Truthiness refers to subjective feelings of veracity when an individual assesses a statement; or, how upright something seems. Previous research establish that difficult common lore questions seem more upright when accompanied by a non-probative photograph (Newman, Garry, Berstein, Kantner, & Lindsay, 2012). Participants included 48 Colby College students. Using Qualtrics, each participant was exposed to 60 common lore statements, and each question was accompanied with either a low-quality photo, high-quality photo, or no photo. Half of these questions were difficult and half were easy. Students were instructed to retort upright or inaccurate to each common lore statement, and then rank how confident they were that the retort they indicated was true. Through this research, they gained insight into photo qualitys influence on perceived veracity and confidence. IS GOD GREEN?: sanctimonious PERSPECTIVES ON ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE   (Oral Presentation) Sara LoTemplio ('16), Psychology Despite a scientific consensus of 97%, many Americans don't believe in human-caused climate change. The current study evaluated how sanctimonious may influence climate change beliefs. In a survey, Non-Catholic Christians were less likely to believe in anthropogenic climate change than Atheists, Catholics, Agnostics, or those who identified as having no religion. These results betoken that, within Christians, there is variability in climate belief. A second study used subconscious sanctimonious and environmental primes to examine whether priming peoples sanctimonious and environmental attitudes influenced their faith in climate change. Regardless of priming condition, no differences were measured in climate change belief. The terminal two studies examined how sanctimonious and scientific content that argued either that climate change is man-made or not might shift peoples opinions on climate change. One study examined the effects of Biblical verses on climate change beliefs, revealing that those exposed to verses in denial of climate change were less likely to believe in climate change and trust sanctimonious figures. A final examined how short scientific videos may inform their climate change beliefs. Those who watched a video of a climate skeptic were less likely to believe in human-caused climate change and less likely to trust sanctimonious figures compared to control, whereas those who watched a video of Bill Nye were more likely to believe in anthropogenic climate change and more likely to trust scientific figures. Overall, results betoken that while their beliefs about climate change result seem to beget roots based in religion that can not be changed due to subliminal priming, conscious and deliberate attempts to sway opinions, even at the even of a few sentences, can beget meaningful impacts. BRAIN INJURIES AND ARTISTIC PRODUCTION   (Oral Presentation) Vianny Lugo Aracena ('18), Psychology TBA THE result OF STUDYING ABROAD ON PERSONALITY, IDENTITY, SELF-COMPASSION, SELF-ESTEEM, AND SATISFACTION WITH LIFE   (Oral Presentation) Caroline Minott ('16), Psychology The purpose of the present study was to investigate how studying abroad for a college semester influences personality, identity formation, levels of self-compassion and self-esteem, and overall satisfaction with life. Specifically, I determined which traits were associated with choosing to study abroad, whether students showed marked differences in certain traits by the halt of the study abroad semester, and whether the effects persisted several months upon returning. When participating in this study, students answered the same online questionnaire at the start of, directly after, and 2-3 months following the plunge semester. Third year college students who were not studying abroad served as the control group. When looking at the halt of the semester spent abroad, students who studied abroad in the plunge showed more positive changes in extraversion and more negative changes in solicitude - in comparison to the control group. Both the control and abroad conditions showed heightened self-esteem and self-compassion. When looking at the long-term effects of studying abroad, the changes in extraversion did not persist at a significant level. For both the control and abroad conditions, self-compassion increased from the first survey to the third survey. These findings intimate that: studying abroad may positively move personality - but these changes fade over time, students may be experiencing a maturation result during their junior year, and rosy retrospection may cause students to over ascribe their personal development to studying abroad. VICARIOUS DEPLETION OF SELF-CONTROL WITH STRESS   (Poster) Cameron charge ('18), Adela Ramovic ('18), Skyler Smoke ('17) and Natalie Zolper ('18), Psychology The purpose of this study is to check how induced stress affects peoples self control. Prior experiments beget not examined the congruence between stress and self-control. In their target article, Ackerman et al. were looking if people can vicariously drain self control by taking someone elses perspective. In the Ackerman et al. study they had participants read prompts and either taking the perspective of or solemnize another persons perspective, then were measured on self control through cognitive tests and surveys. What they establish was that simulating depletes self-control, while observing has quite the opposite effect, in other words people you observed were less likely to account for depleted self-control. Further research has account for that stress could also be a factor in lose of self-control resources. Therefore, to induce stress in half the participants, they will beget them sit in low-power poses. These low power poses beget been establish to raise cortisol levels (Carney, Cuddy, & Yap, 2010). They are inducing different stress levels in their study to solemnize the effects stress has on peoples self regulation when asked about the willingness to spend money on material items. They call that inducing stress with Cuddys power poses, they will be able to account for another factor that decreases self-control in relation to the Ackerman et al. study. SHADES OF GREEN: STATUS VS. CONFORMITY   (Poster) Rebecca Robinson ('17), Julia Butler ('17), Elise O'Brien ('18) and Zhichun Yu ('18), Psychology For their Psychology Research Methods and Statistics class, they conducted a research experiment to determine why people purchase environmentally friendly products. Based upon an experiment done by Griskevicius et al. (2010), they modeled their approach on their findings that when primed with status, consumers were more likely to purchase environmentally friendly products. Proenvironmental purchases can be a emblem of status because they embody altruistic behaviors, especially because buying green products can be viewed as a profile of self-sacrifices at the expense of luxury. They added a second independent variable, a descriptive norm, which they predicted would extend participants' preferences for environmentally friendly products when primed with this norm (Rettie et al., 2014). Through the employ of Qualtrics, they were able to conduct their experiment with data from 100 Colby students to note the result of these two independent variables on their two dependent variables: attractiveness of product and willingness to purchase. THE EFFECTS OF FEEDBACK FROM DIFFERENT SOURCES AND DIFFERENT SETTINGS   (Oral Presentation) Michele Strage ('16), Psychology Study that looked at how people respond to different types of feedback (positive, constructive criticism, or destructive criticism) from different sources (supervisor or a peer) and in different settings (academic and athletic). It also looked to note if there are certain moderators and characteristics that acquire people respond to feedback the course they do. UNDERSTANDING THE ATTITUDES BEHIND corpse IMAGE   (Poster) Chiara Tice ('18), Adam Balaban ('18), Hunter Riehle ('18) and Vanessa Warshaw ('18), Psychology Body dissatisfaction is a great problem with their world today. Psychologists are always searching for new ways to allay people feel cozy and accept their bodies in a society that constantly pushes for an unachievable corpse ideal. In their study they explored the employ of cognitive defusion as a psychotherapeutic technique to shiver the connection between a word and its sense through the rapid repetition of a word. Their study is unique because it explores the effects of cognitive defusion on both positive and negative self-referential thoughts, while prior research has solely explored the therapy's repercussion on negative thoughts. They hypothesize that cognitive defusion will reduce the repercussion of both positive and negative thoughts on an individual's attitude toward their body, so participant's attitudes toward their corpse will ameliorate in the negative thought condition and deteriorate in the positive thought condition after performing cognitive defusion. Similarly they anticipate that cognitive defusion will reduce the result of both positive and negative thoughts on emotional discomfort. In other words, participants will become more emotionally cozy after undergoing cognitive defusion with negative thoughts, but more emotionally uncomfortable after completing cognitive defusion with positive thoughts. It is considerable to understand the effects on cognitive defusion so it can be effectively employed as a therapeutic technique. ATTACHMENT, AMBIGUITY, AND EMOJIS   (Poster) Ronghan Wang ('16), Jenna Athanasopoulos ('17) and Ashley Vandal ('17), Psychology This study aims to explore the influence of adult attachment styles on interpretations of vague emojis in text messages from a potential romantic partner. Previous research indicates that adult attachment styles serve as predictors of romantic relationship satisfaction, and attachment styles also call the ilk of communication technology that people employ in romantic relationships. Given that vague events in romantic relationships are often associated with negative emotions in relationships, they are interested in the influence of attachment styles on the interpretation of vague emojis in text messages with potential romantic partners. This study measured Colby College students' adult attachment styles, their interpretation of vague emoji responses from a potential romantic partner, and their assurance even of that interpretation. DETERMINATION OF THE SYNERGISTIC EFFECTS OF LAROMUSTINE AND tiny MOLECULES ON GLIOBLASTOMA MULTIFORME USING A CHEMICAL GENETIC SCREEN   (Poster) Ryan Weeks ('16), Psychology Laromustine is a chemotherapeutic sulfonylhydrazine prodrug used in treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in clinical trial. While treatment of AML has shown to be more effective, there still exists evidence that laromustine may be a successful treatment design for GBM. A chemical genetic screen is a technique used to determine the enhanced effects between pairs of molecules. This technique is used to determine the synergistic effects between laromustine and a library of small, FDA-approved molecules to identify more efficient ways of killing immortalized glioblastoma cells. THE repercussion OF VICARIOUS THOUGHT PROCESSES ON THOUGHT EVALUATION   (Poster) Anthea Weiss ('18), Zoe Larock ('18), Gretchen O'Brien ('18) and Daniel Roache ('18), Psychology This study focuses on the repercussion of vicarious thought disposal on thought evaluation. The purpose of their research is to note whether or not a stranger discarding a participants thoughts has a similar result on the individual than taking no action with that thought. Prior research has looked into what happens when an individual throws away their own thought, when they secure their thought, as well as the effects of shared perspectives between individuals who know each other. In their study, they will measure the result that the strangers disposal has on the participants subsequent evaluations as well as their moods after the participant either does nothing with their objectified thought or when they must trust a stranger to electronically pitch it away. They anticipate that the stranger disposal condition will reduce the repercussion of the participants positive and negative thoughts, and participants in the negative thought condition will account for a reduce in humor and a reduce in corpse image evaluation. THE EFFECTS OF panic AND astonish ON POSITIVE RATINGS OF ABSTRACT VISUAL craft   (Poster) Katherine Wrean ('18), Haley Driscoll ('18), Josua Lutian ('18) and Micaela Reilly ('18), Psychology We tested the effects of fear, surprise, both, and neither (as primed by short video clips), on positive ratings of abstract visual art. FEMALE SACRIFICE IN BOLLYWOOD FILM   (Oral Presentation) Sydney Abrams ('17), sanctimonious Studies Examining the role of females and the sacrifices they acquire in Bollywood films. SIKHISM IN FILMS   (Oral Presentation) Francis Dunham ('17), sanctimonious Studies I will be presenting on the the representation of Sikhism in films. Over the years of film production in both India and the United States, the filmic representation of Sikhs has evolved and it is only now that they are starting to be represented fairly in movies. WITH A itsy-bitsy allay FROM MY FRIENDS   (Oral Presentation) Kristin Esdale ('16), sanctimonious Studies Looking for a better life, German Jews immigrated to America with mercantile skills. They set these skills to travail as merchants and peddlers, even in the pastoral areas of Maine. Earning a alive was not as simple as it may beget seemed. Jews created informal networks with one another as a profile of support. Creating an ethnic economy, and relying on familial and Landschaftn ties, Jews built new lives for themselves in this new land, which ultimately catalyzed the formation of formal back systems, such as a synagogue and fraternal society. The backbones that German Jews created in their society allowed the next generation of Maine-born Jews and the next influx of Eastern European immigrants to thrive in America. The German Jews' successes and failures demonstrated how considerable it was to beget a itsy-bitsy allay from their friends. BOLLYWOOD IN THE WEST: BREAKING DOWN BARRIERS OR REINFORCING ORIENTALISM?   (Oral Presentation) Joseph Forzano ('19), sanctimonious Studies Bollywood films beget some of the largest audiences of complete films in the world. To many, this is a positive thing because those in the West beget the opportunity to note and (somewhat) understand the culture from which these films are created. However, the spread of Bollywood films can serve to reinforce negative or misconceived stereotypes of Indian culture and further create a divide between the West and the subcontinent. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE REPRESENTATION OF RELIGION AND WOMEN IN BOLLYWOOD AND PARALLEL CINEMA   (Oral Presentation) Haley Fox ('16), sanctimonious Studies I will be exploring the differences between Bollywoods representations of traditional religion with those of parallel cinema. Specifically, I will be looking into the ways that directors critique religion due to its oppressive repercussion on women. I will be looking closely at Bollywood and parallel cinemas focus on the intersection between patriarchal and archaic sanctimonious values as a means of stripping women of their individuality and agency. Both Bollywood and parallel cinema beget vast influence in exposing convivial issues within India, but the directors approach these themes in different ways. Parallel cinema has been defined as a cinema of convivial consciencea censorious commentary on a society hindered and damaged by tradition. Contrastingly, Bollywood is much more consumed with song and dance routines, glamor, and drama than it is with describing a consequence of the patriarchy. I will explore Satyajit Rays films as a lens to further analyze the cinematic depiction of orthodoxy as harmful to society; his travail seeks to protest the archaic nature of the society he was born into and fight for the modernization of convivial values. IMAGINING A TRANSNATIONAL CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY: AN ANALYSIS OF IDENTITY FORMATION WITHIN INTERNATIONAL CHURCHES IN SHANGHAI, CHINA   (Oral Presentation) Joy Frederich ('16), sanctimonious Studies All foreigners are in the process of constructing new conceptions of identity, community and home within the context of their lives in Shanghai, China. Christian foreigners find themselves also struggling to poise their faith background with the international church style, the many different denominations represented within the international church, and their own desires for spiritual formation and growth. The international churches that exist for these quaint Christians are extremely unique to China because of their overtly exclusive nature, requiring complete attendees to account for a quaint passport at the door, and therefore limiting Chinese nationals from entering. The Chinese government, in recognizing the necessity of quaint presence and investment in Chinas economic development, has allowed a space for internationals to worship, however, it has excluded its own people from hearing sermons preached by international pastors and from communing with international Christians. Based on the growing presence of expatriates in Shanghai, the growing size and global influence of Shanghai economically, environmentally, politically, and culturally, my personal, very brief sustain as a quaint student in the city, and my interaction with and interest in the international church community in Shanghai, I would like to examine this research question: What aspects of expatriate Christian identity in Shanghai are unique to this community and what can it educate us more generally about the nature of community identity and value? THE employ OF SUBLIMINAL MESSAGING IN HOLLYWOOD AND BOLLYWOOD TO ESTABLISH ROMANCE AND COURTSHIP IDEALS   (Oral Presentation) Brooke Gentry ('18), sanctimonious Studies Why are certain Hollywood and Bollywood films considered 'classics' above others? One can bicker it is because of the current cultural ideas they portray and uphold through subliminal messaging. Whether they are nationalistic, political, family-oriented, or related to morality and ethics, the appealing portrayal of these cultural norms and expectations contributes greatly to a films popularity and interpretation as a 'classic.' Though less studied than perhaps politics or sanctimonious morals, romance and courtship in film also often contains subliminal messaging. This model of romance in film has impacted and influenced adolescent people for generations. Often archetypal, even forbidden savor stories rarely leave the culturally accepted mold for romance and courtship. Though outwardly different, both Hollywood and Bollywood cultivate a similar benchmark for romance and courtship through current classic films, often with virtuous undertones. What is this benchmark and how does its mass consumption positively or negatively repercussion viewers? Does it propagate seemingly backwards or sexist relationships? THE chummy AND UNFAMILIAR: WORLDWIDE POPULARITY OF BOLLYWOOD FILMS   (Oral Presentation) Eleanor Geoghegan ('18), sanctimonious Studies An exploration into why people select to watch Bollywood films. The familiarity of the storylines through Hindu undertones and traditions appeal to the primary Indian viewership, but the unfamiliarity appeals to the global audience through suspending their disbelief. The unfamiliarity introduces non-Indian audiences to the Bollywood film industry, and through becoming chummy with it, their interest in Bollywood remains. AN EXPLORATION OF LEADERSHIP THROUGH THE LENS OF BOLLYWOOD FILMS   (Oral Presentation) Hailey Hampson ('18), sanctimonious Studies This paper will explore leadership through the employ of Bollywood films and it will examine the techniques of several powerful leaders throughout history, in fiction and reality.Bollywood films attempted to promote nation building, integration, and development after Indias independence in 1948. Lagaan and many other films, attempt to promote these ideas through entertainment and relatable themes for the enjoyment and education of the masses. WOMEN AND SPORTS IN BOLLYWOOD AND HOLLYWOOD   (Oral Presentation) Celeste Murtha ('17), sanctimonious Studies The Bollywood film industry is a patriarchal manifestation of Indian society. It has traditionally objectified women, defining females as weak, inferior, and powerless in contrast to their paramount and authoritative virile counterparts. In a historical sense, women beget traditionally conformed to fulfill an unquestioned role of vulnerability and subservience. However, in recent Bollywood films, they beget begun to note women buy on a more competent role as athletes. Nonetheless, these women are forced to assume nontraditional gender roles in order to win societal acceptance and recognition. They note a similar problem perpetuated in Hollywood films. My analysis will compare the gender inequity in athletics as portrayed by Bollywood and Hollywood. LAUDATO SI: A NEW ENVIRONMENTAL ETHIC?   (Oral Presentation) Sarah Shimer ('16), sanctimonious Studies Pope Francis created waves in environmental and sanctimonious communities when he published Laudato Si in June 2015. He is the first pope to dedicate an entire encyclical to the environment. However, this is not the first time the Catholic Church has addressed the environmental crisis. Francis draws on tradition reaching complete the course back to the Bible to create a firm foundation for the environmental ethic he proposes. His encyclical includes references to Catholic Saints and previous popes. In doing so, he roots Laudato Si in the past while also bringing the Catholic Church into the present by making the environmental head pertinent issue. AN EXPLORATION OF THE SIKH DIASPORA IN VANCOUVER, BC   (Oral Presentation) Lucy Soucek ('18), sanctimonious Studies This presentation is focused on the research that I did during my two-week trip to Vancouver terminal summer, which was funded by the Compagna-Sennett Fellowship. During this time, I researched the history of the Sikh diaspora in British Columbia, conducted a survey regarding lore of Sikhism among non-Sikhs, and met with several different local Sikhs to talk about the Sikh diaspora in Vancouver. I conducted the survey in four different local food courts in an around Vancouver. During this process, I asked 90 local people from British Columbia about their lore of Sikhism. I expected the amount of lore to increase, because there are a larger number of Sikhs in Vancouver than there are at Colby College. However, to my astonishment, my survey in Vancouver resulted in a similar course to the one at Colby. I continually wondered why this lore was so low. I got a random to meet with several professors from the University of British Columbia and local Sikhs from Vancouver, including Barj Dhahan, whose grandfather played a prominent role in the original Sikh migration to British Columbia, and who continues to be a powerful political figure. I also got the random to visit several museums and Sikh Gurdwaras in the area. MISHPUCHA: THE FAMILIAL NATURE OF JEWISH PASTORAL custody IN WATERVILLE, MAINE   (Oral Presentation) Anna Spencer ('16), sanctimonious Studies 'Mishpucha' or family defines the Jewish pastoral custody offered in Waterville. This presentation explores how the pastoral custody offered to aged congregants in Waterville builds on family systems and shared Jewish identity to create caring relationships. Through conceptions of Jewish food, Israel, and Yiddish, pastoral custody providers offer efficient custody as pseudo granddaughters. FOCUS GROUPS AS AN INSTRUMENT TO STUDY INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION OF JEWISH POLITICAL VALUES   (Oral Presentation) Jane Wiesenberg ('16), sanctimonious Studies Focus groups are most often associated with public sentiment analysis or market research; they are used to arbitrator how an advertisement or a new product is likely to be received, before a costly launch. For some time, some sociologists beget seen the might of this utensil for academic research. Scholars in other disciplines that generally favor quantitative analysis over qualitative work, such as political scientists and economists, beget been slower to accept this technique (Copley 2008, 1). While focus groups beget often been employed to determine the perceptions, feelings, and thinking of [a group of] people about issues (Krueger and Casey 2000, 12), they intimate a novel application: using focus groups as a mode for studying intergenerational transmission of political values by Jewish Americans. The broader goal of their study is to understand the factors influencing Jewish voting behavior, historically and into the future. PARK POLITICS: THE MAKING OF FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED (1822-1903) & CENTRAL PARK   (Poster) Kathryn Chow ('16), Science, Technology, and Society Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr. (1822-1903), renowned as a landscape architect and journalist, was also a political activist who saw urban parks as a course to facilitate convivial reform. This study focuses on Olmsteds role as superintendent of Central Park, evaluating the impacts of politics throughout his drive for superintendent and during the construction of Central Park. Politics, in this study, refers to both the interactions between Republican and Democratic parties, and the interactions between Olmsted and his constituents, in both the government and the intellectual sphere. This study will provide readers with a fuller understanding of how local political disputes, ideas about poverty and access to a public good, and arguments regarding allocation of park-funding shaped the debates surrounding the park and contributed to its final design. In the 1840s and 1850s, New York politics debated widespread poverty, unemployment, and public distrust of local government. This study will demonstrate how Olmsteds career as a landscape architect began as a result of the political climate of the time, and how politics impacted Olmsteds travail as superintendent. NEUROMARKETING: THE NEUROLOGICAL REASONS BEHIND THEIR CHOICES   (Poster) Emily Glaenzer ('16), Science, Technology, and Society Neuromarketing combines the science of neurology and the study of marketing to understand how consumers sensorimotor, cognitive, and affective responses react to marketing stimuli. In this project, I hope to retort the question: to what extent is neuromarketing able to give marketers the talent to understand the consumers decisions? In order to prove this, I researched the implications of neuromarketing as a market research utensil compared to traditional methods. In these case studies I showed a) how neuromarketing has transformed or supported each case and b) if neuromarketing has proven more efficient than traditional marketing tactics. This project will hopefully serve as a profitable pilot to understanding the repercussion of neuromarketing on the marketing sphere and the talent to which they are able to understand consumer decisions. YESTERDAY'S TOMORROWS: TECHNOLOGY, DISCOVERY, AND THE DAWN OF SCIENCE FICTION   (Poster) Thomas Kienzle ('16), Science, Technology, and Society Despite (or perhaps because of) its massive popularity in recent decades, synchronous scholars fiercely debate the root of the Science Fiction genre, or SF, with different critics advocating beginnings thousands of years apart from one another. This project argues that the SF genre owes its origins to the inventions and scientific discoveries of the mid to late- nineteenth century. Over the course of several decades a handful of key texts emerged which shaped the growth of early SF in ways that still move the genre. These first proto-SF novels complete investigate the repercussion of science and technology on increasingly broad themes- human nature, the natural world, and complete of society. This project tracks these concepts over the course of five novels instrumental in shaping the early genre, nascence with Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Or, The Modern Prometheus (1818) and ending with H.G. Wells' The Time Machine (1895). Wells' first novel acts as the culmination of complete the 'proto-SF' themes developed by his predecessors and serves as the jumping-off point into a new era of SF history as the first undisputable SF story. Along with Frankenstein and The Time Machine this project also investigates Jules Verne's From the Earth to the Moon (1865) and Twenty-Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, (1870) as well as Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward, 2000-1887 (1888). ELECTIONS ON YOUTUBE: MESSAGING AND ONLINE COMMUNICATION IN THE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATION PROCESS   (Poster) Abraham Krieger ('16), Science, Technology, and Society The Internet has become an considerable media environment in the context of political campaigns. This research examines YouTube, the most current website for political video content, in order to understand how the platform fits into the broader media landscape and analyzes the messaging content of leading candidates seeking the 2016 nomination. It tests several hypotheses about the YouTube content posted by the campaigns of several candidates, Donald Trump, Marco Rubio, Bernie Sanders, and Hillary Clinton, between announcing their candidacies and February 10. The research finds that campaigns upload varying amounts and types of content and that they sustain substantially differing levels of popularity. It finds that some campaigns primarily upload word coverage of their candidates while others primarily post content produced specifically for the Internet. YouTube content highlights many policy realms, but among this sample, quaint policy and economic topics are the most popular. Different campaigns utilize YouTube in varying ways and this investigation leads to a broader question: how material is YouTube in the age of competing video platforms such as Facebook. 'NOTHING COULD be FURTHER FROM THE TRUTH' - AN AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL BIOGRAPHY OF TROPICAL METEOROLOGIST JOANNE GEROULD SIMPSON   (Poster) Maya Meltsner ('19), Science, Technology, and Society Joanne Simpson gained international recognition as the first woman to receive a Ph.D. in meteorology, as the first woman president of the American Meteorological Society, and for her travail on tropical clouds, hurricanes, and satellite rainfall measurements. There is much to be told about the struggles and accomplishments of Joanne Simpson, who was known and loved by many, and much to be learned about her life, legacy, and example. She pioneered a new field, worked under three married names, raised three children, and successfully confronted her own daunting insecurities. WOMEN IN SCIENCE IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY   (Poster) Maya Meltsner ('19), Science, Technology, and Society TBD HOW TECHNICAL INNOVATIONS IN THE MARIJUANA INDUSTRY WILL move MAINE'S ECONOMY   (Poster) Connor Rozinsky ('16), Science, Technology, and Society Through profound and thorough research into the agricultural, seed hybridization, and distribution technologies involved in the marijuana industry, my project will allay the people of Maine better understand how the approaching cannabis craze will repercussion their respective communities. ENTERING INTO DIALOGUE WITH POPE FRANCIS' LAUDATO SI: ON custody FOR THEIR COMMON HOME   (Poster) Sarah Shimer ('16), Science, Technology, and Society Pope Francis 2015 encyclical Laudato Si: On custody for Their Common Home brings together the spheres of science and religion. In this document, Francis puts forth a call for action to combat climate change to sanctimonious and non-religious communities alike. The might of the document lies in the course Francis poses his call. By drawing on scientific and sanctimonious tradition, he situates the encyclical in a broader conversation about the virtuous duty for humans to custody for the environment. This paper explores the reception of Laudato Si. Political cartoons, written critiques, and personal interviews provide a snapshot of responses to Francis. Current conversations surrounding the document account for that Francis successfully conveys his ideas about working towards the common genuine through dialogue to listeners from a variety of backgrounds. SEXUAL ASSAULT head AND back focus PROJECT PROPOSAL   (Poster) Grace Baldwin ('16), Ricardo Hernandez-Torres ('16), Gillian Katz ('16), Laurel Whitney ('16) and Izza Zaidi ('17), Sociology Grant proposal for Non-profits and Philanthropy sociology class. MAINE CHILDREN'S HOME FOR itsy-bitsy WANDERER'S TEEN PARENT SCHOOL PROGRAM award   (Poster) Julia Butler ('17), Alyssa Andrews ('17), Joy Frederich ('16), Alexandria Lucas ('17) and Alexandra Perticone ('17), Sociology As Part of the Nonprofits and Philanthropy course, they propose a award to fund the renovation of a day custody at the Maine Children's Home. This award would allow for greater revenue into the organization's day care, which then facilitates the expansion of free infant slots for the Teen Parent School Program. Without the TPSP's back via infant slots, the teen moms often beget no altenative other than to drop out of tall school. NONPROFITS AND PHILANTHROPY: award PROPOSAL FROM HOSPICE VOLUNTEERS OF THE WATERVILLE district   (Poster) Teresa Farley ('17), Anne Morris ('17), Julia Perlmutter ('17) and Natalie Sill ('17), Sociology Our poster will be a presentation of their award proposal to the Colby Undergraduate Student Philanthropists from the Hospice Volunteers of the Waterville district as well as their sustain with the grant-writing process. SPONSORING AGENCY: NEGOTIATING ORDER IN SCHOOL-BASED HEALTH   (Oral Presentation) Susan Fleurant ('16), Sociology Access to primary and preventative custody has risen on the national public health agenda in recent years. School-based health centers are a relatively tiny yet integral Part of the U.S. health custody delivery system, particularly in low-income, medically underserved communities. In the status of Maine, school-based health centers in pastoral and urban settings reduce barriers to access to health services for students across the state. Previous scholarship uses quantitative measures to demonstrate that school-based health centers are efficient and address the stark racial and socioeconomic health disparities that persist. The purpose of this study is to gain perspectives of those working on the ground in the sphere of school-based health in Maine to supplement the plethora of quantitative data on school-based health outcome measures. The author conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews to understand the perspectives of those working in school-based health custody in Maine. Grounded in sociological theory, this paper unpacks the sustain of school-based health centers in Maine in order to uncover the implications of organizational structures and relations on the provision of school-based health services. Perspectives of program administrators elucidate the challenges and opportunities that arise from different organizational arrangements. This research finds that the different sponsoring agencies for school-based health programs shape the negotiations that occur and the resulting structure. There is significant variation in the organization of school-based health centers, which has implications for long-term sustainability. HEALTH custody AGENCY: STATEWIDE AWARENESS OF PATIENT CENTERED custody IN MENTAL HEALTH FACILITIES   (Oral Presentation) Holly Hogan ('16), Sociology This research project focuses on patient-centered custody (PCC) in the context of inpatient acute psychiatric units. Hospitals beget been claiming their renewed outlooks on health-care via PCC. It has become an increasingly current term to employ on hospital websites and in presidential statements. The technologies and practices surrounding psychiatric custody beget evolved in such a course that patients are conjectural to beget more input in their care. This project will debate the discourse around PCC at Mental Health custody Facilities in Maine. There is no consensus on the definition; the meanings ascribed to it are derived from the individual institutions. This project will ask: How does the syntax of the mission, vision, and values statements construct and maintain PCC practices? This project uses content analysis, interviews, and surveys to develop the complete reach of data needed to construct the conversation around PCC. Patients received a preexisting survey to evaluate patient satisfaction. Psychiatrists of the acute psychiatric unit where surveys were collected were interviewed. The content analysis looked at how the institutional messages around PCC. A comprehensive definition of PCC would allow for more fluid discourse between institutions. piteous forward complete U.S acute psychiatric unit mission, vision, and value statements should be evaluated. More data from interviews should be collected and analyzed to determine the convivial implications of PCC and doctor- centered care. An analysis comparing how many acute wards employ each mode must be done to note how mainstream each mode is. NONPROFITS AND PHILANTHROPY: PARTNERSHIP WITH THE CHILDREN'S focus   (Poster) Sarah Shimer ('16), Mara Badali ('16), Alexandra Bishop ('16), Eleanor MacLaughlin ('16) and Mollie Taylor ('17), Sociology This semester, they partnered with the Children's focus in Augusta, Maine, to write a grant. The Childrens focus in Augusta, Maine, is a 501(c)(3) private nonprofit organization that offers early intervention, family support, and childcare to adolescent children with developmental delays and disabilities. Today, the Childrens focus is one of the only facilities in Central Maine that offers resources and services to children with disabilities and their families. The focus aspires to prepare these toddlers and pre-school aged children to enter the school system and to set them on a path for success. The award back requested would provide three pieces of equipment for the playground.The funding they hope to receive from this award will travel towards revitalizing the playground at the Childrens Center. The current playground has fallen into a status of disrepair as there are pieces of equipment that no longer serve their necessary functions. As new children of various abilities gain access to the Childrens Centers resources, the current equipment increasingly fails to felicitous their special needs. This space is so considerable to the Childrens focus because it is an district in which traditionally-learning children and disabled children can reach and learn together. These connections lead to crucial convivial growth that cannot be taught in a classroom. TODO SOBRE ALMODóVAR EN OCHO MINUTOS O MENOS   (Oral Presentation) Erin Griffin ('16), Spanish El semestre pasado cre una pelcula corta en el estilo de Pedro Almodvar para mi proyecto final. Produje y film este corto con el propsito de encapsular el ambiente almodovariano en menos de ocho minutos. En el corto, exploro los temas de las pelculas tempranas y ms conocidos de Almodvar, especialmente enfocando en el gran tema de las mujeres. Mi inspiracin vino de planos recurrentes del cine almodovariano en cmo estas tcnicas comunican la progresin de sus obras y cmo ejemplifican sus temas. Emple tcnicas y exploro temas que yo creo que hace las pelculas de Almodvar verdaderamente suyas. En la clase, debatimos sobre los elementos repetidos entre las pelculas, y especialmente el avance de sus tcnicas correspondiendo con avances en sus mensajes temticos. Porque vimos pelculas que se extendi por ms de veinte aos de produccin, mi corto experimenta con elementos de las tempranas hasta las ms modernas, intentando de comunicar por excelencia lo que encarnar Almodvar por sus obras. En el corto y en una breve presentacin, enfoco en el tema de la mujer y sus luchas con la sociedad, los hombres y sus propios deseos, y cmo ltimamente supera todo para realizar sus sueos. EL error DE HOLMBERG Y SU EFECTO EN LA RESTAURACIóN ECOLóGICA   (Oral Presentation) Alyssa Kullberg ('18), Spanish La percepcion moderna hacia la gente indigena de America en cuanto a su medio ambiente es que historicamente no tenia un conocimiento practico de el, sino solamente un conocimiento espiritual, y que no lo afectaba significantemente. Se puede atribuir esta creencia comun en parte a un antropologo, Allan Holmberg, quien llego a conclusiones equivocadas despues de estudiar una tribu boliviana. Estas conclusiones se han difundido en nuestra sociedad yactualmente afectan como comprendemos la historia precolombina de America. Exploro las maneras de que Holmerg se equivoco para condenar la racionalizacion resultante de la colonizacion de los indigenas americanas por los europeos, y tambien para cuestionar la manera de que percibimos nuestro medio ambiente, que da forma al campo importante de restauracion ecologica. EL AJO DE SANTURCE: MASCULINIDAD EN “EL VAMPIRO DE MOCA” POR LUIS NEGRóN   (Oral Presentation) Vianny Lugo Aracena ('18), Spanish 'El vampiro de Moca' es un cuento de Luis Negron que narra la historia de un joven de sexualidad ambigua que migra desde el pueblo de Moca, Puerto Rico hacia la capital, San Juan. Debido a su apariencia fisica el vampiro se convierte en un objeto de deseo para diferentes personajes dentro de la comunidad queer de Santurce. Sin embargo, asignarle el nombre de vampiro es una forma de denigrar al migrante, diciendo que chupa recursos esenciales para vivir. En este ensayo, discutire como Negron presenta una descripcoin springy e obdurate de la masculinidad, demostrando como conceptos como la masculinidad puertorriquena son sumamente abstractos y fluidos, incluso dentro de la comunidad queer. EL PATRIARCADO PERSONIFICADO: EXPLORACIONES DE LAS DINáMICAS DEL PODER EN LAS PELíCULAS DE PEDRO ALMODóVAR   (Oral Presentation) Taylor Peterson ('16), Spanish Ser director feminista implica que uno se crean pelculas que atraigan a un pblico femenino porque la trama trata de sus experiencias. Pedro Almodvar se alza como un director feminista por las maneras en que retrata la complejidad convivial de los problemas que giran alrededor de los cuerpos femeninos. A menudo, los ejercicios del poder de los hombres almodovarianos se dan en los cuerpos femeninos durante actos sexuales. Almodvar explora el significado del embarazo y la lnea que separa la violacin y el placer, y as como las mujeres toman control de sus cuerpos. Este proyecto explora la forma en que Almodvar considera la complicada dinmica del gnero en sus pelculas, y se convierte en un director feminista, retratando mujeres problematizando el abuso de sus cuerpos. LA MORTALIDAD EN EL CINE ESPAñOL   (Oral Presentation) Julian prudent ('17), Spanish Aunque mucha violencia termin con la guerra civil, la mortalidad permaneca en Espaa durante los aos de dictadura y despus en la transicin. Debido al pacto del olvido, Espaa no comenz a mirar hacia el pasado en una manera retrospectiva hasta hace poco, pero lleg el momento donde pelculas empezaron a estrenar, enfocando en los aos de sufrimiento. Las pelculas El espritu de la colmena (Vctor Erice, 1973), La voz dormida (Benito Zambrano, 2011), Soldados de Salamina (David Trueba, 2003), y Tesis (Alejandro Amenbar 1996) usan la mortalidad en una forma directa o indirecta para describir la sociedad contempornea y cmo se trata de aceptar un pasado violento. RíOS, MARES Y ARENAS EN 'ANTES QUE ANOCHEZCA'   (Oral Presentation) Julie Wolpow ('16), Spanish El agua es un tema recurrente en 'Antes que anochezca', las memorias de Reinaldo Arenas. De hecho, es en el río donde Arenas ve por primera y única vez a su padre, y es precisamente en ese mismo río donde es erotizado por unos muchachos nadando desnudos. A lo largo de su vida, el mar igualmente se vuelve en su compañero de múltiples maneras. Cuando está en la cárcel, por ejemplo, Arenas lo anhela. Además, es por el mar, durante el éxodo de Máriel, que Arenas huye de Cuba. El agua se convierte en un símbolo de su libertad tanto sexual como política. IF ONLY THEY WERE SLUMMING IT: CROSS CLASS convivial ACTION IN VICTORIAN THEATER   (Oral Presentation) William Bonney ('16), Theater and Dance Through almost every Part of history there is ample evidence of those in the higher classes wanting to relate the lower, rowdy crowds, if only for a night. Whether it was through dressing down and looking like the commoners, or even just through arriving at places no upper class Lady should ever be, they got to sustain a sentiment of risk and novelty that would otherwise be impossible. Victorian Theater was saturated with plots exploring slumming, but also, even more-so, the faith of transpose slumming. Middle and Lower class Ladies began to be influenced by this ever present theatrical trope. They began to dress and act like the upper class when going to the theater, alive this fantasy out for just a short time while in, they thought, the protected world of the anonymous audience. There was one tiny problem with the Dressing-up of the lower and middle classes. Often Prostitutes of a higher admiration would travel out to the theater or other public venues with their clients. They did not want to acquire obvious their profession, so, in the vein of the role play, they would dress up. Sometimes both as upper class, but often, for the fun of the convivial taboo, the man would dress down, pretending to engage in a cross class romance! As this drill became more widely known, those Ladies who were simply dressing up for the adventure were often mistaken for prostitutes, or otherwise socially shunned. It often became pellucid once tried that dressing up was not socially safe. There was nothing anonymous about the audience, and that gibe and disrepute were risked by dressing up. The ease of dressing down, however, clearly highlights the inequity between the classes. SIT DOWN AND PAY ATTENTION: A notice AT TRAINING THE YOUNGER AUDIENCE   (Oral Presentation) Elisabeth Chee ('16), Theater and Dance In this presentation, I will demonstrate how children are trained to travel to theatrical performances by elementary schools and that the actual methods result not always correlate to the literature of best practices available. As newcomers to theatrical performances, people often beget to be coached or prepared for how to act in such a setting, especially children who result not always know the proper etiquette. While some children, particularly those that are in more affluent communities, are taught by parents in a one-on-one setting, many children are first exposed to live performance via their elementary schools. So, there will be a focus on how teachers instruct their students in theatre behavior, including interviews with two current elementary schools. These two schools are in very different communities, one fairly upper-middle class and the other working to middle class, so there may be distinct differences in how the teachers present the material to the students. However, there is almost always a gap of varied sizes between researched best drill and what actually happens. I will be exploring how much for a gap there is between best drill and reality, using teacher interviews and readings that may be available for teachers. As well as the differences between the communities, there are two major types of theatrical performance elementary school aged children are exposed to, to examine as well. Many performances are brought in to the school, instead of being in a specified building for the purpose. This raises the question as to whether there is a inequity between how children behave when it is in a chummy building versus a divorce venue? BALLEZ: A DANCE COMPANY FOR QUEER ACTIVISM   (Oral Presentation) Olivia Gould ('16), Theater and Dance The history of ballet- both the dance profile itself and the stories that the dances tell- is one of strict gender binaries and traditional gender norms. However, a new dance company based in Brooklyn challenges this history with a new ilk of ballet that they call 'Ballez,' dance performances that re-write the narratives of sage Ballets and re-imagine the characters of these stories to reflect a multiplicity of identities and experiences. The stories that Ballez tells are taken from actual histories of lesbian, queer, and transgender people, using dancers that identify with these same labels to recommend them. Ballez pushes their audience to interact with their dance pieces in new ways, from piteous venues partway through the account for to making the audience complicit in street protest marches. This revolutionary travail is changing the course the modern audiences not only view ballet as an craft form, but the course they execute their own roles as spectators as well. AUTUMN IN THE PALACE OF HAN: HISTORICAL VS. MODERN THEME   (Oral Presentation) Tong Jin ('16), Theater and Dance This presentation will briefly account for Yuanqu, and the plot of Autumn in the Palace of Han. Most importantly, this presentation will address complete the workable themes and censorious expectations of the play. debate how these ideas reach from; why they are significant historically; why they are practical in modern days; can analysis separated from historic facts, if so what can they interpret, and if not what can be brought out based on the history. ANN LIV adolescent WANTS YOU TO be pleased THIS   (Oral Presentation) Brendan Leonard ('16), Theater and Dance This presentation will bicker that dance artist Ann Liv Young's engagement with audiences distinguishes her travail as synchronous performance. adolescent is controversial for including live sex, defecation, and urination on stage, as well as frequently collaborating with her 8-year-old daughter, Lovie. If audience members acquire their discomfort audible, or visible, adolescent has no qualms to halt the account for and ask, 'Are you enjoying this?' If the retort is no, so allay you because adolescent is very open to starting a discussion prerogative then and there, probing for articulate explanations on the spot. Her reputation looms over her performances, creating a palpable presence quite unlike the welcoming atmosphere common in performance spaces. This presentation will offer a sampling of her travail accompanied by my reading of her methodology, contexualized by queer performance theory by Jose Esteban Munoz. delight enjoy. PROMISING PROJECTION: AN ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF INTERACTIVITY IN THE ARTS sustain   (Oral Presentation) Jeannely Lopez ('16), Theater and Dance Does the essence of interactivity in the theater give too much/too itsy-bitsy control to the audience? What are the benefits of allowing the audience to play a bigger role in the arts creation process? By examining iAm: (Re)contextualizing the Familiar, an interactive installation where the audience becomes performer, I will analyze how projection and scenography as a mode of interactivity, improves the sense making process for audience members. Increasing the amount of influence an audience member has on the creation of a performance elevates their responsibility to acquire the most their of their experience. This presentation will back how blurring the lines of audience participation and protocol to engage individuals promotes an enriching arts experience. DEVOLUTION: AN INTERACTIVE DIGITAL MEDIA PERFORMANCE   (Oral Presentation) Christine Francis ('16), Theater and Dance/Computer Science Devolution was inspired by the destruction of children's fairy tales into their core elements to evolve them into new and original travail through the employ of music, light, projection, and dance. Each piece of the production ranged in style from literal to abstract and from simple to complex. These pieces provided a new approach to the stories many students grew up on and pushed the boundaries of space to emphasize elements such as shadow, light, color, etc. and create environments that focused on solitude, uniformity, and individuality. This digital media performance merged the ideas of theater, dance and technology to create a modern profile of craft that stretched the edges of theater. THE SCRIPT: AN INTERACTIVE EXPLORATION OF PERFORMANCE   (Oral Presentation) Jeannely Lopez ('16), Theater and Dance/Computer Science Our personal and embodied experiences as humans are inherently performative for their own or others entertainment. To be entertained is to be brought to account something new or in a different course while being amused (Upton). So why result they denude their daily conversations of their potential to be rewarding and entertaining for everyone? The nature of their daily routines call for us to entertain ourselves with light conversations and gestures in passing that are often taken for granted because were in a rush or they dont beget time to halt and talk. What if they can acquire sense out of these performances by breaking conversational conventions down and mapping out these scripts to fully conceptualize how cues travel beyond the theatrical realm and into their daily convivial interactions? And what if their embodied interactions, the seemingly mundane and overlooked physicality of their interactions, become beautiful? This presentation serves as preparation for the installation, which will open on April 29th, 2016. LIGHT DESIGN IN THE THEATRE: THE craft OF THE BREATHING flash   (Oral Presentation) Nicholas Pattison ('18), Theater and Dance/Computer Science This study of lighting design uses research on the sculptural quality of light to inform an understanding of collaboration, material generation, and production. Foci of the study comprise a circumstantial approach to practical work, exploring speculative and creative research, and building sustain in collaboration. building upon prior coursework and production experience, this study investigates the speculative and practical content and objectives of stage light. An artistic goal of this study is to explore what it means to create a breathing flash through light; a flash that design, performance, and text on stage comes alive in harmony. In order to achieve this artistic goal, three objectives of study were set: research, practical work, and graceful collaboration. A graceful lighting designer listens to the director, and delves into the creation of the performance in order to influence design choices. Through the development and employ of light keys, concept statements, and rehearsal attendance, the objective of graceful collaboration is able to be achieved. Another objective of this study looks to understand the plastic craft of light through the employ of photometric drafting, and travail with the ETC Gio console. This practical travail will allow an understanding of ways to create stage light, flexibility in that creation, and develop imaginative ways of showing humor and meaning. A final objective of this study is to conduct research on theories and drill of theatre designers and stage lighting designers. This research fuels design solutions and establishes a greater understanding of the role of light in performance. Using research, practical travail of the craft, and collaboration, this is a discovery of ways to be a graceful light designer, making moments of performance reach alive. STATISTICS, CINEMA, AND SUNDANCE: MODELING INDEPENDENT FILM SUCCESS   (Poster) Kathryn Bai ('16), Jillian Palladino ('16) and Katherine Zafirson ('16), Various Departments Our project attempts to create a mathematical model that predicts how well independent films from the Sundance Film Festival will be received by critics and audiences. The research began with an overview of films from the festival over the past five years. Their data set contains basic information such as length of the movie and whether the protagonist is virile or female, but also includes variables based on the films' content, such as whether there are violent scenes or if a major character dies. Using this data, they created models that note how these independent variables impacted their dependent variables; the Rotten Tomatoes scores from critics and audiences. FORCED MIGRATION AND THE INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE REGIME   (Poster) Emma Brown ('16), Various Departments In June 2015, the United Nations announced that a global record of 60 million people were actively displaced -- half of whom were children. With increased media attention devoted to refugee 'crises' around the world, questions of responsibility permeate the discourse around migration. In this project, I pursue two objectives: first, to map the evolution of international refugee regime from its root to its 2016 application; second, to illuminate and understand the explanations given in existing academic scholarship for the distinction between economic flight and other kinds of forced migration. Ultimately, I hope to understand modern refugee crises better by closely examining the instruments meant to mitigate them. Centrally, these inquiries contribute to a larger research question: why beget conflict and violence galvanized exceptions and expansions to the 1951 refugee definition, while poverty has not? CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS IN CRUSTACEANS: INFLUENCE OF MELATONIN AND LOCALIZATION OF CLK   (Poster) Seth Butler ('16), Amanda Corwin ('16), Hannah Insuik ('17), Anoush Longerstaey ('17), Alyse Reichheld ('16) and Kumba Seddu ('17), Various Departments The ultimate goal of their research is to better understand the biological association between sleep and memory. They are using Fiddler Crabs as a model for the human hippocampus, and studying the result of melatonin on neuron and neurite growth in Fiddler Crab cell cultures. They dissected Fiddler Crab neurons and cultured the brain tissue, treating some cultures with melatonin. Viable neuron and neurite growth was analyzed within 48 hours after initial dissection, and they observed a inequity in neuron and neurite growth between the control and experimental groups. They are currently working on immunohistochemistry protocols for these cell cultures to eventually note how melatonin affects the expression of clock genes and how this expression is related to the neuron and neurite growth observed. CONSUMER deportment   (Poster) Julia Butler ('17), Various Departments A study of how goal pursuit explains the influence of environmental cues on consumer behavior. Applications for both marketers and consumers are discussed. MAMMALIAN CIRCADIAN cadence OSCILLATOR SYNCHRONIZATION: A CROSS-MODEL STUDY   (Poster) David Chelimo ('17), Catherine Alden ('16) and Charles Macaulay ('16), Various Departments The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is a cluster of about 20,000 cells in the brain answerable for daily (circadian) rhythms. Within the sphere of computational biology, extensive study has been done on developing an accurate model of the dynamic signaling network governing these circadian rhythms. Given these models, specific research has been devoted to understanding how cells within the SCN become synchronized in their circadian protein expression. In this study, they further investigate the results of Ananthasubramaniam, B. et al (2014), which demonstrate that 1) synchronization is only workable if vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) release is in angle with transcriptional activity of epoch (per) promoters and that 2) anti-phasic VIP release suppresses a networks cadence and drives it into a desynchronous status without suppressing individual oscillators. The 2014 study validated their synchronization hypothesis using the model proposed by Gonze, Goodwin (2005) modified to comprise delayed differential equations (DDEs). They further investigate the results of Ananthasubramaniam, B. et al by evaluating the synchronization properties using an analogously modified version of the model proposed by Becker-Weimann, et al (2004). CYANOBACTERIA BLOOMS IN LOW-NUTRIENT MAINE LAKES: development OF A QPCR ASSAY FOR GLOEOTRICHIA ECHINULATA USING THE ITS REGION   (Poster) Rebecca Chmiel ('17), Seung Kim ('18) and Harriet Rothschild ('16), Various Departments Maines lakes contribute to a significant portion of the states tourism economy and its public drinking water supply. Across the nation, the water quality of lakes is declining as toxic cyanobacterial blooms become more widespread. The cyanobacterium Gloeotrichia echinulata is increasingly establish in lakes throughout New England, including those in their study region (Belgrade Lakes, Maine, USA). Very itsy-bitsy is known about the timing, duration, and toxicity of G. echinulata blooms in Maine lakes and even less is known about its genetic diversity. They performed DNA sequencing on isolates of G. echinulata from their study sites for comparative phylogenetic analysis and for development of a quantitative PCR assay that was used for rapid determination of G. echinulata abundance. Time-series samples collected during the summer of 2015 were assayed via qPCR, indicating the presence of G. echinulata cells in almost every lake sample, with peak abundances approaching 200,000 cells per liter. The new qPCR assay will allow us to provide early warning of these potentially toxic organisms in their freshwater resources prior to the onset of visually-noticeable blooms. C-FOS AND DCM IN DISC1 RATS   (Poster) Yoona Chun ('17), Various Departments c-Fos is a transcription factor used as a functional marker for neuronal activation and proves to be an extremely useful and powerful technique. So far, c-Fos has been used in a broad spectrum of studies ranging from the create a functional anatomical map of neuroendocrine systems to the study of seizure activities and brain injury by following rapid and momentary patterns of c-Fos expression. This sort of research is made workable through benchmark double labeling immunocytochemical techniques, allowing the identification of cellular phenotypes of activated neurons. Doublecortin, or DCX, is another powerful utensil in neuroscience research, as it is commonly used as a course to locate and identify newly born neurons, or neurogenesis, by localizing a microtubule associated protein in immature neurons. The immunohistochemical pairing of doublecortin and c-Fos is truly a remarkable one and tremendously useful. I am researching neurogenesis and neuronal activation in the hippocampus of a schizophrenic rat. To result so, I employ brains of knockout DISC1 rats, a gene highly associated with schizophrenia and execute double-labeling immunohistochemistry. I blot for doublecortin (DCX), to quantify neurogenesis, as well as c-Fos, to determine which neurons are activating. It is essential to double-label these neurons because it allows us to identify which neuronal cells are being activated under a set of specific treatments and conditions, as well as ascertain the functional differences in subpopulations of newly born neurons activated by certain stimuli, in this case, neurons located in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. THE TESTING result BENEFITS FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH ADHD   (Poster) Leah Cooney ('16) and Sarah Boland ('17), Various Departments In this study, they examined whether those with individual learning differences can still capitalize from the testing effect, the phenomenon of higher benefits from retrieval drill when compared with re-study. Participants studied both effortless and difficult Swahili-English word pairs. Half of the word pairs were re-studied and half of the pairs were tested, with feedback. Participants diagnosed with ADHD were matched with non-ADHD participants and both groups showed an equal testing effect. Furthermore, for both ADHD and non-ADHD participants, those who scored lower on Ravens Progressive Matrices only showed a testing result for effortless pairs. Conversely, those participants who had higher Ravens scores only showed a testing result for the difficult pairs. And whereas ADHD participants remembered fewer word pairs overall, when complete of the participants were matched on their initial encoding performance, the testing result was the same. Thus, word difficulty, fluid intelligence, ADHD diagnosis, and initial encoding complete contribute the positive and varied benefits of the testing effect. USING ADAPTIVE FREQUENCY GRANGER CAUSALITY TO INFER CELL TOPOLOGY IN THE CIRCADIAN CLOCK   (Poster) Iavor Dekov ('16) and Esli Tovar ('16), Various Departments The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the mammalian brain controls sleep cycles, digestive activity, physical activity, hormone levels and more. The SCN has about 20,000 neurons and scientists beget tried to map out how they are connected using different methods. The Granger Causality mode has been traditionally used to infer connections in other systems. However, Granger Causality is highly reliant on the assumption that time progression are stationary, thus it is not suitable for inferring connections in the SCN because gene expression data from the circadian system has a highly non-stationary nature. Recently, computational biologists beget adapted the Granger Causality mode to account for this property of gene expression data, creating the Adaptive Frequency Granger Causality (AFGC) method. In the original publication, AFGC was tested on synthetic data only. They beget implemented AFGC and tested it on 649 SCN cells to determine how well this new mode performs on actual data. Their results intimate that AFGC may not be suitable for these data. ATHLETE IDENTITY AND TEAM COHESION IN STUDENT-ATHLETES   (Poster) Amelia Diplock ('16), Various Departments Alcohol employ and mistreat among college students has become a great health concern. Past research has also provided evidence that among this group student-athletes drink more than their non-athlete peers. College student-athletes are not only at a higher risk of alcohol consumption, but also for alcohol related negative consequences. Recent research has provided evidence that both athlete identity, and team cohesion can repercussion the amount of alcohol consumed by student-athletes, but has not looked at the repercussion of these two variables together. Therefore, this study will simultaneously analyze the effects of athletic identity and team cohesion on student athletes drinking behavior. For athletes that participate in a team sport, it is hypothesized that tall athletic identity and import of team cohesion will extend their drinking behavior. The drinking for team sport athletes with low athlete identity and no crave for team cohesion will not be affected. For athletes that participate in an individual sport, it is predicted that tall athletic identity will reduce their drinking, and low athletic identity will beget no effect. Team cohesion will beget no repercussion on individual sport athletes. The hypotheses were explored by having student-athletes fill out an anonymous questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed via email, common announcements, and on Facebook. Participants were asked questions regarding their athletic identity, convivial drinking norms, and team connectedness. It is expected that both athletic identity and team cohesion will move participants drinking deportment if they are on a team sport. But the drinking deportment of student-athletes that participate in individual sports may only be effected by athletic identity and not team cohesion. “BUENOS PARA BEBER” MOTIVES AND PERCEPTIONS OF ALCOHOL employ IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN CHILE AND THE USA   (Poster) Addison Gwinner ('16), Various Departments The present study examined the perceptions of alcohol, and goals of alcohol employ in university students in Valparaso Chile and the USA. The objectives were to determine what goals students had for their use, how they perceived alcohol, and what consequences they suffered as a result of their alcohol use. Despite the fact Chile is the country with the highest consumption of alcohol in South America, itsy-bitsy research has been conducted into the prevalent goals for alcohol use, and its role in university culture. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with health professionals to determine the context of alcohol employ in Chile and the US, and university students were given the DMQR, an instrument to determine drinking goals using Coopers four-factor model, the B-YACCQ, a measure of alcohol related consequences, as well as several questions on their perceptions of alcohol. From the interviews, it was determined that hefty alcohol employ is a central Part of Chilean and American university culture. Additionally, it was pellucid that common patterns of drinking brim on abuse. The most common goals amongst students were Social, and Enhancement, supporting the convivial role of alcohol; additionally the students had a tall average number of consequences on the DMQR, reflecting their hefty employ of alcohol. In conclusion, hefty alcohol employ is common amongst university students, and is perceived as central Part of convivial gatherings and celebrations. This normalization of alcohol leads to tall levels of consumption, and idiosyncratic definitions of abuse. Public policy regarding alcohol employ is limited at best, and focused on prevention which given the cultural context is unrealistic. TATRA MOUNTAIN WOLF POPULATION MONITORING   (Poster) Emily Held ('17), Various Departments The European Grey Wolf, Canis lupus lupus, has returned to the Tatra Mountains in Slovakia and Poland after nearly being extirpated in the early to mid 1900s. I examined the import of monitoring this population as well as comparing the methods used by the Carpathian Wolf Watch project to the methods used in monitoring the reintroduced wolf population in Yellowstone National Park in the U.S. HOW MANY YEARS OF COLLEGE BASKETBALL ARE NECESSARY FOR SUCCESS IN THE NBA?   (Poster) Mark HoSang ('16), Various Departments In this study, they utilize multiple logistic and linear regression models to account for success in the National Basketball Association (NBA). In their main model, they utilize the probability of playing five seasons in the NBA as their response variable and quantitative and qualitative variables as their predictors. Since success in the NBA is a very broad definition, they employ different response variables in each of their models. By applying advanced NBA knowledge, they are able to interpret these results with context to the NBA. By using NBA data from 1995-2015 and having a stout quantitative perspective, their purpose is to array how many years of college basketball is necessary to be successful at the next level. COMPARING TESTING AND ENACTMENT IN LEARNING CHEMISTRY   (Poster) Bridget Horwood ('19), Various Departments Learning in school settings is based heavily on the retention of information. Therefore, it is considerable to understand what study methods allow students to absorb the most information. The purpose of this study was to determine if the remembrance benefits produced by the enactment result exceed those of testing result in educational contexts. The enactment result is the result of physically acting out a phrase, concept, or procedure and leads to a better recall for those acted-out actions. The testing result results from retrieval practice, which is the repeated process of recalling information via classroom tests or self-testing. The testing result produces a better long-term remembrance for information that people beget been tested on repeatedly as opposed to material that they beget simply re-read. During this study, participants learned about density in liquids and were given a final test after two days. complete participants read a passage and then were assigned to one of four different conditions: testing without feedback, testing with feedback, demonstration, and enactment. For the testing without feedback condition, participants took a test after the reading but were not presented with the remedy answers before taking the final test. For the testing with feedback condition, participants were given the remedy answers before taking the final test. For the demonstration condition, participants watched a video of the density experiment. Lastly, those in the enactment condition performed the actual experiment. They call that testing with feedback and enactment will result in the best performance on the final test, because enactment provides additional sensory information to the remembrance trail and testing with feedback has been demonstrated to enhance memory. SEPARATING SPACE AND TIME IN THE SCN   (Poster) Shangcheng Jiang ('17) and Raymond Chung ('16), Various Departments Why result they salvage sleepy at night and hungry at noon? Because they complete beget internal biological clocks. The study of this circadian clock and its rhythms is relatively new and there are still uncertainties about how the signals originating in the brain's clock allay the rest of the corpse sustain time, or even how signals are generated and regulated within the clock itself. They result know that the cells within the clock beget cell-autonomous pulsating signals and that interneuron communication helps sustain the cells synchronized (Panda & Hogenesch, 2004). Emerging in tandem with the biological study of circadian rhythms are computational models created in systems biology the applied sphere of computer science dedicated to verifying and clarifying damp lab findings within cleaner, more controlled settings. Their study seeks to verify and clarify recent findings suggesting that the clocks' circadian signal is controlled spatially (Pauls, Foley, Foley, Lesauter, Hastings, Maywood, & Silver, 2014). This hypothesis is grounded in the double dissociation of temporal and spatial organization of neural firing, sense one thing governs when neurons are firing at the same time, and another thing governs where neurons are firing at the same time. They employ ordinary differential equations to simulate the oscillating signal of clock cells and modify the amplitude, period, and angle to simulate various conditions of spatio-temporal organization. They establish that spectral clustering (Pauls et al, 2014) by angle could clearly illustrate the spatial order of SCN activation. These findings bring us a step closer to fully understanding how their corpse regulates their daily activities and may beget practical implications in research concerning sleeping disorders. RISE TO A NEW FRONTIER IN PUBLIC HEALTH   (Poster) John Kensinger ('17), Various Departments With rates of obesity, diabetes, and other confirmed health conditions on the rise in the United States, a more dynamic and accessible approach to public health must be brought forth. This is where novel technology, in this case mobile applications, can acquire complete the difference. rise is a mobile nutrition app where clients pay an affordable recurring fee in exchange for access their own personal registered dietician. The best Part is that the whole relationship takes station through the app so that neither party even has to leave the house. Thus, not only is the application more affordable than hiring an in-person clinician, it's also much more convenient. Moreover, the best Part about this system is its scaleability. Since it is rush entirely through an online database, the only limiting factor is the human labor available on the side of the dietitians. Lucky for us, there are plenty of skilled and educated individuals in the health and nutrition sphere who would outdo at such an opportunity. Now, here is the exciting part... hypothetically, if rise were backed by the back of the government, a much larger labor oblige could be accrued and funded. Thus, not only would the scalability of the app increase, but hundreds, if not thousands, of educated health specialists could efficiently share their lore and receive compensation. Additionally, subscriptions with rise could be recommended by common practitioners across the country as a sort of prescription for specific ailments, and if covered by health insurance or subsidized by the government, the number of lives that could be changed for the better is incredible. MOONFACE BEAR: A CONNECTICUT INDIAN’S STAND, 1993   (Poster) Jenna Laidley ('19), Various Departments In April 1993, Golden Paugussett Indian Moonface Bear, son of the tribal chief, substantial Eagle, opened a tax-free cigarette shop on the tribes Colchester reservation. In July, a warrant was issued for his arrest. Moonface endure argued that it was his tribes prerogative to regulate commerce. Thus began a lengthy armed standoff between the aboriginal Americans alive on the reservation and Connecticut status police. Moonface endure shut down the smoke shop on August 11, but only his submission three months later ended the contentious stand. INDUCTION OF GENE EXPRESSION IN THE CA1 CELL FIELDS OF THE HIPPOCAMPUS BY BEHAVIORAL EXPLORATION IN DISC1 KNOCKOUT RATS   (Poster) Morgan Larrabee ('16), Various Departments Schizophrenia is a debilitating disorder characterized by a wide reach of symptoms, including major deficits in cognition. They sought to study these cognitive symptoms in the DISC1-knockout rat model of schizophrenia and focused on remembrance and hippocampal function. They hypothesized that the DISC1-knockout rats would beget impaired spatial remembrance abilities on a water maze assignment and their results confirmed this. In addition, they sought to compare DISC1-knockout and wildtype rats hippocampal engagement when they explored novel and chummy environments. To result this, rats explored different environments and were sacrificed 90 min later; neuronal activation to the sustain was gauged using immunohistochemistry for the immediate early gene, c-fos. This analysis is ongoing but their hypothesis is that wildtype rats will differentially respond to the novel and chummy conditions, whereas DISC1-knockout rats will react to both as if they were novel. These results will span their understanding of hippocampal functioning in schizophrenia. PATIENT DERIVED XENOGRAFT TUMOR SAMPLES: WHAT DOES THE MOUSE CONTRIBUTE?   (Poster) Adam Lavertu ('16), Various Departments From 2003 to 2012 the fatality rate of people diagnosed with cancer continued to decline by an average of 1.5% per year. This indicates that modern medicine has done a much deal to ameliorate the prognosis for cancer patients, but there is still a lot about the disease and associated treatments that the scientific community does not yet understand. As new treatments are developed, studies are conducted to evaluate efficacy and potential side effects of the novel approach. Patient derived xenograft (PDX) mouse models provide a platform that closely models human cancer tumors. The PDX mouse models are generated by engrafting fragments from human tumors heterotopically into the cutaneous tissue of NSG mice. NSG mice want an efficient immune system, this absence allows for engraftment of human tumors without the risk of the tumor being rejected by host tissues. Implanted tumors that successfully develop in their new murine host are excised when the host dies and profiled with multiple molecular biology techniques, including but not limited to RNA-seq. Post-implantation human endothelial tissues surrounding the tumor are progressively replaced by host tissues and eventually infiltrate the tumor itself. As a result of this infiltration by host tissues, RNA-seq data generated from PDX tumors contains sequence reads with gene expression information from both the infiltrating murine tissue and the human tumor. During the evaluation of RNA-seq data, the sequences derived from the mouse are identified computationally and separated out. This research focuses on identifying the genes being expressed in those mouse sequences, leading to better understanding of the tumors environment within the mouse. A better understanding of the molecular interactions will aid in future drug trials that employ PDX mice. TICK, TICK, TOCK; HOW pandemoniac IS YOUR CLOCK?   (Poster) Adam Lavertu ('16) and Edward Zhou ('17), Various Departments Everyday, there are an uncountable number of biological processes occurring within alive organisms. Circadian rhythms play a major role in maintaining many of these processes, from simple to tangled behaviors. Stochastic pandemonium has been seen to beget noticeable effects on these rhythms. Their research focuses on defining the relationship between pandemonium and circadian rhythms, continuing research done by St. John et al. on tiny molecule inhibitors and stochastic noise. They used similar methods to investigate the attributes of circadian rhythms within cells of the mouse suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), examining cells based on their pandemonium profile and the degree to which their rhythms are damped. Ideally, information from this study will allay us better understand the inequity between cellular regions within the SCN. A better understanding of the SCN, which is central to the proper maintenance of circadian rhythms, could lead to treatments for jet lag, insomnia, and eating disorders. WARNINGS AGAINST inaccurate remembrance IN ASSOCIATIVE AND CATEGORICAL WORD LISTS   (Poster) Monique Legault ('18), Various Departments A inaccurate remembrance is a remembrance for an event that never occurred or distortions relative to the original event. inaccurate memories can be created by giving participants lists of words that are related to one central word (called a censorious lure) but that word is not actually presented on the list. In this task, participants frequently bethink the censorious lure. One question is what types of word lists are more likely to elicit inaccurate memories and how this can allay us understand how remembrance is organized and used. Previously, they establish that inaccurate memories are higher for lists of words that are categorically related and share features (boxer, coyote, pet puppy) than lists of words that are only associated with each other (bark, beware, flea, paw). This result is called a feature boost. Lower inaccurate remembrance in non-categorically related lists of words could be due to more efficient monitoring - in other words, participants are better able to discriminate the censorious lure from other items and reject it at test. This study examined whether inaccurate remembrance could be reduced by warning the participant of the censorious lures before they studied the lists of words, and whether this reduction of inaccurate remembrance was higher in one ilk of list or the other. Warnings were equally as efficient for both associatively related and associatively and categorically related lists of words. There is lower inaccurate remembrance in the associatively related lists, but it is not easier to employ warnings for the associatively related lists over the categorically and associatively related lists. REPETITION PRIMING ACROSS CONTEXTS: result PROSE AND POEMS PRIME?   (Poster) Jake Lester ('18), Kimberly Bourne ('16) and Wing Ng ('18), Various Departments Every day, they encounter a vast amount of information that they must recognize and sort for import or emotional relevance. Prior and recent exposure to sensory information and stimuli facilitates faster cognitive processing. They are interested in the differences in processing information from emotionally salient or conceptual contexts. They tested whether priming low and tall frequency words in contexts of poems, prose passages, or word lists, impacts responses in a lexical decision assignment (LDT). An LDT presents participants with a list of words and non-words (e.g. barms, forn) and they must decide if it is a word or non-word as speedily and accurately as possible. Targets were embedded in context and presented before completion of an LDT. They selected tall and low frequency words from four uncommon poems and presented them in prose, poem, and word list formats. Both low and tall frequency words presented in word lists showed robust priming, whereas no priming was establish for words embedded in a prose passage or poem, suggesting context affects repetition priming. Additionally, a current follow-up study is investigating recognition of low and tall frequency words from different contexts. They hypothesize that remembrance for words from the word lists will be more robust than words from the poems or the prose passages. 'YOU'RE TAKING MY NOTES AWAY!?': STUDY STRATEGIES, TEST TYPES, AND remembrance   (Poster) Sara LoTemplio ('16), Elyse Barnard ('16) and Sarah Carrigan ('16), Various Departments A growing corpse of research supports the faith that testing, a common mode of assessment in classrooms, enhances remembrance more so than studying does (Rowland, 2014). However, closed-book tests are not the only mode of testing that occurs. It's not uncommon for instructors to give their students open-book or open-note (cheat sheet) exams. While this style of exam may extend performance on that test itself, it may not be more profitable for remembrance in general. Previous research has shown that those expecting an open reserve test studied less than those expecting a closed reserve test (Agarwal & Roediger, 2011). Furthermore, these tests may not reach the even of desired hardship necessary to promote proper levels of encoding. Limited research has examined the employ of notes or 'cheat sheets' in exams, another common drill in classrooms. The current study investigates how different note-taking and studying techniques influence performance on both an immediate and delayed test. complete participants read a passage about bread. While reading they either buy notes with the expectation of using them as a 'cheat sheet' in an exam and then either salvage to employ them in the initial exam or result not, buy notes as if they are studying for an exam and result not employ them, re-read the passage, or just buy the test immediately. complete participants then reach back 48 hours later and buy a test on the same material with no notes. They anticipate note-taking and prior testing to ameliorate retention relative to re-reading and that taking notes as a study aid is more profitable than creating a 'cheat sheet.' HABITAT FRAGMENTATION INHIBITS SEED PREDATION IN AN EXPERIMENTAL LANDSCAPE IN EASTERN KANSAS   (Poster) John Lynch ('16), Various Departments As agricultural and urban sprawls lead to increasingly fragmented landscapes, tiny mammal communities are modified along with the plant communities upon which they rely. They assessed the repercussion of fragmentation on tiny mammals by quantifying seed predation in an experimentally fragmented landscape in Eastern Kansas. 247 seed depots were deployed into 11 replicates of either large, small, or matrix habitat treatments. Each depot contained 25 seeds of Helianthus anuus and predation was assessed by counting the seeds remaining in each depot after three days in the field. average seed predation was significantly elevated in great contiguous patches compared to smaller more fragmented patches (p<0.017) and compared to depots deployed within the matrix (p<0.001). It is workable that higher rodent foraging activity is due to lower predation threats experienced in great patches due to elevated woody plant cover. However, no significant edge effects were observed in great patches (p=0.699). Additionally, the proximity of great patches to a forest abutting the landscape correlated to higher seed predation. Neotoma floridana, which resides exclusively on great patches, may beget recently migrated from the forest and could explained account for this trend in forest proximity. Their findings back the conclusion that habitat fragmentation alters the foraging deportment of tiny mammals, which could potentially contribute to differences in the seed bank across patch size. Re-establishing fragment connectivity via corridors may reduce the threat of predation for tiny mammals and enhance their foraging district in tiny fragmented patches. THE TAX charge OF GIVING   (Poster) Mitchell Maffeo ('16), Various Departments The purpose of this study is to determine through econometric analysis the repercussion of the Economic Growth and Tax Reconciliation Act of 2001 and subsequent legislation on the incentives to donate to charitable organizations. ALTERED ADDICTION POTENTIAL? BEHAVIORAL SENSITIZATION TO AMPHETAMINE AND CROSS-SENSITIZATION TO COCAINE IN PRENATAL CHOLINE SUPPLEMENTED RATS   (Poster) Leigh Mathieu ('16), Various Departments The essential dietary nutrient choline produces long-term enrichment in neural function. In their lab, they beget establish that prenatal choline supplementation increases neuroplasticity and is protective against neuropsychiatric disorders, like schizophrenia and depression. One course it may exert these effects is through changes to dopaminergic circuits. This hypothesis was tested by comparing prenatal standard-fed and choline-supplemented adult virile rats in the extent of their behavioral sensitization to amphetamine and cross-sensitization to cocaine. Behavioral sensitization is a phenomenon whereby repeated intermittent drug administration increases responses to it; cross-sensitization reflects an increased sensitivity to a drug of a similar class following sensitization. Rats received an injection of amphetamine once per week for 3 weeks, followed by a cocaine injection in the 4th week. The main dependent measure was their locomotor response to the drugs. They are finding that choline-supplemented rats exhibit significantly less sensitization. Thus, choline may modify risk for drug addiction. THE SAHARAN AIR LAYER AS A DETERMINANT OF ATLANTIC TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION AND INTENSITY   (Poster) Lauren McCarthy ('16), Various Departments The Saharan Air Layer (SAL) exerts a major influence on the climate of the North Atlantic region. The SAL is a warm, dry layer of air that is blown westward from the Sahara Desert over the Northern Atlantic Ocean and contains substantial quantities of eolian dust. Ocean waters to the west of the Sahara Desert are a common source district for Atlantic hurricanes due to warm air and sea surface temperatures and the presence of trade winds. The Saharan Air Layer is commonly accepted as a suppressor of tropical cyclone activity because of its talent to prevent sunlight from reaching the ocean surface, thus cooling the water and hindering convection that leads to hurricane formation. However, an additional hypothesis proposes that dust particles from the SAL may act as cloud condensation nuclei. This suggests that Saharan dust supply has a direct relationship with the formation of clouds and storms, which can both intensify to profile hurricanes. After a literary review of previous scientific studies on this topic, this report concludes that there is no stout evidence suggesting that Saharan-sourced cloud condensation nuclei causes increased tropical cyclone frequency or intensity. Sea surface temperatures and vertical wind shear speeds, along with the deportment of the West African Monsoon, the African Squall Line, and the African Easterly Jet, will ultimately determine if a tropical cyclone will profile and intensify. Both hypotheses could capitalize from future research that contains a larger, more comprehensive sample size of past tropical storms in the Atlantic. CAN DIETARY CHOLINE SUPPLEMENTATION prevent POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION IN A RAT MODEL?   (Poster) Veronica Mitchell ('16), Various Departments Choline is an essential dietary nutrient that induces neuroprotective effects. They beget establish that dietary choline supplementation has antidepressant effects in rats, suggesting it may also protect against the behavioral and neurological symptoms of postpartum depression. This hypothesis was tested using a hormone withdrawal model of postpartum depression in which rats received either choline-supplemented or benchmark diets during a 23-day simulated pregnancy. The postpartum symptoms were induced by withdrawing rats from ovarian hormones over a 5-day period. During this period, sucrose preference, open field, elevated plus maze, and forced swim tests were conducted. They anticipate that animals experiencing hormone withdrawal will exhibit depressive symptoms that are rescued by choline supplementation. Such findings influence their understanding and treatment of postpartum depression. THE INTERACTION BETWEEN TWO MEMBRANE PROTEINS IN HALOPHILIC ARCHAEA   (Poster) Ryota Nakada ('17), Various Departments Bacteriorhodopsin (BR) acts as a light-driven proton pump that ultimately provides the cell with energy in H. salinarum. BR is comprised of Bacterioopsin (BO) and retinal cofactor. Previous research has shown that an enzyme lycopene elongase (eye) converts lycopene, a precursor to retinal in the biosynthetic pathway of BR, to Bacterioruberin. The presence of Bacterioopsin inhibits the activity of Lye, resulting in the production of retinal, and subsequently, BR. However, the lye of H. volcanii (a related halophilic microbe) is NOT inhibited by BO. In their lab, they beget been trying to determine the relationship between Bacterioopsin and lycopene elongase through protein immunoblots. These two proteins are tagged with specific amino acid sequences that can be bound to by specific antibodies, and their presence or activation can then subsequently be confirmed. So far, they beget been trying to find two specific antibodies for BO and lye in order to test their direct relationship. SO YOU mediate YOU CAN DETECT CHANGES?   (Poster) Tara Nguyen ('16), Various Departments Change detection plays an essential Part in everyone's lives. Not only does it allay people execute daily activities such as driving or interacting with others, change detection can also move legal matters like eyewitness testimony, where an eyewitness's failure to notice a change in the criminal's identity can lead to inaccurate accusations (Laney & Loftus, 2010). People are, in general, not genuine at detecting changes. Change blindness, or the inability to detect great changes in the visual field, can occur when there are impairments in one's attention and/or memory. Due to the involvement of remembrance in the sustain of change blindness, researchers beget used notice into how change blindness is related to a specific ilk remembrance known as working memory. Working remembrance is a multi-component system that temporarily maintains, manipulates, and keeps information available for subsequent cognitive tasks (Baddeley, 1992; Baddeley & Hitch, 1974). The present study examined the effects of spatial working remembrance load and cognitive strategy on change blindness. complete participants performed a change detection task, but only half of them completed a remembrance task. In the former task, participants were instructed to employ either an energetic strategy or a passive strategy. Spatial working remembrance load, but not cognitive strategy, had an result on change blindness performance. To explore this null result of cognitive strategies, and to buy into account individual differences in working memory, a follow-up study is currently being conducted. preparatory results of this follow-up study will be presented. THE charge OF FLIGHT: ENERGETIC TRADEOFFS OF WING MORPH PLASTICITY IN JADERA HAEMATOLOMA   (Poster) Mary Parks ('16), David Angelini ('16) and Elizabeth Richards, Various Departments Long and short wing morphs in the red-shouldered soapberry bug, Jadera haematoloma, present different energetic trade-off strategies. To recount these tradeoffs, this study investigates the relationship between wing morph, flight ability, egg production, and total lipid content in three distinct populations of J. haematoloma. Life history strategies beget been seen to vary among populations and preparatory research indicates there may be a direct relationship between morph, egg production, and flight talent which can be detected in life stage dependent lipid concentrations. These life history tradeoffs may resound to ecological consequences and therefore shape distribution. INDUCING MUTATIONS IN THE SELENATE REDUCTASE OPERON IN THE BACTERIUM DECHLOROMONAS   (Poster) Rachel Prestigiacomo ('17), Various Departments Over the terminal 3 decades, a tiny number of selenate-reducing bacteria beget been isolated; however, itsy-bitsy is known about the enzymes that allow these organisms to reduce selenate, a soluble environmental contaminant, to insoluble elemental selenium. A selenate-reducing bacterium, Dechloromonas strain A34, was isolated from phosphate mining wastes and the genome was sequenced. An operon containing 4 genes coding for a putative selenate reducatase, serABDC, was identified and further characterized. The direct of the project is to investigate and optimize the employ of error-prone PCR as a technique to promote random mutagenenesis in the Ser operon in the bacterium Decholoromonas A34. Error-prone PCR allows researchers to change the rate of sequence error occurrence within the target gene during DNA amplification by changing the concentrations of dNTPs, Mn, and Mg. In this study, error-prone PCR was used to generate random mutations in the gene sequence for the first subunit of the operon, serA. The PCR products can then be transformed into cells of Dechloromonas A34, and the resulting transformants will be screened for impaired or absent selenate reduction. When insoluble selenate is reduced, it precipitates as red elemental selenium. Thus, colonies that reduce selenate issue red while colonies that result not reduce selenate are white. The white colonies will be isolated and their genomes will be sequenced in order to gain insight into the sequence, regulation, and function of the selenate reductase enzymes in Dechloromonas A34. JAN design IN KALIMPONG INDIA   (Poster) Julia Saul ('18), Various Departments For Colby's January term I spent the month in Kalimpong, India, a pastoral Part of India up in the Himalayas. While there, I completed an internship that focused on the effects of landslides in the region as well as the sustainable and environmental uses of bamboo. Landslides in Himalayan district of Kalimpong beget devastating effects and are increasing in frequency with climate change. Bamboo has much potential as a building material because of its speedily rate of growth and strength. My poster will comprise things I learned about landslides and bamboo as well as photos from my unbelievable trip. CLOSURE OF THE RUBISCO energetic SITE THROUGH CHANGES IN SUBSTRATE INTER-PHOSPHATE DISTANCE   (Poster) Erika Smith ('18), Various Departments RubisCO is the enzyme establish in photosynthetic organisms such as green plants that is answerable for the catalysis of carbon dioxide addition in the first step of the Calvin cycle. In spite of being highly abundant, its carboxylase activity is extremely inefficient and slow. By investigating the energetic site processes in RubisCO, the understanding of how to remedy this seemingly indigent enzyme may beget positive implications for crop yield, translating to an extend in food production. The significance of the phosphate location of RubisCOs substrate, ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate, in their binding sites and the status of RubisCOs energetic site has not been fully investigated. It is thought that the movement of each phosphate from its primary binding site to a secondary binding site in which the phosphates reach closer together is a trigger for the closure of the energetic site.(1) Through the analysis of crystal structures and molecular dynamic simulations, RubisCOs energetic site is being investigated to understand the interactions answerable for closure in order for catalysis. This will disclose motions in energetic site that pair to movement of the phosphates and other conformational changes accompanying the catalytic cycle, corroborate highly conserved residues in RubisCO tree, and intimate sites that could be targeted for mutation to move the kinetics of this essential enzyme. (1)Duff, A. P.; Andrews, T. J.; Curmi, P. M. Journal of molecular biology 2000, 298, 903. USING MODELS OF IRREVERSIBLE AND EQUILIBRIUM CARBOXYLATION TO account for THE root OF THE PREFERENTIAL LIGHT ISOTOPE CARBON ADDITION IN RUBISCO   (Poster) Danielle Smith ('18), Various Departments Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO), possibly the most abundant protein on Earth, not only plays a pivotal role in the Calvin Cycle, but also in the carbon cycle. Its significance is observed through the isotopic composition of carbon reservoirs as RubisCO preferentially adds light carbon to the biosphere. However, the mechanistic origins of this carboxylation is unknown. It is proposed that the observed biological fractionation values can be constrained between a model of irreversible carbon addition and a model of equilibrium carbon addition. The data obtained from electronic configuration, rate constant, and 13C/12C fractionation calculations on a simplified energetic site system suggests that RubisCO enzymes switch between these two modes of carbon addition. XVENTORY: INTEGRATING JAVA AND SQL TO STREAMLINE INVENTORY FOR INTERIOR DESIGN   (Poster) John Snow ('16), Various Departments Using Java, JavaFX and MySQL, I am developing a database interface for an interior design company (Mary Snow Designs Inc) The program is designed with user friendliness in mind, so that the clients never exigency to actually access the main database. Instead, they can edit, add, or delete items using the interface. Ultimately, the goal is to beget commerce report generating capabilities and to allow multiple computers to connect at once, controlling the data edit permissions to prevent overwriting or adding inaccurate information. On the client end, the goal is to save hours every day by keeping complete inventory information in a central database, rather than using physical files. HUMAN CHMP2BINTRON5 CAN cause CELL portion TRANSFORMATIONS WHEN EXPRESSED DURING THE development OF DROSOPHILA EXTERNAL SENSORY ORGANS   (Poster) Chao Tang ('18), Various Departments The human CHMP2B gene encodes a member of the ESCRT-3 tangled and plays a major role in endosomal vesicle traffic, including the recycling and degradation of cell surface receptors. A variant profile of CHMP2B (CHMP2BIntron5) is associated with the development of frontotemporal dementia. Using Drosophila melanogaster as a model, they beget previously shown that misexpression of the human CHMP2BIntron5 variant in Drosophila eyes can disrupt the normal function of cell signaling pathways and lead to neuordegeneration of the photoreceptors. To further investigate the activity of CHMP2BIntron5 on cell signaling processes, they beget misexpressed this variant profile during the development of the external sensory organs. They solemnize that CHMP2BIntron5 can cause cell portion transformations specifically, a stout shaft cell to socket cell transformation as a stout result and a neuron to sheath cell transformation as a weaker effect. Both of these effects are reminiscent of increases of Notch activity by gain-of-function mutations, for example. They are currently testing the hypothesis that CHMP2BIntron5 is leading to an extend in Notch pathway activity by assessing the talent of Notch pathway mutations to either repress or enhance the CHMP2BIntron5 phenotype. EFFECTS OF LIGHT ENTRAINMENT ON OSCILLATIONS IN THE CORE AND SHELL OF SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS   (Poster) Elizabeth Tonkin ('16), Sarah Asif ('16) and Alaina Coakley ('16), Various Departments The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the main internal clock of the mammalian system. It is a region of the brain that generates 24 hour (circadian) rhythms which control various parts of daily life such as when to sleep, eat, and execute other considerable behaviors. The SCN is a network of neurons connected via multiple signaling pathways. There are two main sections of the SCN - the core and the shell. The SCNs oscillations reconcile to seasonal changes in day length, in gyrate playing a role in adjustment of the mammal's behaviors. It is hypothesized that the decoupling of cycles in the two parts of the SCN play a vital role in this process. Recent studies by Myung et al. (2015) establish that 𝛾-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is essential for this misaligned deportment between the core and shell. Using a model adapted from Kingsbury et al. that mimics the effects of daylight on the SCN, they change various parameters and solemnize their respective effects on the synchrony of the core and shell, and overall perceived day length. MODELLING TOPOLOGICAL EFFECTS ON THE ENTRAINMENT reach OF THE CIRCADIAN CLOCK   (Poster) Carl Vitzthum ('16) and Alexandru Plesa ('17), Various Departments The circadian clock is the central biological oscillator answerable for keeping track of day-night cycles for virtually complete organisms. In mammals, the circadian clock takes profile as a group of neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). On an individual level, the neurons composing the circadian clock can be thought of as individual biochemical oscillators; collectively, they give rise to an overall oscillator that is entrainable to environmental conditions (primarily light) and provides output pathways to temporally tune the organisms physiology. Computational models beget been used to determine how altering the cellular characteristics affects the entrainment properties of the overall clock. Their travail seeks to understand the talent of the SCN to conform to extreme light cycles by computationally modelling the underlying physiological topology of the SCN, namely the core and shell regions which differ in neuron-to-neuron connectivity and light responsiveness. Using two models, they explore the interaction between several topologically-relevant properties of the individual oscillators and the overall entrainment reach of the circadian rhythm. ALGORHYTHMS   (Poster) Daniel Vogel ('16), Aaron Liu ('16) and Ian MacClancy ('16), Various Departments Modern scientific technologies beget allowed for much more circumstantial observations of genetic oscillations corresponding to circadian rhythms. At the focus of this is the issue of sifting through the now more circumstantial and inherently noisier data to determine the epoch and amplitude of these oscillations. Unfortunately these oscillations can be messy and many times result not conform to simple sinusoidal models. Originally data was felicitous by eye and now with the advancement of modern computer modeling they can better and more accurately identify trends in data. They will be testing JTK_Cycle, Umbrella Alternatives, and Gene Cycle, three methods used to identify rhythmicity and attempting to determine their accuracy and advantages. THE EVOLUTION OF THE AMERICAN PARTY SYSTEM AND ITS MODERN IMPLICATIONS ON GOVERNANCE   (Poster) Theodore Voulgaris ('18), Various Departments This poster is a culmination of my research on the Two-Party System's repercussion on the American government. This research consists of analysis from a combination of academic and institutional sources. My conclusions and ideas are generated from an unbiased perspective within the lens and ideals of bipartisan political theory and the Constitution which laid out the institutions of the American Government answerable and responsive to the result of the Modern Two-Party System in the United States. STRESS-TESTING speedily FOURIER TRANSFORM periodic ESTIMATORS IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS   (Poster) John Walpuck ('16) and Hunter Standen ('16), Various Departments The sphere of Chronobiology studies naturally occurring periodic and cyclical phenomena. Thus, at the basis of the sphere is the necessity for an accurate utensil to measure pandemoniac periodic signals. With such a tool, they can effectively analyze or compare systems, allowing greater understanding of a system itself. One of the most widely-known algorithms for periodic signal analysis is the speedily Fourier Transform (FFT). However, FFT has several weaknesses which beget been addressed through algorithms that extend it. They beget performed meta-analysis on two such methods: the FFT Non-Linear Least Squares mode and Spectrum Resampling. Through a progression of stress tests, they beget compared their efficacy in situations of varying levels of noise, duration, and frequency. Their analysis focuses on the benefits and drawbacks of the methods both with respect to each other, and with respect to benchmark FFT. PREDICTING THE STRUCTURE OF ANCESTRAL RUBISCOS   (Poster) Yuewei Wen ('18), Various Departments RuBisCO catalyzes carbon fixation in complete autotrophs. There are two functional forms of RuBisCO; profile I is composed of four catalytic dimers and eight tiny subunits, and profile II which is composed of a solitary catalytic dimer. There are predicted sequences of a chain in each ancestral RuBisCOs, but they are still not pellucid of their tertiary and quartenary structures. In this project, they aimed to find out whether the ancestral RuBisCOs resembles profile I or profile II more. They selected the residues interacting with tiny subunits on one chain of the dimer in an existing profile II RuBisCO, and compared the similarities on this very set of residues between profile I, profile II, and ancestral sequences. Through aligning complete the sequences, they created a penalty score based on the similarities between residues for each substitution of residues at each place. The primary result they had is that the earlier ancestral sequences resemble profile II RuBisCOs more. In order to further ameliorate the accuracy of their comparison, they tried to parametrize the orientation of each residue based on the identity of its two neighbors. In this way, they will be able to select only the residues that are oriented towards the tiny subunits, and compare the differences between this set of residues across complete profile I, profile II, and ancestral RuBisCOs to note if the result is different from the primary one they obtained. KETAMINE AS A NEUROPROTECTIVE AGENT AGAINST A NOVEL MODEL OF MILD TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IN virile AND FEMALE SPRAGUE DAWLEY RATS   (Poster) Peter Wirth ('16), Various Departments Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) beget significantly increased in the terminal decade and there is mounting evidence of their adverse cognitive and emotional effects. Many animal models apply oblige through projectiles or blasts to a stationary animal. These mechanical forces result not adequately induce rotational acceleration in the animals head, which is thought to be a key component of human sports-related injuries. Thus, they designed a device in which the animal is accelerated toward a stationary repercussion zone to bear rapid rotational movement of the head. The present study aimed to characterize the neuroprotective effects of ketamine, an NMDA antagonist, on post-injury behavioral outcomes. Following the mTBI, virile and female rats were given three subanesthetic doses of ketamine when glutamate levels are expected to be highest. preparatory analysis of behavioral data is underway, and they hypothesize that ketamine will offer neuroprotection in tests of remembrance and locomotion. RAMSEY THEORY   (Poster) Muyuan Zhang ('18), Various Departments Ramsey Theory is a very fascinating subject in discrete mathematics. It is so abstract but it is also highly related to their daily life. It has application in almost complete of the mathematical field. Ramsey Theory studies the conditions under which regular pattern must appear. The questions in Ramsey Theory usually start with the form: How many elements must there be in some structure to guarantee that the structure will beget the property of... It reveals the facts that there is no complete disorder. In my poster, I will firstly give a very intriguing introduction, which is easily to follow, to the theory and then I will account for the proof and explanation of the generalized profile of the theory. Secondly, I will dig deeper into the subject, find specific applications of the theory, and account for the reason why Ramsey Theory is considerable and useful. I will also provide preparatory definition, theorem, notation so that people who are not chummy with the subject can comprehend the essence of the theory behind the purely abstract math proof. 'CONTESTED REPRESENTATIONS': THE ROLE OF AZTLáN IN CHICANO/A NATIONALIST, FEMINIST, AND INDIGENIST CULTURAL PRODUCTION   (Oral Presentation) Kendra Elie ('16), Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies This project explores the course Aztlán (the ancestral home and nation of the Aztec people and their descendants) has been represented, reenvisioned, and contested in Chicano/a nationalist, feminist, and Indigenist cultural production. Aztlán was first reclaimed as a emblem of Chicano identity during the Chicano Movement of the 1960s and became an considerable Part of the group's message of nationhood and brotherhood. Later, Chicana feminist writers Gloria Anzaldúa and Cherríe Moraga (among many others) reclaimed the symbolism and imagery of Aztlán in their essays and poetry, reenvisioning Aztlán as a feminine, queer space and relating this vision to their own identities and experiences as queer Chicanas. However, Chicana feminists beget been criticized for being too focused on the faith of hybridity, which Indigenst writer Dylan A.T. Miner argues 'serves to disenfranchise Xicanos as an Indigenous people' (7). Through an exploration of different representations of Aztlán from each of these three perspectives, my project aims to reexamine the reasons for its continued contestation. 'ANOTHER ROUND' OF BLACK FEMINIST THOUGHT   (Oral Presentation) Bonnie Maldonado ('16), Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies For this project, I will be focusing on the podcast Another Round. Another Round is a podcast on Buzzfeed that is hosted by Heben Nigatu and Tracy Clayton. With less than a year on the air, Another Round is a admixture of seriousness and silliness, as the ladies talk on issues of race, pop culture, gender, mental health, sexuality and politics complete while telling gruesome jokes and drinking Bourbon. I will bicker that the podcast in itself is unique because is an case as an alternative mode of communication and the dissimentation of black feminist knowledges through individual consumption. KEEPING THE MILITARY SAFE: GENDER INCLUSION POLITICS, THE MYTH OF ANTI-VIOLENCE AND U.S. IMPERIALISM IN THE WAR ON TERROR   (Oral Presentation) Michelle Minkin ('16), Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies In the wake of the Abu Ghraib scandal, feminist scholars felt compelled to critically examine how gendered constructions of violence, nation, and citizenship bear the conditions that enable such horrifying violence to occur, and what this means for feminism as a project. Uniting different arguments and conversations about gender, violence, citizenship, inclusion, and empire, I explore how the feminist discourse that rose in the wake of the Abu Ghraib scandal to acquire sense of the gender politics of the violence and to protect the female soldiers who were implicated and scapegoated in the scandal has become embedded in the bountiful project to eliminate sexual violence in the military. Precisely at a flash when the nation was horrified by the images of violence at Abu Ghraib and forced to mediate critically about sexual violence in the military, particularly in relation to women in the army, the army became powerfully invested in co-opting feminist anti-violence and inclusion discourses to maintain and strengthen American imperialism as a necessary Part of the Western bountiful project. This opened up a discursive space for narratives of sexual violence against female soldiers that was not there before. Thus, in the decade following the scandal, a massive drive to fight sexual harassment and violence against female soldiers took hold as the prevailing feminist issue regarding the US army. As a result, more radical critiques of the United States military is a fundamentally violent imperial institution were eclipsed by the bountiful feminist project of gender inclusivity and the rhetoric of antiviolence. BAD MOTHERS: HOW FOOD SERVES AS THE MEASURING STICK OF SUCCESSFUL (AND FAILED) MOTHERHOOD   (Oral Presentation) Mackenzie Reimer ('16), Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies In an examination of motherhood in U.S.-American culture, I explore how cultural understandings of what it means to ingest well reflect on how women in the United States are able to serve as mothers to their children. I trail patterns of eating poorly (eating or providing unhealthy or less desirable food to children) and the obesity endemic to new conceptions of who classifies as a gruesome mother, replacing the previously current notion of crack mothers as the worst ilk of. By providing (or not) indigent choices for their children, it is culturally assumed that these women are failing in their role as mother. Structural inequalities that create the situations into which failing mothers are often placed without altenative are ignored, and their failure becomes a want of care, effort, or crave to succeed in motherhood. My project will explore representations of gruesome mothers (and good) using four examples: Michelle Obama, a mother in Pittsburgh, a child activist for non-GMO containing foods, and representations of mothers in Jamie Oliver's television account for 'Jamie Oliver's Food Revolution'. 'A SPECIAL station IN HELL': GENDER AND HILLARY CLINTON'S 2016 PRESIDENTIAL drive   (Oral Presentation) Naomi Schmidt ('16), Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies During the same February weekend, two feminist icons made controversial statements regarding Hillary Clintons campaign. Gloria Steinem surprisingly patronized millions of millennial women and their abilities to select which candidate to vote for, accusing them of supporting Senator Bernie Sanders in order to meet boys. The following day, Madeleine Albright proclaimed to a squash at a Clinton drive event that there exists a special station in hell for women who dont back other women. Although this was the thousandth time she had made such a statement, this specific utterance suddenly caused media outrage, along with Steinems comment. With these two considerable political figures, Hillary Clinton who has constructed much of her drive around womens rights and her upright feminist leanings became the subject of dozens, if not hundreds, of newspaper articles and Internet disputes. This project analyses these articles and Internet comments in order to understand the role that gender is playing in this 2016 election. After 2008, many academics attempted to understand how the sexism of Americans contributed to Clintons beat in the primaries, and many used this to gauge the positions, opportunities and directions for women in American political leadership. This analysis adds to these studies by following up eight years later, attempting to understand how Americans may beget changed gender politics between election cycles, and how this change could influence the American political landscape in the short-term future. WHAT IS COMPREHENSIVE SEX EDUCATION?: AN EXAMINATION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF SEX EDUCATION AND THEIR EFFECTS ON PERCEPTIONS OF CONSENT, SEXUAL PLEASURE, AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE   (Oral Presentation) Sonja Sepkowitz ('16), Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies This project seeks to examine the faith of comprehensive sex education and what exactly is included in this ilk of sex education curriculum. I explore the differences between abstinence-only sex education and comprehensive sex education, which many researchers talk is better at decreasing teen pregnancy, increasing condom employ at first sex, and delaying first sex. I conducted a survey on Colby's campus to gauge how many students had had any profile of sex education before coming to Colby, and what they covered in those sex education classes. Some of the questioned I included asked students if their classes covered sexual pleasure, consent, and sexual violence. While many of the students claimed they had a comprehensive sex education, that meant that the classes sometimes only covered different forms of birth control methods. I believe that a upright comprehensive sex education should educate not only abstinence, other forms of birth control, and condom use, but also sexual joy and issues of consent, thereby teaching students about complete aspects of sex, positive and negative, in one class. FROM THE ONE-CHILD POLICY TO THE TWO-CHILDREN POLICY: POPULATION CONTROL, VIOLENCE, AND FEMINISM IN TRASITION   (Oral Presentation) Tianyang Zhou ('16), Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies In October 29th, 2015, Chinese National Peoples Congress officially announced a relax of the ban on one of the most controversial population policies anywhere - the one-child policy, to a two-child policy for complete families. The change of the family planning policy was sudden and unexpected to the common public, and the rear was made to promote a balanced growth of population, but also to uphold the basic national policy of population control and ameliorate its strategy on population development (Hua, 2015). The change of the family planning policy initiated discussion that reviews gender-inequality under the population control political regime in the past thirty-five years. This paper discusses how did the family planning policy intensifies violence against women, further subordinates women, and raises gender-related convivial conflicts in China. Meanwhile, this paper also attempts to understand how did women, in both urban and pastoral areas, cope with the profilerated oppression and profile localized resistance as well as non-compliance, which empowered urban daughters and motivated the synchronous feminism thinking in China.


Direct Download of over 5500 Certification Exams

3COM [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
AccessData [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACFE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Acme-Packet [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACSM [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Admission-Tests [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
ADOBE [93 Certification Exam(s) ]
AFP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
AICPA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
AIIM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Alcatel-Lucent [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Alfresco [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Altiris [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Amazon [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
American-College [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Android [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
APA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
APC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
APICS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Apple [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
AppSense [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
APTUSC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Arizona-Education [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ARM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Aruba [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASIS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASQ [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASTQB [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Avaya [101 Certification Exam(s) ]
AXELOS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
BEA [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
BICSI [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CA-Technologies [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certification-Board [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
CheckPoint [43 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
Citrix [48 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIW [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CompTIA [76 Certification Exam(s) ]
ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Consultant [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Counselor [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institute [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
CyberArk [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [22 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [128 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [14 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [752 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1533 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [65 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [68 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [375 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [282 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [135 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]





References :


Dropmark : http://killexams.dropmark.com/367904/12869004
Blogspot : http://killexams-braindumps.blogspot.com/2018/01/pass4sure-132-s-815-1-real-question-bank.html
Wordpress : https://wp.me/p7SJ6L-2Xn






Back to Main Page





Killexams 132-S-815-1 exams | Killexams 132-S-815-1 cert | Pass4Sure 132-S-815-1 questions | Pass4sure 132-S-815-1 | pass-guaratee 132-S-815-1 | best 132-S-815-1 test preparation | best 132-S-815-1 training guides | 132-S-815-1 examcollection | killexams | killexams 132-S-815-1 review | killexams 132-S-815-1 legit | kill 132-S-815-1 example | kill 132-S-815-1 example journalism | kill exams 132-S-815-1 reviews | kill exam ripoff report | review 132-S-815-1 | review 132-S-815-1 quizlet | review 132-S-815-1 login | review 132-S-815-1 archives | review 132-S-815-1 sheet | legitimate 132-S-815-1 | legit 132-S-815-1 | legitimacy 132-S-815-1 | legitimation 132-S-815-1 | legit 132-S-815-1 check | legitimate 132-S-815-1 program | legitimize 132-S-815-1 | legitimate 132-S-815-1 business | legitimate 132-S-815-1 definition | legit 132-S-815-1 site | legit online banking | legit 132-S-815-1 website | legitimacy 132-S-815-1 definition | >pass 4 sure | pass for sure | p4s | pass4sure certification | pass4sure exam | IT certification | IT Exam | 132-S-815-1 material provider | pass4sure login | pass4sure 132-S-815-1 exams | pass4sure 132-S-815-1 reviews | pass4sure aws | pass4sure 132-S-815-1 security | pass4sure coupon | pass4sure 132-S-815-1 dumps | pass4sure cissp | pass4sure 132-S-815-1 braindumps | pass4sure 132-S-815-1 test | pass4sure 132-S-815-1 torrent | pass4sure 132-S-815-1 download | pass4surekey | pass4sure cap | pass4sure free | examsoft | examsoft login | exams | exams free | examsolutions | exams4pilots | examsoft download | exams questions | examslocal | exams practice |

www.pass4surez.com | www.killcerts.com | www.search4exams.com | http://tractaricurteadearges.ro/